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النظريات التفسيرية للعلاقات الدولية بين التكيف و النغير في ظل تحولات العالم ما بعد الحرب الباردة

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النظريات التفسيرية للعلاقات الدولية بين التكيف و النغير في ظل تحولات العالم ما بعد الحرب الباردة_ الحرب الباردة _الدكتور عبد الناصلر الجندلي...

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النظريات التفسيرية للعلاقات الدولية بين التكيف و النغير في ظل تحولات العالم ما بعد الحرب الباردة

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  9. 9. /- - 125 - [ '0 n P % #m $^' [ '0 5j U '% ?# $ ^'9 Š' p ) 6 cKenneth WaltzP % = #m O"CH 5. = i ! , X g « )T = $ ^A = %A+ 'f $ 5.Perestroïka/ : () 5. ^ ) /%&0;6 2' = ;?#! „ L# %• D.9= „"CH #< % , A = % )'T 3 s $q' P %›2 fœ= O P )- R 1 = f f1 $^' € Z ['A 0 5: Z Œ G g A 7) ' % L#% 3 = P %R dA wMikhaïlGorbatchevb ,+ 969 y h /t _: U . D ! # M () -H <'f 5. 7 i f % = 2 { )C R 8A $+&A & + ~# 'A w9^ y 2 : l ZŒ 2 M. /) J F#O ?#§ A 0 p O 1 2 ?# x: n+ 0. J ” _: . , %2A 5. z f b 7) b"f O96: ?# )< / 5 M7 8' ! 8' ?# g b ()# #+ S *' Y#A . 7+ %· J X1 !" = $()' ` ¢29= ` X . L2 Œ )] b () > % D ` ` '@ B' () Y+&A P % D J šA 0 0 ] T D 7) f % ^ 6 • ! d .9g &'% g b () _: x A ) 3 `3 _: /t M7 b &'% > ! A &#m ?#9 #f n+ 0. M7 L2 O1 _: L2 Œ )] J g b () ` w ?#;O _: ;¢ +@: $]A * C. T t 5E U 2 5X ' 2# 'T ! Š' (0 ?#2 5qd ! 6 •" %) )- f %9N- &T NT T J d O 0 J<Hyper Globalizers= >3 A ?# g ' 5 c = 5 d ,Dq <' ž 0 ¬ t )A -: =N 8'!9+& M 8'! /( = T # Z[%0 ) = <Œ ! +& 67 A p O C s 4 #2'% 8'! O ` 5q & P ! 9( • J L #G'# [ '0 x A –#2' 7m.% l . U m1 K0 i 2 = W: K%* f % M 8'! N 0 i = n ž 0 ~ 2 ^9z: ƒ m 3 b Zt = 3 ?2 'f D. ,w T K % X. = 5. ] >! 5. '9N'/ 3 …^ $qA * C. )-9K % /&Œ t –#2A = Z]<'A°_ 1 / i T T %fcT < #! <()T $w J U m. Z X . P T9/ i . X • "2'f ! )H #!1 L = Z]<'' 0 ]{ 8 `!" =
  10. 10. ' ( )* # + , - !" * - 126 - ) ƒ)‘ M7 ` *' ` Zm { C _: ` N { C JU OE Œ ) ()# <Œ" m T !" = T ()9 d . C m &8 P % = | O 5E #+ S *' C ?#&8 ! +& ¸ A = Š <' t A P R dA w 8G@ = #]Ž ' % 2 >2 5 …2 I /3 A p O J BA LA % Tl . /2 2 h Z f / . p O J Z9F#' " +& Œ 2 ' % Š 5 5 )‡ #%/3 A [/) 2 % T “ T Š'#B0. U A 2 - + = & ¸ '# "m 6 ' 2 L { 8 #C N ' % T { dT ³ # ' •9dA ^ .?# >! 2 fq ,%' 3 ?*) Lm 2 67 & m 2 d Ž1 ?# )- T © 8T f % ?# 8'! 3 19! dA ^ 2 ƒ C. 3 _: w T J% < % T _: ™ 1 X L ?# - 2‘ '@ _: !. A <w B0 X ## +4 K2# R dA w9[)>f d'0 Z 2 d 3 • 3 A Y z J , ! d . = • # - 2‘ #9/Œ % T > L! Z+dA dA ^9b () Z< / ƒ#%' ‰ f J B' c% + 1 b () P %9Zm $^' 67 Z+ ! 6 • ?# #f f + 0 J ! d . ` = #]<'T 2 % 6z &0 ~- ) Zm P % f Ž +9 <(01 J 6$w ?# L2 Œ )] b (0 #l q 2A U 2 5X ' ! Š' (0 0 z: U m1;Y 7 & u+ f"+ !;B' <'f: g b () 2'f ?# /t &O `"m J 2'f 5X ' ?# — &*# K%01 b () L2 Œ )] b (0 = U A 6$ ^A bD 5E L 5 l L2 M O. b (0 _: L2 Œ )] g b () `51 ‰Xq = i ! „ U 2 5X A b (0;! Š' (0 3 M7;L2 Œ )] b (0 -: = : Z<90 zE #O = U 2 5X A L2 Œ )] b (0 = *' > $ /% & +A ! ! *' 5E#f . T;O _:;/ #9J K#L' M7 $q' g b () > ?@ <'A /# x Z+d U 2 5X A b (0 ` O B' (0 = () : Š' p ) ,Œ 29M 8'! ` ¡ = U 2 5X A ?# Š A * C. P *'` ¡ = U 2 5X A J M +%9. M7 $m1 ` *' 7;6;8'! 2 ?# <' ,/ Š . N ! ?# +% 2 J9 : 3 !H J+‘ T !" = 2 …W = *' C ?# 2O #3 )+' 8'! NA 2 © 8 +% 2# >3 A /) ,o 2 C ) > X A K A ' 2
