Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Le téléchargement de votre SlideShare est en cours. ×


Chargement dans…3

Consultez-les par la suite

1 sur 190 Publicité

Plus De Contenu Connexe

Similaire à cps_nitin_final.ppt (20)


Plus récents (20)


  1. 1. Welcomes ALL The Participants
  2. 2. Cyber Physical System & Security Challenges (Moving Ahead to the future of Society{Life 3.0} NITIN GARG AGM(IT) ALTTC GHAZIABAD
  3. 3. 3 About ALTTC ADVANCED LEVEL TELECOM TRAINING CENTRE (Premier Telecom Training Centre Of BSNL,Govt. Of India) Awarded ITU CoE in following Excels ( 2019-2022) • Cyber Security • IoT (Internet Of Things) • Wireless Broad Band(NGBN)
  4. 4. 4 About ALTTC
  6. 6. Quick Look: • Where we are? •Evolution In Web •Cyber World •What is Industry4.0 •CPS Classification & Description •SDN In Industry 4.0 •5C Architecture of IIoT
  7. 7. Quick Look: •IoT/IIoT Connectivity •CPS Security issues and Challenges. •Impact Of Covid 19 on Industry 4.0 •Concluding Summary & Thoughts. •What Next
  8. 8. 8 Internet appears everywhere in the world  It is primarily connection between people Move from Internet of People  Internet of Things  Internet of Things is a plan to connect things also using the same medium
  9. 9. Quick Look: What separates humans from other Living Beings/Things?
  10. 10. Quick Look: Answer………. Curiosity. Humans are curious. We questions a lot. We are the ones who challenges the status of existing rules and strive to build / produce something better. Such curiosity & efforts have promised us a life where electronic devices & machines will probably become our best friend.Yes, its correct the vision to make machines smart enough to reduce human labour to almost nil. The idea of inter-connected devices where the devices are smart enough to share information with us, to cloud based applications and to each other (device to device).
  11. 11. Quick Look: What Is Cyber World????????
  12. 12. Quick Look: What Is Web????? A network of fine threads constructed by a spider from fluid secreted by its spinnerets, used to catch its prey. A complex system of interconnected elements. In terms Of Internet Web is……. Web pages are formatted in a language called Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). ... The Web uses HTTP protocol to transmit data and share information. Browsers such as Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox are used to access Web documents, or Web pages, which are connected via links.
  13. 13. Moving Towards Data Driven Economy
  14. 14. India in 2021.. Immense Opportunities to explore new services and business models… Source: Statista and Frost & Sullivan Mobile Internet Users Social Network Users Pay TV Subscribers DTH Subscribers Online Video Viewers IoT devices Mobile Gamers Internet Users Online Video Subscribers Smartphones
  15. 15. Advanced Technologies Adoption to Address Challenges… Source: Frost & Sullivan Self Organising Networks Software Defined Networks (SDN) Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Robotic Process Automation Enable planning, configuration, management, optimization and self- healing of mobile radio access networks. Network Function Virtualisation (NVF) Cloud Native Business Intelligence to Artificial Intelligence Automate non- critical applications and services
  16. 16. Advanced Technologies Adoption Changing The World Source: Frost & Sullivan
  17. 17. IoT Overview The Digital Explosion 17
  18. 18. The next step in internet evolution Source: Alcatel-Lucent Pre- internet Internet of CONTENT Internet of SERVICES Internet of PEOPLE Internet of THINGS + IP networks + IT platforms & services + devices & apps + sensors, more devices & tags, big data “SOCIAL MEDIA” “WEB 2.0” “WWW” “HUMAN TO HUMAN” • Fixed & mobile telephony • SMS • e-mail • Information • Entertainment • … • e-productivity • e-commerce • … • Skype • Facebook • YouTube • … • Identification, tracking, monitoring, metering, … • Automation, actuation, payment, … • … “MACHINE TO MACHINE” + ambient context, data semantics The Internet gave us the opportunity to connect in ways we could never have dreamed possible. The Internet of Things will take us beyond connection to become part of a living, moving, global nervous system
  19. 19. Industry 4.0 19 The Internet Evolution………. Web 5.0…???
