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Old Curriculum vs. New Curriculum: What are their differences?
Department of Education
Old Curriculum: 2002 Basic Educatio...
This table shows the Leveling of Pupils in the New curriculum.
The new curriculum, K to 12 or K12 show means for Kinder, 6...
We will now differentiate the Goals and Objectives of each curriculum
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  1. 1. Old Curriculum vs. New Curriculum: What are their differences? Department of Education Old Curriculum: 2002 Basic Education Curriculum “BEC” Reform vs. New Curriculum: K to 12 Curriculum What are their differences? School Year 2011-2012 was the last year for using the 2002 BEC Reform in grade 1 level in the Philippines, for that reason the Department of Education under Aquino’s administration implemented the K to 12 Curriculum effective this School Year 2012-2013 in grade 1 level. As today, this new curriculum was only implemented for all public schools in Philippines nation-wide. As for now, private institutions were given a limited freedom to use their old curriculum and we do not know when they will follow the K to 12 Curriculum in their schools. Since this new curriculum was implemented in this school year, what kind of curriculum is K to 12? How did it differ from the old one? Why did they implement this kind of curriculum? And what are the effects of this curriculum to the Grade 1 teachers and Pupils? Before we can give our conclusion from these questions, let us differentiate the new from the old one. This table shows the Leveling of Pupils in the Old Curriculum. In this curriculum, Pre-school is an optional choice for parents and exclusive for private school, this level is not necessary in BEC. But children with the ages of 6 to 7 must be enrolled in the first grade but children with ages 8 and above can be enroll in the grade level that they belong to, but if a child cannot write or read in Filipino or English subjects he/she must enrolled in the Grade 1 level regardless in his/her age.
  2. 2. This table shows the Leveling of Pupils in the New curriculum. The new curriculum, K to 12 or K12 show means for Kinder, 6 years in elementary, 4 years in Junior high school and additional two years in Senior high school. Unlike to the old curriculum, children ages 5 to 6 years old must be enrolled in Kinder even in public schools and students in high school must enroll in additional two years in high school for the reason that they can find a job even not taking tertiary education.
  3. 3. We will now differentiate the Goals and Objectives of each curriculum
  4. 4. As you can see, 2002 Basic Education Curriculum Reform objective is still in the K to 12 curriculum it was more focused and aiming for higher education and more recognized and gainful career for every Filipino graduate in the Philippines. Old Curriculum vs. New Curriculum: The Old and New Subjects(1) The Old and New Subjects New curriculum, new subjects, and new teaching techniques these are the things that students and teachers must adjust for. This new curriculum gave a little shock in our country there are people who disagree and agreed for this latest change in our education system. A lot of question raises, doubts, and hopes that in this new curriculum it can help the Filipino people to escape from poverty. As it was implemented in this school year, Grade 1 teachers attended a seminar about the changes that will happen in this new curriculum. Now we will also witness the difference of education in both old and new curriculum in these coming years. In both curriculums, we differentiate the leveling of pupils, goals and objectives. And this time we will see the differences of the subjects and teaching techniques on how to mold our young citizens, and how could this be effective for them.
  5. 5. 2002 BEC Reform subjects are Filipino, English, Mathematics, Science and Health, and Makabayan. The table below will show the Description of Learning Areas of these subjects These subjects are more focused on basic education like how to read, write, count, identifying objects, and knowing what is right from wrong. This basic education is still in K to 12 curriculum. Now you may ask, what K to 12 Curriculum differs from 2002 “BEC” Reform? Well, they differ a lot
  6. 6. The table bellow will show us the new education that will teach our young citizens to widen and enhance their intellectual capability with the new subjects that they must learn. K to 12 curriculum haven’t change the basic education that our young citizens must learn but it was enhance and more advance lessons just to have the high education for them and for their future. As you can see English, Filipino, and Math are still in K to 12 Curriculum, Science dropped out from Grade 1 to 3 but the concept of science is still in other subjects like in Mother Tongue, English, Heath and Science. The Makabayan subjects was divert into other subjects that can easily be understood by the students, like in Araling Panlipunan, ESP and MAPEH. Unlike in the old curriculum, English and Filipino are the only languages that should be used in teaching in the pupils but now they are using the Mother-Tongue language as medium of instruction in Kindergarten up to Grade 3 Level, so that these children can easily understand their lessons and to achieve a higher education.