  11. 11. /- - 127 - 0 O. V dT > V d bX"A / X"A 0 O. /# +A /+ dA /#m A Z /) M1 y 8!: b > U m.9 • /l 6 • ` #f 2 ` < 'f 5:9w8) ?# Š ! ()T 5. $ /) { . / 8T ` ~ 2 Z3. J +% 292 = 2 Z<d 2 ` < 'f J+ )'T ¢9T g b () = >3 A P +% 2 ?# ! Š ' 5 +A!" = /) [ A 'fH f = <Œ" ] . /'0 +9,[/' 5E Y 7 Z d ?# BA ! b +& 7 ,I. p O +% 2 ?# [ J<l' ! +& ?# ` 'T <' = f %. )A `"m J3 )+' 8'! NA 2 J Z9z: ` Z • ) 1 ' a. J Z#2'f ) *#f1 5. & P BA + = 2” Š' p ) 5 . _: 8'! I 0 + : I ! ?# Š A ` J 5. ] >! 5E 8'! ?# ] . Š A M ) { # 2' ,w M 8'! Z 82A P i ! BO '2A Ž ] . U90 T. J Z+ ) *#f1 ?# 5z *'% </)+ 8'! <I ! ?# 5Š A 59 8'! 2 ?# <' f ,Œ 2 g b () = U 2 5Š 5:+% 2 ?# n9 M 8'! U 2 5X A `"O: ˆ Ž;8'! U ! b () 7S #+dT % Œ U 2 5. ,+‚ _ 1 3;M +% U 2 5X A Z”9= () . z: D + i Š' ! ['f ) Š U 2 5X A ` O /' (0M +% Z J M 8'! Z ?#9] . 5 +'f 7Œ ) ) *' & +A9 D = Q >#LlA * C. P 1 K%O / A A / 0 2 - 0 </ g b ()# #+dT % Œ U 2 N / X AgU O: Z]‘ `Š 2 b /& 5E !" Z #*' f f1 Š+A T9= ,+*' M7 b /&T `Š )- *#8T b /& 5. < ` 'T <' t )A Zt = 3 s ` f f #f9`ŠA ! 5. ˆ M7 1 / <Œ !) !" ?# )<9?# $ ^' " ' • y 3: B b 2 ^ ) ! # ¬ /&T M () -H U '%P = #]<'T Z #*' O ~# ' < C m • %fcT _:;)-›<[' "'+'œAT Zt = –#290 5: h /d T T X1l K L g ><'¡ ƒ C. ' # . ! T 8'! $ %' Zm A9 T !" # < 2 ()<# < 2 *' C ?#6 • 5E ,( %[' <Œ" m ) M l { 8 ?# <Œ 2 j 3 i + f"+ B 2d !
  12. 12. ' ( )* # + , - !" * - 128 - T ) [ '0 *#8T / . ~ 2 _: ? %A M l { 8 -: = ` 51 BA 6 + . = 8T9)T Z( g '` &T M f *#8T 2 ‹ f. ?# ,Œ 2 + f"+ ! ( )- 6 • •O ?# Z< 2 2O M (0 6 • w Zt =9 J 1 ,#% nf. ?# B ! b () # : ?# % • # - 2‘ d0 5q 2' 5: a1 ?(r 2'Š' ' =5q N 5. ` r M7 n %0 & BA 2'0 , . Z+d )8 • # - 2‘ U 2 N { ¹H O ?# ?2 . T ` *'9R /'% 5 2 b ()# x ' L' ? & ?# , Š A = N !g9!;6 (0 =;B0q ‡ A Iqd0 • # +& M ?# ! d . 2 )- @ & <'3 O 3 A9B . = ^ , 2# 2#' R -q ()T Z 2'%T = 5 +'f J ^ $w R -1 5.9 Z 5:¸ ' • /'*C ' . !9‰ & 'f ?# 0 %A D. $w y ). Z ! T f %# i9) ' ‰ L / 8 ~ 2 _: ? %A ` 5. < U m. _: ) X 2O J93 1 J !"L0 / 8 ` 0 zE' = M l J !"L0 / 8 * . ' = DE9` 5 'A z: { C = • /l > F *'A 2 # <'T;! n&0 =;2] z ` Y#A > )'T &#'GT9 7+% fqATJ 6 z ~ f2'0^A() ,I '2T N ! (0 : %,I . # #*'g « )T ‰ f > ?@ <'A 2 L +& A /&T ,/! %0.] . J9OX: _: 3 5 Y z 5 + f“ Tf f1!% ŒY z > D1 = ?2 A/<(> F +'# Cg b ()T9<# N'< 2 X•A ) #<!" ?# )< P () • , . J M (0 6 • ! ##O = < f 9 :/f: , . 5!'f Z # = ` &T f ?2 A P f f1 I = ?#['A !"`ŠA +% ZŒ %T 5. T -Z”v 2096 • ! ` Š 0 • M7 M ()95. <!"+%2# M † /(T Z(A9! [/) 2 -$+&'#$%&A 'f & Œ!"+& LA `"m J$%&'Œ ) 2 f f ~L)T9
  13. 13. /- - 129 - 0 0-!" # 4 ( 5 ( 01 2. 8'! NA 2 © 8 T g b () = 2 C ) K A A > X A : 5: 3 )+'ŠA 0 #2' % T () 5. ?# M$()' 8 ?# J •A`() , . ` ‡ #f Z # $%&A = 8'!9> # ()> B0q Z[%0 5. J+‘ T g ?@ <';O _:;! 5 5: M 8'! $^'T ?# f f. Š Z # B01 M #2' % T Z #*' > 3 . >3 A92) <'3 () 5. Y z ?# J • ZCritical Social TheoryP /t+&# LA 2 #2' () š )<# 2'0 % D % T9T g ¥. 8'! )< J () •^ 8'! 2 ,t ' Š <' J > / #9% T 6 • 5. o #2' () •" "GO M () 6 • i M #2' B 2d ‡ #% f % ‡ #%# † † 2 8'! 5. U A / M 8'! $^'T ?# Š M7 !" Š ‘ M79y ) $^'# h K ['%A ` 2 L T g ¥. M 8'! b () = / ! ?#9Y z Z J , 1_: ` f 5q Z[%0 5. J+‘ 8'2 I ! X;1 >! =;Y 7 3 )+' 8'! NA 2 Z<d W: +% 2 ?#9 8'! 2 ,t A Zt &T „ L xT !" = B'0 + % 9N q' $q' !" -: = i T . f f1 BŒ O. Zl& y A P 0 +T '*' )›8'!œ! & )›f % 2 >)C f %9œ) Œ )]S LA P "m T N !" R -: = 5 '% : & ) &#'GT ) '%<# Œ )] F )8' = 3 GT9M 8'! $^'T J !"L0 g ‡ #% $%&' b 2A % T ()9= U A z: % ‡ #%# † 2 8'!j *' K ['%A ` 2 L B Š&† . † f g M 8'! b () = / ! T )'f9‹ 2 8'! J #2' % T 7G'A < M d ><'¢ M. F#£ . b 2A U9n+ ! <'¢ Y#‘ M ! 8'! ?# z *'% J<J M. & &#'u <'¢ Y#‘ F § 8'! ?# z *'%9Z+d cA 2 8'! '*' B' ) f % ! & ><'¡ ) ?# ™ x:9= B f 2 LA x `Š g 3 % Z # +% 2 n 8'! 2 B # J< I * C.9T g b ()# & U 2 _ 1 3 8'! U ! /#›N8 0 T. ™ 1 5 + 1 *'T9œ q % T ?# %0 5 c '@ ()T Y+&A P % D 5:39Ž > <d b )' N8 ` • = 2 L <Œ ! `ŠA d 3 5. ˆ '@ Š*# %) ` <#] /%&0 ^ ` = < d ŠO1 • y 2