  20. 20. Questions of interest 20 What is a CPS? What are the security issues in CPS and how do they differ from those in traditional information systems? To what extent can a CPS be secured against cyber crime? Are CPS/IOT/IIoT/Industry4.0/Digital Twin Same?
  21. 21. CPS Cyber-Physical Systems comprise smart machines, storage systems and production facilities capable of autonomously exchanging information, triggering actions and controlling each other independently. This facilitates fundamental improvements to the industrial processes involved in manufacturing, engineering, material usage and supply chain and life cycle management.
  22. 22. CPS CPS is related to other popular terms including the Internet of Things (IoT), Industry 4.0 or the Industrial Internet of Things, but the term “CPS” is more foundational and durable than all of these, because it does not directly reference either implementation approaches (e.g., “Internet” in IoT) nor particular applications (e.g., “Industry” in Industry 4.0). It focuses instead of the fundamental intellectual problem of conjoining the engineering traditions of the cyber and phys-ical worlds
  23. 23. Cyber Physical Systems A cyber-physical system (CPS) is a system of collaborating computational elements controlling physical entities. CPS are physical and engineered systems whose operations are monitored, coordinated, controlled and integrated by a computing and communication core. They allow us to add capabilities to physical systems by merging computing and communication with physical processes.
  24. 24. CPS Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are integrations of computation, networking, and physical processes. Embedded computers and networks monitor and control the physical processes, with feedback loops where physical processes affect computations and vice versa. The economic and societal potential of such systems is vastly greater than what has been realized, and major investments are being made worldwide to develop the technology.
  25. 25. CPS CPS integrates the dynamics of the physical processes with those of the software and networking, providing abstractions and modeling, design, and analysis techniques for the integrated whole.
  26. 26. Computing Evolution • Mainframe computing (60’s-70’s) • Large computers to execute big data processing applications • Desktop computing & Internet (80’s-90’s) • One computer at every desk to do business/ personal activities • Ubiquitous computing (00’s) • Numerous computing devices in every place/ person • “Invisible” part of the environment • Millions for desktops vs. billions for embedded processors • Cyber Physical Systems (10’s)
  27. 27. Biological Evolution TOO SLOW! The exponential proliferation of embedded devices (afforded by Moore’s Law) is not matched by a corresponding increase in human ability to consume information! Increasing autonomy (human out of the loop)
  28. 28. What are Cyber-Physical Systems? • Cyber – computation, communication, and control that are discrete, logical, and switched • Physical – natural and human-made systems governed by the laws of physics and operating in continuous time • Cyber-Physical Systems – systems in which the cyber and physical systems are tightly integrated at all scales and levels “CPS will transform how we interact with the physical world just like the Internet transformed how we interact with one another.”
  29. 29. General Cyber-Physical Systems?
  30. 30. General Cyber-Physical Systems?
  31. 31. General Cyber-Physical Systems?
  32. 32. CPS Infrastructure
  33. 33. What are Cyber-Physical Systems? ) • Cyber-physical systems (CPSs are physical and engineered systems whose operations are monitored, coordinated, controlled and integrated by a computing and communication core. • Convergence of communication, and control computation, information,
  34. 34. Why Cyber-Physical Systems? • CPS allow us to add capabilities to physical systems • By merging computing and communication with physical processes, CPS brings many benefits: • Safer and more efficient systems • Reduce the cost of building and operating systems • Build complex systems that provide new capabilities • Technological and Economic Drivers • The decreasing cost of computation, networking, and sensing • Computers and communication are ubiquitous, enables national or global scale CPSs • Social and economic forces require more efficient use of national infrastructure.
  35. 35. Characteristics of Cyber-Physical Systems • Some defining characteristics: • Cyber – physical coupling driven by new demands and applications • Cyber capability in every physical component • Large scale wired and wireless networking • Networked at multiple and extreme scales • Systems of systems • New spatial-temporal constraints • Complex at multiple temporal and spatial scales • Dynamically reorganizing/reconfiguring • Unconventional computational and physical substrates (Bio? Nano?) • Novel interactions between communications/computing/control • High degrees of automation, control loops must close at all scales • Large numbers of non-technical savvy users in the control loop • Ubiquity drives unprecedented security and privacy needs • Operation must be dependable, certified in some cases
  36. 36. Characteristics Cyber-Physical Systems • What they are not: • Not desktop computing • Not traditional, post-hoc embedded/real-time systems • Not today’s sensor nets • Goals of a CPS research program • A new science for future engineered and monitored/controlled physical systems (10-20 year perspective) • Physical and cyber (computing, communication, control) design that is deeply integrated
  37. 37. Application Domains of Cyber-Physical Systems
  38. 38. Why CPS is Significant? • Building systems that integrate computational and physical objects requires new systems science foundations. • Fusion of physical and computational sciences • Expected share of value of embedded computing components in the next five years: • Automotive and airspace systems 30-40% • Health/Medical equipment 33% • Industrial automation 22% • Telecommunications 37% • Consumer electronics and Intelligent Homes41% • CPS are the basic engine of innovation for a broad range of industrial sectors. • This is the technology that transforms products, creates new markets and disrupts the status-quo.