  7. 7. The BEC focuses on the basics of reading, writing, arithmetic, science and patriotism. Values is integral to all the subject areas. Students can then be ready for lifelong learning. It seeks to cure the inability of students who cannot read with comprehension at grade 3 and worse, at grade 6 What is Basic Education Curriculum? Basic Education Curriculum (BEC), this is a form of tool which will stand as one point of learning areas as adequate for the development of competencies starting from Basic education up to the second level of which is renounced as High School. This will focus more on developing knowledge, skills, habits and attitudes through the guidance of educationalist assigned. The Features of the BEC  Greater Emphasis on helping every learner become a successful reader.  Emphasis on interactive/collaborative learning approaches  Emphasis on the use of integrative learning approaches.  Teaching of values in all learning areas.  Development of self-reliant and patriotic citizens  Development of creative and critical thinking skills.  The government implemented the K to 12 programs to enhance the educational system of the country in order to accelerate the mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals across the world. Learners were able to master the skills and develop core competencies which are the essential things to meet the demand of the global market. This analysis used a systematic approach and review design to come up with a general idea that answers the main objectives of this research review. This research specifically looked into the different perspectives of the teachers, parents and students on the implementation of the  K-12 program in the Philippines which added two more years before a student can proceed to college. It also described the various problems that arise as a result of the implementation of this new program and the action plans established by the government to address these issues. Moreover, to make possible recommendations that help improve the curriculum to make sure that quality education can be delineated to all the learners who will be part of this new program.
  8. 8. The K to 12 system aims to improve Filipino students’ skills in mathematics, science, and linguistics to further exhibit competence in the global job market. With the new curriculum, the Department of Education promises to offer higher quality education through the strands. Each track will give the students enough time to master a field and enhance their skills in that respective industry and by the end of the curriculum, K to 12 graduates will be ready to become globally competitive and are set to obtain a spot in the meticulous labor market. What Are the Advantages of K to 12 Program in the Philippines? PREPAREDNESS FOR TERTIARY LEARNING With the adaptation of the K to 12 program, students are expected to graduate at an age that is a bit older than past graduates of the old curriculum. According to DepEd, this would be an advantage to the young adults venturing out into the professional world because they would be much more equipped to deal with the higher level of learning as they enter college. With this, they can choose to continue their education to higher forms which will be another great journey to access essential learning developments. READINESS TO JOIN THE WORKFORCE Unlike the old system, K to 12 can make students more prepared in joining the workforce. The new curriculum has this benefit because they compel each student to be enthusiastic about the workforce and the scheme empowers students to make a choice on their own. They may or may not pursue a college program especially if they have chosen a track other than the academic track. Senior high school students need not fret if they would like to explore other fields aside from their own because they get to choose electives that can also hone their skills in certain areas that they are interested in. SKILL COMPETENCY IN THE GLOBAL JOB MARKET The K to 12 system aims to improve Filipino students’ skills in mathematics, science, and linguistics to further exhibit competence in the global job market. With the new curriculum, the Department of Education promises to offer higher quality education through the strands. Each track will give the students enough time to master a field and enhance their skills in that respective industry and by the end of the curriculum, K to 12
  9. 9. graduates will be ready to become globally competitive and are set to obtain a spot in the meticulous labor market. K TO 12 IS A LEARNER-CENTERED CURRICULUM K to 12 as a student-centered curriculum can influence the students to take a more active role in the learning process. With the freedom and the flexibility to choose what they will learn, how they will learn, and how they can evaluate your own learning, this would be a way to teach them about independence and how to be a reliable member of a team. Not only will this make learning very enjoyable and easier for students, it will also help address diverse needs which include special cases and those that come from indigenous groups which make this education system very inclusive for everyone. K TO 12 FOSTERS GAINFUL EMPLOYMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP Unlike the previous education system, K to 12 offers more opportunities for employment and entrepreneurship. Many schools in the Philippines are slowly implementing this. Graduates of the new system can instantly get a job after they receive their certificates and passing competency-based assessments. On the other hand, they can set up their own business or continue their education in college. All the options will help every student to step up in improving their competence, skills, and professional characteristics K to 12 Led to Higher Quality Education in the Philippines With the national government’s backing, the Department of Education aimed to improve the quality of education for public schools. With full funding for instructional programs and facilities that will build students’ skills and knowledge, DepEd intended to make senior high graduates employable even without a college education. The rigorous K to 12 Program uses high-standard instructional programs to build student’s knowledge and skills in different subject areas, including courses that make them employable as they finish high school. Gone are the days when students finish their college diplomas even as young as 20 years old but cannot compete with their Asian neighbors DISADVANTAGES OF K-12
