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Public  Transport in London Anna-Liisa Purtsak C. R. Jakobson Gymnasium 11c Supervisors: Marje Maasen, Tiia Pukk 2011
General  I nformation <ul><li>Road, rail , water  and air network in London </li></ul><ul><li>Administered by Transport fo...
London Underground – The Tube <ul><li>The oldest metro system in the world – 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>3 million passengers e...
Tube Map
<ul><li>Jubilee  L ine  P latforms at Westminster  T ube  S tation </li></ul>
Tramlink <ul><li>The world’s oldest tram system, dating back to  the  Victorian time </li></ul><ul><li>Modern tramway was ...
<ul><li>A Tramlink Tram at Beckenham Junction  T erminus </li></ul>
B us es in London <ul><li>One of the most extensive bus systems in the world, the largest in Europe  </li></ul><ul><li>Hav...
Double- D ec k er  B uses <ul><li>The red double-dec k er buses – national symbol of Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Ha ve  two ...
A Double-Decker in London
Air  N etwork,  A irports <ul><li>London – best served city by airports in the world </li></ul><ul><li>150 million passeng...
Taxis <ul><li>A  Hackney carriage or black ca b -  ‘The   Knowledge’, can be hailed from streets or  be  booked </li></ul>...
A Hackney Carriage or Black Cab
Water Transport <ul><li>London River Services   (LRS) – manages passenger transport on the River Thames </li></ul><ul><li>...
A River Bus on the River Thames
A Water Bus in Regent’s Canal
Cycling <ul><li>Cheaper and often much quicker than other public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Only 2 per cent of journeys m...
Barclays Cycle Hire Docking Station in Soho Square
Thank you for your attention!
References <ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rl   </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rm   </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rn   <...
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Public transport in london

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Public transport in london

  1. 1. Public Transport in London Anna-Liisa Purtsak C. R. Jakobson Gymnasium 11c Supervisors: Marje Maasen, Tiia Pukk 2011
  2. 2. General I nformation <ul><li>Road, rail , water and air network in London </li></ul><ul><li>Administered by Transport for London (TfL) </li></ul><ul><li>T f L: London Buses and Tramlink , London Overground and Underground rail services </li></ul><ul><li>Tickets: Travelcard, Oyster card </li></ul>
  3. 3. London Underground – The Tube <ul><li>The oldest metro system in the world – 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>3 million passengers every day </li></ul><ul><li>2 70 stations, 402 kilometers </li></ul><ul><li>11 lines – connect the suburbs to Central London and provide distribution role around the city centre </li></ul>
  4. 4. Tube Map
  5. 5. <ul><li>Jubilee L ine P latforms at Westminster T ube S tation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tramlink <ul><li>The world’s oldest tram system, dating back to the Victorian time </li></ul><ul><li>Modern tramway was opened in 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Serves mainly South London </li></ul><ul><li>A mixture of street track shared with other traffic </li></ul><ul><li>A rticulated low floor trams , 39 stations </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as Croydon Tramlink </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>A Tramlink Tram at Beckenham Junction T erminus </li></ul>
  8. 8. B us es in London <ul><li>One of the most extensive bus systems in the world, the largest in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Have been in use since 1829 </li></ul><ul><li>Over 6,800 scheduled services every day, 6 million passengers, 700 routes </li></ul><ul><li>100-route night bus services for 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Local buses – bendy buses (single deck and three sets of doors) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Double- D ec k er B uses <ul><li>The red double-dec k er buses – national symbol of Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Ha ve two ‘decks’ </li></ul><ul><li>M odern low-floor accessible vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The way to see London is from the top of a ‘bus’ – William Ewart Gladstone </li></ul><ul><li>The Routemaster - traditional bus with open-platform , only heritage routes </li></ul>
  10. 10. A Double-Decker in London
  11. 11. Air N etwork, A irports <ul><li>London – best served city by airports in the world </li></ul><ul><li>150 million passengers annually </li></ul><ul><li>Airports: Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted, Luton, London City, Biggin Hill </li></ul><ul><li>They serve long- haul , European and domestic flights </li></ul><ul><li>Connected to central London by rail services </li></ul>
  12. 12. Taxis <ul><li>A Hackney carriage or black ca b - ‘The Knowledge’, can be hailed from streets or be booked </li></ul><ul><li>Private Hire Vehicles or minicabs - ‘The Knowledge’, must be booked in, very often touted </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycle taxis and pedicabs – no test of knowledge is required, not licensed </li></ul>
  13. 13. A Hackney Carriage or Black Cab
  14. 14. Water Transport <ul><li>London River Services (LRS) – manages passenger transport on the River Thames </li></ul><ul><li>LRS promotes river bus commuter services and leisure cruises </li></ul><ul><li>Many sightseeing tours on the Thames </li></ul><ul><li>Many canals – the Regent’s Canal, the Grand Union Canal </li></ul><ul><li>Canals - leisure cruises and ‘water bus’ services </li></ul>
  15. 15. A River Bus on the River Thames
  16. 16. A Water Bus in Regent’s Canal
  17. 17. Cycling <ul><li>Cheaper and often much quicker than other public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Only 2 per cent of journeys made by bike </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1 million Londoner s own bicycles </li></ul><ul><li>480,00 cycle journeys every day </li></ul><ul><li>The Barclays Cycle Hire – bicycles sharing scheme, provides 6,000 bicycles for rental </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycles for rent all over the city </li></ul>
  18. 18. Barclays Cycle Hire Docking Station in Soho Square
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention!
  20. 20. References <ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rl </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rm </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rn </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12ro </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rp </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rq </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rr </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rs </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12rt </li></ul><ul><li>http://shrt.st/12ru </li></ul>

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