  39. 39. What is CPS?(Wise Shop Floor)
  40. 40. What is CPS?(Real Time CPS System)
  41. 41. An industry is a group of companies that are related based on their primary business activities. In modern economies, there are dozens of industry classifications, which are typically grouped into larger categories called sectors.
  42. 42. What is this?
  43. 43. What is this?
  44. 44. What is this?
  45. 45. What is this?
  46. 46. 4th Industrial Revolution
  47. 47. 4th Industrial Revolutions The term Industry 4.0 was first publicly introduced in 2011 as “Industrie 4.0” by a group of representatives from different fields (such as business, politics, and academia) under an initiative to enhance the German competitiveness in the manufacturing industry. The German federal government adopted the idea in its High-Tech Strategy for 2020. Subsequently, a Working Group was formed to further advise on the implementation of Industry 4.0.
  48. 48. From Germany to the World: Industry 4.0 IIoT by another name? That’s the essence of Industry 4.0. It may be a measure of the importance and potential of the new wave of technology revolutionizing manufacturing that it has spawned so many initiatives. From Germany, a nation with a nearly unmatched reputation in manufacturing, comes Industry 4.0.
  49. 49. Industry 4.0…?
  50. 50. Did not exist in 2006 • iPhone • iPad • Kindle • 4G • Uber • Airbnb • Android ► Android ► Instagram ► Snapchat ► Whatsapp
  51. 51. Time to reach 100 Million customers • Telephone 75 Years • Web 7 Years • Facebook 4 Years • Instagram 2 Years
  52. 52. The term Industry 4.0 refers to the combination of several major innovations in digital technology, all coming to maturity right now, all poised to transform the energy and manufacturing sectors.
  53. 53. These technologies include advanced robotics and artificial intelligence; sophisticated sensors; cloud computing; the Internet of Things; data capture and analytics; digital fabrication (including 3D printing); software-as-a-service and other new marketing models; smartphones and other mobile devices.
  54. 54. CPS Description & Classification Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) are designated as essential com- ponents of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), and they are supposed to play a key role in Industry v4.0. CPS enables smart applications and services to operate accurately and in real-time. They are based on the integration of cyber and physical systems, which exchange various types of data and sensitive information in a real-time manner. The development of CPS is being carried out by researchers and manufacturers alike . Given that CPS and Industry v4.0 offer a significant economic potential , the German gross value will be boosted by a cumulative of 267 billion Euros by 2025 upon the introduction of CPS into Industry v4.0.
  55. 55. CPS Description & Classification
  56. 56. CPS in Industry 4.0
  57. 57. • First mentioned in 1999 by the MIT Auto-ID Center. • IoT meant to “create a universal environment in which computers understand the world without human intervention.” • IoT was simply the tool that would be used to merge the worlds of bits and atoms. • Over 15 years after its inception, IoT is now seen as a modern, fresh concept in our connected world…with many different definitions.
  58. 58. IoT Overview IoT Definition Note1 - Through the exploitation of identification, data capture, processing and communication capabilities, the IoT makes full use of things to offer services to all kinds of applications, whilst ensuring that security and privacy requirements are fulfilled. Note 2 – From a broader perspective, the IoT can be perceived as a vision with technological and societal implications. 59 A global infrastructure for the information society, enabling advanced services by interconnecting (physical and virtual) things based on existing and evolving interoperable information and communication technologies International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  59. 59. Connected by Connected b Billions of Things are Already Connected to the IoT!
