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Internet of things

  1. By: Ramakant Soni, Assistant Professor, CS Dept., BKBIET Pilani Seminar on
  2. Imagine a world of communicating objects 2
  3. Internet of Things The Internet of Things refers to a self configuring wireless network between objects. IT is expected to offer advanced connectivity of devices, systems, and services that goes beyond machine-to-machine communications (M2M) and covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications. 3
  4. Characteristics Ambient Intelligence Flexible Structure Event Driven Complex Access Technology Size/Space Consideration 4 Sectors: -Enterprise -Home -Govt. IOT
  5. IOT Dimensions 5
  6. IOT Enabling Technologies To collect and process the data to detect the changes in the physical status of things. To enable the communication between the sensors and the system. To enhance the power of the network by devolving processing capabilities to different part of the network. To make the smaller and smaller things to have the ability to connect and interact. Sensor Technologies Wireless Communication and Networking Smart Technology and Computing Nano Tech 6
  7. IOT Devices 7
  8. How IOT will Effect our daily life? 8
  9. Tagging devices 9 The tagging of things may be achieved through such technologies: • Radio Frequency Identification • Near field communication • Barcodes • QR codes • Digital watermarking
  10. Tagging Technologies 10 ¤ Near field communication (NFC) is the set of protocols that enables devices to establish radio communication with each other by touching the devices together or bringing them into proximity to a distance of typically 10 cm or less. ¤ A barcode is an optical machine-readable representation of data relating to the object to which it is attached. ¤ A Quick Response Code (QR) code uses four standardized encoding modes (numeric, alphanumeric, byte / binary, and kanji) to efficiently store data. ¤ A digital watermark is a kind of marker covertly embedded in a noise-tolerant signal such as an audio, video or image data.
  11. RFID(Radio Frequency Identification )Tags ¤ Wireless non- contact use of radio frequency electro- magnetic fields to transfer data. ¤ Automatically identify and track tags attached to objects. ¤ Tags contain electronically stored information. ¤ Ability to monitor data. 11
  12. How RFID works 12 RFID Tag
  13. Applications of IOT Media Environmental monitoring Energy management Infrastructure management Medical & healthcare systems Building & home automation TransportationManufacturing 13
  14. Application Fields 14
  15. Benefits of IOT Tracking behavior for real-time applications. Enhanced situational awareness. Sensor-driven decision analytics. Process optimization. Optimized resource consumption. Instantaneous control in complex autonomous systems. 15
  16. Challenges for IOT ¤ Technological Standardization in most areas still remain fragmented. ¤ Huge amount of Data ( Big Data). ¤ Managing and fostering rapid innovation is a challenge. ¤ Privacy and security. ¤ Testing of Multi-Discipline Systems. ¤ Absence of governance. 16
  17. Evolution 17
  18. References ¤ “Internet_of_Things”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_Things ¤ “Internet of Things – Technologizing Everything”, http://www.tekritisoftware. com/internet-of-things ¤ “A Primer On The Internet of Things & RFID”, http://blog. atlasrfidstore. com/ internet- of-things-and-rfid ¤ “14 Benefits and Forces That Are Driving The Internet of Things”,https:// www.mapr.com/blog/14-benefits-and-forces-are-driving-internet-things#.VcpkJrWSddh 18
  19. Thank You 19
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