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Of the many ways of implementing opamp in mixed mode VLSI design, two stage design is often preferred. This presentation illustrates the design process. Download for better view as it has animations

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Two stage op amp design on cadence

This report details the design of a two-stage operational amplifier (op-amp) in Cadence. It begins with hand calculations of component parameters. A schematic is plotted and simulated for DC and AC analysis. The initial design does not meet specifications, so component parameters are modified through several iterations until specifications are met. Finally, geometry optimization using Mosek in MATLAB is presented, though long calculation times prevented results. The report demonstrates the op-amp design process from initial calculations through simulation and optimization to meet specifications.

Design of two stage OPAMP

This document discusses the design of MEMS resonator systems with integrated readout circuitry. It first describes methods for extracting the threshold voltage of MOSFETs. It then covers the design of a differential amplifier, including determining its transconductance, voltage transfer characteristics, input common mode range, slew rate and frequency response. Next, it examines modeling an electromechanical nanocantilever sensor for mass detection. It provides equations for calculating small mass changes and the snap-in voltage of the cantilever-driver system. Finally, it presents the design process and SPICE simulation of a two-stage operational amplifier.

Operational Amplifier Design

Designed a differential input and single ended output high gain (>= 85 dB) operational amplifier using CMOS 0.35um technology using a single independent current source. The amplifier was also designed to achieve a CMRR (>= 80dB), Average Slew Rate (>= 15 V/us), UGF (>= 15 MHz) & Output Voltage Swing ( >= 1.4V). The maximum power dissipation through the complete circuit including the current source branch was limited to 0.3 mW.

Design of CMOS operational Amplifiers using CADENCE

We have designed and analysed CMOS single stage and two stage operational amplifiers using CADENCE tools in 180nm Technology

Design of a Two-Stage Single Ended CMOS Op-Amp

This summary provides the key details about the design of a two-stage CMOS operational amplifier:
- The design uses a classical two-stage op amp configuration with PMOS input transistors and Miller compensation with a nulling resistor. An analytical approach is used to determine the design parameters to meet specifications for gain, bandwidth, phase margin, and other factors.
- The current mirrors are first designed to provide the appropriate drain currents for each gain stage. Then the parameters for the differential input stage, second gain stage, active load stage, and compensation are determined analytically.
- Minor modifications based on SPICE simulations are made to achieve all specifications, which are verified in simulation results. The analytical design meets all

Design of a Fully Differential Folded-Cascode Operational Amplifier

This document summarizes the design of a fully differential operational amplifier and a second-order Butterworth filter using the designed op-amp. The op-amp was designed using a folded-cascode topology to meet specifications across temperature variations. Simulation results showed it met most specifications. A layout was created and tested, matching the schematic performance. A Butterworth biquad filter was also designed using the op-amp, with simulation results showing corner frequencies around the specified 22kHz point across temperatures.

Single Stage Differential Folded Cascode Amplifier

The document presents the final report of a folded cascode amplifier design project. Key aspects of the design include:
1) The amplifier was designed to meet specifications including a gain of 85 dB, output swing of 1.4 V, and slew rate of 10 V/us.
2) A folded cascode topology was chosen to provide high output swing. Transistor sizes were calculated to meet the gain, slew rate, and output swing requirements.
3) Simulation results showed the design met all specifications, with an actual gain of 85.76 dB, phase margin of 60.1 degrees, and slew rate of 9.52 V/us.

Low dropout regulator(ldo)

This document describes the design of a low dropout voltage regulator (LDO) circuit. It includes the goals of providing a 3.3V output voltage from a 5V input. The key components of an LDO - pass transistor, error amplifier, and voltage reference - are discussed. Calculations are shown for efficiency, transistor sizes, setting the bias voltage, and sizing additional transistors. A block diagram and final schematic are presented. Post-layout simulations demonstrate the line regulation as the input voltage is changed.

Two stage op amp design on cadence

This report details the design of a two-stage operational amplifier (op-amp) in Cadence. It begins with hand calculations of component parameters. A schematic is plotted and simulated for DC and AC analysis. The initial design does not meet specifications, so component parameters are modified through several iterations until specifications are met. Finally, geometry optimization using Mosek in MATLAB is presented, though long calculation times prevented results. The report demonstrates the op-amp design process from initial calculations through simulation and optimization to meet specifications.