  60. 60. What exactly:::::::: IoT IoMT IoNT Or IIoT IoE 61
  61. 61. IoT Architecture
  62. 62. IoT Architecture(CCE)
  63. 63. What exactly::::::::IoT Tree 64
  64. 64. What exactly::::::::IoT or IIoT Formula: IoT=IT+OT=IIoT As the infrastructure around the world becomes more connected via sensors, machine learning, and analytics, the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has the potential to significantly impact businesses worldwide. 65
  65. 65. What exactly::::::::IoT or IIoT 66
  66. 66. How German is industry 4.0?
  67. 67. Interoperability Information transparency Technical assistance Decentralized decisions Industry 4.0 Design Principles Internet of Things (IoT) Internet of People (IoP) Digital plant models virtual copy of the physical world The ability of cyber physical systems to physically support humans by conducting a range of tasks. The ability of cyber physical systems to make decisions on their own and to perform their tasks as autonomous as possible.
  68. 68. 5C Architecture Of IIoT 69
  69. 69. Moving From Factory To Smart Factory
  70. 70. Moving From Factory To Smart Factory
  71. 71. Moving From Factory To Smart Factory With the advent of Industry 4.0, manufacturing companies are going through a fascinating era, where the digital wave unbolted fresh paths for enhancing the design process, improving the manufacturing cycle, and provide better service to end users.
  72. 72. Moving From Factory To Smart Factory This smart factory ecosystem is growing continually and provide new possibilities to improve the metrics and enhance operational efficiency of products that are already in use. Not limited to the product manufacturing companies, every industry has started adapting to digital systems to ensure upsurge in revenue.
  73. 73. Enabler Technologies in CPS/IIoT • Big Data • Cloud Computing • SDN • Connectivity Communication Technologies
  74. 74. Maths of Industry 4.0
  75. 75. What is Big Data….?
  76. 76. Big Data Is.. It is all about better Analytic on a broader spectrum of data, and therefore represents an opportunity to create even more differentiation among industry Big Data are “data sets that are so big they cannot be handled efficiently by common database management systems
  77. 77. Data Measures Large – 1000 MB (1 gigabyte or GB) The Large bucket offers 1 gigabyte and means not really having to worry about mobile data. With four devices under a plan, each can use 250 MB. That means 713 emails a piece, 250 minutes of streaming music each or more than 1390 web pages. 78
  78. 78. Data in Size Multimedia Telephony Cloud Telephony (NGN/IMS) 79
  79. 79. Where Is This “Big Data” Coming From ? 12+ TBs of tweet data every day 25+ TBs of log data every ? TBs of data every day 30 billion RFID tags today (1.3B in 2005) 4.6 billion camera phones world wide 100s of millions of GPS enabled devices sold annually 76 million smart meters in 2009… 200M by 2015
  80. 80. Few facts The New York Stock Exchange generates about one terabyte of new trade data per day. 81
  81. 81. Few facts Statistic shows that 500+terabytes of new data gets ingested into the databases of social media site Facebook, every day. This data is mainly generated in terms of photo and video uploads, message exchanges, putting comments etc. 82
  82. 82. Few facts Single Jet engine can generate 10+terabytes of data in 30 minutes of a flight time. With many thousand flights per day, generation of data reaches up to many Petabytes. 83
  83. 83. Volume of Tweets create daily. 12+terabytes Variety of different types of data. 100’s Veracity decision makers trust their information. Only 1 in 3 With Big Data, We’ve Moved into a New Era of Analytics trade events per second. 5+million Velocity
  84. 84. Types Of Big Data Big data' could be found in three forms: • Structured • Unstructured • Semi-structured 85
  85. 85. Big Data(4Vs Concepts) 86 "The goal is to turn data into information, and information into insight.” – Carly Fiorina, former chief executive of Hewlett-Packard Company.
  86. 86. Big Data Technologies Cloud Computing Parallel Computing NoSQL Databases Machine Learning Data Visualization General Programming
  87. 87. Big Data Analytics For Industry 4.0 Source: ITU 88 • Descriptive Analysis “What has happened?” • Predictive Analysis “ What could happen?” • Prescriptive Analysis “What should we do?”
  88. 88. 89 Cloud Computing In IIoT Everything Is in Head/Brain.