  14. 14. ' ( )* # + , - !" * - 130 - $A 2 • fH9D Z & | O# >3 A • # d N 3 1 { 8# #O = d 3 1 B >#LlA 0 M79 % T “ T , 2 >3 A 3 1 { 8 /);>lA 5. ^ &%#& O ) ) # T , 2 8'0 ¸ '# O• # “9Y z ˆ Ž;6;P < ()' !"m1 , 2 Z+ y ^ : l C m U m1 l Q mŠA;"fH9N ^ N ¥. # %) L20 , q @ ' . ® . ?# ¥. d'0 : P % D'9+% T D 5 2 ‡ 'A 5. + 1 *'T ` P % T () 3 . ?# º 6 . B#< q '@ /%&0 [' C S= B' ?# /')< • # /' 3 . d0 /' ” `"m J 9` Š 2A P n %0 & d » m ¸ ' D O -. = #3 ƒlA % T () U 3 b • # - 2‘ # % )T ()9 5 '^)'0 Z Œ C 2' 5.Ÿ<'‚ŸT f T 0 7 l b CT L P % d ><'[<# <' ` C 2 L N <' { 8 + ) A93 A f T Y#A 5. < . 5E d [' B'/3 M7 $8T Z & V 2% J ª . . Nf ! ! * C.Ÿ<'OŸ $8T n&0 ?2#'f9] '@ +% <# >! <I 2T % 0 % T f T šŒ '0 5. /<+ %A P <'¡ b 2A X <'‚ Iy I9i = Š[ J "l /# + y 3 D. P "+dT9L' 5qd 2 f O LT d > ¹ 5. < $ A g ¥. "~ < A `"^'f J < '%T < 'f -: = g ¥. 8'! T ,+O = /# * . '@ Š[)T9 % ) ()T ?# *' Y#A $q' ~# ' < .›'œU 5: ` 2 J+‘ > ' (0 F +A' ¬ t N … ' Y z = > ) T g b () ' (0 80. $ A O ?# T g ¥. b () O #< 5 /3 <D1 <)',/f. ?# & ! ‡ ) `ŠA ' f9% ' ()/ #2' % T Z] L' Z+@ = J+ 3 `ŠA9f # 'GT *' ?# /2 LA F! '9n 5. ˆ Ž T g b () > ~ L'A I 2 + . Z967 ?# ' (0 )L2f. # %0 5. J+‘ *'¬ /&T -: 5. Fd';f1 U '% ?# y f ` &<# f `Š M () )i ` A g ' F#G'# 2 2' n +A h U '% ?# .I A U '% ?# . +&9
  15. 15. /- - 131 - I C = <' A `ŠA … † 5. ` 2 J+‘ f1 U '% ?#?# Š T . Š 3 ')T J N3 ') . ž ')` ¢ = < f b s 1 T J NA ! †95 }q J+ … † 8A A # )C _: /# *' Š T b 2A <) (9T b s 1 T • Š 3 ')T Y#€ … † N ¼ +' ` A ‡ )/Š ` 1 ‹ k 3 )+' Y#€ P9… † = I ) (0 I7 <Œ ! h Z(A $m1 679N S <'% { %A = F#G'T )i b 2'T ` <d9 J+‘ 6" . J 7T ` 1 ‹ k ¼ +' " ` ' h J "l& ¤ U '% ?# . ` 2= #]Ž T 2) %fcT h 5 B0. ` 2 < # NL X 5.•g 2) ‰ )C ` T ‹. 8 J . /i . #† / ) J /# € > A 5. > L'%A … † ` 5E T Y) • s.Š [ A V @ J %fcT 67 B '&Aª . ~ 2 ?# € ! $w /# • … † ?# #m /' ) @ dS (0 W '%9<'3 h Z d B) ,[) M7 >9! Z]€ * C. Z %)i 'T d w ?# T Zt = S Š' < A %fcT 67 2 U !/%&0 T9 . ` b 2A '@ B' () Y+&A P % D * C. 2 0 T . p ] ` J ! d‰ @ { 8 ` ,+‚;` ¶ { C _: w;` b <l0 )3 ¶ F#O 8'! ™ 1 J Z = ! d .+% %#-1 `9% ‡ ) 3 A z: … 59 = • H J p 5. ` 2 J+< ' () +& ' U '% ?# . ) < f +& I ' Š' W Z]‘ + 1 b /&T T // dAM A / Š T žz W • H;… †9<'%A i < 'f (0 J 2] ) T 5. o Y z Z ‰ Z <'3 ) O ) J ¥. L A ( • - ()A P ' (0 J 73 8'!9 $qA . 2/'& t 8¯ = )i ?# * T?#Ÿ, #%' y"3HŸ/ ! > *#8T S ~2 D. [‚ & t 67S š ' ~ %'9dT d > b 2A / <%A %)i 'T d# )- / = < !. P <8C s Y z9b 2A < 8'! O"C: B <%A y 2&# b 2T , K*%93 ')T Z” Z*' ž s J >#% $'f b 2A #+ & +A Y z <%A )-9j dT ?@ <' 4 < # ' ' /[ ) $ ^' b 2A < > <#!qA & +A Y z <%A + 1) *'9993 ,#9. )i * . g '
  16. 16. ' ( )* # + , - !" * - 132 - $^ d' y ) </4 b 2A T Zt = … †9() • H A = º) ' w 5 3 B) • '9,f / # ~#L P Y#A &8 67QŸmŸ ŸThe Soft StateŸ ` $ 0 w B G'f ,fGunnar Myrdal'f ?# # J d 5 2 J ) '% m . = *#8T ?# C s . © 8 K #^' 5 0 2 ,+O Z [' %&# &#G'T ` +O #w. 9%• ] . * C. P <%= /) = p ] ` = ) '%9T g ¥. b () J< /3 0 L A p O Y z ?# ` ] X . ŒŠi Z 8C s [@9f f <'3 2'f b B) ,o M7 #m > ?# #f Y z . Ž ! AM 8'2] <'3 8'! y 1 F 3 s ŒŠi 0 ,! &A9Z3. J p* > [dA 8'! ' /<(0 F#'u )#2 ŒŠi b 2A 5. Kx Z dT *' 67 /3 J#2 ` M1 ‹ fq ,# <' <#9: Y z ?Aq' J‡ H d) ‘Š H ' c%T „ bŠ' >9 N 1 > X A : = J<+ ' () %) T g b () = i 5: ` ?