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Africa Agriculture Transformation Policy Drivers
5 or 6 types of agricultural transformation
taking place in Africa, based...
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Africa Agriculture Transformation Policy Drivers - 16th CAADP PP, 24 - 25 November 2020

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A presentation by Dr. Samuel Benin, Deputy Division Director, IFPRI Africa Regional Office, at the 16th Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Partnership Platform (PP)

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Africa Agriculture Transformation Policy Drivers - 16th CAADP PP, 24 - 25 November 2020

  1. 1. Africa Agriculture Transformation Policy Drivers 5 or 6 types of agricultural transformation taking place in Africa, based on initial values (2003) and growth rates (2003- 2018) of:  Agriculture employment share (agEMPsh)  Agriculture GDP share (agGDPsh)  Agriculture labor productivity (agGDPwk)  Expected growth rate or change (∆tx):  ∆tagEMPsh<0, ∆tagGDPsh<0, ∆tagGDPwk>0 Ag transformation policy drivers (BR indicators):  Institutions: planning & implementation (1.1, 1.3, 7.1), inclusion (1.2), food safety laws (3.6i), risk management (6.2), mutual accountability (7.2)  Technologies and knowledge: investment in ag— general (2.1i, 2.1ii), R&D (3.1v) & food safety (3.6i), quality of technologies (3.1iii)  Human capital: social protection (3.4), building resilience (6.2)  Infrastructure: food safety response (3.6i), physical & ICT (5.2i, 6.2)  Markets and trade: food safety standards (3.6i), cross-border & trade agreements (5.2i) Group 2—  Initial high agEMPsh & agGDPsh  ∆tagGDPwk ≤ 0  Recent non-ag income sources  ag neglected  Upside: resources to finance R&D, rural infrastructure, human capital, etc. Group 3—  Initial high agEMPsh & agGDPsh  ∆tagGDPsh ≥ 0  Ag will continue to dominate  Improve non-farm rural economy to absorb excess ag labor (non-farm jobs, human capital, rural infrastructure) Group 4—  Initial high agEMPsh & agGDPsh  ∆tx in right direction  Larger ag-favorable (NGA, COD, etc.): access to markets, jobs  Smaller ag-favorable (MWI, RWA, etc.): R&D vs. input subsidies  More vulnerable (ETH, NER, etc.): CSTs, social protection Group 5—  UMI countries with initial low agEMPsh & agGDPsh  ∆tx in right direction  Lower progress in quality of technologies  Improve inputs standards and regulations Group 1—  Initial high agEMPsh & low agGDPsh  ∆tagEMPsh≥0, ∆tagGDPsh≥0  Non-ag income sources  Least progress in all indicators  Diversification into ag & non- farm jobs for excess ag labor  R&D, rural infrastructure, human capital Initial values Low agEMPsh, low agGDPsh High agEMPsh, low agGDPsh High agEMPsh, high agGDPsh ∆t agEMPsh (%) ≥0 ∆t agGDPsh (%) ≥0 ∆t agGDPwk (%) ≤-3 -3< x ≤0 ≥3 ≥3 ≥3

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