  89. 89. 90 Cloud Computing In CPS/ IIoT
  90. 90. 91 Cloud In CPS/ IIoT
  91. 91. (Cloud Manufacturing System)
  92. 92. What is CPS?(Cloud Manufacturing System)
  93. 93. What is CPS?(Cloud Manufacturing System) • Resource layer. This layer belongs to the provider domain, encompassing manufacturing resources for the complete product lifecycle from different geographically distributed providers. • Perception layer. This layer is responsible for intelligently sensing manufac- turing resources using IoT technologies, enabling them to be connected to the cloud manufacturing platform so as to achieve communication and interactions between a cloud platform and real resources involved such as remote moni- toring, prognosis, and control
  94. 94. What is CPS?(Cloud Manufacturing System) • Virtualisation layer. This layer is responsible for virtualising manufacturing resources and capabilities and encapsulating them into manufacturing cloud services that can be accessed, invoked, and deployed by using virtualisation technologies, service-oriented technologies, and cloud computing technologies. The manufacturing cloud services are classified and aggregated according to specific rules and algorithms, and different kinds of manufacturing clouds can thus be constructed.
  95. 95. What is CPS?(Cloud Manufacturing System) • Cloud service layer (i.e. core middleware). This layer devotes to system, service, resource, and task management, and also supports various service activities and applications such as service description, registration, publication, composition, monitoring, scheduling, and charging.
  96. 96. What is CPS?(Cloud Manufacturing System) • Application layer. Depending on providers and their offered manufacturing cloud services, dedicated manufacturing application systems such as collabo- rative design, collaborative manufacturing, collaborative simulation, and col- laborative supply chain can be aggregated. Consumers can browse and access these application systems for manual or automatic service configurations. A manufacturing resource provider provides consumers with the ability to select from different possible part properties and predetermined manufacturing con- straints (sizes, materials, tolerances, etc.).
  97. 97. What is CPS?(Cloud Manufacturing System) • Interface layer. As the name implies, this layer serves as an interface between consumers and the cloud platform, providing consumers with an interface for submitting their requirements and browsing available services. The interface supports manual selection and combination of available services, as well as automatic cloud-generated suggested solutions. • Knowledge layer. This layer provides knowledge needed in the different layers above for virtualisation and encapsulation of resources, manufacturing domain knowledge, process knowledge, etc.
  98. 98. What is CPS?(Cloud Manufacturing System) • Security layer. This layer provides strategies, mechanisms, functions and ar- chitecture for cloud manufacturing system security . • Communication layer. This layer provides a communication environment for users, operations, resources, services, etc. in the cloud manufacturing system.
  99. 99. 100 Cloud Computing In IIoT
  100. 100. 101 Cloud Computing In IIoT
  101. 101. 102 Cloud Computing In IIoT
  102. 102. 103 SDN Software Defined Network
  103. 103. 104 SDN
  104. 104. 105 SDN IN IIoT
  105. 105. IIoT Architecture(SDN Based)
  106. 106. IIoT Architecture(SDN Based) Industry 4.0 Archiecture Cored by SDN
  107. 107. IoT Architecture(SDN Based)
  108. 108. New Dimensions In visualization AR/VR Changing Shape
  109. 109. New Dimensions In visualization(AR) Augmented reality (AR) is an interactive experience of a real-world environment where the objects that reside in the real world are enhanced by computer- generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, auditory, haptic, etc
  110. 110. New Dimensions In visualization
  111. 111. New Dimensions In visualization(VR) Virtual reality(VR) is the term used to describe a three-dimensional, computer generated environment which can be explored and interacted with by a person. That person becomes part of this virtual world or is immersed within this environment and whilst there, is able to manipulate objects or perform a series of actions.
  112. 112. New Dimensions In visualization(VR)
  113. 113. New Dimensions In visualization(VR)
  114. 114. New Dimensions In visualization(VR)
  115. 115. New Dimensions In visualization(MR)
  116. 116. Connectivity in Industry 4.0 Source: ITU 117
  117. 117. Connectivity in Industry 4.0 Source: ITU 118
  118. 118. Connectivity in Industry 4.0 Source: ITU 119
  119. 119. Connectivity in Industry 4.0 Source: ITU 120 • The Object Management Group’s (OMG) Data Distribution Service for Real-Time Systems (DDS) • OASIS’ Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP). • MQ Telemetry Transport (MQTT), a protocol originally developed by IBM but now an OASIS standard. • Representational State Transfer (REST), a common style of using HTTP for Web-based applications and not a standard. • Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP), a software protocol to be used in very simple electronics devices such as Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) that allows them to communicate over the Internet.
