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IOT for Smart Cities

Keynote - ICOCI 2017, Malaysia

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IOT for Smart Cities

  1. 1. favoriot IOT for Smart Cities Dr. Mazlan Abbas CEO – FAVORIOT Email: mazlan@favoriot.com
  2. 2. favoriot Technologies That Enable Iot Cheap sensors (50% cheaper) Cheap bandwidth (40x cheaper) Cheap processing & smarter (60x cheaper) Ubiquitous wireless coverage (free wifi) Big data (unstructured data) IPv6 Smartphones (personal gateway) ForthePast10Years
  3. 3. favoriot [Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ]
  4. 4. favoriot [Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ]
  5. 5. favoriot [Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic ]
  6. 6. favoriot http://visual.ly/future-internet-things
  7. 7. favoriot Monitoring Autonomous OptimizationControl Iot Maturity
  8. 8. favoriot Making Sense Of Data … But What Data? THE GOLD RUSH
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  10. 10. favoriot 2009 800,000 petabytes 2020 35 zettabytesas much Data and Content Over Coming Decade 44x 80% Of world’s data is unstructured
  11. 11. favoriot Data Ownerships Personal / Household Private Public Commercial Sensor Data Provider
  12. 12. favoriot Home Health Transport OfficeWaste IoT Make Sense When You Blend The Data Creating New Compound Applications
  13. 13. favoriot Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More Important Less Important Evaluated understanding Appreciation of Answers to questions. Symbols Understanding Answers to questions WHO WHY HOW WHAT WHERE WHEN Value is Created by Making Sense of Data
  14. 14. favoriot Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More Important Less Important Understanding Value Pyramid For Smart Parking N/A Empty (0), Full (1) Who park at this lot? What kind of vehicle? Where is the empty parking lot? When is the peak period? How to implement a tiered charging? How to find “overstayed” vehicles? Why my carpark is 50% utilize?
  15. 15. favoriot Complexity of smart cities • Date/Time • Location • Communication pattern • Services Accessed • Location and time of use • Number of passengers • Journey time • Potential delays • Location • Cell Tower Information • Services Accessed • Length of time and extent of use • Usage patterns of subscribers • Temperature • Environmental data • Usage patterns • Demographics • Routes • Geospatial Information • Number of mobile subscribers on bus in neighborhoods • Usage patterns of public transport in different neighborhoods • Load on mobile network in certain neighborhoods during different events, eg. crime reporting or concerts • Demographics of Mobile Internet usage • Mapping of cities digital divide Improved decision making • Feedback to improve public transport services • Reducing cost of delivery of government services • Improving crime response time Product for sale • Feedback to improve public transport services • Reducing cost of delivery of government services • Improving crime response time Knowledge Products Information Component Raw DataReal-time data inputs
  16. 16. favoriot Five Big Reasons We Focus on Cities More than half the world lives in cities. Cities have been the center of civilization, life, and knowledge for centuries. More than 60% of cities have yet to be built. Cities are at the forefront of global innovation. By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will live in cities
  17. 17. favoriot Building 3 Types Of Cities ROI-driven Carbon-driven Vanity-driven
  18. 18. favoriot Citizen-focused • Building trust Citizen-Centric Data-Driven Decision Smart Tools Responsive Cost Effective Accountable Transparent Collaborative
  19. 19. favoriot SMART #bettercitybetterworld CITYBETTER CITY • BETTER WORLD Buildcitiesthroughtheeyesof theCITIZENS
  20. 20. favoriot Vision Of The City Of The Future Open source and open data Make visible the invisible Sensing the city Provide tools for the citizens to interpret and change the workings of the city Technology may help mitigate the “black hole” problem.
  21. 21. favoriot Citizen engagement VIA CROWDSENSING
