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Inductive Bible Study—Using 5W's and an H

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Extended notes for a brief introduction.

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Inductive Bible Study—Using 5W's and an H

  1. 1. HOW TO STUDY THE BIBLE FOR YOURSELF
  2. 2. “It is only when truth is discovered that it is taken into yourself. When a man is simply told the truth, it remains outside him and he can easily forget it. When he is led to discover the truth himself it becomes a part of him and he never forgets.” William Barclay
  3. 3. INDUCTIVE BIBLE STUDY
  4. 4. DO YOU READ SCRIPTURE LIKE DR. WATSON OR SHERLOCK HOLMES?
  5. 5. DO YOU READ SCRIPTURE LIKE DR. WATSON OR SHERLOCK HOLMES?
  6. 6. Holmes:“You see, but you do not observe.The distinction is clear…you have frequently seen the steps which lead up to this room.” Watson:“Frequently.” Holmes:“How often?” Watson:“…hundreds of times.”
  7. 7. Holmes:“Then how many are there?” Watson:“How many? I don’t know.” Holmes:“Quite so! You have not observed. And yet you have seen.That is just my point. Now, I know that there are seventeen steps, because I have both seen and observed” A Scandal in Bohemia”
  8. 8. OBSERVATION •What does the passage say? •What happens? •Who is involved? •etc…
  9. 9. •Who •What •When •Where •Why •How
  10. 10. •Who is involved? •What does the passage say? •What happens? •When does it happen? •Where does it happen? •etc…
  11. 11. •Mark Important (key) Words. •Look for Lists. •Look for Contrasts (differences) and Comparisons (similar). •Identify terms of Conclusion.
  12. 12. TAKE A F.O.T.O. "FOCUS ON THE OBVIOUS
  13. 13. •Looking for the easily observed, facts, details, events or ideas: e.g. people, places, events. •Don’t focus on small details, things you don’t understand or your favourite verses.
  14. 14. •Don’t look at the study notes of you Bible •Be Objective—not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in thinking about and telling facts
  15. 15. OBSERVATION EXERCISE Using the sheet provided read Luke 4:1-13 and mark questions etc. using the 5 W’s and an H.
  16. 16. LUKE 4:1-13
  17. 17. LUKE 4:1-13 What comes before?
  18. 18. LUKE 4:1-13 What comes before? Genealogy of Jesus
  19. 19. LUKE 4:1-13 What comes before? Genealogy of Jesus Baptism of Jesus
  20. 20. LUKE 4:1-13 What comes before? Genealogy of Jesus Baptism of Jesus Ministry of JTB
  21. 21. Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry. 3 Then the devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become a loaf of bread.” 4 But Jesus told him, “No! The Scriptures say, ‘People do not live by bread alone.’”
  22. 22. 5 Then the devil took him up and revealed to him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 6 “I will give you the glory of these kingdoms and authority over them,” the devil said, “because they are mine to give to anyone I please. 7 I will give it all to you if you will worship me.” 8 Jesus replied, “The Scriptures say, ‘You must worship the Lord your God and serve only him.’”
  23. 23. 9 Then the devil took him to Jerusalem, to the highest point of the Temple, and said, “If you are the Son of God, jump off! 10 For the Scriptures say, ‘He will order his angels to protect and guard you. 11  And they will hold you up with their hands
     so you won’t even hurt your foot on a stone.’”
  24. 24. 12 Jesus responded, “The Scriptures also say, ‘You must not test the Lord your God.’” 13 When the devil had finished tempting Jesus, he left him until the next opportunity came. Now Read It AGAIN! …and AGAIN!
  25. 25. 12 Jesus responded, “The Scriptures also say, ‘You must not test the Lord your God.’” 13 When the devil had finished tempting Jesus, he left him until the next opportunity came.
  26. 26. 12 Jesus responded, “The Scriptures also say, ‘You must not test the Lord your God.’” 13 When the devil had finished tempting Jesus, he left him until the next opportunity came. Let’s do the first two verses together
  27. 27. WHO WHERE WHY WHAT WHEN HOW Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry.
  28. 28. Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry. WHO WHERE WHY WHAT WHEN HOW
  29. 29. WHO WHERE WHY WHAT WHEN HOW Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry.
  30. 30. Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry. WHO WHERE WHY WHAT WHEN HOW
  31. 31. WHO WHERE WHY WHAT WHEN HOW Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry.
  32. 32. Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry. WHO WHERE WHY WHAT WHEN HOW
  33. 33. WHO WHERE WHY WHAT WHEN HOW Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry.