  120. 120. Connectivity in Industry 4.0 Source: ITU 121
  121. 121. Connectivity in Industry 4.0 Source: ITU 122
  122. 122. ATIS Board of Directors’ Meeting (ISO/IEC 14543-3-10) (ITU-T G.9959) IoT Last Mile Technology Standards 6LowPAN (IETF RFC 4944) IEEE 802.15.4 WirelessHART (IEC 62591) Contiki ISO/IEC 18000-6 ISO/IEC 18000-3 ISO/IEC 18000-7 NFC 123
  123. 123. Various Communication Technologies Source: KEYSIGHT 124
  124. 124. Fixed & Short Range • RFID • Bluetooth • Zigbee • WiFi 125 IoT Communication Technologies Long Range technologies Non 3GPP Standards (LPWAN) • LoRaWAN • Sigfox • Weightless • RPMA • Others 3GPP Standards • LTE-M • EC-GSM • NB-IoT • 5G
  125. 125. 126 End-to-End Network View
  126. 126. 127 Security Goals In IIoT 1 2 7 Cyber Security Or Industrial Security?
  127. 127. 128 Software, the Great Enabler • Good news: anything is possible in software! • Bad news: anything is possible in software!
  128. 128. 129 Security Challenges in CPS 1 2 9 Despite their numerous advantages, CPS systems are prone to various cyber and/or physical security threats, attacks and challenges. This is due to their heterogeneous nature, their reliance on private and sensitive data, and their large scale deployment.
  129. 129. 130 Security Challenges in CPS 1 3 0 As such, intentional or accidental exposures of these systems can re- sult into catastrophic effects, which makes it critical to put in place robust security measures. However, this could lead to unacceptable network overhead, especially in terms of latency. Also, zero-day vulnerabilities should be minimized with constant software, appli- cations and operating system updates.
  130. 130. 131 CPS Layers and Attacks
  131. 131. 132 Cyber-Physical Systems-Attack Points
  132. 132. 133 CPS Security Goals
  133. 133. 134 CPS Use cases & Security aspects
  134. 134. 135 Smart Grid – Smart Metering
  135. 135. 136 Smart Metering Privacy Issue (1)
  136. 136. 137 Smart Metering Privacy Issue (2)
  137. 137. 138 Privacy is not Secrecy Privacy is not Secrecy! • Privacy: the ability to prevent unwanted transfer of information (via inference or correlation) when legitimate transfers happen. • But privacy is not secrecy! • Privacy problem: disclosing data provides informational utility while also enabling potential loss of privacy – Every user is potentially an adversary – Encryption is not a solution! ?= Eve
  138. 138. 139 Privacy versus Secrecy Privacy vs. Secrecy! • Privacy: the ability to prevent unwanted transfer of information (via inference or correlation) when legitimate transfers happen. • But privacy is not secrecy! • Secrecy Problem: Protocols and primitives clearly distinguish a malicious adversary vs. intended user and secret vs. non-secret data. – Encryption may be a solution.
  139. 139. 140 CPS Vulnerability Are your energy, healthcare, water, shipping, transportation systems vulnerable to network attacks? What, if any, are the vulnerabilities in such systems? When exploited, how might such vulnerabilities affect people?
  140. 140. 141 CPS Control systems Are the control systems in your large and critical CPSs systems robust enough to withstand deception attacks? Are these control systems programmed to withstand denial of service attacks?
  141. 141. 142 Surviving from Physical attacks • What happens if we lose part, or even most of the computing systems? • Will redundancy alone solve the problem? • How to measure and quantify of resilience of current systems? • How to ensure high availability of CPS?
  142. 142. 143 Defending Against Device Capture Attack • Physical devices in CPS systems may be captured, compromised and released back by adversaries. • How to identify and ameliorate the system damage with trusted hardware but potentially untrusted/modified software? 143
  143. 143. 144 Real-Time Security in CPS • CPS often requires real-time responses to physical processes • Little Study on how attacks affect the real- time properties of CPS • How to guarantee real-time requirements under attack?
