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SAARC and Role of Pakistan in SAARC



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SAARC and Role of Pakistan in SAARC

  1. 1. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Prepared By: Umar Azam Mubeen Mughal M. Hammad Shakil Mohsin Sajjad Muhammad Awais Muhammad Hanif
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION SAARC is an eco-political organization of 8 South Asian nations, which was established on 8 December 1985 for friendship and cooperation among themselves and with other developing countries. Covering a population of more than 2 billion, SAARC is the largest regional organization in the world.
  3. 3. Origin of SAARC Idea of regional cooperation in South Asia was discussed in at least three conferences: 1-the Asians Relations Conference in New Delhi in April 1947 2-the Baguio Conference in the Philippines in May 1950, 3-the Colombo Powers Conference in April 1954 The first concrete proposal for establishing a framework for regional cooperation in South Asia was made by the late president of Bangladesh, Zia-ur-Rehman, on May 2, 1980.  Its 7 founding members are : Sri Lanka, Bhutan , Maldives, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India
  4. 4. PRINCIPLES ▪ Respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, political equality and independence of all members states. ▪ Non-interference in the internal matters. ▪ Cooperation for mutual benefit. ▪ All decisions to be taken unanimously. ▪ All bilateral issues to be kept aside and only multilateral issues to be discussed.
  5. 5. AIMS & OBJECTIVES  To promote welfare and quality of life of peoples of south Asia.  To accelerate economic growth, social progress and cultural development .  Strengthen selective self-reliance among the countries of south Asia.  Understanding and appreciation of one another's problems.  Strengthen cooperation among themselves as well as with other developing countries and international and regional organizations  Maintain peace in the region.
  7. 7. CURRENT MEMBERS 1. Afghanistan ( joined in 2007 ) 2. Bangladesh 3. Bhutan 4. India 5. Maldives 6. Nepal 7. Pakistan 8. Sri Lanka
  8. 8. OBSERVERS 1. Australia 2. China 3. European Union 4. Japan 5. Iran 6. Mauritius 7. Myanmar 8. S. Korea 9. USA
  9. 9. SAARC: Areas of Cooperation
  10. 10. Areas of Co-Operation ▪ Agriculture & Biotechnology ▪ Trade & Finance ▪ Education ▪ Information , Communication & Media ▪ Science &Technology ▪ Energy & Environment ▪ Tourism & Social Development ▪ Culture ▪ People-to-People Contacts
  11. 11. Trade & Finance ▪ The acceleration of economic growth is a Charter objective of SAARC. Corporation in core areas of trade and finance b/w the SAARC members in 1991. The following important processes of SAARC are promoting cooperation in the field ofTrade, Economy and Finance ▪ Customs Cooperation ▪ South Asian FreeTrade Area (SAFTA) (Custom Duties down to 20%) ▪ SAARC PreferentialTrading Arrangement (SAPTA)
  12. 12. POLITICAL ISSUES The dispute over Kashmir’s accession to India has been standing in the way of the lasting peace and prosperity of the Indian subcontinent as well as SAARC.
  13. 13. Agreements & Conventions of SAARC
  14. 14. AGGREMENTS  Agreement for establishment of SAARC Arbitration Council  Final Agreement on Customs Matters  CHARTER OF SDF 31 July 2008  Agreement on establishing the SAARC food bank  Agreement on south Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA)  Agreement on the Establishment of South Asian Regional Standards Organization (SARSO)   Agreement on Avoidance of DoubleTaxation
  15. 15. CONVENTIONS  SAARC Convention on Combating and Prevention of Trafficking inWomen and Children for Prostitution The purpose of this Convention is to effectively deal with the various aspects of prevention and suppression of trafficking in women and children and to prevent the use of women and children prostitution networks.  Convention on Promotion of Welfare of Children The purpose of this Convention is to promote cooperation amongst Member States so that they take effective steps for the welfare of children.
  16. 16. Convention on Mutual Assistance on Criminal Matters and Suppression ofTerrorism The States Parties shall provide widest possible measures of mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, namely investigations, prosecution and resulting proceedings. SAARC Convention Narcotics Drugs Important steps have been taken to enforce the provisions of the Regional Convention on Narcotic Drugs.
  18. 18. List of SAARC summits ▪ ¤ 1st Saarc Summit (Dhaka, December 8, 1985) ▪ ¤ 2nd Saarc Summit (Bangalore, November 17, 1986) ▪ ¤ 3rd Saarc Summit (Katmandu, November 4, 1987) ▪ ¤ 4th Saarc Summit (Islamabad, December 31, 1988) ▪ ¤ 5th Saarc Summit (Male', November 23, 1990) ▪ ¤ 6th Saarc Summit (Colombo, December 21, 1991) ▪ ¤ 7th Saarc Summit (Dhaka,April 11, 1993) ▪ ¤ 8th Saarc Summit (New Delhi, May 4, 1995)
  19. 19. ¤ 9th Saarc Summit (Male', May 14, 1997) ¤ 10th Saarc Summit (Colombo, July 31, 1998) ¤ 11th Saarc Summit (Katmandu, January 6, 2002) ¤ 12th Saarc Summit (Islamabad, January 6, 2004) ¤ 13th Saarc Summit (Dhaka, November 13,2005) ¤ 14th Saarc Summit (New Delhi, April 3-4,2007) ¤ 15th Saarc Summit (Colombo, July 27 – August 4,2008) ¤ 16th Saarc Summit (Thimpu, 28-29 April 2010)
  20. 20. MINISTERIAL MEETINGS • Meetings held between the ministers of member states of various portfolios. • More than 30 such meetings have been held.
