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Basics of landscape design

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Here I have tried to represent the basics of landscape design.

Publié dans : Ingénierie
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Basics of landscape design

  1. 1. Basics of Landscape Design 30
  2. 2. Contents: 1. Elements of Design 2. Principles of design 3. Plant Selection 4. Design Guidelines 31
  3. 3. 1. Form 2. Color 3. Texture 4. Line 5. Scale & Proportion Elements of Design 32
  4. 4. The shape or structure of a plant or object is its form. Forms can be: 1. Spreading and rounded; 2. Columnar and pyramidal; 3. Picturesque and drooping; 4. Massing of plants; 5. Geometric forms. Rounded Form of Herb Pyramidal Form of Plants Columnar Form of Conifer In landscape design, color is crucial. Ways color can be used in a landscape: •Draw attention to an important feature •Attract wildlife •Provide seasonal variety •Create harmony by similar colors. Color combination of Garden (Consisted with Herbs, Plants, Shrubs) 33
  5. 5. Generally texture is added to a garden with plants. Plant texture refers to : • Fineness or coarseness, • Roughness or smoothness, • Heaviness or lightness. Fine texture Medium textureCoarse texture Fine Coarse Medium Different types of texture Size relationship between elements and the surrounding spaces. Some terms used in scale and proportion: 1. Relative proportion; 2. Absolute proportion; 3. Absolute scale; 4. Human scale. 34
  6. 6. • Often line refers to the structures within a landscape. Straight line Curved line Meandering lines Vertical lines Horizontal Bed lines Tamarisk trees are used on both side of straight line Land cover 35
  7. 7. Principles of Design: 1. Unity; 2. Simplicity; 3. Balance; 4. Focal point; 5. Repetition & rhythm; 6. Transition 36
  8. 8. Unity, in landscape design, is the overarching design principle that is used to create a sense of wholeness or harmony in the landscape. Unity at the Entrance • Simplicity is the essence of design. • Visually, functionally and aesthetically improves the appearance of the landscape at an affordable cost. Simplicity created by Turfing at garden 37
  9. 9. Balance is either : • Formal (symmetrical) • Informal (asymmetrical) Formal Balance Informal Balance A center of interest that takes a position of prominence in the landscape. Can be: • A single tree, • A beautifully designed water feature, • A piece of sculpture etc. Focal Point 38
  10. 10. • By repetitiously using identical or similar components elsewhere in the landscape, it is easy to achieve a unified planting scheme. • Rhythm: Placement of plants, park furniture, etc., either individually or as group. Rhythm Repetition 39
  11. 11. The effective use of sequence is often employed to create visual movement in the landscape. • Variety is the spice of life. • Without variety in both the use of ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ landscape materials, this can lead to unfavorable results. A variety of forms creates significant landscape interest 40
  12. 12. Color wheel 41
  13. 13. Split Complementary Color Schemes 42
  14. 14. • Color Value is defined as the relative lightness or darkness of a color. • Contrast of value separates objects in space, while gradation of value suggests mass and contour of a contiguous surface. 43
  15. 15. 1. Mature size and proper spacing; 2. Long or short life; 3. Evergreen and deciduous; 4. Potential root damage; 5. Pests and diseases; 6. Weather conditions; 7. Soil conditions. 44
  16. 16. 1. Preserving and enhancing existing natural landforms; 2. Minimizing adverse impacts on the natural habitat; 3. Prevent pollution; 4. Low maintenance landscape; 5. Install standardized, water efficient irrigation systems; 6. Screen incompatible elements (mass plantings, berms); 7. Use throne less and nontoxic plant; 8. Use durable , well constructed and vandal resistant site amenities. 45
  17. 17. Thank You

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