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difference structuralism & post-structuralism

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difference structuralism & post-structuralism

  1. 1. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Name: Saryu D. Baraiya Subject: Literary Theory & Criticism (Paper-VII) Roll No: 27 Study: M.A. Year: Semester – II Submitted to: Department of English University: Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University
  2. 2. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Structuralism: o It is a literary theory. o It can be related it with text and make study of text. o System of recurrent patterns or motifs. o Studied the underlying structure. Post-structuralism: o Post-structuralism is a response to Structuralism. o The rejection of the self-sufficiency of the structures. o Closely related to Post-modernism. o Argues that study of underlying structure is reason of bias and misinterpretation. o Study must be done on base of knowledge.
  3. 3. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism  Two types of differences: Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Practical Difference Theoretical Difference
  4. 4. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Theoretical Difference Origins Tone and Style Attitude to Language Project By
  5. 5. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Origin Structuralism Post-structuralism  Derives from Linguistics.  Observe accurately.  Collect data systematically.  Logical deduction.  Able to find reliable conclusion.  Inherits Scientific outlook.  Believes in system, method and reason.  Able to establish reliable truth.  Derives from Philosophy.  It is just oral.  Sceptical by nature.  Usually undercuts.  Questions notions and assumption.  Inherits habit of scepticism.  Fully conscious about the irony and paradox.
  6. 6. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Tone & Style Structuralism Post-structuralism  Abstraction and Generalization  Derivation from linguistic science  Example: ‘Introduction to the Structural Analysis of Narrative’ (1966) by Roland Barthes.  Tone: Typical  Step by step exposition.  Complete with diagrams  Style: Neutral and Typical  Scientific writing  Aim: Scientific coolness  Much more emotive  Bas on a word play  Puns and Allusion  Tone: Urgent and Euphoric  Style: Flamboyant and Self- consciously showy  Aim: An engaged warmth
  7. 7. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Attitude to Language Structuralism Post-structuralism  The linguistic medium  An orderly system  Not choice  Use: To think and to perceive  Language is threat  Reality is textual  Not achieving any knowledge through language  Verbal sign  Meanings are fluid  Not fully in control of language  Constantly ‘SLIPPAGE’ of subject  Metaphorical base of words Use: to deconstruct a text
  8. 8. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Project By Structuralism Post-structuralism  Questions our way of structuring and categorizing reality  Free of habitual modes of perception or categorization  More reliable view of thing  Much more fundamental  Human being as an independent entity  Individual is a product of social and linguistic force  Tissue of textualities  Scepticism as torch  Burn away intellectual ground  Western civilization built on it
  9. 9. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Practical Differences: Structuralism Post-structuralism o Parallels / Echoes o Balances oReflections / Repetitions o Symmetry o Contrasts o Patterns o Effect: to show textual unity and coherence o Contradictions/ Paradox o Shifts/ Breaks in: Tone, Viewpoint, Tense, Time, Person, Attitude o Conflicts o Absences/ Omissions o Linguistic quirks o Aporia o Effect: to show textual disunity
  10. 10. Thank you….

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