# /')< z &0 …% X / 8 N qA 5 <l ` <d `= i n )i 2A Z!q S ~ lA Z3. J $m1 67 K LT ['f9Z + 5 ' = Kw A )i ` 5. ,w ` <d ` > 2 29> ' n Y d 2T / > J+9` ]T Z f ?# 07m. # 1 d { d4 ?<%;6 0 3 Lf ';6 3 =;` )i ` A ‹ +A f f ` 'T 5 ' ?# b 2A f f B) ] . ` <d9[ '0 ] . ~< ''f ' !" 5E > 7 Zt = 2'%T $w ) 1 f % { 1 'T <'3 8'! { •9X~ < A = b ()# < 2 ()<# f f1 0 +T U O: A P • # - 2‘ d0 #< ' !" _: , %2A _: . P g gŸ- 2‘ `ŸŸ- 2‘ $w `Ÿ)2 J !"L0 + 192'T ` Z]€ _ 1&#G'T ` 0 ]9`"^'f )< !" J Y z J š') ` = 2'f bŸ- 2‘ $wŸ9 -) 3 * 4 ( 5 ' ( 01 2 )< ! M () 6 • 7S +& ' 5. ` 2 J+‘±) ' A &' 3; /& +A8'! "'+' ¯ f % O B3 A Zt = C m > ?l ! M. J ] . /) <"'+' FC D ƒ C. p O 8'!91 & t * .• ' & ' > - . v 2) { #C7 5. < f
  17. 17. /- - 133 - dT ] ŠA J m 'T Kf +T , ( A b"% ~ 2 _: B' & t = R / 5 $m1 s >#%# ~ ' „ <% `"m J f1 # T • G@1 "2)A~ - J + • < ()';)-9f % 8'! "'+' -: = ` ` )' = * C. ZŒ % T Zt = +%9 g Z +' 6 • 80. 5. $w;U•+ () • 80. J , $^;J )+<' *' Y#' c )'N '& = ! P= #]<'T•Y+&A N 3 V 2f P % D ! d . ` ()9g ';<#!qA ! g Z +' 6 • A 0 5: 6" . 0 @. < *' 67 >;: ` C J /)+‘ Q c )' = /#d 5E# @ (0 _ Zt = % q%4 /'!" )'T <[' "'+' q% $%&A 24 5 + !" # Dqd Z8*'f P L' $^' Z+ c )' T9 *' Y#' c )' = g Z +' 6 • +& ' 80. Zd 5:,D. ˆ N 3 V 2f : ?# M /i Z +' U '% ?# | O M7 $^' ! 'Z +A _: B < #!:;B f A;3 > - z 5 ^3 7mq;Y+&A 5. < /3 J f f Z]‘ g & Z +'# žz <) P %g & ‹ f1 ?# ,Œ 2 M /i Z +' 6 • !9 ™ 1 Z +' ?# ! ' $w </ L0 D A™ 1 > f A = #]<'T +' '% @c • = () : g Z +' 6 • 80. J K#L' Ž ! @Z9> = M ! f f. K " ™ . J ()T Z 2'%T = ²O . J ! = p J+‘ Y z + 1 *'T Z ! J BŒ 'O Zt = T g b ();< Š' )< / 2 ,Œ 2 g b ()#;A [ A 'f F #* A5 '< U m.92T n > ' B _: : T g b ()# #+dT & U 2 , . U O: Z]‘ B0. ,w + 1 *'T > B'!" = 9 U m. ZŒ „ L T t )< Zt = Z # O >3 A J+O J f f. Z # O <[' "'+' J Z x M7 b () ‹ f. ?# b 2A Z #*'9Z< g Z +' 6 • , A © 89• ' & t • <;d'0 . ?# <'Spill-OverZ20 ` O f % ZŒ %T J b <' c›# f %œHigh Politics)2' "+dT _:;)&›0 f %œ Low Politics;D = /'0 +9ZŒ % B # J< I * C. M7 ?# 0 f % l2 1 ƒ) g ' 3 )+' 8'! = #]<'T 0 f %l! %O # f %9T !" I /@ P "'+' > - ` O *% Œ 2'f #< )<! #
  18. 18. ' ( )* # + , - !" * - 134 - 0 3;/<( =;M 8'! > - z93 M 8'! b (0 i g b () '! Z'+A T [' <() _ 1h J h D 8'! /' - = T T M 8 T g ¥. 8'! LA9™ 1 < #!H U '%T ?# 8'! "'+' J "l 7 ' )f¤ Z'+';) A" + . ` Z'+A + & f9N '%T ?# "'+' 67 Z+g D *' • ' & t ?# - f #] . < #!H9 • Š' : M ' . ) f % O ' A =0 ] N' & /) < f BA 3 #< ~ 2*' 6 H &)T M 8) A l N'#Œ 2O '= </ '0 + T g b ()9™ 1 _: b <l0" O A f ! d . ` w šŒ ') a. ?# * " '@ ()T Y+&A P % D›&)Tœ<'f y J m 'T ™ 1 Z +'9B%&0 ,Œ 2 g b () = 6 J+‘ = 6 H 8) 5. < + 1 2 B # J< I b (0 M79J+ B : b <l0 f % O ?# ® &A P $m1 67 T [' <() `"m J Š [ A V dp ] ` 1 ~# A z: < f9> f A 5. < . ` ” = Z]<'T 6 H 8) 3 _: >3 ! d . ` Z<d %#-1 ` ¶ F#O ^›F# = y l 1œ+ 1 +% 2 /3 = ‡ 'dT ™ 1 { # [ A 'f: y )97+ # +A #< . = 5 5 8) &)T 6 H9 = S f 2 LA • / O ' Z +dA _: { fH 5qd • Š' : . b 2'Tb +† , N 2] 8) #8 2 D19'T ` = J- T 5. o z:*l 2 R S 7 ³ # Z3. J ! J B Z+9b 2'T = # +' [' „ o f J<+ )9J o [' 67 N•™ 1' ) Z'+A999’95 f F#G'T = # +' [' <) ) 5 2& [ '0 > 7 Zd& S¨ 5 +b +† , N 2] 8= f % <(01 - J • ) . f Œ . +# / ,+ - 0 </ 'f L#%A f f <(0. P F#G'T • T999’9Z +' • XŠ 2] 8)N '%T ?# # +' #< „ o _: M c¥ M 29 J %s Kf +T %O `"m J Z +' #< > p O J • Š' : > ‹ ~&' # +' #< = % Œ U 2 Z !9ˆ2' ` ¡ J # +' #< ` 2'0 p O J • ' > ~&' <; f % ` ¡ _: ˆ&= <'2 LA -: ™ 1 " 3 x ' n %' . ?# Y z i B' & t9M 8'! ` ¡ = # +' B' #< . ™ 1f % ` ¡ _: Y z Z2') O ™ . 'f w C B' ” ™ 1 5 T•# B# +dA #< O A `"m J9