Design of two stage OPAMP

This document discusses the design of MEMS resonator systems with integrated readout circuitry. It first describes methods for extracting the threshold voltage of MOSFETs. It then covers the design of a differential amplifier, including determining its transconductance, voltage transfer characteristics, input common mode range, slew rate and frequency response. Next, it examines modeling an electromechanical nanocantilever sensor for mass detection. It provides equations for calculating small mass changes and the snap-in voltage of the cantilever-driver system. Finally, it presents the design process and SPICE simulation of a two-stage operational amplifier.

Operational Amplifier Design

Designed a differential input and single ended output high gain (>= 85 dB) operational amplifier using CMOS 0.35um technology using a single independent current source. The amplifier was also designed to achieve a CMRR (>= 80dB), Average Slew Rate (>= 15 V/us), UGF (>= 15 MHz) & Output Voltage Swing ( >= 1.4V). The maximum power dissipation through the complete circuit including the current source branch was limited to 0.3 mW.

Design of CMOS operational Amplifiers using CADENCE

We have designed and analysed CMOS single stage and two stage operational amplifiers using CADENCE tools in 180nm Technology

Design of a Two-Stage Single Ended CMOS Op-Amp

This summary provides the key details about the design of a two-stage CMOS operational amplifier:
- The design uses a classical two-stage op amp configuration with PMOS input transistors and Miller compensation with a nulling resistor. An analytical approach is used to determine the design parameters to meet specifications for gain, bandwidth, phase margin, and other factors.
- The current mirrors are first designed to provide the appropriate drain currents for each gain stage. Then the parameters for the differential input stage, second gain stage, active load stage, and compensation are determined analytically.
- Minor modifications based on SPICE simulations are made to achieve all specifications, which are verified in simulation results. The analytical design meets all

Design of a Fully Differential Folded-Cascode Operational Amplifier

This document summarizes the design of a fully differential operational amplifier and a second-order Butterworth filter using the designed op-amp. The op-amp was designed using a folded-cascode topology to meet specifications across temperature variations. Simulation results showed it met most specifications. A layout was created and tested, matching the schematic performance. A Butterworth biquad filter was also designed using the op-amp, with simulation results showing corner frequencies around the specified 22kHz point across temperatures.

Single Stage Differential Folded Cascode Amplifier

The document presents the final report of a folded cascode amplifier design project. Key aspects of the design include:
1) The amplifier was designed to meet specifications including a gain of 85 dB, output swing of 1.4 V, and slew rate of 10 V/us.
2) A folded cascode topology was chosen to provide high output swing. Transistor sizes were calculated to meet the gain, slew rate, and output swing requirements.
3) Simulation results showed the design met all specifications, with an actual gain of 85.76 dB, phase margin of 60.1 degrees, and slew rate of 9.52 V/us.

Low dropout regulator(ldo)

This document describes the design of a low dropout voltage regulator (LDO) circuit. It includes the goals of providing a 3.3V output voltage from a 5V input. The key components of an LDO - pass transistor, error amplifier, and voltage reference - are discussed. Calculations are shown for efficiency, transistor sizes, setting the bias voltage, and sizing additional transistors. A block diagram and final schematic are presented. Post-layout simulations demonstrate the line regulation as the input voltage is changed.

Op amp

This presentation contains the basic information you need to know about operational amplifier.
I have tried to cover all the basic info. If anything is left out or you have any suggestions i will appreciate it.

current mirrors

This document presents a new CMOS voltage divider based current mirror and compares it to basic and cascode current mirrors. The basic current mirror has limitations like finite output resistance and channel length modulation effects. The cascode current mirror improves output resistance but wastes threshold voltage. The new CMOS voltage divider current mirror uses an NMOS and PMOS transistor voltage divider to bias an NMOS transistor and control the output current. It consumes less power than the basic current mirror and is well-suited for low current biasing applications.

TPS720xx: LDO Linear Regulators

Technical review of TPS20xx low dropout voltage regulators and detailed discussions of internal operation

Two stage folded cascode op amp design in Cadence

Op-Amp with differential input differential output. Design approach is a two stage folded cascode with an open circuit gain of 94 dB.

