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OER AfricaAn introduction to Open EducationalResources            OUT Institutional Policy Workshop                 Open U...
Who we are OER Africa is an innovative new project,  headquartered in Nairobi, under the  auspices of SAIDE. Established...
Why do we exist? OER Africa believes that OER can positively  support development and capacity of  higher education syste...
What is the OER Africapremise? To ensure that the power of OER is harnessed  by Africans for Africans by building  collab...
A Vision for Higher Education inAfrica: Vibrant, sustainable African higher  education institutions that play a critical ...
Our Mission to establish vibrant networks of African OER  practitioners by connecting like-minded  academics from across ...
Value Proposition By creating and sustaining human networks  of collaboration, face-to-face and online –  OER Africa will...
A proposed approach:• Work together to enhance higher education  institutional capacity to design, develop,  and deliver q...
Approach (cont’d)• Establish an online platform that facilitates  African collaboration in OER development and  sharing, w...
INTRODUCING   OPEN EDUCATIONAL   RESOURCESJanuary 12, 2009   OUT Policy and OER Workshop   10
Why Open EducationalResources?Concept:Concept Educational resources for use by educators  and learners, without an accomp...
What Potential Lies in OER? Access to the means of production enables  development of educators’ competence in  producing...
How do we Capture thisPotential? Through the potential of a collaborative  partnership of people...    working in communi...
Dispelling Some Myths Content = education Good content will overcome institutional  capacity constraints OER should be ...
INTRODUCING   CREATIVE COMMONS   LICENSINGJanuary 12, 2009   OUT Policy and OER Workshop   15
What is the most commonly usedAlternative License Framework? Most developed alterative licensing approach is  that develo...
How do CC Licenses Work?CC licences are based on four specific conditions:      attribution,      share alike,      non...
What are the CC LicenseConditions? (1) Creators choose a set of conditions they wish to apply to their work.  Attribution...
What are the CC LicenseConditions? (2)Non-commercial                             No DerivativeYou let others copy,      ...
How do CC Licenses ProtectIntellectual Property?All CC Licenses assert the author’s right overcopyright and the granting o...
What are the various CC Licenses?    Based on your choices, CC will suggest a license.     formulation that clearly indica...
What are the various CC Licenses?  .                            Attribution — Non-Commercial                              ...
What can Creative CommonsDo for Me? CC licenses give you flexibility      e.g. you can choose to only pre-clear non-comm...
Q & AJanuary 12, 2009   OUT Policy and OER Workshop   24
Thank youCatherine Ngugi             Neil ButcherProject Director                 OER Strategistcatherine.ngugi@gmail.com ...
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OUT Institutional Policy Workshop Open University of Tanzania 12th January, 2009

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Educational resources for use by educators and learners, without an accompanying need to pay royalties or licence fees. New licensing frameworks remove copying / adaptation restrictions OER hold potential for reducing the cost of accessing educational materials

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  • Suppose that the market demand curve for fish shifts to the right. Does this

    mean that consumers are willing to buy more fish than previously at any given

    price? Does it mean that a given quantity of fish put on the market will now

    bring higher price?



    1. (a) “The laws of supply and demand are immutable. No one, including the

    government, can affect a commodity’s demand curve or supply curve”. Comment

    on this statement and indicate whether or not you agree with it.

    (b) Economists generally assume that the indifference curves always lie above

    their tangents. TRUE or FALSE? Explain



    • Draw and explain the demand curve facing an oligopolistic firm if other firms in the market will match any price decreases but will not follow any price increases by the firm. Is this a plausible situation? Why or why not?
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OUT Institutional Policy Workshop Open University of Tanzania 12th January, 2009

