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Making Teaching and Learning
Awesome with Open
David Wiley, PhD
This presentation is licensed CC BY unless
indicated otherwise in notes
Goal: leverage the full technical
capability of the internet for
teaching and learning
education
education =
education = sharing
sharing
what you know
sharing
feedback
sharing
encouragement
sharing
passion
sharing
yourself
“internet”
Handwriting Printing Press Internet
Make a copy
of a book
$1000s per
copy
$1s per copy $0.0001s per
copy
Distribute
a book...
unprecedented capacity
sharing
education = sharing
unprecedented capacity
education
except, it doesn’t
©
Copyright
Regulates
Handwriting Printing Press Internet
Copying
of a book
$1000s per
copy
$1s per copy $0.0001s per
copy
D...
Tech
Enables
Law
Forbids
in the air?
open
Open Educational Resources
open ≠ free
open = free + permissions
• Make and own copiesRetain
• Use in a wide range of waysReuse
• Adapt, modify, and improveRevise
• Combine two or moreRem...
Open
1. Free and unfettered access
2. Perpetual, irrevocable copyright
permissions
Tech
Enables
OER
Permits
Not “Affordable” – Open
Cost Permissions
Textbooks Expensive None
Library
Resources
Free to Use None
OER Free to Use 5Rs
traditionally © materials
+ internet
openly licensed materials
+ internet
Open enables you to
leverage the full technical
capability of the internet for
teaching and learning
Infrastructure
Infrastructure is “resources that
create benefits for society
primarily through the facilitation
of downstream productive
...
“downstream productive activities”
Permissionless Innovation
Adam Thierer
Democratizing Innovation
Eric Von Hippel
Infrastructure and Innovation
Relatively inexpensive
Broad permissions
If Broadband Cost…
$500 / month?
$5000 / month?
Does Amazon or Google exist?
Do online courses exist?
If Broadcast Licenses…
were necessary to publish video?
were necessary to publish text?
Does YouTube or blogging exist?
Do...
thrives when the costs and obstacles to
experimenting are low
“Don't EVER make the mistake that
you can design something better than
what you get from ruthless massively
parallel trial...
Outcomes Assessments Textbooks
Intellectual Infrastructure of Ed
Outcomes Assessments Textbooks
Relatively expensive
Very narrow permissions
Relatively Expensive
Only those with significant capital
can afford to experiment and innovate
Textbook Pricing in Context
One Month Access to… Costs…
Netflix – 10k Movies / TV Episodes $7.99 / month
Spotify – 15M Son...
“Disappearing Ink” Strategies
Buyback, rental, e-books
online subscriptions
Very Narrow Permissions
ALL Rights Reserved
Relatively expensive
Very narrow permissions
“Don't EVER make the mistake that
you can design something better than
what you get from ruthless massively
parallel trial...
“Don't EVER make the mistake that
you can design something better than
what you get from ruthless massively
parallel trial...
Trouble with Costs and Permissions?
Open
1. Free and unfettered access
2. Perpetual, irrevocable copyright
permissions
The Impact of Open Textbooks
on Secondary Science Learning
Outcomes
Robinson, Fischer, Hilton, and Wiley
Published in Ed R...
Participants
• Nebo School District
• 4183 students
• 43 teachers
• Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry
Method
Quasi-experimental design with:
• Treatment and Control Group
• Pre and Post Test
• Dependent variable: Score on 20...
Outcome: State Standardized Test
• IRT scaled scores increased with
open textbooks, p < .001
• Multiple r squared = .635
(...
A Multi-Institutional Study of the
Impact of Open Textbook Adoption
on the Learning Outcomes of Post-
secondary Students
F...
Participants
• 4909 treatment
• 11,818 control
• 50 different undergraduate courses
• 130 teachers
• 10 institutions
Method
Quasi-experimental design with:
• Propensity Score Matching
• Post Test Only
• Dependent variables: Completion; C o...
Results
Credits Taken
Semester Treatment Control Result
Fall 13.29 11.14 t (8101) = 27.81 p < .01
Winter 10.71 9.16 F(1, 6440) = 1...
Mad, Glad, Sad, Rad:
A Framework for Evaluating the
Academic Return on Investment in
Textbooks and Other Educational
Mater...
“Mad” “Glad”
“Sad” “Rad”
Cost
Completing with C or Better
Student Success per Dollar
0 100%
$200
“Mad” “Glad”
“Sad” “Rad”
Cost
Completing with C or Better
Commercial
Student Success per Dollar
0 100%
$200
“Mad” “Glad”
“Sad” “Rad”
Cost
Completing with C or Better
Commercial
OER
Student Success per Dollar
0 100%
$200
Completing with C or Better
Student Success per Dollar
0 100%
0
50
100
150
200
250
0 20 40 60 80 100 120
Cost
$250
$0
openedgroup.org/review
11 Peer Reviewed Studies
http://openedgroup.org/
48,623 Students
http://openedgroup.org/
93% Same or Better Outcomes
http://openedgroup.org/
9 Peer Reviewed Studies of
Perceptions of OER Quality
http://openedgroup.org/
4,510 Professors and Students
http://openedgroup.org/
50%
Same35%
Better
15%
Worse
http://openedgroup.org/
impact.lumenlearning.com
But Why?
