5. INDIAN STEEL GROWTH Slowly and steadily Controlled Regime Decontrol Stagnation Confidence 1951 1981 2005 Steel industry reforms – particularly in 1991 and 1992 – have led to strong and sustainable growth in India’s steel industry. Since its independence, India has experienced steady growth in the steel industry, thanks in part to the successive governments that have supported the industry and pushed for its robust development.
15. Export & Import of Steel in India Exports have grown fast and at a rate exceeding 25% per annum between 1991-92 and 2002-03. Thereafter, till 2006-07export levels stagnated at around 4-4.5 Million Tonnes per year. On the other hand, imports followed a different growth path. In spite of progressive reduction in customs duty levels after deregulation, imports remained around 1-2 Million Tonnes per year till 2003-04 and rose rapidly in the last two fiscals .
18. ECONOMIC PARAMETERS ARE FAVOURABLE FUTURE OUTLOOK CURRENT PERFORMANCE BAD GOOD GOOD PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS Fiscal Deficit FDI Inflows Economic reforms inflation New Investment Financial Reforms Overall GDP External Debt Savings Industrial Growth Source : Citigroup estimates Forex Reserve Agricultural Growth Internal Debt Service sector Growth
20. SWOT ANALYSIS Strengths 1. Availability of iron ore and coal 2. Low labour wage rates 3. Abundance of quality manpower 4. Mature production base Weaknesses 1. Unscientific mining 2. Coking coal import dependence 3. Low R&D investment 4. Inadequate infrastructure Opportunities 1. Unexplored rural market 2. Growing domestic demand 3. Exports 4. Consolidation Threats 1. China becoming net exporter 2. Protectionism in the West 3. Dumping by competitors 4. Global economic slowdown