Sequential cmos logic circuits

slides gives a complete knowledge about sequential cmos logic circuits which is very useful for mtech vlsi students.

4 Current Mirrors 2022.pptx

Current sources, current mirrors, and current steering circuits are important components in integrated circuit design for providing stable bias currents. A constant current is first generated and then replicated across the circuit using current mirrors. Current mirrors use identical MOS transistors such that if the gate-source potentials are equal, the drain currents will be equal, allowing the reference current to be copied. There are various types of current mirror circuits that have different advantages and applications. Current can also be steered between paths using multiple current mirrors, with some mirrors acting as current sources and others as current sinks.

Differential amplifier

Differential amplifiers amplify the difference between two input signals while rejecting input signals that are common to both inputs. They have advantages like excellent stability, versatility, and immunity to noise and interference. The differential gain (Ad) is the gain with which the difference between the two input signals (V1-V2) is amplified to produce the output (Vo). The common mode gain (Ac) is the gain resulting from any common signals applied to both inputs. Differential amplifiers have high differential gain, low common mode gain, and high common mode rejection ratio (CMRR), which is the ratio of Ad/Ac expressed in decibels and indicates the ability to reject common mode signals.

MOSFETs

The document discusses MOSFETs (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors). It provides information on:
1) The structure of MOSFETs including typical dimensions of the gate length and width. It operates by using a voltage applied to the gate to control the conductivity between the drain and source.
2) The operation of n-channel and p-channel MOSFETs. In an n-channel MOSFET, applying a positive voltage to the gate creates an n-type inversion channel between the source and drain allowing current to flow.
3) Biasing techniques for MOSFET amplifiers including fixing the gate voltage, connecting a resistor in the source,

Final

This document covers negative feedback amplifiers, including the concept of feedback, different feedback topologies, and analysis of feedback amplifiers. It discusses four main feedback topologies: voltage series, voltage shunt, current series, and current shunt. For each topology, it explains the feedback mechanism, provides an approximate h-parameter equivalent circuit, and analyzes how feedback affects characteristics like gain, input and output resistance, bandwidth, and distortion. The document is intended to guide students through key topics relating to negative feedback amplifiers.

Ece523 folded cascode design

• Designed a single stage folded cascode op-amp which had atleast 50 dB gain and 135 MHz Unity Gain Bandwidth for the three temperature corners (typical, slow and fast), in Cadence.
• The op-amp had a phase margin of atleast 64º and an output swing of atleast 1.46 V for the temperature corners (27,-40,100).
• Designed a common mode feedback for the amplifier and achieved a common mode accuracy of 0.01 V.

Time base Generators (part-1)

The document discusses different types of time base generators used to generate output voltage or current waveforms that vary linearly with time. It describes voltage time base generators and current time base generators. It then discusses various circuits used to implement these generators, including exponential sweep circuits, constant current sweep circuits, UJT sweep circuits, and Miller and bootstrap time base generators. The Miller and bootstrap generators aim to produce a linear output by using feedback to keep the capacitor charging current constant. Transistor implementations of Miller and bootstrap generators are also covered.

14699775563. feedback amplifiers

The document discusses feedback amplifiers and the concepts of positive and negative feedback. It states that negative feedback reduces amplifier gain but provides benefits like lower distortion, increased stability and improved input/output impedances. Feedback can be connected in either voltage or current series/shunt configurations, each affecting the input and output impedances differently. Negative feedback also increases an amplifier's bandwidth and makes its gain less sensitive to component variations. The Barkhausen criterion for oscillation is that the open-loop gain must be unity with a phase shift of 0° or 360° around the feedback loop.

IC Design of Power Management Circuits (I)

by Wing-Hung Ki
Integrated Power Electronics Laboratory
ECE Dept., HKUST
Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong
www.ee.ust.hk/~eeki
International Symposium on Integrated Circuits
Singapore, Dec. 14, 2009

feedback amplifier

This document discusses feedback amplifiers and provides details on:
1. Feedback amplifiers can be positive or negative, with negative feedback reducing gain and improving performance. Negative feedback subtracts part of the output from the input.
2. The basic structure of a single-loop feedback amplifier feeds part of the output back to the input. This reduces gain but improves stability, bandwidth, noise, and distortion compared to a basic amplifier.
3. Amplifiers are classified based on their input and output signals as voltage, current, transconductance, or transresistance amplifiers depending on whether the input is voltage or current and the output relationship.

DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER using MOSFET

DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER using MOSFET, Modes of operation,
The MOS differential pair with a common-mode input voltage ,Common mode rejection,gain, advantages and disadvantages.

Design Basics on Power Amplifiers

The document provides an overview of power amplifier design basics. It discusses key concepts such as linearity, efficiency and amplifier classes. The outline covers design, manufacturing, results and conclusions. The design section specifies using a GaN HEMT transistor and establishes its IV characteristics and operating point. It also covers dynamic load-line, gain, output power, efficiency and stability considerations. Load-pull analysis is discussed for output matching network optimization.

Operational Amplifiers I

This document provides an overview of operational amplifier (op amp) circuit topologies and their analysis. It discusses various op amp configurations including single-stage, two-stage, telescopic cascode, folded cascode, and gain-boosting topologies. It analyzes each configuration's characteristics such as gain, bandwidth, output swing, and noise performance. Example circuits are provided and design considerations like biasing, common-mode range, and dominant pole locations are examined.

CMOS Operational Amplifier Design

Designed a two-stage Operational Amplifier through 45nm SOI CMOS technology using Cadence Virtuoso within UNIX environment

design and analysis of voltage controlled oscillator

The document describes the design of a low power consumption and low phase noise voltage controlled oscillator (VCO). It aims to implement the design of a VCO presented in a base paper in 180nm technology and then 45nm technology to achieve lower phase noise results. The key steps include designing the schematic and layout of the VCO in Cadence Virtuoso, simulating and analyzing the power consumption and phase noise, and comparing the results to the base paper. The design uses a combination of cross-coupled and balanced VCO configurations along with a LC tank circuit to minimize phase noise. Future work involves completing the 180nm and 45nm designs and analyses to optimize for lower power and noise.

PLL Note

• Simple PLL
• VCO, PD
• PLL transfer function
• Phase Margin
• Type-I PLL
• Type-II PLL
• PFD
• Charge Pump
• CP PLL transfer function
• CP PLL stability
• Open-loop bandwidth
• Design strategy
• Higher-order PLL transfer function
• Higher-order PLL design rule of thumb

COURS ANALYSE FINANCIERE-NOGLO Méthodes d’analyses financières.pdf

Méthodes d’analyses financières

Leviers d’adaptation au changement climatique, qualité du lait et des produit...

Leviers d’adaptation au changement climatique, qualité du lait et des produit...Institut de l'Elevage - Idele

Claire Boyer, Hélène Le Chenadec
Institut de l’ÉlevageOp amp

This presentation contains the basic information you need to know about operational amplifier.
I have tried to cover all the basic info. If anything is left out or you have any suggestions i will appreciate it.

current mirrors

This document presents a new CMOS voltage divider based current mirror and compares it to basic and cascode current mirrors. The basic current mirror has limitations like finite output resistance and channel length modulation effects. The cascode current mirror improves output resistance but wastes threshold voltage. The new CMOS voltage divider current mirror uses an NMOS and PMOS transistor voltage divider to bias an NMOS transistor and control the output current. It consumes less power than the basic current mirror and is well-suited for low current biasing applications.

TPS720xx: LDO Linear Regulators

Technical review of TPS20xx low dropout voltage regulators and detailed discussions of internal operation

Two stage folded cascode op amp design in Cadence

Op-Amp with differential input differential output. Design approach is a two stage folded cascode with an open circuit gain of 94 dB.

Sequential cmos logic circuits

slides gives a complete knowledge about sequential cmos logic circuits which is very useful for mtech vlsi students.

4 Current Mirrors 2022.pptx

Current sources, current mirrors, and current steering circuits are important components in integrated circuit design for providing stable bias currents. A constant current is first generated and then replicated across the circuit using current mirrors. Current mirrors use identical MOS transistors such that if the gate-source potentials are equal, the drain currents will be equal, allowing the reference current to be copied. There are various types of current mirror circuits that have different advantages and applications. Current can also be steered between paths using multiple current mirrors, with some mirrors acting as current sources and others as current sinks.