The Remix Hypothesis
The Remix Hypothesis
Type of OER Adoption
Replace “As-is” adopt an open textbook
Realign Remix OER with learning objs /
co...
The Remix Hypothesis
Change in Student Learning
Replace Small
Realign Moderate
Rethink Large
Remix and the Kragle-verse
The LEGO Movie and permissions
Lord Business and the Kragle
Emmett and the Piece of Resistance
Emmett and the Piece of Resistance
Rethinking Assessment
In situ formative assessment
Delete disposable assessments
Design renewable assessments
Disposable Assignments
Students hate doing them
You hate grading them
Huge waste of time and energy
Renewable Assignments
Students see value in doing them
You see value in grading them
The world is a better place at the end
PM4ID
PM4ID
Renewable Assignments
Are enabled by the open nature of
activities and resources
So What?
Open
Outcomes
Open
Activities
Open
Educational
Resources
Open Education Infrastructure
Open
Outcomes
Open
Activities
Open
Educational
Resources
Innovation?
Open
Outcomes
Open
Activities
Open
Educational
Resources
Downstream Productive Activities
Open Pedagogy
Open Business Mode...
The Z-Degree
REMOVING TEXTBOOK COSTS AS A
BARRIER TO STUDENT SUCCESS
THROUGH AN OER-BASED CURRICULUM
Decreased cost to
gra...
In Summary
• Don’t settle for “affordable”
• Improve student outcomes
• Improve affordability
• Improve design / academic ...
Discussion!
davidwiley.org
@opencontent
lumenlearning.com
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"
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Keynote address at Minnesota eLearning Summit, July 2015.

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Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with "Open"

  1. 1. Making Teaching and Learning Awesome with Open David Wiley, PhD
  2. 2. This presentation is licensed CC BY unless indicated otherwise in notes
  3. 3. Goal: leverage the full technical capability of the internet for teaching and learning
  4. 4. education
  5. 5. education =
  6. 6. education = sharing
  7. 7. sharing
  8. 8. what you know
  9. 9. sharing
  10. 10. feedback
  11. 11. sharing
  12. 12. encouragement
  13. 13. sharing
  14. 14. passion
  15. 15. sharing
  16. 16. yourself
  17. 17. “internet”
  18. 18. Handwriting Printing Press Internet Make a copy of a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distribute a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  19. 19. unprecedented capacity
  20. 20. sharing
  21. 21. education = sharing
  22. 22. unprecedented capacity
  23. 23. education
  24. 24. except, it doesn’t
  25. 25. ©
  26. 26. Copyright Regulates Handwriting Printing Press Internet Copying of a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distributing a book $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  27. 27. Tech Enables Law Forbids
  28. 28. in the air?
  29. 29. open
  30. 30. Open Educational Resources
  31. 31. open ≠ free
  32. 32. open = free + permissions
  33. 33. • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  34. 34. Open 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable copyright permissions
  35. 35. Tech Enables OER Permits
  36. 36. Not “Affordable” – Open Cost Permissions Textbooks Expensive None Library Resources Free to Use None OER Free to Use 5Rs
  37. 37. traditionally © materials + internet
  38. 38. openly licensed materials + internet
  39. 39. Open enables you to leverage the full technical capability of the internet for teaching and learning
  40. 40. Infrastructure
  41. 41. Infrastructure is “resources that create benefits for society primarily through the facilitation of downstream productive activities.” -- Brett Frischmann
  42. 42. “downstream productive activities”
  43. 43. Permissionless Innovation Adam Thierer Democratizing Innovation Eric Von Hippel
  44. 44. Infrastructure and Innovation
  45. 45. Relatively inexpensive Broad permissions
  46. 46. If Broadband Cost… $500 / month? $5000 / month? Does Amazon or Google exist? Do online courses exist?
  47. 47. If Broadcast Licenses… were necessary to publish video? were necessary to publish text? Does YouTube or blogging exist? Do online courses exist?
  48. 48. thrives when the costs and obstacles to experimenting are low
  49. 49. “Don't EVER make the mistake that you can design something better than what you get from ruthless massively parallel trial-and-error with a feedback cycle. That's giving your intelligence _much_ too much credit.” -- Linus Torvalds
  50. 50. Outcomes Assessments Textbooks Intellectual Infrastructure of Ed
  51. 51. Outcomes Assessments Textbooks Relatively expensive Very narrow permissions
  52. 52. Relatively Expensive Only those with significant capital can afford to experiment and innovate
  53. 53. Textbook Pricing in Context One Month Access to… Costs… Netflix – 10k Movies / TV Episodes $7.99 / month Spotify – 15M Songs $9.99 / month CourseSmart – 1 Biology Textbook $19.67 / month
  54. 54. “Disappearing Ink” Strategies Buyback, rental, e-books online subscriptions
  55. 55. Very Narrow Permissions ALL Rights Reserved
  56. 56. Relatively expensive Very narrow permissions
  57. 57. “Don't EVER make the mistake that you can design something better than what you get from ruthless massively parallel trial-and-error with a feedback cycle. That's giving your intelligence _much_ too much credit.” -- Linus Torvalds
  58. 58. “Don't EVER make the mistake that you can design something better than what you get from ruthless massively parallel trial-and-error with a feedback cycle. That's giving your intelligence _much_ too much credit.” -- Linus Torvalds
  59. 59. Trouble with Costs and Permissions?
