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Women and Social Movements, International 1840 to Present - Conference Proceedings

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The Women and Social Movements Library consists of the conference proceedings from more than 400 transnational conferences organized by and about women since 1840. Many themes include: the promotion of women’s legal and civil rights, access to jobs and education, provisions for women’s health, and building women’s networks and collective voices through conferences and journals.

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Women and Social Movements, International 1840 to Present - Conference Proceedings

  1. 1. Women and Social Movements, International 1840 to Present Conference Proceedings
  2. 2. Women and Social Movements, International 1840 to Present Two-thirds of this database consists of the conference proceedings from more than 400 transnational conferences organized by and about women since 1840. Many themes recur: the promotion of women’s legal and civil rights, access to jobs and education, provisions for women’s health, and building women’s networks and collective voices through conferences and journals. This digital archive includes 150,000 pages of conference proceedings, reports of international women's organizations, publications, diaries and memoirs of women active internationally since the mid-nineteenth century, and selected web pages of women's non-governmental organizations. Here too are photographs and videos of major events and activists in the history of women’s international social movements. Also included are 30 essays that explore themes illuminated by the documents in the archive, which we have commissioned from leading scholars. 2
  3. 3. Congres International Du Droit Des Femmes. Paris, August 1878 These conference proceedings give a detailed overview of the themes and discussions of the International Congress on Women’s Rights, held in Paris in 1878. This historic event included delegates from France, Italy, Switzerland, Holland, Russia, and the United States. The second session discussed the history of feminist demands in France and elsewhere and summarized women’s rights as part of the progress of humanity. The third session focused on education, particularly women’s access to work-related training as a means of improving their social and political lives. Fourth and fifth sessions discuss women’s labor, including women’s domestic labor and strategies to overcome prejudice and discrimination in the workplace. Sixth and seventh sessions consider discriminatory concepts of morality that expect men and women to behave differently. Final sessions investigate women’s legal standing, including the regulation of prostitution. 3
  4. 4. All Asian Women's Conference, First Session, Lahore, India, Jan. 19-25, 1931 1.) To promote the consciousness of unity amongst the women of Asia as members of a common Oriental culture. 2.) To take stock of the qualities of Oriental civilization so as to preserve them for national and world service (simplicity, philosophy, art, the cult of the family, veneration for motherhood, spiritual consciousness). 3.) To review and seek remedies for the defects at present apparent in Oriental civilization (ill-health, illiteracy, poverty and underpayment of labor, infantile mortality, marriage customs). 4.) To sift what is appropriate for Asia from the Occidental influences (education, dress, freedom of movement, cinemas, machinery). 5.) To strengthen one another by exchange of data and experiences concerning women's conditions in the respective countries of Asia (economic, moral, political, and spiritual status). 6.) To promote world peace. 4 Objects of the conference:
  5. 5. Open Door International for the Economic Emancipation of the Woman Worker. Cambridge, July 25th-29th, 1938 Object: “To secure that a woman shall be free to work and protected as a worker on the same terms as a man, and that legislation and regulations dealing with conditions and hours, payment, entry and training shall be based upon the nature of the work and not upon the sex of the worker: and to secure for a woman, irrespective of marriage of childbirth, the right at all times to decide whether or not she shall engage in paid work, and to ensure that no legislation or regulations shall deprive her of this right.” Conference Resolutions: Resolutions: 1.) The Modern Line of Attack on Women's Civil Rights 2.) Trade Unions and Restrictive Legislation 3.) Population Problems in Relation to Women's Right to Work 4.) Modern Problems of Maternal Health 5.) Nutrition Policies as they Affect the Woman Worker 6.) Equal Educational Opportunities 7.) Women and the Fight for a Shorter Working Week 8.) Equal Pay 9.) Industrial Hygiene and the Woman Worker 10.) The Work and Wages of Women in Industry-- Need for a Fresh Enquiry 5
  6. 6. United Nations: Commission on the Status of Women, New York, 1947 "The function of the Commission shall be to prepare recommendations and reports to the Economic and Social Council on promoting women's rights in political, economic, civil, social, and educational fields with the object of implementing the principle that men and women shall have equal rights to such recommendations. The Commission shall also make recommendations to the Council on urgent problems requiring immediate attention in defense of women's rights." 6
  7. 7. XIII Conference of Socialist International Women. Lima, June 16-17 1986 This conference's theme was "Equality -- a socialist decade for women." It covered the following topics: 1.) Women in Power: Latin America, New Zealand, France 2.) Women under Oppression: Political Oppression 3.) Racial Oppression: South Africa and Latin America 4.) Sexual Discrimination 5.) Women's Challenge to the Economic Crisis 6.) The Third World Point of View 7.) The Impact of New Technology 7
  8. 8. Women's Press and Publications in the Arab World, 3rd International Conference. Cairo, September 4-7, 1990 "Equality between women and men in rights and duties, as well as in opportunity, is a crucial factor in the Arab nations' struggles for democracy, development and independence." The conference defined their objectives in the following way: 8 1.) Sharing knowledge and information about women's movements and women's press and publications in the Arab countries. 2.) The existence of 'Noon' and similar magazines in the Arab countries, the traditionalist magazines; feminist magazines-- the kind of magazines women need in the Arab countries; how to publish them and help them stand on their own feet; cooperation between feminist magazines (financial, technical and otherwise). Could 'Noon' be a magazine for all educated women in the Arab world and how? 3.) How can women express themselves and their needs in the face of persistent opposition to women's rights? Where is the role of feminist journalism? How to finance new magazines?

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