Differential amplifier

Differential amplifiers amplify the difference between two input signals while rejecting input signals that are common to both inputs. They have advantages like excellent stability, versatility, and immunity to noise and interference. The differential gain (Ad) is the gain with which the difference between the two input signals (V1-V2) is amplified to produce the output (Vo). The common mode gain (Ac) is the gain resulting from any common signals applied to both inputs. Differential amplifiers have high differential gain, low common mode gain, and high common mode rejection ratio (CMRR), which is the ratio of Ad/Ac expressed in decibels and indicates the ability to reject common mode signals.

MOSFETs

The document discusses MOSFETs (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors). It provides information on:
1) The structure of MOSFETs including typical dimensions of the gate length and width. It operates by using a voltage applied to the gate to control the conductivity between the drain and source.
2) The operation of n-channel and p-channel MOSFETs. In an n-channel MOSFET, applying a positive voltage to the gate creates an n-type inversion channel between the source and drain allowing current to flow.
3) Biasing techniques for MOSFET amplifiers including fixing the gate voltage, connecting a resistor in the source,

Final

This document covers negative feedback amplifiers, including the concept of feedback, different feedback topologies, and analysis of feedback amplifiers. It discusses four main feedback topologies: voltage series, voltage shunt, current series, and current shunt. For each topology, it explains the feedback mechanism, provides an approximate h-parameter equivalent circuit, and analyzes how feedback affects characteristics like gain, input and output resistance, bandwidth, and distortion. The document is intended to guide students through key topics relating to negative feedback amplifiers.

Ece523 folded cascode design

• Designed a single stage folded cascode op-amp which had atleast 50 dB gain and 135 MHz Unity Gain Bandwidth for the three temperature corners (typical, slow and fast), in Cadence.
• The op-amp had a phase margin of atleast 64º and an output swing of atleast 1.46 V for the temperature corners (27,-40,100).
• Designed a common mode feedback for the amplifier and achieved a common mode accuracy of 0.01 V.

Time base Generators (part-1)

The document discusses different types of time base generators used to generate output voltage or current waveforms that vary linearly with time. It describes voltage time base generators and current time base generators. It then discusses various circuits used to implement these generators, including exponential sweep circuits, constant current sweep circuits, UJT sweep circuits, and Miller and bootstrap time base generators. The Miller and bootstrap generators aim to produce a linear output by using feedback to keep the capacitor charging current constant. Transistor implementations of Miller and bootstrap generators are also covered.

14699775563. feedback amplifiers

The document discusses feedback amplifiers and the concepts of positive and negative feedback. It states that negative feedback reduces amplifier gain but provides benefits like lower distortion, increased stability and improved input/output impedances. Feedback can be connected in either voltage or current series/shunt configurations, each affecting the input and output impedances differently. Negative feedback also increases an amplifier's bandwidth and makes its gain less sensitive to component variations. The Barkhausen criterion for oscillation is that the open-loop gain must be unity with a phase shift of 0° or 360° around the feedback loop.

IC Design of Power Management Circuits (I)

by Wing-Hung Ki
Integrated Power Electronics Laboratory
ECE Dept., HKUST
Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong
www.ee.ust.hk/~eeki
International Symposium on Integrated Circuits
Singapore, Dec. 14, 2009

feedback amplifier

This document discusses feedback amplifiers and provides details on:
1. Feedback amplifiers can be positive or negative, with negative feedback reducing gain and improving performance. Negative feedback subtracts part of the output from the input.
2. The basic structure of a single-loop feedback amplifier feeds part of the output back to the input. This reduces gain but improves stability, bandwidth, noise, and distortion compared to a basic amplifier.
3. Amplifiers are classified based on their input and output signals as voltage, current, transconductance, or transresistance amplifiers depending on whether the input is voltage or current and the output relationship.

DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER using MOSFET

DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER using MOSFET, Modes of operation,
The MOS differential pair with a common-mode input voltage ,Common mode rejection,gain, advantages and disadvantages.

