2. ROBOTICS is a system that contains sensors, control systems,
manipulators, power supplies and software all working together
to perform a task. Designing, building, programming and testing
a robots is a combination of physics, mechanical engineering,
electrical engineering, structural engineering, mathematics and
computing. In some cases biology, medicine, chemistry might also
be involved. A study of robotics means that students are actively
engaged with all of these disciplines in a deeply problem-posing
3. WHY ROBOTICS ?
It can work hazardous/dangerous
To perform repetitive task.
4. Leonardo da Vinci designs a "robot" in 1495.
The term robot comes from a play written by
K. Capek, RUR 1921, Czech novelist and
First "arm" that can be programmed to perform
tasks developed by George Devol in 1954.
Generally there are two classes of robots:
Stationary (manufacturing) and Mobile
Robots are in use in applications too dangerous
for humans: industrial activities, planetary
rovers, locating sunken ships, exploring active
Robots are in use for entertainment, commerce,
industry, and advanced research. - everything
from interactive toys to robots that go down oil
wells to animated simulations of humanoids in
5. PICK AND PLACE
Moves items between points
CONTINUOUS PATH CONTROL
Moves along a programmable path
Employs sensors for feedback
1) Going to far away planets
2) Going far down into the unknown waters where
humans would be crushed
3) Working at places 24/7 without any salary and food. Plus
they don't get bored
4) They can perform tasks faster than humans and much more
consistently and accurately
5)Most of them are automatic so they can go around by themselves
without any human interference
6) They can entertain us and help us in
7. 1) People can lose jobs in factories
2) It needs a supply of power
3) It needs maintenance to keep it running
4) It costs money to make or buy a robot
9. ROBOTISED SURGERY
Robotised surgery will facilitate new types of
intervention, e.g., in areas of the human body
that are difficult to access.
The Da Vinci surgical robot
helps the surgeon, who sits at a special
console, to perform very precise minimally
invasive surgery procedures.
10. A future development: the newest experimental
hand prosthesis from Otto Bock with individual
movement of fingers controlled by nerve signals
11. Smart medical capsules
The smart capsule endoscope is a ‘pill’
that is swallowed and then makes pictures of
internal systems such as the intestines, while
travelling through the body. Robotising the
capsules boosts greatly their diagnostic and
therapeutic effectiveness and signifies a radical
change in medicine.
In the future, minirobots
could be introduced into the eye to perform
precision eye surgery under the external
control of the surgeon.
12. Robot Warriors
The bulldozer-sizeACER can handle tasks
like clearing explosives and hauling cargo.
See more pictures of military robots.
Military robots are autonomous or remote-controlled devices
or robots designed for military applications.
14. Humanoid Ever-1 Android
Ever-1 is a Korean android that is able to move its upper body, speak, and
make facial expressions. It can even make eye contact with the people near
it. Although it can’t move its lower limbs, it can be used to read to children
or provide information in a public setting.
15. BIG DOG FROM BOSTON DYNAMICS
The gas-powered hydraulic structure moves in an animal way
and can easily adapt to its terrain, as well as outside influences
like icy pavement and a guy kicking it. Just like a real dog.
16. The A-MOUSE (Artificial Mouse, of course) was built by researchers from the
University of Tokyo in Japan and the University of Zurich in Switzerland. Real mouse
whiskers were used. The eventual practical applications of the technology will be for
performing repair work in tight spaces, detecting hazardous gasses, exploring
17. USC ROBOTA DOLLS
Robota dolls have a significantly more beneficial use:
they help autistic children learn to react to facial
expressions. They can also be used for a variety of
other learning games and activities for handicapped
18. Robovox is poised to become the new annoying
loud guy at the party. The robot is transported
around the world and placed in various public
places, then people can use their mobile phones to
send text messages to it. The robot will then read
out the messages, effectively making that one
person’s voice heard in the crowd. Which is all well
and good until everyone gets an eight-meter-tall
robot to do their talking for them.
19. Waseda University has been developing a flute-playing robot
since 1990, but the most recent version, the Waseda Flutist
No. 4 Refined IV (WF-4RIV), has taken the media by storm.
This amazing mechanical man can play a perfect rendition of
“The Flight of the Bumblebee” with mecha-lips and mecha-
20. Rat Brain-Powered Robot
Most amazing is this robot that runs on rat brain cells. The cells are still
alive and trained to perform the tasks of moving the robot around. The
research centers on eventually disrupting the memories of the brain
cells to simulate Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s Disease. This will help
researchers study how the brain deals with such disruptions.