  34. 34. Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry. WHO WHERE WHY WHAT WHEN HOW
  35. 35. Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry. WHO WHERE WHY WHAT WHEN HOW
  36. 36. Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry. WHO WHERE WHY WHAT WHEN HOW
  37. 37. Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan River. He was led by the Spirit in the wilderness, 2 where he was tempted by the devil for forty days. Jesus ate nothing all that time and became very hungry. 3 Then the devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become a loaf of bread.” 4 But Jesus told him, “No! The Scriptures say, ‘People do not live by bread alone.’”
  38. 38. •Who •What •When •Where •Why •How
  39. 39. 3 Then the devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become a loaf of bread.” 4 But Jesus told him, “No! The Scriptures say, ‘People do not live by bread alone.’” 5 Then the devil took him up and revealed to him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 6 “I will give you the glory of these kingdoms and authority over them,” the devil said, “because they are mine to give to anyone I please. 7 I will give it all to you if you will worship me.” 8 Jesus replied, “The Scriptures say, ‘You must worship the Lord your God and serve only him.’”
  40. 40. 9 Then the devil took him to Jerusalem, to the highest point of the Temple, and said, “If you are the Son of God, jump off! 10 For the Scriptures say, ‘He will order his angels to protect and guard you. 11  And they will hold you up with their hands
     so you won’t even hurt your foot on a stone.’”
  41. 41. INDUCTIVE BIBLE STUDY Simple and Powerful Bible Study
  42. 42. OBSERVATION •What does the passage say? •What happens? •Who is involved? •etc…
  43. 43. •Who •What •When •Where •Why •How
  44. 44. •Mark Important (key) Words. •Look for Lists. •Look for Contrasts (differences) and Comparisons (similar). •Identify terms of Conclusion.
  45. 45. TAKE A F.O.T.O. "FOCUS ON THE OBVIOUS
  46. 46. •Looking for the easily observed, facts, details, events or ideas, people, places etc. •Don’t focus on small details, things you don’t understand or your favourite verses.
  47. 47. •Who is involved? •What does the passage say? •What happens? •When does it happen? •Where does it happen? •etc…
  48. 48. INTERPRETATION
  49. 49. INTERPRETATION
  50. 50. INTERPRETATION •What does the passage mean?
  51. 51. •Context is King—look at what comes before and after… •The surrounding verses •The chapter •The book in which it is found •The entire Bible
  52. 52. •Context is King—look at what comes before and after… •The surrounding verses •The chapter •The book in which it is found •The entire Bible
  53. 53. •Scripture never contradicts Scripture. •Don’t base your convictions on a less well known / understood passage of Scripture
  54. 54. •Interpret in literary context e.g. Historical, Prophetic, Poetry etc. •What was the author’s original meaning?
  55. 55. WHAT IS EXEGESIS?
  56. 56. •Exegesis means “exposition or explanation.” •Biblical exegesis looks at a text of scripture in order to properly interpret it.
  57. 57. •Hermeneutics is about principles of interpretation—it’s how we do interpretation.
  58. 58. •Hermeneutics gives us the tools to discover a text’s meaning. •Exegesis uses those principles, tools.
  59. 59. •For example, you receive a letter from the Government of India, you read it carefully. You want to understand what the government is saying.
  60. 60. •The letter means what the letter’s author meant, not what you want it to mean.
  61. 61. Four Questions for Interpretation— TGC What do I learn about God?  What do I learn about people?  What do I learn about relating to God?  What do I learn about relating to others?
  62. 62. APPLICATION
  63. 63. APPLICATION
  64. 64. APPLICATION
  65. 65. •How does the meaning of the passage apply to me? •What should I do? APPLICATION
  66. 66. •Usually the thing we want to know when we read the Bible! •Application starts with belief which then results in being and doing.
  67. 67. •When you know what a passage means, you should do it, and are accountable to God if you don't!
  68. 68. •The goal of personal Bible study is a transformed life and a deep relationship with Jesus Christ.
  69. 69. 2 Timothy 3:16-17 is the key verse: All Scripture is inspired by God and is useful to teach us what is true and to make us realize what is wrong in our lives. It corrects us when we are wrong and teaches us to do what is right. God uses it to prepare and equip his people to do every good work.
  70. 70. •Areas to watch out for: •Being cultural rather than biblical •A “cultural Christian” is called “Christian,” but this is about his family background and upbringing not personal faith.
