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National intranet

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National intranet

  1. 1. National intranet Referred and collected from the existing data Contact details Raghunathan.j@gmail.com For comments Mr Raghunathan Janrthanan 9/9/2013
  2. 2. National intranet From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A national intranet is an Internet protocol-based walled garden network maintaned by a nation state as a national substitute for the global Internet, with the aim of controlling and monitoring the communications of its inhabitants, as well as restricting their access to outside media. Other names have been used, such as the use of the term "halal internet" in Islamic countries. Such networks generally come with access to state-controlled media and national alternatives to foreign-run Internet services: search engines, web-based email, and so forth. Such networks can be viewed as the final endpoint of a policy of Internet censorship and computer surveillance, in which the public Internet and its services are completely replaced byersatz state-controlled alternatives under the control of the state. North Korea's Kwangmyong network, dating back to 2000, is the most famous of these networks. Cuba and Myanmar also use a similar network system that is separated from the rest of the Internet.[1] In April 2011, a senior Iranian official, Ali Agha-Mohammadi announced government plans to launch its own "halal internet", which would conform to Islamic values and provide "appropriate" services.[2] Creating such a network, similar to the North Korean example, would prevent unwanted information from outside of Iran getting into the closed system.[1] The Iranian walled garden will come with a home-grown email service and search engine.[3] National Intranet can be Connecting with Network like Worldwide/ Nationwide/ Provices wide(State)/ Regional wide (City) ISD - International Subscriber dialling. Similarly Subscribe or connecting with Internet when its needed By using the .Com (Worldwide) NSD –National Subscriber Dialing Similarly Subscribe or Connecting with National Intranet By using the .in (Nation wide) STD - Subscriber Trunk Dialling Similarly Subscribe or Connecting with Provinces Intranet By using the .tn (Nation wide) PCO - Public Call Office Similarly Subscribe or Connecting with Regional Intranet By using the .ch (Nation wide)
  3. 3. Advantage of the National intranet Restricting the access to nationwide -Creating more jobs -Ease of network access -effeciently use the network server -Opportunity for new Products like nationwide Social media, messenger, mail, Search Engine -reducing the cost -avoiding spam and security break What is an intranet? An intranet is a private computer network based on the communication standards of the Internet. It is a smaller version of the Internet that only the members of an organisation can see. An organisation can create, within its virtual boundaries, a manageable, secure version of the World Wide Web which can be used to provide its users with access to a specified range of applications and services. Certain agreed elements of an intranet can also be made available as appropriate to specific outside interests in the form of extranet facilities. Intranet Portal Development A web system that has the rationale and element to support and identify the prospective traffic and present them with a easy, unstructured, custom-built and user-customizable web-interface for supporting in correct use of information and services that are of principal implication and welfare to the users is referred as portal. Web intranet is based on a tough, secure, technology and database, so that they are scalable, without difficulty managed by non-technical administrators and highly reasonably priced. There are many dedicated sites on the internet that offers intranet, extranet and portal solutions especially custom-made for small to medium businesses. Intranet Features Solid CMS foundation based on Joomla Form Builder Provides a strong base to do online employee surveys and provide statistics as required Photo Gallery User albums, events albums etc. User Management / User Access Roles / User Profiles Payroll Incorporation Company News Calender / Events Polls/Votes Data Collection Newsletter Forum Document Manager
  4. 4. Help Desk / Feedback Ticketing System Method of Connecting the Network Like Worldwide / Nationwide ISD - International Subscriber dialling. Similarly Subscribe or connecting with Internet when its needed By using the .Com & www – (world wide web) NSD –National Subscriber Dialing Similarly Subscribe or Connecting with National Intranet By using the .in, net, org & iis –National Intranet Site Example website: iis.businessschool.net (One India plan also included in nation wide network) Website not having http://intranet-matters.de/contact/ It’s the example for website can be used without www &.com Will every country soon have its own intranet? Iran Plans To Stop Using The Internet By 2013 - Business Insider www.businessinsider.com/iran-plans-to-stop-using- - - - - Aug 9, 2012 - Replaced by a virus-proof national intranet. ... Taqipour then explained