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Net Nutrality

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Net Neutrality
Net Neutrality
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Net Nutrality

  1. 1. Net Neutrality Content Providers  vs. ISP vs. Consumers PARUL INSTITUTE OFPARUL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGYTECHNOLOGY PREPARED BY: PATEL JAY C (140870705004) ME(EC-1ST SHIFT) PIT
  2. 2. Definition of the InternetDefinition of the Internet A system connecting networks around the world using TCP/IP, which stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, a set of standards for transmitting and receiving digital data. The Internet consists primarily of the collection of billions of interconnected computers (Economides 2008).
  3. 3. How the Internet WorksHow the Internet Works As you can see, your ISP is what connects your computer to the internet, which other computers and servers connect to via their ISP. There are several ways to connect to the ISP, which include using a dial-up modem over a phone line, cable, or satellite.
  4. 4. What is Net Neutrality ?What is Net Neutrality ? • Net Neutrality is a guiding principle that means the Internet will remain free and unrestricted…which means • The public will continue to be able to view the smallest blog as easily as the largest corporate website…which means • Keeping the Internet open and accessible (as it now exists) to the fullest extent possible.
  5. 5. Definition of Net NeutralityDefinition of Net Neutrality Net Neutrality is a network design paradigm that argues for broadband network providers to be completely detached from what information is sent over their networks.
  6. 6. Proponents  Proponents   • Google • Yahoo! • Vonage • Ebay • Amazon  • Microsoft • Christian Coalition • Gun Owners of America • AARP • Tim Berners-Lee • Robert W. McChesney • Moby • Steve Wozniak
  7. 7. Arguments forArguments for • Control of data • Cable and internet company must allow ISPs free access to their networks and should not screening or filtering of data • Digital rights and freedoms • Ensures that the Internet remains a free and open technology   • Competition and Innovation • Preserving Internet standardsEnd-to-end principle
  8. 8. OpponentsOpponents – Competitive Enterprise Institute – National Association of Manufacturers – Freedom Works  Foundation – Americans for Tax Reform – Goldwater Institute – Cato Institute – Comcast
  9. 9. Arguments AgainstArguments Against o Innovation and investment   o Counterweight to server-side non-neutrality   o Bandwidth availability   o Opposition to legislation o Spam, Virus
  10. 10. This chart shows the world’s Internet restrictions. Internet black holes mean that data information is really sucked up in a void meaning that it is there but it will just keep coming and coming. A lot of smaller under developed countries surveillance their Internet like Iran that blocks twitter feeds because of the recent Iran elections. Some countries as you can see have minor or no restrictions on the Internet.
  11. 11. Our Stance on Net NeutralityOur Stance on Net Neutrality • We, as a group, are for net neutrality, keeping the internet the same as it was since its inception.
  12. 12. Table of ContentsTable of Contents • History of the Internet • History of Net Neutrality • Seven Reasons Why the Internet should be Neutral • Politics and Net Neutrality • Economy and Net Neutrality • Religion and Net Neutrality • Philosophy and Net Neutrality • Culture and Net Neutrality • Legality and Net Neutrality • Arguments against Net Neutrality
  13. 13. History of the InternetHistory of the Internet • In 1934 the Communications Act became law. First attempt to regulate phone lines by FCC. • Vannevar Bush first proposed the basics of hypertext in 1945. • In 1958, Bell System announced its Data Phone service using regular phones circuits (Anderberg 2007). • In 1962, DARPA lead the way in developing the Internet.
  14. 14. History of Internet Pt. 2…History of Internet Pt. 2… • In 1969, the network known as ARPANET was created to connect 4 databases owned by universities in the southwestern U.S. • In 1989, the Internet grew in popularity as its host amount breaks 100,000. • Hypertext Markup Language (First Version of HTML) was formally published on June 1993. • In 1994, the Internet grew by 341,634%
  15. 15. History of Internet Pt. 3…History of Internet Pt. 3… • In 2003, the phrase “network neutrality” was coined when Law Professor Tim Wu presented a paper at the Silicon Flatirons conference in Boulder Colorado. • In 2004, the FCC gained control of the telecommunication industry, introduced the “Four Freedoms” • In 2006, Net Neutrality hit mainstream with the musician Moby appearing at a Capitol Hill press conference
  16. 16. History of Internet Pt. 4…History of Internet Pt. 4… • In 2006, a bill was struck down when the House voted 269- 152 to reject Representative Ed Markey’s net neutrality amendment to the COPE telecom reform bill, HB 5252. • In 2007, the Internet giant Google finally flexed its muscles with its hiring of former MCI lobbyist Rick Whitt. • In 2008, the FCC made a critical decision when it found by a 3-2 vote Comcast guilty of violating Internet principles. In September of the same year, Comcast filed an appeal to the FCC’s actions.
  17. 17. The Seven Reasons for N.N.The Seven Reasons for N.N. 1. Economic Recovery and Prosperity 2. Freedom of Speech 3. Civic Participation 4. Marketplace of Ideas 5. Social Justice 6. Rise of Telecom companies 7. Political Opportunity
