5G Network and Telecom Costs | What's Next for Canada
1. 5G Network and Cell /
By: Paul Young CPA, CGA
Date: September 22, 2019
2. Paul Young - Bio
• CPA, CGA
• Financial Solutions
• SME – Risk Management
• SME – Emerging Technology
• SME – Business Process Change
• SME – Close, Consolidate and Reporting
• SME – Public Policy
• SME – Financial Solutions
• SME – Supply Chain Management
• What is 5G
• 2019 Market Outlook
• Issues facing 5G
• Market Size
• Major Players
• Fastest Network
• 2019 Election / Cell Rates
5. What is 5G?
PC Magazine – June 21, 2016
• 5G is a new network system that has much higher speeds and capacity, and
much lower latency, than existing cellular systems. The technologies to be used
in 5G are still being defined, but there <spanare< span="" style="box-sizing:
border-box;">some general themes everyone agrees on.</spanare<>
• 5G networks will use a type of encoding called OFDM, which is similar to the
encoding that LTE uses. The air interface will be designed for much lower latency
and greater flexibility than LTE, though.
• The new networks can use frequencies as low as old TV channels, or as high as
"millimeter wave," which are frequencies that can transmit huge amounts of data,
but only a few blocks at a time. 5G may also bring in Wi-Fi as a seamless part of
a cellular network, or transmit LTE-encoded data over Wi-Fi frequencies, which is
called <="" span="" style="box-sizing: border-box;">.
6. Market Status – Issues facing 5G
• It has a lot of available bandwidth and should make it possible for wireless
devices to process data with minimal delays. But since its wavelengths are
much shorter, it is more easily obstructed. And because it has never been
used for consumer mobile services, carriers are still learning how 5G
signals will behave in different types of terrain and weather. “We need to
look at how the signals are affected by things like snow, rain, sleet, hail,
maple trees, oak trees, and spruce trees, because each of those will be
different,” says AT&T research engineer Bob Bennett.
• The problem: most 5G measurement equipment is so expensive, fragile,
and bulky that it can be deployed outdoors for only a few hours at a time. -
Bennett and colleagues say that far more real-world data is needed to
properly develop the technology, so they have created weatherproof radios
the size of toaster ovens and installed them across AT&T’s 260-acre
campus in Middletown, New Jersey, which was once part of Bell Labs.
7. 2019 Market Outlook
Source - https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2017/10/wireless-5g-networks-will-be-deployed-in-2019.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2Fadvancednano+%28nextbigfuture%29
8. Market update / April 2019
Self-driving cars, remote robotic surgery, autonomous weapons -- all that and much more is set to be
delivered via the 5G wireless network, which promises to transform our lives and add trillions of dollars to
the global economy every year.
New products, services, business models and entire industries will be born as 5G provides a huge leap
forward in speed, capacity and connectivity.
Now economists are putting a number on the coming transformation, with IHS Markit estimating 5G will
drive an extra $12 trillion of annual sales in 2035. That’s about the size of China’s economy last year.
For consumers, the first changes will be faster mobile data speeds -- eventually up to 100 times quicker
than those of 4G, letting people download full-length movies in seconds. At work, the trend will be
greater automation of tasks and digital connectivity, driving a new wave of productivity gains for some
11. Market Leaders
Source - http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/ResearchInsight/5g-technology-
• SK Telecom (South Korea), Korea Telecom (South Korea)
• Nokia Networks (Finland)
• Samsung (South Korea), Qualcomm (U.S.)
• Intel (U.S.)
• NEC Corporation (Japan),
• Huawei (China)
• Verizon (U.S.), AT&T (U.S.)
• T-Mobile USA, Inc.
• LG (South Korea)
• China Mobile (China)
12. Market update – 5G
Source - https://www.cnet.com/news/5g-is-finally-starting-to-feel-real/ or
14. Canada 5G
in-2020-cisco/390835 and http://mobilesyrup.com/2016/10/05/telus-and-huawei-
• “Huawei’s Canada Research Centre has become one of the global pioneers for 5G technology. The
success of the trial today, with a great Canadian partner in Telus, reinforces the important role
Canada is playing in leading global 5G technology development,” said Sean Yang, president of
Huawei Canada, in a statement.
• Multiple Canadian carriers have been conducting 5G trials, including Bell and Rogers Wireless,
who’ve also successfully trial of 5G network speeds. In comparison to the United States
however, Canada is much closer to achieving the upgraded infrastructure on a national
scale. In July, Bell and Nokia collaborated to conduct the first successful trial of 5G
technology in Canada.Mobile Syrup – October 5, 2017
16. Verizon and Ericsson Partnership 5G
Source - http://www.techrepublic.com/article/verizon-and-ericsson-partner-for-5g-wireless-trials-
Verizon and Ericsson will be partnering to run trials of their 5G wireless
technology at the 101st running of the Indianapolis 500, the pair
The test will occur the day before the historic race in a 5G-connected
home close to the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, according to a press
release. The house will use a gateway based on the Intel 5G Mobile
Trial Platform, the press release said, to live stream races in both 4K
360-degree video and virtual reality (VR), making use of "multi-gigabit
per-second network speeds with low latency," the release said.
18. Rural High Speed Internet / Government of
• BTW: Harper had this in his platform back in 2015. So, why are the Liberals
19. Rural High Speed Internet / 5G
Source - https://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/xplornet-launches-bold-
WOODSTOCK, NB, March 15, 2019 /CNW/ - Rural Canadians will soon have access to faster
speeds and more data as Xplornet Communications Inc. makes historic investments in its
national broadband network, enabled by the Government of Canada's Accelerated Investment
Announced today by President and CEO Allison Lenehan, this bold new investment plan will
position Xplornet to deliver 5G wireless services nationally to rural Canadians.
"We have made unprecedented investments in our broadband network to offer more services to
our customers. Later this year, Xplornet will double the speeds we are able to offer customers to
50 Mbps," said Mr. Lenehan. "Then, we will fulfill our bold promise to offer 100 Mbps speeds to
rural Canadians by the end of 2020."
This investment will enable Xplornet, Canada's leading rural broadband provider, by the end of
next year, to provide 5G-ready wireless services across Canada, supported by new investments
in a fibre backbone capable of delivering speeds of at least 1Gbps.
The plan makes effective use of Xplornet's licensed 3500 MHz spectrum to provide rural
Canadians with 5G wireless services.
20. 2019 Election and Cell Rates
@katepurchase @telfordk @CameronAhmad
Trudeau had 4 yrs to fix broadband and cell rates and did nothing
Bell has already said if rates are lowered then they will revisit their infrastructure
• CRTC sets the pricing for Cell and Broadband rates -
• The government has been providing subsidies as part of expanding internet / Cell Services -
https://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/119.nsf/eng/00002.html. This program will need a performance audit to
ensure the funding is effective with reducing rates as well as expanding access to high speed internet.
• Next government will need to work all levels of government as well as the private sector to expand
services as well as look at rates - http://www.yupicall.com/blog/en-gb/?p=19
• All parties have spoken about rates - https://globalnews.ca/news/5908780/canada-election-cellphone-
• Liberals policies like hikes to CPP or forced carbon taxation or other bad policies have not help make
Telecom companies more competitive and/or reduce the cost of living -