Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                        and Incentive...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                        and Incentive...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                         and Incentiv...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                        and Incentive...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                        and Incentive...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                        and Incentive...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                         and Incentiv...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                           and Incent...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                        and Incentive...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                          and Incenti...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                         and Incentiv...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                         and Incentiv...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                         and Incentiv...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                         and Incentiv...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                         and Incentiv...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                         and Incentiv...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                         and Incentiv...
Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations                         and Incentiv...
Prochain SlideShare
Chargement dans…5
×

Building a Green Economy - the Opportunity for RCREEE Members

426 vues

Publié le

  • Identifiez-vous pour voir les commentaires

Building a Green Economy - the Opportunity for RCREEE Members

  1. 1. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Building a Green Economy – the Opportunity for RCREEE Members Presentation of the Policy Analysis Project Dr. Nikolaus SupersbergerPage 1 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  2. 2. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark What is a “Green Economy”? Green Economy is a broad concept to - create economic branches in the fields of environmental technologies - reduce negative environmental impacts of industrial activities … and to generally base economic growth on the concept of sustainability RENEWABLE ENERGIES (RE) and ENERGY EFFICIENCY (EE) are major elements of a green economy!Page 2 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  3. 3. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark What is a “Green Economy”? Opportunities of a green economy on the basis of RE and EE for RCREEE countries - Generate economic - Escape rising energy growth import dependence - Diversify industry - Produce your own energy structures technologies - Create jobs – reduce - Reduce environmental unemployment damagePage 3 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  4. 4. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Step by step … It’s a long way to go. But nevertheless very rewarding. It is the task of decision makers to initiate the process… and a lot has been done already. This is the context of our project!Page 4 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  5. 5. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Outline of our presentation 1) Introduction to the project 2) Methodology: Evidence based policy making, Theory based evaluation 3) Structure of country reports 4) Documentation approach 5) Case studies 6) Regional studyPage 5 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  6. 6. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Details • DANIDA support to RCREEE • Consultants: Consortium MVV decon / Wuppertal Institute • June 2009 to February 2010 • Covering all ten RCREEE member countries • Project staff: 10 national specialists, 4 international experts (Germany, Great Britain), back-office supportPage 6 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  7. 7. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Objectives Addressing policy decision makers and policy planners: 1) Provide information on economic, technical and environmental impacts of policies and instruments used for the promotion of RE & EE in RCREEE countries 2) Strengthen RE & EE policy planners and consultants in the application of methodologies for the execution of “evidence based policies”, “theory based evaluation” and “economic analysis of policy instruments” 3) Provide recommendations for how the policy making process in their countries can be improved 4) Provide an overview of how countries’ EE & RE policies compare with other countries in the regionPage 7 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  8. 8. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Activities and Outputs • Country missions: travels to countries • Country seminars during travels: methodology etc. • Country papers • Regional paper • Country workshopsPage 8 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  9. 9. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Methodology What are Evidence based policy making and Theory based evaluation ?Page 9 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  10. 10. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark What is Evidence Based Policy Making? “An approach to policy development and implementation which uses rigorous techniques to develop and maintain a robust evidence base from which to develop policy options”. All policies are based on evidence – the questions are: • Is the evidence reliable? • Are the processes by which evidence is turned into policy fit for their purpose?Page 10 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  11. 11. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Why do we need it? • Policy is often driven by prejudice or short-term political pressure, often made by small groups (therefore often no acceptance by stakeholders) • Agencies have their own agendas and visions that may conflict among themselves and with those of government • Countries need well-resourced, in-house capabilities to analyse and evaluate policy and more transparent processes • The perceived need is more stable and robust policy with greater acceptancePage 11 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  12. 12. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark What is evidence? • Evidence is any information that can be used to turn policy objectives into feasible and effective policy instruments: • hard data (facts, trends, survey information) • analytical reasoning that processes data to illuminate problems • stakeholder opinion on an issue or set of issues. • Sources of evidende: Research, analysis of stakeholder opinion, public perceptions and beliefs, cost/benefit analyses, economic and statistical modelling • An evidence-based approach should show continuity between – Foresight – Strategy – Policy, and – ImplementationPage 12 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  13. 13. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Good evidence is necessary, but not sufficient There are policy processes that use it well use it poorly use good information use poor informationPage 13 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  14. 14. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark The process of evidence-based policy making • Alternative forms of intervention need to be reviewed. Evidence of the success or failure of similar instruments in developed and developing countries needs to be studied: Why did they succeed/fail? • Relevant potential impacts need to be identified • Indicators need to be established of what is expected from the policy measures • The cost of compliance needs to be assessed • A feasible method is economic cost-benefit analysis (reflecting opportunity costs of energy and external environmental costs).Page 14 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  15. 15. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark What is Theory-Based Evaluation? Theory based evaluation focusses on the analysis of the theoretical and logical sequence by which a policy intervention is expected to bring about its desired effect. Example: The evalutation might ask about important steps between a policy initiative and the outcome of this policy.Introduction Consumer is Manufacturers Market is Energy useof MEPS empowered to are transformed and CO2 make a better incentivised to and inefficient emissions judgement and make more devices fall; change efficient become Domestic behaviour models obsolete manufacture strengthenedPage 15 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  16. 16. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Theory and the policy cycle Foresight Evidence Theory Model IndicatorsPage 16 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  17. 17. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Country reports: structure and specifics We compiled country reports on the basis of - interviews with stakeholders (ministries, agencies, international organisations, regulators, universities, …) - literature search - direct observations Covering Resulting in - the overall energy situation: supply, - a detailed presentation of the findings in demand, import/export dynamics, … a replicable structure - the status quo of renewables and - case studies to show possible benefits efficiency introduction of renewables and efficiency in national - the structure of political institutions context - the policy framework for renewables - a concise list of suggestions to improve and efficiency the policy situationPage 17 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference
  18. 18. Economical, Technological and Environmental Impact Assessment of National Regulations and Incentives for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency A project financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark Documentation RCREEE will put detailed documentation of the project online. It will contain the relevant documents we found: - Country strategies - Policies - Laws - Decrees - Status documents - Documents by international organisations The documentation is to be understood as first approach of a common data basis for RE and EE policies of the RCREEE region. It is not an exhaustive list. It is to be updated so that everybody can gain information of other countries’ policy settings and successes.Page 18 Amman, 4.2.2010, RCREEE Regional Renewable Energy Conference

×