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Eucalyptus and Peppermint oils Effect on
Respiratory System Histopathology After MG and
/or H9N2 Challenge
Materials and Methods
 70 day-old broiler chicks were divided equally into 7 groups
(10 chicks/group).
 The 7 groups wer...
Challenge
 The 7 groups of chicks were reared to 1 week of age.
 At 1 week of age, the following challenges were given;
...
Treatment
 The essential oils of eucalyptus and peppermint were diluted
at 0.025 mL/100 mL of drinking water.
 Each trea...
Histopathology
 6 days post-challenge.
 Birds were sacrificed by CO2 asphyxiation.
 1 cm cross-sectional cut of each tr...
Evaluation
The observation of:
1. Tracheal deciliation
2. Mucosal hypertrophy
3. Goblet cell degeneration
4. Mucus accumul...
Cont. …
 A score of 1 was given for each of the following tracheal tissue
changes
– Deciliation
– Mucosal hypertrophy
– G...
Cont. …
 Cumulative heterophil count in 12 fields of 4 tracheal
cuts/bird was recorded, and the average count of 10 birds...
Results
The histopathology of the tracheal sections uncovered the
consistent significant reduction in microscopic lesions ...
Deciliated Norma Ciliation
A microscope slide photograph of deciliated (Group 6, MG/H9N2 challenged and
essential oils dep...
Mucosal hypertrophy Absence of mucosal hypertrophy
A microscopic slide photo of mucosal hypertrophy in a trachea from MG/H...
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
Mean of Deciliation
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Mean of Goblet Cell Degenration
0
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
Mean of Mucosal Hypertrophy
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
Mucus accumulation No accumulation
A microscopic slide photo of the tracheal section with mucus accumulation (Group 2,
MG-...
Degenerated goblet cells Intact goblet cells
A microscopic slide photo of degenerated goblet cells in trachea of MG-challe...
0
50
100
150
200
250
Mean Hetrophil Score
0 0
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Mean Score of Mucous Accumulation
0 0
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
Conclusion
 A significant decrease in tracheal deciliation in MG- and
MG/H9N2-challenged birds.
 A significant decrease ...
Cont. …
These results demonstrate the healing effect of essential oils
against MG/H9N2 infection.
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Essential oils eucalyptus and peppermint oils_MG H9N2 Challenge

"عسى أن تكون علما ينتفع به"
Essential oils
MG challenge
H9N2 challenge
Eucalyptus oil
Peppermint oil

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Essential oils eucalyptus and peppermint oils_MG H9N2 Challenge

  1. 1. Eucalyptus and Peppermint oils Effect on Respiratory System Histopathology After MG and /or H9N2 Challenge
  2. 2. Materials and Methods  70 day-old broiler chicks were divided equally into 7 groups (10 chicks/group).  The 7 groups were put in isolation rooms supplied with infrared lamps, waterers, and feeders.  All birds were fed with the same feed as recommended.
  3. 3. Challenge  The 7 groups of chicks were reared to 1 week of age.  At 1 week of age, the following challenges were given; Groups Challenge Essential Oils Treatment 1 ---- ---- 2 MG ---- 3 MG √ 4 H9N2 ---- 5 H9N2 √ 6 MG/H9N2 ---- 7 MG/H9N2 √
  4. 4. Treatment  The essential oils of eucalyptus and peppermint were diluted at 0.025 mL/100 mL of drinking water.  Each treated bird started receiving the diluted essential oils; – Intra-esophageally – Twice a day (morning and evening) – 1 mL/bird/time. – For 6 days, starting on the challenge day.
  5. 5. Histopathology  6 days post-challenge.  Birds were sacrificed by CO2 asphyxiation.  1 cm cross-sectional cut of each trachea from sacrificed birds was taken and kept in 10% formalin/PBS buffer.  Tracheal cuts were subjected to cross-sectioning of 4 μm and H&E staining.  4 tracheal cuts/bird were seen microscopically at 400× within 3 fields/cut located at 4, 8, and 12 clock positions.
  6. 6. Evaluation The observation of: 1. Tracheal deciliation 2. Mucosal hypertrophy 3. Goblet cell degeneration 4. Mucus accumulation 5. Heterophil infiltration
  7. 7. Cont. …  A score of 1 was given for each of the following tracheal tissue changes – Deciliation – Mucosal hypertrophy – Goblet cell degeneration – Mucus accumulation  A score of 0 was given to the absence of these tracheal changes.  The average score of 10 birds per group was used in the histograms.
  8. 8. Cont. …  Cumulative heterophil count in 12 fields of 4 tracheal cuts/bird was recorded, and the average count of 10 birds was used in the histogram.  Microscopic images, magnified 400×, were taken from selected histopathological slides to compare the tissue changes in different broiler groups
  9. 9. Results The histopathology of the tracheal sections uncovered the consistent significant reduction in microscopic lesions in the essential oils treated groups in comparison to the similarly challenged for; 1. Microscopic lesions of tracheal deciliation 2. Mucosal hypertrophy 3. Goblet cell degeneration 4. Mucus accumulation 5. Heterophil infiltration
  10. 10. Deciliated Norma Ciliation A microscope slide photograph of deciliated (Group 6, MG/H9N2 challenged and essential oils deprived) versus normal ciliated tracheal tissue (Group 7, MG/H9N2 challenged and essential oils treated), magnified 400×.
  11. 11. Mucosal hypertrophy Absence of mucosal hypertrophy A microscopic slide photo of mucosal hypertrophy in a trachea from MG/H9N2- challenged bird of Group 6 (deprived of essential oils) versus the absence of mucosal hypertrophy of a bird treated with essential oils in Group 7 and similarly challenged, magnified 400×
  12. 12. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Mean of Deciliation Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
  13. 13. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Mean of Goblet Cell Degenration 0 Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
  14. 14. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Mean of Mucosal Hypertrophy Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
  15. 15. Mucus accumulation No accumulation A microscopic slide photo of the tracheal section with mucus accumulation (Group 2, MG-challenged bird deprived of essential oils) versus a mucus-clear tracheal section (Group 3, MG-challenged bird treated with essential oils), magnified 400×.
  16. 16. Degenerated goblet cells Intact goblet cells A microscopic slide photo of degenerated goblet cells in trachea of MG-challenged and essential oils deprived chicken (Group 2) versus intact goblet cells in trachea of MG-challenged and essential oils treated birds (Group 3), magnified 400×.
  17. 17. 0 50 100 150 200 250 Mean Hetrophil Score 0 0 Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
  18. 18. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Mean Score of Mucous Accumulation 0 0 Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
  19. 19. Conclusion  A significant decrease in tracheal deciliation in MG- and MG/H9N2-challenged birds.  A significant decrease in tracheal goblet cells degeneration in MG- and MG/H9N2-challenged birds  A significant decrease in tracheal mucus accumulation in MG- challenged birds  A significant decrease in heterophil infiltration in MG/H9N2- challenged birds.
  20. 20. Cont. … These results demonstrate the healing effect of essential oils against MG/H9N2 infection.

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  • MohamedFouadElganayni

    Sep. 1, 2016
  • HazemSamir3

    Nov. 26, 2017
  • ShubhamNandanwar2

    Apr. 10, 2021

"عسى أن تكون علما ينتفع به" Essential oils MG challenge H9N2 challenge Eucalyptus oil Peppermint oil

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