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How empowered are women in Agriculture?

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presented by Ruth Meizen-Dick, Emily Myers and Agnes Quisumbing

Publié dans : Données & analyses
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How empowered are women in Agriculture?

  1. 1. How empowered are women in agriculture? Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Emily Myers, and Agnes Quisumbing International Food Policy Research Institute
  2. 2. Empowerment in Agriculture • Empowerment is the “expansion in people’s ability to make strategic life choices in a context where this ability was previously denied to them” (Kabeer, 1999, 427) • Sustainable Development Goals – (SDG1) ending poverty, (SDG2) hunger, (SDG3) good health and well-being for women and children
  3. 3. Include women in program activities Increase women’s well- being Strengthen ability of women to make strategic life choices and to put those choices into action. Reach Benefit Empower Distinguishing Reach, Benefit, & Empower
  4. 4. Starting point: the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) • Developed by USAID, IFPRI & OPHI • Launched in 2012 • Measures inclusion of women in the agricultural sector • Survey-based index - interviews men and women in the same household
  5. 5. The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index Five domains of empowerment (5DE) A direct measure of women’s empowerment in 5 dimensions Gender parity Index (GPI) Women’s achievement’s relative to the primary male in hh WEAI WEAI is made up of two sub indices All range from zero to one; higher values = greater empowerment For more information: weai.ifpri.info
  6. 6. For more information: weai.ifpri.info 5 domains in the original WEAI 10 indicators: original WEAI 6 indicators: A- WEAI (Abbreviated WEAI) WEAI
  7. 7. Empowerment by Region (10 countries) Region/country Year 5DE GPI WEAI Ranking East Africa Ethiopia 2013 0.68 0.87 0.70 Low Kenya 2013 0.71 0.81 0.72 Low Rwanda 2012–2013 0.90 0.96 0.91 High Uganda 2012 0.85 0.92 0.86 High West Africa Ghana 2012 0.70 0.81 0.71 Low Liberia 2013 0.66 0.95 0.69 Low Senegal 2012 0.68 0.77 0.69 Low Southern Africa Malawi 2012 0.83 0.91 0.84 Medium Mozambique 2013–2014 0.82 0.89 0.83 Medium Zambia 2012 0.79 0.89 0.80 Medium Source: Kansas State University, Department of Agricultural Economics (2014); Optimal Solutions Group (2013); Westat (2012a, 2012b, 2012c, 2013a, 2013b). Note: 5DE = five domains of empowerment; GPI = Gender Parity Index; WEAI = Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index.
  8. 8. Identifying Sources of Disempowerment 0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 Kenya Rwanda Uganda Ghana Liberia Malawi Zambia Average DisempowermentIndex(1-5DE)
  9. 9. Can we measure progress? Ask Ethiopia • Ethiopian women’s WEAI score increased by 3%; 5DE score increased from 0.68 to 0.71; GPI increased 1% • WEAI information used by: • Ethiopian government’s National Nutrition Program • United Nation’s Joint Programme on Accelerating Progress towards the Economic Empowerment of Rural Women in Ethiopia 0.68 0.87 0.700.71 0.88 0.72 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00 5DE score GPI score WEAI score Indexvalue(0-1) 2013 2015 ↑ 3% WEAI, 5DE, and GPI scores for Women in Ethiopia Source: Feed the Future 2018
  10. 10. Looking Forward • Diagnose areas of disempowerment to inform policy and programming • Data need to be collected regularly with similar methods • 50 x 2030 Initiative and efforts to develop a women’s empowerment metric for national statistical systems (WEMNS)

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