  19. 19. /- - 135 - M. : . K#3 = X K #A ! Z +'# % R L# 0 01 © 8T 5. ‹ M. = R -9™ 1 _: b <l0" A f = Y z %•< f y l 1 ` • w b Y z = 0 T. %09 # g , ()'# y 8) ?# 6Š A =q% ?# ‹ <' g < #!H N '%T ? ƒo. >o. d'0 , < ' #< / 5 +A P S ZŒ %T J •' P 5 %0H ‰ 2OZ< A g ' d O A ?#9<() ,l M7 T • T ><'¡ R ƒ C. -: = „ /' a. X U m1 0 %0H %fcT <()T J $w +O $w9 Z +' O º) ' w 5 3 ' %) .Z +' = Z]<'T O # y ` O B3z W 5E Z+ yŠ31 N g 'dT R -1 )! J 8 M7` &T M f `Š95. < ] . < ()' %fcT Z +' ¯ Z ‘ C T g ><'¡ 5q & P º) ' w / : ZC A P [ ') < #!H Z +' ¯ B)*8 J $] B9B f A ™ 1 Z'+A = „ Y z ?#[' H / f A %#-1 ` ¶ F#O <()N '%T ?# ™ 1 # @ ?# ƒ 8 O 2 T [' <() < ()' ¬ %fcT999’9<()T 67S b ' y º) ' w 5 3 ` ! 5. : # +' #< = dT R -1 % n‘ B01 B º %fcT9 ) ?# B'(O" J+‘< #!H U '%T ?# # +' žz <> - z D. 3 > - z % = ^3;+ '9M +% 3 1 N# >3 A J šA ) ` *' 3 )+' M 8'! N# © 892' ` 8A ` O §' ` f 5 +A 7+= ^i D "'+A = S <Œ"T /'j 3 !9` Z<d ™ 1 > f ' ` ¡ 7 = §' ` „ - %x O T . _: B# ! d .9Z +' @c • 7 ' n0 [' 2' 2# 'T Y#A C m` 8A 'dT © 8T ` ' Z9§' ,f 2' < 2'f J 1 ,#% N qA ?# b 2A <() %fc y ) BA = • ' (0 /39Y z = B ] + 1 !";Z Z<dA Z +A !" _: D = 2A P )+` ' ) R ƒ C. -: = <d + .9> L z # +' [' ?# U m1 #] 1 N J = ^i<() 2 H 2 ` N 2 H fh ‰ @ )3 ` N 5 f¤ Z'+A 70 ) A" + . `999’9 8A 8) B'f =Z +' ) T f % O N !" ¸ A ?# §' Š `9 ) T R -1 N !" 2~ A g ' ` 8A )! Z &A _: Y z M c 2 /) # T# +' #< Z [ ' ½ J91 N J B0. ` 2 J+‘ )O P @ T f
  20. 20. ' ( )* # + , - !" * - 136 - ‹ <# >! _: ™ ^T ¹ A 5J • ) ™ ^T ` N [)d'T A 'T !" ^ y *8 l! 5qd l! )'T F! T J /) < 8999’9Y z J "l5E / 0 3 = T t= 2];g 8A8) ` 8A 8) ~# 'T §' „ L ,Œ"T « )T q /) < # +' #< | O: g ' f % O N 2'# f f.ƒ C. 5. 3 $^C ! B'Lf9?# n Z +' n +' ,/ ` 8A 8) 5. Y z ˆ Ž< #!H U '%T K%*Y 7 g U '%T ?# W:9 Z #*' ?# <' A D + …2 n & t f 2 J Š <' / f ‹ f . <+Y 7 = ^i 2' , < ' . 4 2A D + W:{ L! = Z +' 5. f U p O M cU m1 L2 2 = Z +' _: l9= # +' [' • ?# " ~ L) M 8'! 5 TZ]•fh ‰ @ )3 ` N 5 f¤ ><• ' ) Z'+AZ] f % 5 T = .• 2 H9= ^i 2' – < .f 5Eg ' , &'# f f. 8) 6•' +% R"O. . "'+A = y l 1 ` Y z ?# '% Z +'#9Y z ?# ] L ` ¶ F# %) ! d . ` O fh ‰ @ )3 ^ &# %) + 1 *'T %#-19[ ') 67 5. $wf / : ZC A P$ 3 A±6" . Y z ) . <;` *' = ^i Z _: + ' i Z J "'+'Z]•1 2 Z<d ™ 1 2 H 2 Z<d 2 H<d + . Z<d' ' )999’9Y z >Aa % f f •' f = 2 % +& ' J / "'m <+ Z #*' š/) ?# <' & t Z #*'# Š <' # +' ( Z #9 -4 ( 5 ; < 01 2 . L' U . 2!" # #% 6 • /t _: J d 5 2 F8') 6 /@ M7 3 )+' 9/3 . / P '&, 2# 3 . Lm #% 6 • 5 + ^ • #9` ¡ 7 = /'i /'d! ) T +@H 5E Y 7•F +A . LA U : ?# • # , 2 f ] ] 3 T R -: = 3 )+' 2 )A > #% 6 • e d 3 1 >3 A '@ ()T P % D - ) R ! ) l'2A +@H 67 J 3H 5:#% 6 •9B' - = # )# qA # 5 +A +A #% 6 • 80. ' 5q ) 2 ) 1 Z #*' . š/)T T p O J • # , 2#9Y z Z ‰ Z= <# N0 2 # @ ?# N0 ! Z+@ = , 2 Y#A 5 #% Z 3
  21. 21. /- - 137 - L95 '% : & . #% 6 • 80. X . O. FC Y z ?# c Z;) #% #O = f % Z #*' “ nf1 B )A;l*' 0 %0: , ! • # , 2 5q9 ()T 7 J• # , 2# >f d'0 `"m J5E= B'0 + x #% 6 • N #% 5. < f g b ()# < 2 ()T U '% ?# *' – < D C T • # ,() • # , 2 #l . ?# 5 cJ $w J + 1 f % b () <(01U m1 f %97 ž /'0 { A: ?# U m1 <'¡ Š & _: ,/ f = * Y z ?#[' f % <(01 J { )9#% 5:;˜ T 7Q;D ` O n %0 & M () K 2 = K8A d'0 • # - 2‘ f _: A p O ¸ 'y 3 . ²@ =97 > /& +A 5. ` *'C 8m + 1 - 2‘ m ?