  1. 1. OER AfricaAn introduction to Open EducationalResources OUT Institutional Policy Workshop Open University of Tanzania 12th January, 2009 CC 3.0 BY –SA
  2. 2. Who we are OER Africa is an innovative new project, headquartered in Nairobi, under the auspices of SAIDE. Established to play a leading role in driving the development and use of OER in Africa. Seed funding from the William & Flora Hewlett Foundation to harness African experts and expertise to deploy OER to the benefit of Africa’s higher education systems. OUT Policy and OER WorkshopJanuary 12, 2009 2
  3. 3. Why do we exist? OER Africa believes that OER can positively support development and capacity of higher education systems and institutions across Africa OER Africa is concerned that if the concept and practice of OER evolves predominantly outside and for Africa – we will not be able to liberate its potentialJanuary 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 3
  4. 4. What is the OER Africapremise? To ensure that the power of OER is harnessed by Africans for Africans by building collaborative networks across the continent. To facilitate the aggregation of information and human expertise that produces knowledge There is a need to establish, encourage, and promote African communities of practice for OER that support the entire process of educational design, not simply use of external contentJanuary 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 4
  5. 5. A Vision for Higher Education inAfrica: Vibrant, sustainable African higher education institutions that play a critical role in building and sustaining African societies and economies, by producing the continent’s future intellectual leaders through free and open development and sharing of common intellectual capitalJanuary 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 5
  6. 6. Our Mission to establish vibrant networks of African OER practitioners by connecting like-minded academics from across the continent to develop, share, and adapt OER to meet the higher education needs of African societies.January 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 6
  7. 7. Value Proposition By creating and sustaining human networks of collaboration, face-to-face and online – OER Africa will enable African academics to harness the power of OER, develop their capacity, and become integrated into the emerging global OER networks as active participants rather than passive consumers.January 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 7
  8. 8. A proposed approach:• Work together to enhance higher education institutional capacity to design, develop, and deliver quality higher education programmes and materials;• Advocate the merits of collaboratively creating and sharing intellectual capital in higher education as a mechanism to improve quality and enhance long-term cost-effectiveness;January 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 8
  9. 9. Approach (cont’d)• Establish an online platform that facilitates African collaboration in OER development and sharing, while inter-connecting this platform with the many OER communities emerging globally [www.oerafrica.org] ;• Facilitate the re-development and reinvention of African higher education programme curricula and course materials in order to ensure that higher education programmes on the continent are of exceptional quality and direct contextual relevance, producing world class graduates.January 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 9
  10. 10. INTRODUCING OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCESJanuary 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 10
  11. 11. Why Open EducationalResources?Concept:Concept Educational resources for use by educators and learners, without an accompanying need to pay royalties or licence fees. New licensing frameworks remove copying / adaptation restrictions OER hold potential for reducing the cost of accessing educational materials. OUT Policy and OER WorkshopJanuary 12, 2009 11
  12. 12. What Potential Lies in OER? Access to the means of production enables development of educators’ competence in producing educational materials Access to instructional design necessary to integrate such materials into high quality programmes of learning. Principle of allowing adaptation of materials enables learners to be active participants in educational processes OUT Policy and OER WorkshopJanuary 12, 2009 12
  13. 13. How do we Capture thisPotential? Through the potential of a collaborative partnership of people... working in communities of practice focussed on the four main elements of the OER evolutionary process: Creation, Organization, Dissemination and Use. Use OUT Policy and OER WorkshopJanuary 12, 2009 13
  14. 14. Dispelling Some Myths Content = education Good content will overcome institutional capacity constraints OER should be a process of voluntarism OER will make education cheaper in the short- term Openness automatically equates with quality OER is about e-learning OUT Policy and OER WorkshopJanuary 12, 2009 14
  15. 15. INTRODUCING CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSINGJanuary 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 15
  16. 16. What is the most commonly usedAlternative License Framework? Most developed alterative licensing approach is that developed by Larry Lessig of Stanford University in 2001, called Creative Commons (CC). CC licences most often used for OER work and provide various options. The CC approach provides user-friendly open licences for digital materials and so avoids the automatically applied copyright restrictions. OUT Policy and OER WorkshopJanuary 12, 2009 16
  17. 17. How do CC Licenses Work?CC licences are based on four specific conditions:  attribution,  share alike,  non-commercial and  no derivative works OUT Policy and OER WorkshopJanuary 12, 2009 17
  18. 18. What are the CC LicenseConditions? (1) Creators choose a set of conditions they wish to apply to their work.  Attribution Share Alike You let others copy, You allow others to distribute, display, and distribute derivative perform your copyrighted works only under a work — and derivative license identical to the works based upon it — license that governs your but only if they give credit work. the way you request.Policy and OER Workshop OUTJanuary 12, 2009 18
  19. 19. What are the CC LicenseConditions? (2)Non-commercial  No DerivativeYou let others copy, Worksdistribute, display, and You let others copy,perform your work — and distribute, display, andderivative works based upon perform only verbatimit — but for non-commercial copies of your work, notpurposes only. derivative works based upon it. http://creative commons .org OUT Policy and OER WorkshopJanuary 12, 2009 19
  20. 20. How do CC Licenses ProtectIntellectual Property?All CC Licenses assert the author’s right overcopyright and the granting of copyright freedomsand require licensees to: Obtain permission should they wish to use the resource in a manner that has been restricted; Keep the copyright notice intact on all copies of the work; Publish the licence with the work or include a link to the licence from any copies of the work; Not change the licence terms in anyway; Not use technology or other means to restrict other licences’ lawful use of the work. OUT Policy and OER WorkshopJanuary 12, 2009 20
  21. 21. What are the various CC Licenses? Based on your choices, CC will suggest a license. formulation that clearly indicates how other people may use your work. Attribution (By) Attribution — Share Alike Attribution — No DerivativesJanuary 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 21http://creative commons .org
  22. 22. What are the various CC Licenses? . Attribution — Non-Commercial Attribution — Non-Commercial — Share Alike Attribution — Non-Commercial — No Derivatives OUT Policy and OER Workshop January 12, 2009 22http://creative commons .org
  23. 23. What can Creative CommonsDo for Me? CC licenses give you flexibility  e.g. you can choose to only pre-clear non-commercial uses or to combine several license conditions CC Licenses protect the people who use your work  As long as they abide by the terms you have specified, they don’t have to worry about copyright infringement. Relevant content is available to you under various CC Licenses  If you are looking for content that you can freely and legally use, there is a giant pool of CC-licensed creativity available to you.OUT Policy and OER WorkshopJanuary 12, 2009 23
  24. 24. Q & AJanuary 12, 2009 OUT Policy and OER Workshop 24
  25. 25. Thank youCatherine Ngugi Neil ButcherProject Director OER Strategistcatherine.ngugi@gmail.com neilshel@icon.co.za CC 3.0 BY –SA

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