  60. 60. Open 1. Free and unfettered access 2. Perpetual, irrevocable copyright permissions
  61. 61. The Impact of Open Textbooks on Secondary Science Learning Outcomes Robinson, Fischer, Hilton, and Wiley Published in Ed Researcher
  62. 62. Participants • Nebo School District • 4183 students • 43 teachers • Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry
  63. 63. Method Quasi-experimental design with: • Treatment and Control Group • Pre and Post Test • Dependent variable: Score on 2012 statewide standardized science exam • Independent variable: Textbook condition • 15 Covariates: including age, gender, special education, English language proficiency, 2011 test data, 2011 GPA, and race
  64. 64. Outcome: State Standardized Test • IRT scaled scores increased with open textbooks, p < .001 • Multiple r squared = .635 (variance in scores accounted for in our model)
  65. 65. A Multi-Institutional Study of the Impact of Open Textbook Adoption on the Learning Outcomes of Post- secondary Students Fischer, Hilton, Robinson, and Wiley Accepted in JCHE
  66. 66. Participants • 4909 treatment • 11,818 control • 50 different undergraduate courses • 130 teachers • 10 institutions
  67. 67. Method Quasi-experimental design with: • Propensity Score Matching • Post Test Only • Dependent variables: Completion; C or Better; Credits Enrolled This Term; Next Term • Independent variable: Textbook condition • 3 covariates: including age, gender, and race
  68. 68. Results
  69. 69. Credits Taken Semester Treatment Control Result Fall 13.29 11.14 t (8101) = 27.81 p < .01 Winter 10.71 9.16 F(1, 6440) = 154.08, p <.01)
  70. 70. Mad, Glad, Sad, Rad: A Framework for Evaluating the Academic Return on Investment in Textbooks and Other Educational Materials Wiley, Hilton, Fischer, and Puente Submitted
  71. 71. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing with C or Better Student Success per Dollar 0 100% $200
  72. 72. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing with C or Better Commercial Student Success per Dollar 0 100% $200
  73. 73. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing with C or Better Commercial OER Student Success per Dollar 0 100% $200
  74. 74. Completing with C or Better Student Success per Dollar 0 100% 0 50 100 150 200 250 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Cost $250 $0
  75. 75. openedgroup.org/review
  76. 76. 11 Peer Reviewed Studies http://openedgroup.org/
  77. 77. 48,623 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  78. 78. 93% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  79. 79. 9 Peer Reviewed Studies of Perceptions of OER Quality http://openedgroup.org/
  80. 80. 4,510 Professors and Students http://openedgroup.org/
  81. 81. 50% Same35% Better 15% Worse http://openedgroup.org/
  82. 82. impact.lumenlearning.com
  83. 83. But Why? The Remix Hypothesis
  84. 84. The Remix Hypothesis Type of OER Adoption Replace “As-is” adopt an open textbook Realign Remix OER with learning objs / compentencies as TOC Rethink Realign (as above) and reconsider assessment strategy
  85. 85. The Remix Hypothesis Change in Student Learning Replace Small Realign Moderate Rethink Large
  86. 86. Remix and the Kragle-verse The LEGO Movie and permissions
  87. 87. Lord Business and the Kragle
  88. 88. Emmett and the Piece of Resistance
  89. 89. Emmett and the Piece of Resistance
  90. 90. Rethinking Assessment In situ formative assessment Delete disposable assessments Design renewable assessments
  91. 91. Disposable Assignments Students hate doing them You hate grading them Huge waste of time and energy
  92. 92. Renewable Assignments Students see value in doing them You see value in grading them The world is a better place at the end
  93. 93. PM4ID
  94. 94. PM4ID
  95. 95. Renewable Assignments Are enabled by the open nature of activities and resources
  96. 96. So What?
  97. 97. Open Outcomes Open Activities Open Educational Resources Open Education Infrastructure
  98. 98. Open Outcomes Open Activities Open Educational Resources Innovation?
  99. 99. Open Outcomes Open Activities Open Educational Resources Downstream Productive Activities Open Pedagogy Open Business Models Open Credentialing Models
  100. 100. The Z-Degree REMOVING TEXTBOOK COSTS AS A BARRIER TO STUDENT SUCCESS THROUGH AN OER-BASED CURRICULUM Decreased cost to graduate by 25% Increased pedagogical flexibility Improved course completion rates
  101. 101. In Summary • Don’t settle for “affordable” • Improve student outcomes • Improve affordability • Improve design / academic freedom By using open educational resources
  102. 102. Discussion! davidwiley.org @opencontent lumenlearning.com
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Keynote address at Minnesota eLearning Summit, July 2015.

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