  10. 10.  While disadvantages of K to 12 in the Philippines generally revolve around the financial ability of students and their parents to support them through two additional years of school, another drawback is how it places pressure on Filipino educators, especially in public schools.  Teachers and other educational custodians are required to undergo extensive training to be able to offer the courses that need to be taught to senior high school students and at the same time juggle large classes often seen in the public school system.  The disadvantages of the K-12 program are the lack of classrooms and the bloating of the curriculum - you simply stretched the 10 years of the current curriculum to 12 years of curriculum - there is no improvement in content - and lack of teachers ADVANTAGES  Employment – a student can apply for a work after senior high school since he has already skills to use in working such as AutoCad, computer hardware servicing, dressmaking, cooking, etc.  Entrepreneurship – well, in K-12 program, a student can teach entrepreneurship. He will obtain an information about entrepreneurial skills. A student after senior high school will decide to start his own business rather than looking for a job.  Higher Level of Education – this is true since we added two years for education curriculum. Disadvantages  A student who wants to pursue BS degree, example if a student wants to study engineering. Instead of 5 years, it will take longer, maybe 6 years or 7 years depending on the subject he got if credited after senior high school Advantages: 1. Easier learning The k-12 curriculum is designed in a manner that provides sufficient time for the learner to acquire new concepts and skills at a moderate pace. There is no rush to learn the concepts. Additionally, practical implementation is also possible.
  11. 11. 2. Learning has become interesting In today’s digital era, various k-12 service providers design curriculums that are highly interesting and interactive. Attractive infographics, explanatory animated videos, short films, etc. all are excellent sources. These resources grab the attention of students in the blink of an eye and make concepts more clear. 3. Prepared to step into the real world When students get the time span of almost 14 years to learn and brush up on their skills, they have a sense of confidence to step out into the actual world. Moreover, they have basic knowledge of the fields that they had chosen which helps them in understanding the subsequent concepts at a higher level. Disadvantages: 1. Rote learning The traditional k-12 curriculum, although extremely vital, is highly based on rote learning. The skills required for the implementation of various subject matters are highly lacking in the system. It is here that present-day digitized k-12 services can fulfill the role of equipping the learners with practical skills. Their interactive learning curriculums accompanied by hands-on activities are a good way to overcome this barrier. 2. Loss of interest While the character of the k-12 curriculum being spread over a vast san of time is an advantage, it sometimes acts as a disadvantage too. This is so because as the students mature, they tend to lose interest in the traditional way of learning and are curious to step into the outer world where they can learn practical skills. Conclusion: Thus, the traditional k-12 curriculum can be accompanied by digitized k-12 services to create a holistic learning system that is a blend of theoretical and practical. K to 12 May Just Be a Band-Aid Solution for Philippine Education While public schools are now offering free education and better equipment, a lot of Philippine towns and villages still lack access to educational
  12. 12. institutions within their communities. From students needing to tread mountains and travel through rivers and teachers needing to pay for their own supplies, the educational system and government support is still lacking, and adding two more years to the overall curriculum may not be as perfectly executed by all schools around the country. Instead of the government improving the educational system in and of itself and furnishing all schools and institutions with the tools and equipment they need to maximize learning for the students, the implementation of the K to 12 program in the Philippines may only be adding to the struggles of teachers and students to both offer and access formal education FEATURES OF K-12
  13. 13. The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of Basic Education to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship Challenges on the Implementation of the K to 12 Program in the Philippines The implementation of the new curriculum was a solution to the different issues in the country but also, it came with different problems considering that it created a big change in the entire educational system of the country and Filipinos were affected by this change. K to 12 programs presented the following challenges: a) lack of preparation and professional development; b) excessive academic burden on students; and c) integration of lessons in the real-life context. This would be a great challenge for all teachers to engage in different training and to pursue higher education in order to manage the changes and ensure that their growth corresponds to the demands of society. d.) lack of facilities and education resources in order to implement the K-12 program effectively and efficiently. https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C1CHZN_enPH1030PH1030&q=k- 12+curriculum+vs+old+curriculum&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwir27fhqfv8AhXOslYBHV- ODfIQ1QJ6BAhHEAE&biw=1536&bih=656&dpr=1.25&safe=active&ssui=on#fpstate=ive&vld=cid:a9c8a69b,vid:Iq 16nS1wSfY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6dKKZrmXXkM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7cfEeJ9ZZfA Features of RBEC Greater emphasis on helping every learner become a successful reader Emphasis on interactive / collaborative learning approaches. Emphasis on the use of integrative learning approaches. Teaching Values in all learning areas. Development of self-reliant and patriotic citizens. Development of creative and critical thinking skills. RBEC CURRICULUM STRUCTURES The CORE SUBJECTS 1. FILIPINO 2. ENGLISH 3. MATH 4. SCIENCE (Science and Health for Elem.) (Science and Technology for secondary) 5. The Experiential Area: Makabayan: Araling Panlipunan; MAPEH (MUSIC-ARTS-P.E- HEALTH); TLE; Edukasyon sa pagpapahalaga( the practice for holistic learning develop a healthy personal and national self- identity.)