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  25. 25. favoriot “When we coupled both IOT technology and human sensitivity, it gave a totally different dimension - Nothing beats the data generated that has a human emotion inside” - Dr. Mazlan Abbas-
  26. 26. favoriot There’s a crime! No Parking Spaces! Flood is bad! No one is handling the garbage! Building is on Fire! Buses didn’t come on schedule! Pollution getting worse! Cities
  27. 27. favoriot Pipe leaking! There are fallen trees! Water is polluted! No lights in dorm! No projector! Someone is throwing rubbish! Vandalism! Campuses
  28. 28. favoriot Ad Hoc , Chaotic, VIRAL SMS Whatsapp Facebook Twitter Radio TV Capacity To Hear And Respond Traditional channels (web portals, emails, phone calls etc) and methods unable to handle effectively PEOPLE AUTHORITIES “Black hole” issue Mobile App
  29. 29. favoriot We Build Cities Based on People-Centric Approach CROWDSENSING Get public and private parties to send reports via their smartphones and preferred messaging channels RANK&DECIDE Authorities decide and justify their next plan of action BUILDNEXT SMART APPLICATIONS LeverageinnovativeIOT solutionstosolvethe painpointsofpublicor privateorganizations. INSIGHTS Big Data Analytics are performed to get more useful insights ESCALATE&SOLVE Issues are assigned to proper field force, measure their effectiveness and notify the “reporters” using their preferred messaging channels favoriot APPROACH BUILDING THE NEXT SMART APPLICATIONS IDENTIIFY Collect incident reporting, identify locations of issues and assign accordingly favoriot favoriot favoriot favoriot
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  32. 32. favoriot 1. Combining it with magnetic data from other sources, we hope to create near- real-time models of Earth's time changing magnetic field to aid navigation. 2. Mapping static magnetic noise sources (for e.g. power transformer and iron pipes) could potentially improve accuracy of the magnetic navigation systems. CrowdMag
  33. 33. favoriot Smartcitizen.me
  34. 34. favoriot Data canvas [Source: http://map.datacanvas.org/ ]
  35. 35. favoriot Top CITIACT pain points
  36. 36. favoriot How To Build Your Next SMART CITY SOLUTIONS?
  37. 37. favoriot Smart Vandalism Management System Local Councils Illegal Posters Will be uselessIllegal Posters with Telephone Numbers Phone Numbers Blocked
  39. 39. favoriot Smart Parking Smart Parking With Sensors Location of Parking Availability Parking Utilization Tiered Pricing Parking
  40. 40. favoriot Smart Street Lighting Prevent Crime with Proper Lighting
  41. 41. favoriot IoT in Smart City Environmental Monitoring Multiple Sensors Outdoor Parking Management Parking sensors River Monitoring Water Quality and Flood Warning Traffic Intensity Monitoring Devices located at main entrance of city Guidance to free parking lots Panels located at intersections Smart Citizen Crowdsensing Smart Waste Management Sensors in waste bins and garbage trucks • Temperature • CO • Noise • Car Presence • Ferromagnetic sensors • Water level • Weather • Flow sensor • pH sensor • Measure main traffic parameters • Traffic volumes • Road occupancy • Vehicle speed • Queue Length • Taking information retrieved by the deployed parking sensors in order to guide drivers towards the available free parking lots • GPS • Infra-red sensors • User generated feedback with smartphones that help to make cities better
  42. 42. favoriot 10 Tips – How to avoid citizen engagement pitfalls 1. Buy-in from both segments i.e. officials and citizens 2. Publicity 3. Finding the concerned citizens 4. Gamification if necessary 5. Pressure Groups 6. Social Media Channels 7. In-house vs. Outsource 8. Product Roadmap 9. Smart City vision 10.It’s NOT an IT job!
  43. 43. favoriot Between Vision & Reality Of Smart City 1. Lack of Connectivity 2. Unwillingness to share the same infrastructure 3. Data is not totally “open” 4. Not really a citizen-centric vision 5. Excuses cost of implementation is high 6. There’s no “Champion” 7. Worried about job obsolescence
  44. 44. favoriot www.favoriot.com favoriot favoriotfavoriot favoriot info@favoriot.com favoriot