  71. 71. Cultural issues: The role of women in church •What does the Bible say •What does out culture, society, allow •What does the church do—why?
  72. 72. •Homosexuality •Spiritual Gifts •Abortion •Alcohol
  73. 73. •Homosexuality •Spiritual Gifts •Abortion •Alcohol
  74. 74. •Manipulating Scripture—making it say what I want it to. •Philippians 4:13…For I can do everything through Christ, who gives me strength.
  75. 75. •Out of Context: This verse has nothing to do with doing well in school, preaching a good sermon, winning the lottery or doing well in business etc.
  76. 76. •In Context: Paul is under house arrest awaiting his trial, where he may possibly be put to death for preaching the resurrection of Jesus.
  77. 77. •Paul says he is not defeated by difficult circumstances—he can put up with any and every circumstance, good or bad —because he has a strength that only comes from Christ.
  78. 78. •Matthew 18:20 •Out of Context— quoted as an encouragement to one another when there is poor attendance at a service or given as a benediction at the end of a meeting.
  79. 79. •In Context—church discipline and helping wayward believers. •Encouraging church leaders that God is present as a witness during times of loving confrontation and correction.
  80. 80. •Interpretations based on my existing thoughts not on the text (prejudice) •e.g. racial, social, economic, religious grounds •Parable of the Good Samaritan Lk 10:30ff •Acts 10:34-35
  81. 81. Some Simple Guiding Questions •What does this passage actually teach? •Does this section of Scripture show error in my beliefs or behaviour? •What is God’s instruction to me?
  82. 82. Questions for Application—TGC What does God want me to understand/ think? 1 Cor. 2:16, Eph. 4:17–19 ,Rom. 12:1–2
  83. 83. What does God want me to believe? Truth is not simply intellectual—it shapes how we live, Luke 8:15.
  84. 84. What does God want me to desire? Ps. 42:1–2, Prov. 24:1–2.
  85. 85. What does God want me to do? Sometimes stated clearly, at other times we must work to find out, Rom. 12:9–17
  86. 86. Good Observation, Interpretation and Application lead to TRANSFORMATION
  87. 87. USING 5 W’S AND AN H
  88. 88. SOME MORE IDEAS TO HELP YOU…
  89. 89. DEVELOP YOUR OWN SYMBOLS / MARKING
  90. 90. WHY USE MARKING? …helps you remember more. …helps to slow you down and make you think more. …helps you to quickly look and see the key words/ideas.
  91. 91. Don’t speed read just to mark off different key words or ideas! Try to use the same symbols throughout the Bible.
  92. 92. Lamberski and Dwyer studied color coding and concluding that color- coding techniques improved attention, increased learner motivation and aided remembrance.
  93. 93. “It is only when truth is discovered that it is taken into yourself. When a man is simply told the truth, it remains outside him and he can easily forget it. When he is led to discover the truth himself it becomes a part of him and he never forgets.” William Barclay
  94. 94. Not all questions apply to every passage you study. You must decide which questions are most helpful.
  95. 95. The following section gives a general idea of how the 5 W’s and an H can be used. Use your imagination to think of more!
  96. 96. WHO… •…said/did something? •…are the major characters? •…are the other people mentioned?
  97. 97. •to whom and about whom is the author speaking? •…wrote it?
  98. 98. WHAT… •HAPPENS, i.e. what are the main events? •…are the major ideas and teachings? •…is talked about most? •…is his reason for saying that?
  99. 99. •…is the reason for the people being there? •…elements of culture / background do I need to understand? •…do the words / ideas mean?
  100. 100. WHEN •…did he say or do it? (eg start of ministry, end, before or after something happened etc.) •…will it happen (if a future event)? •…was it written?
  101. 101. WHERE •…did it happen? •…was this said? •…will it happen?
  102. 102. WHY…
  103. 103. WHY… •…did he do or say that? (to challenge, encourage etc.) •…was this mentioned? •…was so little/much space devoted to this particular event or teaching?
  104. 104. •…was this biblical reference mentioned? •…should they do what is commanded? •…was there a need for this to be written?
  105. 105. HOW…
  106. 106. HOW… •…is it done? •…did it happen? •…is this truth illustrated? •…will this affect them (change hearts, minds, actions etc.)
  107. 107. •…is it told—story, parable, metaphor, poetry, parable, narrative, prophecy, history, epistle, didactic, argument… •…does the one speaking expect people to respond?
  108. 108. •…does this passage relate to the previous passage?  Or to what comes next? •…have the words changed meaning since the author wrote them?

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