  21. 21. Rawalpindi Resolution:  August 1996  Related to the issue of children rights.  Declaration of safeguarding of rights of children to an education plus curbing child labor. Environment Ministers meeting:  April 1997  Reaffirmation of goals of international conventions.  Proposal for environmental safeguarding of South Asian seas.
  22. 22. Commerce Minister’s Meeting:  May 1998.  Held in Geneva right after the WTO ministerial meeting.  Joint statement demanding the rights of developing nations. Islamabad Declaration:  July 2005  Related to health issues.  Agreement to setup Expert Group on Population to aide sharing of expertise and experience related to population issues.  Emphasis laid on achieving the MDGs and on allocating a larger share of GDP on health related matters.
  23. 23. Cooperation in CounterTerrorism:  Colombo 2009.  Ratification and implementation of SAARC Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters.  Establishment of High Level Group of Eminent Experts.
  24. 24. Achievements
  25. 25. ECONOMIC ACHIEVEMENTS 1. SAPTA (SAARC preferential trading arrangement) was signed on 7 December, 1995 2. SAFTA (South Asian FreeTrade Area) was signed in Islamabad in January 2004 3. SAARC chamber of commerce and industry (SCCI) 4. SAARC constitutes South Asian Development Fund (SADF) 5. Signed an agreement of mutual assistance. 6. Avoidance of double taxation were signed.
  26. 26. LITERACY & EDUCATION ▪ Establishment of a Common University for Education in Delhi, 2013 POVERTY ALLEVIATION  Regional food security essence  Promoted global objective of shelter for all.
  27. 27. TERRORISM & DRUGTRAFFICKING ▪ Convention on terrorism was signed in November,1987 ▪ SAARC convention on narcotic drugs signed on November, 1990 ▪ SAARC terrorist offences monitoring desk (STOMD) ▪ SAARC drug offences monitoring desk (SDOMD)
  28. 28. PEOPLETO PEOPLE CONTACT The Second SAARC Summit (Bangalore, 1986) laid special emphasis on promoting people-to- people contact in the region and following are some initiatives in this regard: • SAVE (SARRC AudioVisual Exchange) was implemented. • SAARC Chairs, Fellowships and Scholarships Scheme • SAARCYouthVolunteers Programme (SYVOP) • Talks between countries leads to the diffusion of tension
  29. 29. In 2002, when tension between India & Pakistan was at peak, President Musharraf utilized the forum of SAARC to diffuse it.
  30. 30. Events organized by SAARCDifferent Cultural, Sports,Awareness,TrainingWorkshops related events are organized by SAARC
  31. 31. Different Cultural, Sports, Awareness, Training Workshops related events are organized by SAARC
  32. 32. SAARC Tele-medicine Project The SAARC e-NetworkTele- Medicine project is the initiative by the Government of India to provide specialist healthcare facilities and treatment to the people of all member SAARC countries and share its expertise in medical knowledge among doctors of the SAARC countries.
  33. 33. Pakistan’s role in SAARC ▪ Pakistan suggested that women participation in SAARC related activities. ▪ Pakistan assembled ministerial level meeting on “ International economic issues ” at Islamabad in May 1986. ▪ Pakistan has organized vast number of activities under the IPA for this Pakistan doubled its share from 19100 tons in SouthAsian food security resources.
  34. 34. Pakistan assigned highest priority to the eradication of drugs abuse and drugs trafficking through effective regional co-operation. Pakistan is second largest contributor towards all SAARC related activities as well as towards the budget of the SAARC secretariat.
  35. 35. Failures of SAARC SAARC is a ‘toothless tiger’ , more than anything else. Dr. Siegfried O.Wolf, Lecturer Pol. Science & Director research, South Asian Democratic Forum, a Brussels based think tank.
  36. 36. Factors responsible for SAARC failure  Political instability, Trust deficit & lack of social cohesion (Dr. Sigfried O.Wolf)  Bilateral relationships within the region & varying visions for the SAARC (Dr. Sigfried O. Wolf) ▪ Observers often refer unsolvable Indo-Pak relations as main hurdle towards regional integration in SAARC ▪ India tries to dominate the function and activities of SAARC ▪ Lack financial constraints & of political Co-Operation
  37. 37. Future of SAARC IT depends upon the ability of member states to harmonize and accommodate their differing interests and attitudes an certain basic political, security and foreign policy issues, which does not seem to realizable in near future.