Design Basics on Power Amplifiers

The document provides an overview of power amplifier design basics. It discusses key concepts such as linearity, efficiency and amplifier classes. The outline covers design, manufacturing, results and conclusions. The design section specifies using a GaN HEMT transistor and establishes its IV characteristics and operating point. It also covers dynamic load-line, gain, output power, efficiency and stability considerations. Load-pull analysis is discussed for output matching network optimization.

Operational Amplifiers I

This document provides an overview of operational amplifier (op amp) circuit topologies and their analysis. It discusses various op amp configurations including single-stage, two-stage, telescopic cascode, folded cascode, and gain-boosting topologies. It analyzes each configuration's characteristics such as gain, bandwidth, output swing, and noise performance. Example circuits are provided and design considerations like biasing, common-mode range, and dominant pole locations are examined.

CMOS Operational Amplifier Design

Designed a two-stage Operational Amplifier through 45nm SOI CMOS technology using Cadence Virtuoso within UNIX environment

design and analysis of voltage controlled oscillator

The document describes the design of a low power consumption and low phase noise voltage controlled oscillator (VCO). It aims to implement the design of a VCO presented in a base paper in 180nm technology and then 45nm technology to achieve lower phase noise results. The key steps include designing the schematic and layout of the VCO in Cadence Virtuoso, simulating and analyzing the power consumption and phase noise, and comparing the results to the base paper. The design uses a combination of cross-coupled and balanced VCO configurations along with a LC tank circuit to minimize phase noise. Future work involves completing the 180nm and 45nm designs and analyses to optimize for lower power and noise.

PLL Note

• Simple PLL
• VCO, PD
• PLL transfer function
• Phase Margin
• Type-I PLL
• Type-II PLL
• PFD
• Charge Pump
• CP PLL transfer function
• CP PLL stability
• Open-loop bandwidth
• Design strategy
• Higher-order PLL transfer function
• Higher-order PLL design rule of thumb

Op amp

Op amp

current mirrors

current mirrors

TPS720xx: LDO Linear Regulators

TPS720xx: LDO Linear Regulators

Two stage folded cascode op amp design in Cadence

Two stage folded cascode op amp design in Cadence

Sequential cmos logic circuits

Sequential cmos logic circuits

4 Current Mirrors 2022.pptx

4 Current Mirrors 2022.pptx

Differential amplifier

Differential amplifier

MOSFETs

MOSFETs

Final

Final

Ece523 folded cascode design

Ece523 folded cascode design

Time base Generators (part-1)

Time base Generators (part-1)

14699775563. feedback amplifiers

14699775563. feedback amplifiers

IC Design of Power Management Circuits (I)

IC Design of Power Management Circuits (I)

feedback amplifier

feedback amplifier

DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER using MOSFET

DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER using MOSFET

Design Basics on Power Amplifiers

Design Basics on Power Amplifiers

Operational Amplifiers I

Operational Amplifiers I

CMOS Operational Amplifier Design

CMOS Operational Amplifier Design

design and analysis of voltage controlled oscillator

design and analysis of voltage controlled oscillator

PLL Note

PLL Note

COURS ANALYSE FINANCIERE-NOGLO Méthodes d’analyses financières.pdf

Méthodes d’analyses financières

Leviers d’adaptation au changement climatique, qualité du lait et des produit...

Leviers d’adaptation au changement climatique, qualité du lait et des produit...Institut de l'Elevage - Idele

Claire Boyer, Hélène Le Chenadec
Institut de l’ÉlevageQuelles rotations dans les systèmes caprins de Nouvelle-Aquitaine et Pays de ...

Quelles rotations dans les systèmes caprins de Nouvelle-Aquitaine et Pays de ...Institut de l'Elevage - Idele

Jérémie Jost (Idele-REDCap), Sébastien Minette (CRA NA), Manon Proust (Innoval), Théophane Soulard (Seenovia), et les conseillers/animateurs REDCapReconquête de l’engraissement du chevreau à la ferme

Claire BOYER – Institut de l’Elevage
Nicole BOSSIS - Institut de l’Elevage
Marie DROUET – Institut de l’Elevage