  144. 144. 145 Concurrency in CPS • CPS is concurrent in nature, running both cyber and physical processes • Little research on handling large- scale concurrent systems
  145. 145. 146 Collaboration and Isolation • CPS needs to effectively isolate attackers while maintaining collaborations among different, distributed system components • How to avoid cascading failures while minimizing system performance degradation?
  146. 146. 147 CPS Network-based Attacks 147 Physical System Sensor Control System Actuator y’ not y: Sensor compromised u’ not u controller compromised Network jammed
  147. 147. 148 Existing Techniques 148 Authentication Digital signatures Access control Intrusion detection
  148. 148. 149 Security Goals In IIoT 1 4 9
  149. 149. 150 Safety and security in IoT 1 5 0 The intimate relationship between security and safety concerns in OT environments cannot be understated. Recall, in contrast, that IT security experts will reference the traditional confidentiality, integrity, and availability (CIA) model of threats. The goal of IT security thus becomes putting functional or procedural controls in place that will cost-effectively reduce the CIA-type risks to data assets.
  150. 150. 151 Safety and security in IoT 1 5 1 OT experts have a different set of objectives in mind. Obviously, they must deal with the goal of preventing information leaks, malware infections, and availability attacks; but their primary mission emphasis is on safety. That is, to an OT security professional, the most critical objectives involve assurance of safe, sound operation of OT infrastructure in a manner that avoids human casualties and lost production for large, costly physical assets.
  151. 151. 152 Smart Production Life Cycle & Cyber Risk
  152. 152. 153 Smart factory business drivers and threat landscape
  153. 153. 154 Security risks and mitigation approaches are pointed to an actual smart home environment
  154. 154. 155 Smart factory business drivers and threat landscape
  155. 155. 156 Security Goals In IIoT 1 5 6
  156. 156. 157 Security Goals In IIoT 1 5 7
  157. 157. 158 Cloud Manufacturing Security Frame work
  158. 158. 159 Security In IIoT
  159. 159. 160 CPS – Concept Map
  160. 160. 161 What will come next?
  161. 161. 162 Technology In Disaster Management The CEO of the technology company, Jordi Casamada, assures that with this solution could have avoided the confinement in which many countries around the world are immersed: “With our wristband, if someone tested positive from Covid-19 we can isolate efficiently only those who have had contact with him and who may therefore be infected. This wristband would act as a firewall.”
  162. 162. 163 Technology In Disaster Management
  163. 163. 164 Technology In Disaster Management It is a wristband that works through Bluetooth technology and that detects other wristbands like it, which are at a maximum distance of 6 feet or 2 meters. The wristband makes contact tracing: it registers the people it has had contact with over the last 15 or 30 days, and when one of them has symptoms of Covid-19 it is automatically sent to the medical center. This information is evaluated and all the contacts of the last few weeks are quarantined.
  164. 164. 165 Impact Of Covid 19 on Industry 4.0 Prior to the crisis, Industry 4.0 was an area of great interest to many manufacturers. It was an exciting topic with huge potential benefits and was widely regarded as a ‘positive’ and future thinking topic. Today, many of us are focused on the here and now. Our health and that of our family, friends and colleagues; the ability to access the food and supplies we need; our job security; the financial impact on our employers, clients and partners.
  165. 165. 166 Impact Of Covid 19 on Industry 4.0 Prior to the crisis, Industry 4.0 was an area of great interest to many manufacturers. It was an exciting topic with huge potential benefits and was widely regarded as a ‘positive’ and future thinking topic. Today, many of us are focused on the here and now. Our health and that of our family, friends and colleagues; the ability to access the food and supplies we need; our job security; the financial impact on our employers, clients and partners.
  166. 166. 167 Impact Of Covid 19 on Industry 4.0 Beyond that we also have to consider the wider economic impact and the unknown amount of time it will take for things to return to some level of normality. The business drivers of Industry 4.0 pre-crisis were focused on competitive advantage, cost reduction, productivity, sustainability and innovation. The goal was to make well run businesses run better.
  167. 167. 168 Impact Of Covid 19 on Industry 4.0 The priorities for most manufacturers today fall into three distinct phases: Phase 1 – Survival Phase 2 – Recovery Phase 3 – Business as Usual in the new post-crisis paradigm.