# Z< 3 . Lm D. ˆ• # - 2‘ /3 J T f % = , 2 i & ` O ŒŠ3 "O U f b 2A #% 5. < /3 J < U m.9 :j ,+‚ y ¯. F#'u = • # - 2‘ d) w #% 6 • 5 z $()' † = B < A 3 -: = 3 1 { 8 Š <'A P BAX . P ¸ ' D ` O B'O -. = n %0 &B#3. J y 3 M7 R S J R ¯. ! 5 + Y 7 B0E B' f % Z #*' # @ (0 y ) .9b _: R S 7 ³ # = ,/! &m: >3 < p* . b G'f N $()' N 5X '9M () 6 • 7 / G'% P , &T 5. J Y 0 ›)& t5ŠA ~%)œ/' L 3 0 +f , &O - z , & % + )9 ` < 'f = 6 ^' 5. 0 3 G'%T Z #*' . U '% ?# #% 6 • )< ! B &w: _: B U . f % V d) ?# <+ Œ 8OH 1(0 y ) = Z]<'T d)T B S G'%T p* . $()' N ž Š' `"m J !" # # @9Y z J "l5E g¤ f›A <+œP Z #*'# 2 - W: 0 # T ><i # f n pO9 Z 2T J+{ 2 Z = d'0 /2 A # T 3 )+' ] A f % 2 >)C #< ?# $ U C96 •" () žz <) X . , . O. Z]‘ M7 žz <) #%9f F#'u J # T Z20 )! Zl& ™ xH 1 Y z 5 !` 8A b" H ZŒ›] " Hœ)8 <!1 0 '0›0 '+ H ]œ9ƒ3 ) f % 2 5. ' A # T )2 Y#A J * *8 &T # T J ZŒ ,mŠ Š 5 + M7 2 Y z
  22. 22. ' ( )* # + , - !" * - 138 - 7T9# T_ 1 • J 2) ,/&d = [/)T #l 1 N #%# *) P P % D"Iz O = D n9D" _ 1 ,/&d = , f ! >! J 2#L)T ,/ ‚. Š € P ! Y#A P %f. ?# <' A P<+ ‹ 2 K9 3 )+' ] 5q ` 2 ))+‘ B0E Y z >;$# A $ A O ?# ] ] 3 T P; ¸ ' D PO -q R -: = S š ' `"m J d'0 • # , 2 f 7 n %0 J Z+ l b C6 • LA _: A . ! g ' ?# 5 '^)'0 Z Œ C ?l ! M. J ] . / B& +A _: . 2 #%9#£ !" ` ¢ = | ‚1 5. z: Œ 8OH <+ K f1 ?# <' A * C. 3 L0 1 &%#& 2 L J# &lA Pp* ? ! ] . B# • <# ^ 89 ?# b ('0 $%A C T f % Z #*'# < f % - d) 5q N #% y : 5. $w T J $ L ^ B . L ( # @92'% Z #*' O U '% ?# 'm ?# 5 #%Z #*' O9Z # ¬ O <i & ?# 5 <' , o Y 79,o Ž f f1 Z #*' O > <' J { 0 B)b /&< <i ƒ#L8T ® <w J Y 09d'0 > # 3 . Lm #% 6 • ?2 f + 1 j dT ?# • # , 2C m &8 *'T &8 ^#9 8'mb . f ` ¡ ƒ%& 5 6 • +& BA A F#'G4 g Z +' 6 • 5. ` 2 J+‘ y f U•+ 8'! "'+' D 5. < f U m. # +A žz W T [' <()T %) ` <#] ¬ %fcT Z +' . f % O N Z +' U '% ?#9 Y z ˆ Ž;6;& t B 2d g Z +' 6 • & +A Z]€ #O 5. K%* i & t #C1<'f W:/ ƒ C. P T )< Zt = < f Y 7 B T Z d F#'u J 3- & t d'0 . ?# <' O žz <) B : () ™ 19 () ` X _: cA J / 2 . D 5. 6 z ~ f Ž š')'%0 &'#L' ?@ <' 4 [/)T I . +& /! %0. $ ^A n Z A _: W: !" # $% T i g >9/) c )' = $%&' () Zd 5. < 5 cd 'f $%&A = /& J ' •5: ® '& P c )' & t 2' J • W: $%&' FC P& t J "l !" (0 Q Š'A9
  23. 23. /- - 139 - = >. (1) Richard k. Herrmann, Conclusions: The End of The Cold War: What have we Learned ? , in: Richard Ned Lebow & Thoams Risse-Kappen (eds), International Relations Theory and the End of the Cold War , http://www.ciaonet.org/book/lebow/Lebow.html-83k (2) Antje Herrberg, The Post-Cold War Order and The Search for new Research Methodologies for The Political Scientist. http://www.iol.ie/~mazzoldi/toolsforchange/postmet/postcold.html-36k (3) Kjell Goldmann, Introduction : Three Debates about The End of The Cold War , in : Pierre Allan & Kjell Goldmann (eds), The End of The Cold War : Evaluating Theories of International Relations, Netherlands, Martins Nijhoff Publishers, 1992, P. 5. (4) Kimberly Hutchings, The possibility of Judgement : Moralizing and Theorizing in International Relations, Review of International Studies, Vol 18, N°: 1, January 1992, P. 58. (5) Kjell Goldmann, Introduction: Three Debates about The End of The Cold War , in : Pierre Allan & Kjell Goldmann (eds), op.cit., P. 6. (6) Pierre Allan, The End of The Cold War: The End of International Relations Theory? , in: Pierre Allan & Kjell Goldmann (eds), op.cit., PP. 239-240. (7) Isabelle Grunberg & Thoams Risse-Kappen, A Time of Reckoning? Theories of International Relations and The End of The Cold War , in: Pierre