  14. 14. RBEC vs K-12 Curriculum: Which is more Effective? Education is everyone’s concern. K to 12 is a new curriculum implemented by the Department of Education under Aquino’s Administration. Since this new curriculum was implemented, how did it differ from the old RBEC Curriculum? Why did they implement this kind of curriculum? Effective & efficient learning doesn’t just happen. Curriculum must be organized so that it is appropriate and understandable to teachers and pupils. I agree with all the development since the curriculum should be dynamic and it should change to meet the demands of the society. K to 12 is now implemented in all public schools in Philippines nationwide. It promotes greater learning advantage. Teachers training and pupils active involvement provides necessary direction to develop conceptual and procedural knowledge in our basic education. Let us differentiate the new curriculum from the old RBEC or Restructured Basic Education Curriculum. In the old curriculum, Pre-School is an optional choice for parents and exclusive for private school. But children with the ages of 6 to 7 must be enrolled in the first grade but children with ages 8 and above can be enroll i n the grade level they belong to, but if a child cannot write or read in Filipino or English he/ she must enrolled in the Grade I level regardless in his/ her age. The new curriculum, K to 12 shows means for Kinder, 6 years in Elementary, 4 years in Junior High School and additional 2 years in Senior High school. Unlike to the old curriculum, children ages 5 to 6 years old must be enrolled in kinder even in Public Schools & students in High School must enroll in additional two years in High School for the reason that they can find a job even not taking tertiary education. DISADVANTAGES  POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE -Issues on the varied implementation of the curriculum among schools and teacher seems to be one of the reasons for prevailing low performance of schools all over the country. -Perennial complaint about books and other instructional MATERIALS - The teacher has been identified as one of the influencing factors in the varied implementation of the curriculum. OVERCROWDED classrooms do not provide a good learning environment  LACK OF TEACHING MATERIALS  AVAILABILITY OF DIFFERENT STRANDS
  15. 15. Revised Basic Education Curriculum (RBEC) Ayon sa kalihim ng edukasyon na si Raul Roco, ang 2002 Basic Education Curriculum ay batay sa labing anim (16) na taon na pag-aaral na nagsimula noong 1986. Ang pagpapatupad ng RBEC ay binatay sa utos ng nakatataas bilang 46 at ito ay base sa rekomendasyon ng Philippine Commision on Educational Reforms na ginawa noong ika-7 ng Disyembre 1998. Ang bawat asignatura ay may isang oras na nakalaan araw-araw kada lingguhang skedyul. Ito ay nakasentro sa pagiging maka Diyos, makatao, makakalikasan at makabansa. The Revised Basic Education Curriculum (RBEC) is on its 7th year of implementation this school year 2005-2006 withslight modifications, with emphasis to rubrics/student performance as basis of grading system. Teachers are required toprepare their syllabus based on the objectives of the revised Basic Education Curriculum. Lesson plans were alsopatterned and organized to meet the objectives of the implemented curriculum. All test items; tables of specifications wereprepared and/or updated. Demonstration
  16. 16. teachings were conducted for staff development during school level workshop.Department heads make periodic observation of classes to monitor the implementation of the RBEC. Integration method,collaborative teaching, peer teaching, team teaching, motor activities, visual as well as oral activities in classes were notedand observed. Mentoring is also being practiced Revised Basic Education Curriculum (RBEC) The revised basic education curriculum (RBEC) aims at raising the quality of the learners and graduates and empowering them for life long learning which requires the attainment of functional literacy.

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