1er webinaire INOSYS Réseaux d’élevage Ovins Viande

Présenté par Vincent BELLET, Marie MIQUEL, Gilles SAGET et Maxime MAROIS - IDELE

Alternative au Tramway de la ville de Quebec Rev 1 sml.pdf

CDPQ Infra dévoile un plan de mobilité de 15 G$ sur 15 ans pour la région de Québec. Une alternative plus économique et rapide, ne serait-elle pas posssible?
- Valoriser les infrastructures ferroviaires du CN, en créant un Réseau Express Métropolitain (REM) plutôt qu'un nouveau tramway ou une combinaison des 2.
- Optimiser l'utilisation des rails pour un transport combiné des marchandises et des personnes, en accordant une priorité aux déplacements des personnes aux heures de pointes.
- Intégrer un téléphérique transrives comme 3ème lien urbain dédiés aux piétons et cyclistes avec correspondance avec le REM.
- Le 3 ème lien routier est repensé en intégrant un tunnel routier qui se prolonge avec le nouveau pont de l'Île d'Orléans et quelques réaménagemet de ses chausées.
https://www.linkedin.com/in/bedarddaniel/
English:
CDPQ Infra unveils a $15 billion, 15-year mobility plan for the Quebec region. Wouldn't a more economical and faster alternative be possible?
Leverage CN's railway infrastructure by creating a Metropolitan Express Network (REM) instead of a new tramway or a combination of both.
Optimize the use of rails for combined freight and passenger transport, giving priority to passenger travel during peak hours.
Integrate a cross-river cable car as a third urban link dedicated to pedestrians and cyclists, with connections to the REM.
Rethink the third road link by integrating a road tunnel that extends with the new Île d'Orléans bridge and some reconfiguration of its lanes.
https://www.linkedin.com/in/bedarddaniel/

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Romain Lesne, conseiller caprin ARDEPAL
Caroline Sauvageot, IDELECOUPROD Une méthode nationale commune à l’ensemble des filières herbivores

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Nicole Bossis, Vincent Lictevout,
Thierry Charroin, idele,Accompagner les éleveurs dans l'analyse de leurs coûts de production

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Thierry Charroin, idele

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C'est projet routier

Accompagner les porteurs de projets en transformation fermière

Nicole Bossis, Vincent Lictevout, idele,
Louise Fournier, FNEC & Melissa Teinturier, animatrice fermière FRCAP

COURS ANALYSE FINANCIERE-NOGLO Méthodes d’analyses financières.pdf

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Leviers d’adaptation au changement climatique, qualité du lait et des produit...

Leviers d’adaptation au changement climatique, qualité du lait et des produit...

Quelles rotations dans les systèmes caprins de Nouvelle-Aquitaine et Pays de ...

Quelles rotations dans les systèmes caprins de Nouvelle-Aquitaine et Pays de ...

Reconquête de l’engraissement du chevreau à la ferme

Reconquête de l’engraissement du chevreau à la ferme

1er webinaire INOSYS Réseaux d’élevage Ovins Viande

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Alternative au Tramway de la ville de Quebec Rev 1 sml.pdf

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Comment aborder le changement climatique dans son métier, volet adaptation

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COUPROD Une méthode nationale commune à l’ensemble des filières herbivores

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Accompagner les éleveurs dans l'analyse de leurs coûts de production

Presentation d'esquisse route juin 2023.pptx

Presentation d'esquisse route juin 2023.pptx

Accompagner les porteurs de projets en transformation fermière

Accompagner les porteurs de projets en transformation fermière

- 2. • • •
- 4. A1 A2 1 V1 V2 VOUT Cc Differential Input Stage Second Gain Stage Output Buffer + -
- 8. • • A1 + -
- 10. • • • •
- 11. • •
- 12. • • • • • • • •
- 13. • • • • 𝑆𝑖 = 𝑊𝑖 𝐿𝑖 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑖𝑡ℎ 𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑜𝑟
- 14. • • • • •
- 15. • • •
- 16. • • • •
- 17. • • • • •
- 18. • •
- 19. • • •
- 20. • • •
- 21. • • •
- 24. c s C I )( 2 42 1 42 1 1 s m dsds m v I g gg g A )( 766 6 76 6 2 I g gg g A m dsds m v c m C g GB 1 L m C g p 6 2 c m C g z 6 1 (min)1(max)03 3 (max) TT S DDin VV I VV )((max)1 1 (min) satDST S SSin VV I VV DS SATDS I V 2 )(