Allan and Kjell Goldmann (eds), op.cit., P. 109. See also: Hans-Henrik Holm and Georg Sorensen (eds), Whose World Order?: Uneven Globalization and The End of The Cold War, USA, Westview Press, 1995, P. 188. (8) Richard Crockatt, Theories of Stability and The End of The Cold War , in : Mike Bowker & Robin Brown (eds), From Cold War to Collapse:Theory and World Politics in the 1980s,England,Cambridge University Press, 1993, P. 71. (9) Richard Ned Lebow, The Search for Accomodation : Gorbachev in Comparative Perspective , in : Richard Ned Lebow & Thoams Risse-Kappen (eds), op..cit. (10) Peter J. Katzenstein, International Relations Theory and The Analysis of Change , in : Ernest Otto Czernpiel & James N. Rosenau (eds), Global Changes and Theoretical Challenges : Approaches To World Politics for The 1990’s, USA, New York, Lexington Books, 1989, P. 291. See also: Richard Crockatt, Theories of Stability and The End of The Cold War , in : Mike Bowker & Robin Brown (eds), op.cit., P. 73. (11) Marry Kalder, Who Killed the Cold War? , http://www.Thebulletin.org/issues/1995/ja95.Kalder.html. (12) Isabelle Grunberg & Thoams Risse-Kappen, A Time of Reckoning? Theories of International Relations and The End of The Cold War , in: Pierre Allan and Kjell Goldmann (eds), op.cit., P. 111. (13) James Mayall, Democracy and International Society ,International Affairs,Vol.76,N°1?January 2000,P.75. (14)i g b () 0 @ . f•L# b"% 2 8 "fH 8' g >! N ¹ ' > X ' d)• ›*œB £ ™ J- T b a J • T # g Z+d l ) Z3. J B#+dA _: 0J ! . … M. 5 J T ,f ‰ % f ! L'T • # )'T z &)9,<! C *4 b 2 <
  24. 24. ' ( )* # + , - !" * - 140 - $ T • ˆ A ?# T 8'! <()T ` • b w : ?# Z< ™ 1 ,<! T <() b w E 0 %0H <'3"] ` &-1 Z ^dA b . ˆ A ?# T ['9 (15)P)A" [ 0 L0.ŸT ,+O #f. J p*Ÿf % #¢# 3• 9 (16)` &3 <ŸT %fc U !•['f #['Ÿ…f 1 5 c@ #¢f Š d 0 ] )% [ A 'fHF C• •;9 (17) Isabelle Grunberg & Thoams Risse-Kappen, ŸA Time of Reckoning? Theories of International Relations and The End of The Cold WarŸ, in: Pierre Allan and Kjell Goldmann (eds), op.cit., P.126. (18)J „"CŸLl = g 5 0 2Ÿf % #¢# 3• 9 (19)L O '&T i n# - f % !" M B- 5 0•9 (20)7 ~ % >3 T J „"C•9 (21) Jean-François Thibault, « Représenter et Connaître les Relations Internationales : Alexander Wendt et le Paradigme Constructive », http://www.er.uquam.ca/mobel/cepes/note7.html/. , P. 1. (22)) !" = {X )' Z +' d <”•$ () , &T f¾n# - Z i¾_ 1 L• •;9 (23)¹ A !" = l'T () R ^%' ¬ n< 3•¾ d)# <t +•9 (24)i '+T )+fH 8 $^' = !" ,# _: Zm )/ 80 <” • •;9 (25) Isabelle Grunberg & Thomas Risse-Kappen,Ÿ A Time of Reckoning?Theories of International Relations and the End of the Cold WarŸ, in: Pierre Allan & Kjell Goldmann(eds),the End of the Cold War :Evaluating Theories of International Relations, Netherlands,Martin Nijhoff Publishers, 1992, P. 19. (26) Idem, P. 118. (27) Richard K. Herrmann, ŸConclusions : The End of The Cold War : What Have we Learned ?Ÿ, in : Richard Ned Lebow & Thoames Risse-Kappen (eds), op.cit. See also : Neil Mac Farlane, ŸRealism and Russian Strategy After The Collapse of The USSRŸ, in : Ethan B. Kapstein & Michael Mastanduno (eds), Unipolar Politics : Realism and State Strategies After The Cold War, http://www.ciaonet.org/srch frm.html. (28)• 7 ~ % >3 T n %09 (29)• >3 T n&09 (30) Andrew Linklater, ŸNeo-Realism in Theory and PracticeŸ, in:Ken Booth and Steve Smith (eds),op.cit., P.250.