  18. 18. Senator Ted StevensSenator Ted Stevens Senator Ted Stevens (Chairmen of commerce) which means he is in charge of commerce over the internet. He has a limited understanding of the Internet and Net Neutrality (Stevens 2009). John Stewart explains the epic failure that is Ted Stevens: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfga4bFIUoc
  19. 19. Politics & Net NeutralityPolitics & Net Neutrality Most democrats agree with net neutrality and republicans disagree with it. Republicans are telling Obama that net Neutrality laws are harmful (Karr 2009). Let it be known the net was neutral since its beginning. The way the internet is now is the way it always has been. Our stance is it should stay this way.
  20. 20. These are companies that have shown top contributions of money to representative republican Joe Barton of Texas for fighting against net neutrality. These are the top companies who help run the Internet. Economic Contributions Against Net NeutralityEconomic Contributions Against Net Neutrality
  21. 21. EconomicsEconomics Net Neutrality is the building block of the abundance-based economy on the Internet. Significantly effecting the dollars that we would have back in our pockets, online publishers would, under “Net Neutrality” be able to raise its cost of publishing back to its former level. When Net Neutrality ends, the monopoly begins again. Sites like West Seattle Blog are profitable because of this reason.
  22. 22. Philosophy & Net NeutralityPhilosophy & Net Neutrality • The philosophy of Net Neutrality is broken up into three course beliefs. • First, Digital technology, if unshackled is a powerful means for creating an egalitarian society. • Secondly, the end-to-end design of the Internet is open to innovation. Continued on Next Page…
  23. 23. Philosophy & Net NeutralityPhilosophy & Net Neutrality Continued.Continued. • Third, and lastly, market players should not control the Internet (Cleland 2009). Those who believe in Network Neutrality generally have a strong stance on the freedom of speech. The people on Network Neutrality also want to make it clear that they do not want to force ISP’s to avoid “differentiating” themselves. What they don’t want is for them to do it in ways that is determined “out of bounds” (Anderson 2009).
  24. 24. • Our culture is a very dynamic one. Throughout the years it has seen many changes; • Even more changes are brought by technological innovations, such as the internet. Culture & Net NeutralityCulture & Net Neutrality
  25. 25. Culture & Net Neutrality ContinuedCulture & Net Neutrality Continued The way our culture communicates has been changed by the internet. Never before has instant communication from countries from all over the world been possible in such a new way. This opens the issue of Net Neutrality with countries who wish to censor or silence their populace.
  26. 26. Legal IssuesLegal Issues Who has the right to hold the reigns to the Internet? Do the telecommunication companies own the Internet? •The answer is no. Telecommunication companies are merely a means to an end. In other words, they are merely the gateway to the Internet; they don’t own the Internet themselves. •Telecommunication companies should be concerned with providing the best product to their customers rather than limiting their output. If they decide to change the current system, assuredly the people would not stand for it, nobody wants a regulated Internet (Press 2006).
  27. 27. For fair market competition, internet service providers should be able to facilitate a similar experience for a similar price across the board, otherwise connecting to the internet will become a monopoly scheme directed towards the highest bidding telecommunication company that provides the best plan. Legal Issues ContinuedLegal Issues Continued
  28. 28. Arguments Against Net NeutralityArguments Against Net Neutrality Argument:Argument: •Net Neutrality would keep broadband access providers from offering more than one service Rebuttal:Rebuttal: •With Net Neutrality, you are offered a choice. If the internet was not neutral you would be forced to utilize certain products dictated by the service provider, to illustrate this metaphorically, this would be like being forced to use Pepsi or Coke depending on the restaurants (internet service provider) you are utilizing. •But the difference between Internet service providers & restaurants is that you have the freedom to go to a different restaurant or store to obtain your preferred soda. If where you live determines what service provider you use, or if the government of your country is running the internet, there is no where for you to turn to get the products or services you desire (websites, etc.)
  29. 29. AT&T claims that 5% of its users use over 50% of the bandwidth. Sandvine reports that over 44% of its Internet traffic comes from file sharing. While these numbers may sound drastic, they still do not justify discrimination on the Internet. Claiming the fears of people to be irrational, those who oppose Network Neutrality do not look at the possible scenarios of a broadband future (Davis 2009). Arguments Against Net NeutralityArguments Against Net Neutrality ContinuedContinued
  30. 30. Concluding StatementsConcluding Statements In conclusion, the Internet should be a neutral place for all of its users. Not all cars are created are the same, but all should be allowed on the highway. The same is true with Internet traffic. File sharing and increased usage, as well as profits are all issues to the Internet corporations. What this is about, though, is the consumer. It’s the consumer that the corporations should cater too, and it’s the consumer that counts.
  31. 31. The Best we can do is…The Best we can do is… Support for free internetSupport for free internet
  32. 32. QUERIES ARE WELCOMED…!!!

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