that the country's government ministries and state bodies will go offline .. Iran Further Restricts Facebook and Twitter, Prepares Its Own Internet mashable.com/2012/01/06/iran-intranet- by Zoe Fox - in 11,235 Google+ circles Jan 6, 2012 - ... were the technical solution many Iranians were using to access their social networks. The country announced its plans (link in Farsi) to build the Intranet in March ... will be considered national security crimes, the government said. ... as anti-government activity at any given moment and atany location," ... Iran: We're Not Cutting Off Internet Access — Yet - Mashable - - Apr 10, 2012 - ... to shut off Internet access and replace it with a national intranet this summer ... "The report is in no way confirmed by the ministry," read the statement. ...inside the country — similar to how a business might use an Intranet for ... Iran to block the entire internet, replacing it with "clean" intranet ... www.techspot.com › News › The Web
  5. 5. by Lee Kaelin - in 27 Google+ circles Apr 10, 2012 - Phase two of the national intranet project, due for completion by August will see ... "The report is in no way confirmed by the ministry" and is "completely ... network" that would function as a intranet for the country'sinternet users. .... I use that to point out that however much "America is Satan" these ppl use, ... Iran moving ahead with plans for national intranet The Iranian government is building its own sanitized version of the Internet, http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2012/04/iran-plans-to-unplug-the-internet-launch-its-own-clean- alternative/ Will Iran's national internet mean no world wide web? See the link for more information http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-22281336 National Intranet to 'increase bandwidth 10 fold'; filtering page See the link for more information iranmediaresearch.org/en/newsletter/12/04/24/921 National search engine to launch this year; National Intranet to 'increase bandwidth 10 fold'; filtering page among top 500 most-viewed in Iran; Iranian ISPs begin separating internet traffic; EU passes restrictions on sale of censorship technology National intranet – the state knows best See the link for more information http://www.rnw.nl/english/article/national-intranet-%E2%80%93-state-knows-best At the moment, almost every country is working on limiting internet freedom in some way. Recent research from the OpenNet Initiative conducted jointly with parties including Harvard University indicates that 47 percent of the world’s internet users don’t have full access to the information which is available online. About 30 percent of them live in a country which could be accused of far-reaching web censorship Intranet Iran isn’t looking for technology abroad but is developing its own at home. The country is working on ‘halal internet’. A national internet based on Islamic principles and cordoned off from the rest of the world. Companies often have closed intranet networks and this would be a kind of national intranet. Without Western search machines, international e-mail and social media, but with stringent controls and employing the latest technology to enforce its isolation. It’s unclear when Iran’s Islamic internet system will come into operation. The Iranian government itself can’t do without contact with the outside world. It’s also questionable whether or not the Iranians themselves would accept a new cordoned- off web. Proxy servers and VPN networks are used a great deal in Iran and people know what’s for sale. Nearly 40 percent of Iranian residents have access to the internet, the highest percentage in the region. Three internets Iran will probably follow the example set by Myanmar, thinks Lucie Morillon, head of New Media at the Paris office of Reporters Without Borders. Myanmar (formerly Burma) is working on a system comprising three different internet providers: for the government, for the military and for its citizens. Danger The technicalities of creating national islands within the web are relatively simple and, at the moment, it's a development which doesn’t go unnoticed. However, more is needed to turn the tide than a United Nations report declaring that free access to the internet is a human right. Lucie Morillon again:
  6. 6. “The greatest danger is through diversification of the internet. If we’re not careful, it’ll become a place where people can only access small pieces of information which are different for everyone. Then you won’t be able to talk to each other.” Country Profile: Cuba - OpenNet Initiative See the link for more information https://opennet.net/research/profiles/cuba Internet use is severely restricted in Cuba. ... FILTERING, No evidence of filtering, Suspected filtering, Selective filtering, Substantial ... most Cubans choose the national intranet instead (approximately USD1.50 per hour).8 In Inside the Pocket-Sized, Dystopian Internet of North Korea ... - - - - - - - It's been around since the early 2000s and it's a completely closed intranet system, ...For example, the AP's Jean H. Lee witnessed North Korean students using ... Before 2010, the country had no full-fledged online link to the rest of the planet. Government