  168. 168. 169 Impact Of Covid 19 on Industry 4.0 The priorities for most manufacturers today fall into three distinct phases: Phase 1 – Survival Phase 2 – Recovery Phase 3 – Business as Usual in the new post-crisis paradigm.
  169. 169. 170 Impact Of Covid 19 on Industry 4.0 The goal for all manufacturers will be to get to Phase 3 as soon as possible and at the lowest cost. In defining the operating model for Phase 3 they will factor in lessons learned from the crisis and try to build a more resilient and agile business.
  170. 170. 171 The role of Industry 4.0 in the future  Will Help to make sure that more companies survive. Shorten the recovery phase and help return businesses to normal operations as soon as possible Provide the platform to develop new, more resilient businesses in the medium to long term
  171. 171. 172 The role of Industry 4.0 in the future Industry 4.0 can achieve this because many of the capabilities it offers could have greatly reduced the impact of this crisis on us all.
  172. 172. 173 The role of Industry 4.0 in the future  Real-time visibility into the availability of raw materials, finished goods, WIP, people and assets Use of artificial intelligence and machine learning to constantly reassess and re-plan activities Robotic process automation (RPA) to support non- value add labour intensive activities The use of mobile technology and augmented / virtual reality to enable workers to perform tasks they were not trained for more easily. This could have assisted with skills shortages due to self-isolation or repurposing of manufacturing
  173. 173. 174 The role of Industry 4.0 in the future The same technologies together with digital twins and remote support from OEM’s would improve availability of assets The same technologies could also have enabled more remote and virtual working to help with the issue of lockdown and social distancing 3D printing of spare parts that were stuck in the supply chain
  174. 174. 175 It is undeniable that the success or failure of telecoms depends on their adoption rate of Disrutive technology. In 2020, telecoms can attain a competitive edge, flexibility, agility, and capacity to capture more opportunities by adopting telecom trends. Companies can address antitrust issues by adopting AI to enhance data security. Conclution Slide courtesy of Evanhoe and Associates
  175. 175. 176 • The Advanced technologies have been around for a long time. • Advances in communication and connectivity are allowing the “interconnectedness” needed for IoT/IIoT • The value is in the data not the connections • The data allows you to make autonomous decision based on business rules closer to the edge It’s all about the data! Slide courtesy of Evanhoe and Associates
  176. 176. 177 “Overall, COVID-19 will increase the rate of digital transformation,the virtualization of trials and direct patient interaction(Telemedicine) will become much more commonplace; sponsors and site staff will have access to even more metrics and data remotely than available previously.” Final Thoughts
  177. 177. 178 •Need to develop technologies guided by policies to address security and privacy issues throughout the lifecycle of the data. •Need to understand not only the impact of AI & IoT and its ubiquitous data collection, use and analysis, also need to formulate appropriate laws and policies for such activities. Final Thoughts
  178. 178. 179 What will come next?
  179. 179. 180 What Next……….
  180. 180. 181 18 1 1/7/2023 Course Name / Topic Name 18 1 1/7/2023 Course Name / Topic Name 18 1 1/7/2023 Society In the Era of AI .
  181. 181. 182 What Next………. Technologies Always Demand Next……. What Next.....??????? (Big Data/Machine Learning/Deep Learning/Robotics/AI) Where We are Moving………… Society 5.0 Humanity 2.0 Life 3.0
  182. 182. 183 When Covid 19 will End……….?????? Question in Everybody Mind……………….
  183. 183. 184 Hope & Faith
  184. 184. 185 माना मुश्किल बड़ी है पर उम्म़ीद उससे भ़ी बड़ी है
  185. 185. 186 शत् शत् नमन We will be indebted to him throughout our life
  186. 186. 187 Final Thoughts
  187. 187. Connect Me: M:9412000810 mail.garg77@gmail.com nitin.garg@bsnl.co.in or Through FB https://www.facebook.com/nitin.garg.54738
  188. 188. 189 18 9 1/7/2023 Course Name / Topic Name 18 9 1/7/2023 Course Name / Topic Name 18 9 1/7/2023 Any Doubt..
  189. 189. Thank You & Further Questions? NITIN KUMAR GARG AGM(IT),ALTTC Ghaziabad E-mail: mail.garg77@gmail.com