  25. 25. /- - 141 - (31) Hans Henrik Holm & Georg Sorensen (eds), Whose World Order?: Uneven Globalization and the Cold War, USA? Western Press, 1995 op.cit., P. 189. See also : Anthony Mc. Grew, ŸRealism Vs Cosmopolitanism:A DEBATE Between Barry Buzan and David HeldŸ, http://www.Polity.co.UK/global/realism/htm (32)¿ ~ sŸ= # 2'%T i •f % ,#Ÿ™ Z 2'%T #¢# 3 • •;9Y 7 (0.•N% %ŸT b /& =Ÿ)% ™ Z 2'%T #¢ 5 dM &•9l .• Anthony Mc Grew, op.citÀ (33) Andrew Linklater,ŸNeo-Realism in Theory and PracticeŸ,in :Ken Booth and Steve Smith (eds), op.cit.,P.250. See also: Hans Henrik Holm & Georg Sorensen (eds), op.cit., P. 193. (34) Jürg Martin Gabriel,Worldviews and Theories of International Relations,GB, Macmillan Press Ltd,1994,P83 (35) Anthony Mc Grew, op.cit. (36) Trevor Taylor,Approaches and Theory in International Relations,England,Essex,1978, P.138. (37) Barry Bauzan and Others, op.cit. (38) Stephen G. Brooks,ŸDueling Realism(Realism in International Relations)Ÿ,International Organizations, vol.51,N°3,(Summer,1997), http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/books.html. (39)• 7 ~ % >3 T ™ 29 (40) Hans Henrik Holm & Georg Sorensen (eds), op.cit., P. 188. (41) Andrew Linklater, ŸNeo-Realism in Theory and PracticeŸ, in: Ken Booth & Steve Smith (eds), op.cit., P. 248. (42) Andrei P. Tsygankov, op.cit., P. 58. (43) Sammuel P. Huntington, ŸThe Clash of Civilizations and The Remaking of World OrderŸ, http://www.washington Post.com/mp-srv/still/longterm/1996 (44) Martin Shaw, ŸThe State of International RelationsŸ, http://www.sussex.ac.UK/users/hafa3/state of IR.htm. See also : Stanley Hoffman, op.cit., P. 105. Also: Andrew Linklater, ŸNeo-Realism in Theory and PracticeŸ, in: Ken Booth & Steve Smith (eds), op.cit., P. 250. (45) Barry Buzan and others, op.cit. f % $%&A J%)3¹ A 3 s•¾P& ´. J <”¾+#<T , #f % <” Y#T 3 ® %'+T 5 c@ < f•.46 (47)• 7 ~ % >3 T ¿ ~ s9 (48)¹ A 3 s f % $%&A J%)3•¾P& ´. J <”¾+#<T , #f % <” '+T 5 c@ < f Y#T 3 ® %•9 (49)• 7 ~ % >3 T N% %9 (50)nŒ &) 5 ) i T b () l { C = b"fH >! ‡ <% <”•9
  26. 26. ' ( )* # + , - !" * - 142 - (51) ŸRevolutionary Perspectives at the End of The Twentieth CenturyŸ, Adopted by the Second International Conference of the Internnational Trotskyist Opposition,September 1998. http://home.igc.org/ito_revpers (52)• fŸ¸ ' D _: ‰ d'f J•m¤ ™ ^ +&Ÿ™ Z 2'%T #¢ •<' f•9 (53)&)O ?&L8Ÿ¸ ' D _: ‰ d'fH J•m¤ ™ ^ +&ŸZ &'%T #¢ ™•<' f•9 (54)5 lw K oŸO -. = y !•T b () w C : l b CŸZ 2'%T #¢ ™•<%•9 (55)_ 1 L U S # # N ŒŠi "f: () J + '% $ O ˜ J+ *' •9 (56)% >3 T ™ 2• 7 ~9 (57) ŸIs Dependency Theory Still Relevent Today ?Ÿ, http://csf.colorado.edu/dependency.htm. See also:Hans Henrik Holm & Georg Sorensen (eds), op.cit., P. 200. (58) Jill Hills,Ÿ Dependency Theory and Its Relevance Today: International Institutions in Telecommunications and Structural PowerŸ , Review of International Studies, Vol.20,N°2,April,1994,P. 175. (59) Fred Halliday, ŸThe Third World and The End of The Cold War : An Interim AssessmentŸ, in : William Hale & Eberhard Kienle (eds), After The Cold War : Security and Democracy in Africa and Asia, G.B, Oxford, Hepton Books, 1997, PP. 15-17. (60) A.J.R. Groom, ŸApproaches to Conflict and Cooperation in International Relations : Lessons from Theory for PracticeŸ, http://www.ukc.ac.UK/Politics/Publications/journals/kentpapers/groom1.html. (61) Ilan Kapoor, Ÿ Capitalism,Culture,Agency :Dependency Versus Postcolonial Theory Ÿ ,Third World Quarterly, Vol.23,N°4,2002,P. 647. (62)• 7 ~ % >3 T N . `"39Y 7 (0.• Johan Galtung, ŸA Structural Theory of ImperialismŸ, in : Michael Smith and others (eds), Perspectives on World Politics,GB,The Open University,1981, P. 310. (63)• 7 ~ % >3 T N . `"39 (64))-"f ,f 2#ŸT 2 2OŸ<'3 b # #¢) L)%! 3• •; 9 (65)g ><'¡ 5 lw ‡ ••i ` 1 ,%2 • G@1 L' ` C1LT 5 ŒŠ i•9 (66)>3 T n&09 (67) Hans Henrik Holm & Georg Sorensen (eds), op.cit., PP. 200-201.
  27. 27. /- - 143 - (68) Antje Herrberg, ŸThe Post-Cold War Order and The Search for New Research Methodologies for The Political ScientistŸ, http://www.ioL.ie/mazzoldi/toolsforchange/postmet/postcold.See also: Isabelle Grunberg & Thoams Risse-Kappen, ŸA Time of Reckoning? Theories of International Relations and The End of The Cold WarŸ, in : Pierre Allan & Kjell Goldmann (eds), op.cit., P. 123. (69) A.J.R. Groom, op.cit. (70) Antje Herrberg, op.cit. (71) Timothy Ponce, ŸState Strength and The European : Examining The Impact of Unification on Europe’s Major PowersŸ, Los Angeles, CA, International Studies Associations, March 2000. http://www.ciaonet.org/isa/poto1/ . (72) A.J.R. Groom, op.cit. (73) James Dougherty & Robert Pfaltzgraff (eds), Contending Theories of International Relations, USA, Harper & Row Publishers,Inc,1981, PP. 429- 430. (74) Erik Oddvar Eriksen & John Erick Fossum (eds), ŸThe European Union and Post-National IntegrationŸ, http://www.arena.uio.no/publications/wp99-9.htm. (75) James Dougherty & Robert Pfaltzgraff (eds), op.cit., P. 447. (76)• • 7 ~ % >3 T g ,t Z #i;9Y 7 (0.•T M$ls ´. J%” • • _ 1 L Z ) <¢ 2 O '3H;9 (77)• 7 ~ % >3 T g ,t Z #i9 (78) James Dougherty & Robert Pfaltzgraff (eds), op.cit., PP. 447-448. (79)• 7 ~ % >3 T Á *' `9 (80)• >3 T n&09 (81)• • B%&0 >3 T;9 (82)¹5 X # `Ÿ2 )- f ?# A # T ] Zt = f % *' $qA )i = f %Ÿ=•b # #+ ` 1 g ?2'#T ` < . ) *' )- • 7 ~ % >3 T b" H f % (83) David J. Singer, ŸPrediction, Explanation and The Soviet Exit from The Cold WarŸ, http://www.Tittle Menu_left.gif, spacer. if…html (84)• 7 ~ % >3 T Á *' ` (85)• >3 T n&09 (86)>3 T• B%&09

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