Secure Intranet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_Secure_Intranet Government Secure intranet (GSi) was a United Kingdom government wide area ...builder and manager of the network as he was not a British national. ... including DWP benefits data, patient identifiable data, with health sector staff who have ... National Intranet & InterConnect - Scottish Government See the link for more information www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0039/00395082.pdf a national intranet for schools, education authorities and the specified nationalagencies. .... any approved end-user willing to enter into a contract for such services. (Please note ... Across the country, PCs using Microsoft Windows and Apple. The intranet will help to break down barriers to learning that exist and have always existed: • Geographical barriers will be minimised by the ability to communicate in realtime with people across the country and across the globe; • Social barriers will be lowered by the facilities which bring young people together from all walks of life; • Pedagogical barriers will be eased by the immense capacity that the intranet will provide for the sharing of practice, ideas and experience, at the local, national and international levels; • Professional barriers can be further tackled by providing the facility to share educational information with those in other professional domains such as health care, social work, children’s services, youth work and central government; • Barriers to communication can be lowered by using the intranet to offer parents and other external partners access to information appropriate to their needs and GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INTRANET The intranet will comprise a complete suite of platform-independent features (tools,
  7. 7. services and content) that are based on open standards and will enhance collaboration, productivity and communication among its users Internet Alternatively referred to as the net or the web, the Internet was initially developed by the IPTO with the intention of helping to develop the progress of computing technology by linking the work being done by all the best academic computer centers. The Internet as we know it today first started being developed in the late 1960's and transmitted its first message on Friday, October 29, 1969. In 1993, the Internet experienced one of its largest growths to date and today is accessible by people everywhere in the world. The Internet utilizes the TCP/IP protocol and is accessed using a computermodem or network that is connected through an ISP. The Internet contains billions of web pages created by people and companies from around the world, making it a limitless location to locate information and entertainment. The Internet also has thousands of services that help make life more convenient. For example, many financial institutions offer online banking that enables a user to manage and view their account online. In the picture to the right, is a representation and map of the Internet done by The Opte Project. The Internet basics The Internet is explored, which is more commonly referred to as surfing, using a computerbrowser. Finding information on the Internet is achieved by using a search engine. Users browse web pages by following hyperlinks. Files, pictures, songs, and video can be shared by uploading and downloading. The Internet is also used for communicating with others through social networks, forums, chat,e-mails, and IM. How people use the Internet Computer Hope ran a poll in the past asking its users how they used the Internet. Below are the results of that poll and a general idea of what people do on the Internet. Chat 6.18% E-mail 17.91% Research 48.83% Downloads 16.84% Other 10.23% ABOUT W3C
  8. 8. www.w3.org/Consortium/ The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international community where Member organizations, a full-timestaff, and the public work together to develop Web standards. Led by Web inventor Tim Berners- Lee and CEO Jeffrey Jaffe, W3C's mission is to lead the Web to its full potential. Contact W3C for more information. General Internet Facts India cracks down on internet over unrest New Delhi has asked Facebook and Twitter to remove "inflammatory" content it says helped spark an exodus of migrants. See the link for more information www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2012/08/201282115341166269.html One-third of world population 'now online' New report from UN's telecommunications agency breaks down international internet usage statistics. See the link for more information http://www.aljazeera.com/news/americas/2012/09/2012923232111323871.html 95 per cent of Iceland's population has broadband connection. 0.9 per cent of Timor-Leste has broadband connection. 70 per cent of Philippines use internet for social media. 97.2 per cent of homes in S.Korea has internet connection. Only 1 per cent of homes in Niger has internet access How wired is your life? Internet and social networks have become as common as "the air we breathe", writes Zabala See the link for more information http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2012/09/20129695111490749.html