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Violence Against Women and Children

  1. OBJECTIVES: The learner is expected to: • raise awareness that domestic violence is existing in the community • increase knowledge and understanding of the laws governing violence against women and children 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 2
  2. REPUBLIC ACT 9262 "THE ANTI-VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THEIR CHILDREN ACT OF 2004“ • the state values the dignity of women and children and guarantees full respect for human rights • the state also recognizes the need to protect the family and its members particularly women and children, from violence and threats to their personal safety and security • Section 2, RA 9262 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 3
  3. "VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THEIR CHILDREN" • refers to any act or a series of acts committed by any person against a woman who is his wife, former wife, or against a woman with whom the person has or had a sexual or dating relationship, or with whom he has a common child, or against her child whether legitimate or illegitimate, within or without the family abode, which result in or is likely to result in physical, sexual, psychological harm or suffering, or economic abuse including threats of such acts, battery, assault, coercion, harassment or arbitrary deprivation of liberty • Section 3, RA 9262 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 4
  4. FORMS OF VIOLENCE ACTS OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THEIR CHILDREN: • PHYSICAL VIOLENCE • SEXUAL VIOLENCE • PSYCHOLOGICAL VIOLENCE • ECONOMIC VIOLENCE 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 5
  5. PHYSICAL VIOLENCE • refers to acts that include bodily or physical harm • is committed through:  threatening/ attempting/ placing/ causing physical harm to the woman or her child  inflicting or threatening to inflict physical harm on oneself for the purpose of controlling her actions or decisions 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 6
  6. SEXUAL VIOLENCE • refers to an act which is sexual in nature, committed against a woman or her child • it includes, but is not limited to: • rape, sexual harassment, acts of lasciviousness • treating a woman or her child as a sex object • making demeaning and sexually suggestive remarks • physically attacking the sexual parts of the victim's body,  forcing her/him to watch obscene publications and indecent shows  forcing the woman or her child to do indecent acts and/ or make indecent films 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 7
  7. PSYCHOLOGICAL VIOLENCE • refers to acts or omissions that cause mental or emotional suffering • is committed through:  conduct that causes alarm, emotional or psychological distress to the woman and her child  intimidation, harassment, stalking, damage to property, public ridicule or humiliation,  repeated verbal abuse and marital infidelity 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 8
  8. PSYCHOLOGICAL VIOLENCE  allowing the victim to witness the physical, sexual or psychological abuse of a member of the family to which the victim belongs  destroying property, inflicting harm to pets of the woman  engaging in any form of harassment or violence  causing mental, emotional anguish to the woman  unlawful or unwanted deprivation of the right to custody and/ or visitation of common children 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 9
  9. ECONOMIC VIOLENCE • refers to acts that make or attempt to make a woman financially dependent • is committed through:  threatening/ attempting to deprive the woman custody of her child, financial support, legal right  withdrawal of financial support, preventing the woman to engage in legal profession, occupation, business  controlling the woman’s own money, properties, or solely controlling conjugal or common money or properties 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 10
  10. •WHY VAW HAPPENS AND PERSISTS? 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 11
  11. • cultural beliefs and traditions have conditioned people to think that men and women have different roles: • men are the leaders, pursuers, providers and take on dominant roles in society • women are nurturers, men’s companions and supporters, and take on subordinate roles in society 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 12
  12. • perception results in men having more social privileges than women = gaining for men the power over women • with power comes the need to control to retain that power = VAW is the expression of men’s need to control women 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 13
  13. • many instances of VAW have been dismissed as having been caused by the women themselves = domestic violence is sometimes blamed on a “nagging” or “neglectful” wife • rape is sometimes attributed to a raped woman’s “flirtatious” ways 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 14
  14. • some instances of VAW have been dismissed as trivial  a woman accusing her employer of sexual harassment is believed to have an active and malicious mind which causes her to misinterpret her employer’s appreciation of her good looks • there are still outdated laws that reinforce the cultural belief that men, having the dominant role in society = have more privileges than women 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 15
  15. Articles 333 and 334 of the Revised Penal Code • penalize a wife who commits adultery, but not a husband who commits the same adulterous act of having sexual relations with a woman who is not his wife • a husband may only be penalized for concubinage, or when he keeps a mistress in a conjugal dwelling or when he has sexual intercourse with a woman who is not his wife, under scandalous circumstances 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 16
  16. ONE IN FOUR WOMEN EXPERIENCED SPOUSAL VIOLENCE • PRELIMINARY RESULTS FROM THE 2017 NATIONAL DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH SURVEY • Reference Number: 2018-048 • Release Date: Monday, March 26, 2018 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 17
  17. PREVALENCE DATA ON DIFFERENT FORMS OF VAW • lifetime physical and/ or sexual intimate partner violence: 17% • physical and/ or sexual intimate partner violence in the last 12 months: 7% • lifetime non-partner sexual violence: Official National Statistics Not Available • child marriage: 15% - UN Women 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 18
  18. based on the preliminary findings of the 2017 national demographic and health survey (NDHS): • one in four (26%) married women aged 15-49 has experienced physical, sexual or emotional violence by their husband or partner • one in five (20%) women has experienced emotional violence • 14 percent has experienced physical violence • 5 percent has experienced sexual violence by their current or most recent husband or partner • All forms of violence generally decline with increasing household wealth 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 19
  19. REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9262 OR THE “ANTI-VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THEIR CHILDREN ACT OF 2004” • violence against women is classified as a public crime and penalizes all forms of abuse and violence within the family and intimate relationships 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 20
  20. SOURCE: • doh.gov.ph • pcw.gov.ph/law/republic act 9262 • evaw-global- database.unwomen.org/fr/countri es/asia/ Philippines • https://psa.gov.ph/content/one- four-women-have-ever- experienced-spousal-violence- preliminary-results-2017-national 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 21
  21. •WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE MIDWIFE IN VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND CHILDREN? 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 22
  22. 9/19/2018MA D. ROCHA 23

Notes de l'éditeur

  1. Source: Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) [Philippines], and ICF International, 2014.
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