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Open Educational Resources: Increasing Student Learning and Academic Freedom

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This brief (30 minute) overview of open educational resources and their benefits was presented to the a meeting of college of business faculty at university in Utah.

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Open Educational Resources: Increasing Student Learning and Academic Freedom

  1. 1. lumen lumenlearning.com Open Educational Resources Increasing student success and academic freedom David Wiley, PhD http://davidwiley.org/ http://lumenlearning.com/
  2. 2. 2 Textbook Costs and Student Success Outcomes Six-year graduation rate for open access institutions 33% Avg. annual textbook cost per college student $1,200 Costs growing 3x inflation Cost students go without textbooks due to cost 6 in 10 take fewer courses due to textbook cost 35% Access of community college students achieve credential goals <50%
  3. 3. Providing Access Handwriting Printing Press Internet Make a copy of a textbook $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distribute a textbook $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  4. 4. 6 Internet, Textbook Costs, Student Success Outcomes Six-year graduation rate for open access institutions ?% Avg. annual textbook cost per college student < $50 Costs dropping Cost students go without textbooks due to cost 0 in 10 take fewer courses due to textbook cost 0% Access of community college students achieve credential goals ?%
  5. 5. ©
  6. 6. Copyright Regulates Handwriting Printing Press Internet Copying of a textbook $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Distributing a textbook $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  7. 7. Tech Enables Law Forbids
  8. 8. in the air?
  9. 9. open
  10. 10. Open Educational Resources
  11. 11. Open Educational Resources? Any kind of teaching materials – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, readings, exams
  12. 12. Open Educational Resources? (1) Free and unfettered access, and (2) Free copyright permissions to engage in the 5R activities
  13. 13. open ≠ free
  14. 14. open = free + permissions
  15. 15. • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  16. 16. Tech Enables OER Permits
  17. 17. Copyright Regulates Handwriting Printing Press Internet Make a copy of a work $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy Make changes to a work $1000s per copy $100s per copy $0.01s per copy Redistribute a work $1000s per copy $1s per copy $0.0001s per copy
  18. 18. traditionally © materials + internet
  19. 19. openly licensed materials + internet
  20. 20. 27 Textbook Costs and Student Success Outcomes Six-year graduation rate for open access institutions ?% Avg. annual textbook cost per college student < $50 Costs dropping Cost students go without textbooks due to cost 0 in 10 take fewer courses due to textbook cost 0% Access of community college students achieve credential goals ?%
  21. 21. Project Kaleidoscope
  22. 22. Participants • 4,909 treatment • 11,818 control • 50 undergraduate courses • 130 teachers • 8 institutions
  23. 23. Method Quasi-experimental design with: • Propensity Score Matching • Dependent variables: Completion; C or Better; Credits Enrolled This Term; Next Term • Independent variable: Textbook condition • Covariates: age, gender, and race
  24. 24. Propensity Score Matching Increased group balance by 98%
  25. 25. Results Increased: • Completion (X2 res = +2.9, -2.9) • C or Better (X2 res = -2.5, +2.7) • Credits this term t(8101) = 27.81, p < .01 • Credits next term F(1, 6440) = 154.08, p <.01 Submitted to Computers in Education
  26. 26. Utah Open Textbooks
  27. 27. Participants • Nebo School District • 4183 students • 43 teachers • Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry
  28. 28. Method Quasi-experimental design with: • Treatment and Control Group • Propensity Score Matching • Dependent variable: Score on 2012 statewide standardized science exam • Independent variable: Textbook condition • 15 Covariates: including age, gender, special education, English language proficiency, 2011 test data, 2011 GPA, and race
  29. 29. Outcome: State Standardized Test • IRT scaled scores increased with open textbooks, p < .001 • Multiple r squared = .635 • Published in Ed Researcher
  30. 30. Developmental Math Published in Educause Review
  31. 31. 39 % Completing with C or Better 48.4% 60.2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Spring 2011 No OER Spring 2013 All OER
  32. 32. From textbook and MyMathLab ($170) To OER and MyOpenMath ($5)
  33. 33. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing with C or Better Learning Outcomes per Dollar 0 100% $200
  34. 34. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing with C or Better Pearson Learning Outcomes per Dollar 0 100% $200
  35. 35. “Mad” “Glad” “Sad” “Rad” Cost Completing with C or Better Pearson OER Learning Outcomes per Dollar 0 100% $200
  36. 36. Associates of Business “Z Degree” Graduate without ever buying a textbook World’s first “all-OER” degree ~30% cheaper for students
  37. 37. When a student drops, it.. Slows down their graduation Costs the institution tuition dollars (refunds)
  38. 38. (182 * .89 * $164.35 * 3) in-state + (182 * .11 * $358.95 * 3) out-of-state = $304,269 annual INTRO Submitted to EPAA INTRO Model
  39. 39. open pedagogy
  40. 40. PM4ID
  41. 41. summary
  42. 42. lumen lumenlearning.com lumenlearning.com Let’s pause, and then have a conversation
  • YannisKotsanis

    Mar. 1, 2015
  • jalbertbowden

    Jan. 13, 2015
  • sandramelro2

    Jan. 12, 2015
  • wwjimd

    Jan. 10, 2015

This brief (30 minute) overview of open educational resources and their benefits was presented to the a meeting of college of business faculty at university in Utah.

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