-as a normal physical response to
events that make you feel
threatened or upset your balance
in some way.
3. It should noted that stress does not
always seem bad. It can come in the form
of being chosen to represent the school in
a contest, getting your bedroom
renovated or having your closest friends
stay in your house for an entire week.
Therefore, we can say that stress can be
caused by good things happening to you as
4. Common Causes of
• Pushing you body too
• Changing weather
• Tobacco use
• Taking responsibility
for another’s action
• Lack of basic needs
6. Different Types of
Eustress (Positive) Distress (Negative)
s and focuses energy
anxiety, and worry, or
Laura Schenck (2011)
7. Principles of Stress
It involves knowing your capabilities
and your limits, your personal
temperament and typical coping
styles, and your values and goals.
8. 2. Self-acceptance and confidence
Being able to accept yourself as you
are, free of any demand that you will be
different, provides the basis for confidence in
your abilities. Confidence, in turn, will enable you
to risks, try new things, and direct your own life.
To accept yourself acknowledge three
1. You exist,
2. There is no reason why you should be any
different from who you are.
3. You are neither worthy or unworthy.
9. 3. Enlightened self-interest
The principle of enlightened self-
interest take into account both parts:
o You place your own interests first.
o You keep in mind that your own
interests will be best served if you take
into account the interest of others.
10. 4. Tolerance for frustration
High tolerance will keep you from
overreacting to things you dislike. It will
help you tackle problems and issues
rather that avoid them. It will enable you
to take risk and try new experiences.
12. 6. Risk-taking
To grow as a person and improve your
quality of life means being prepared to take
some chances. Here are some important
areas of risk-taking that relate to stress
• Learning new things which may challenge
• Tackling task which have no guarantee of
• Trying new relationship
• Doing things that the risk the disapproval
of other people.
13. How is risk-taking relevant
to stress management?
Risk-taking is necessary for self-
knowledge. To discover your limits, you
need to take some risks and try yourself
out. You can open up fresh opportunities
to increase pleasure and avoid problems.
14. 7. Moderation
The principle of moderation will help
you avoid extremes in feeling, thinking, and
Importance of Moderation
Extreme expectations- too high or too
low, will set you up either constant failure or
a life of boredom. Addictive or obsessional
behavior can take control of you, creating
15. 8. Emotional and behavioral
People who see their emotions and
behaviors as under their control are less
prone to distress than people who see
themselves as controlled by external forces.
This principle can help you take charge of
your emotions, your actions, and in turn your
life. It involves taking responsibility for (1)
what you feel, and (2) how you act.
17. • Choosing to work at managing
stress, developing your potential, and
changing things you dislike, rather than
just drifting along or expecting a miracle
• Not condemning any person (including
yourself) when things go wrong in your
life, even though you or someone else may
be responsible; but rather identifying any
causes and looking for solutions.
18. 10. Flexibility
Flexible people can bend with the
storm rather than broken by it. They
know how to adapt and adjust new
circumstances that call for new ways of
thinking and behaving. They have
resilience – the ability to bounce back
19. 11. Objective thinking
Flexibility and openness, as well as
the other principles, require freedom
ways of thinking that are narrow-
minded, sectarian, bigoted and fanatical;
or that rely on uncritical acceptance of
dogmatic beliefs or magical explanations
for the world and what happens in it.
20. 12. Acceptance of reality
To accept something is to (1)
acknowledge that it exist, (2) believe
there is no reason it should not
exist, and(3) see it bearable.
21. All of these principles highlight
different perspectives that strengthen
the belief that each person has the
capacity to encounter stress but not end
up overcome with it. No person becomes
a master manager overnight. It will
take many experiences and a lot of
mistakes along the way before one can
truly become better at coping with
23. Many people feel that they continue
to do a lot and yet end up accomplishing
nothing. This can be due to the fact that
what they are doing is not really what is
important but what seemed to be
important at the moment. These urgent
matters and not urgent matters are
24. Urgent Non-Urgent
Important Deadline driven projects
Finding your life partner
Building your dream career
Certain phone calls
Some meetings, reports
Surfing TV channels
Mindless web surfing
A devised time management matrix by C
25. Quadrant 1 (Urgent and
• Quadrant of necessity
• Things you have to do right away.
• Writing a to-do list everyday is very
helpful at attending to these things.
26. Quadrant 2 (Non-urgent and
• Quadrant of quality and personal
• These are the things that have to be done
even if they are not urgent because they
are important to your goals.
• These include items that don’t really act on
you but are things that you have to act
• These may include what small steps can
take to achieve long-term goals.
27. Quadrant 3 (Urgent and Not
• Quadrant of deception
• Activities are urgent seem to be important
but what we have to stop and think
whether they are worth doing at all.
• If you seem to lack at time for doing
important things, reallocate time from
activities that fall in Quadrant 3 and
Quadrant 4 because those in Quadrant 4
are not worth doing at all.
28. To facilitate time management
decisions, ask yourself the following
o What is the most important to you?
o What gives your life meaning?
o What role do you play? Which of them
would you like to play well?
29. Always remember to keep the first
things first. As a future teacher, look
into your goals and manage your resources
to keep stress at bay and make sure your
time is well-spent.
30. I need to remember the
decisions when we
anchor them on
our goals, values
and principles of
stress begins in
making the right
We can manage
stress if we can
manage time wisely.