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Plan to pass utme

Success is not achieved overnight. It takes preparation and resolute effort to achieve outstanding performance. Those who achieve excellent UTME scores have learnt to prepare ahead of others. This is the reason for the book you are reading. In it, I recommend five to six months of preparation before sitting for the UTME. I believe when you follow the steps and counsel in this book, you will be able to prepare adequately for the UTME, select the appropriate course that suits you and are most likely going to succeed in, select the school for which your admission would be hitch-less, appraise your readiness and ultimately perform outstandingly well in the UTME.

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Plan to pass utme

  1. 1. Foreword by: Rametu O. Momodu Plan to Pass UTME SUCCESS IS PREDICTABLE WALE MICAIAH he measurement of performance in UTME is neither your school of choice nor your course of study; it is your JAMB Score. For the pastTfive years, from 2009- 2013, candidates' performance in UTME has been very disappointing. In 2010 UTME, just 36.5% scored 200 and above. From 2011 to 2013, 40%, 44.8% and 44.9% candidates scored 200 and above respectively, the best result being in 2009 where 46.4% of 1,182,381 candidates scored 200 and above. This means majority cannot even qualify for post-UME for most Universities. It has however been discovered that most of these candidates prepare for UTME without a strategy to scoring at least 200. This book will show you step by step approaches to selecting a school, a course that matches your academic strength, set goals and ultimatelyachieveoutstandingresultinUTME. ABOUT THE BOOK ForewordBy:RametuO.Momodu WALEMICAIAH PLANTOPASSUTME ALE MICAIAH (M. Sc.) is the author of “Tertiary Institution Admissions and WCareers”, a book that has helped a lot of Students and Jambites select appropriate course suitable for them and ultimately secure admission. Wale is passionate about Education because of its inherent power to transform Individuals, Communities, Nations and the World. He coaches and mentors Students on how to have a successful academic life, actively engage in personal development as well as develop the right skills for the dynamic work environment. Writing, volunteering and speaking at Churches, Youth camps,SchoolsandYouthorganizationsaresomeof ABOUT THE AUTHOR theavenuesWaleusestoengageStudentsandstakeholdersinEducation. Blog:www.walemicaiah.blog.com. GSM:08078001800
  2. 2. i PLAN TO PASS UTME ii PLAN TO PASS UTME Foreword by: Rametu O. Momodu Plan to Pass UTME SUCCESS IS PREDICTABLE WALE MICAIAH Copyright©2013WaleMicaiah FirstEdition, EdusenseLtd Lagos,Nigeria ISBN:9789788013440 All rights reserved. No part of this production may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the author and copyright owner. For information regarding the purchase and sponsor of this book, workshops,seminarsandconferencesbytheauthor. Contact: ............................@yahoo.com 08078001800
  3. 3. Endorsement iii PLAN TO PASS UTME iv PLAN TO PASS UTME ust like Wale’s first book, “Tertiary Institution Admissions and Careers”, this second one is nothing but a masterpiece carefully Jcrafted by a man who has an undying passion to see the reversal in the failure rate of unsuccessful applications to Nigerian tertiary institutions by Nigerian youth. What he has done with this work is to carefully and logically outline a guide for students, which if followed, will enable them to most certainly succeed in the UTME. While this book is directed towards students, it is also highly recommended for parents, teachers, tutors and everyone involved in the education industry to use this book as a guide for all students around them who intendtoproceedtotertiaryeducationinNigeria. Amenze Iyamu – Life Coach, Creator of “The Genius” Online Career Coachingmagazine,Author“YouCanBecomeYourDream” This is what I will love to call a “TOTAL PACKAGE” for Students preparing for UTME; It’s very important you read Plan To Pass UTME by Wale Micaiah before stepping into the exam hall. The information in this book will really aid your preparation and guide you on how to prepare for UTME without Stress. This book is a product of Hard work, Wealth of professional knowledge and great research. Now I can say with Plan To Pass UTME by Wale Micaiah, Jamb Students have no reasons to be scared with anything that has got to do with gaining admission into higher Institutions because all your fears are carefully handled and addressed in this book. Plan To PassUTME -Endorsed! AlexGREAT Akhigbe, Executive Director, Passion House Internation,Author,DareToLiveYourPassion. “Plan to pass UTME delivers a straight forward approach and perspective on how to pass the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME). This book is an excellent resource to students, educators and admission enthusiasts. The author, Wale Micaiah, is an author specialized in education with an emphasis on admission into NigerianUniversities. The organisation of PLAN TO PASS UTME allows the reader to easily follow the steps on how to plan and also pass the UTME; these steps include choosing a course and school of study, how to begin study for UTME,settingagoal,goalsettingpersubject,howtousetheUTMEas a tool to gaining admission, selecting the right subjects, getting to know the admission guidelines into Nigerian Universities, effective use of the JAMB syllabus, also included is the NUC admission Quota for universities and also using UTME recommended textbooks as a tooltoachievingyourmuchdesiredgoal.” AkwewanuDamilare–Architecture,FUTA Have you been told that you cannot pass UTME once and gain admissionintouniversityallatonesitting?Ifyes,youmusthavebeen listening to the wrong people or probably reading the wrong book. When I was about taking my UTME in 2013, I was opportune to come across a series of articles titled “Plan to Excel in UTME2013” on his blog and on Facebook, it was a long series but I followed the article to the end and applied every advice, tricks and hidden secrets I need to knowtopass UTME. The last title was “Clam youradmission slot” in your preferred school, I did clam my slot and now am in the university, all at one sitting. All thanks to the articles and Wale Micaiahforhisgreatworks. VictorEjechi–Library&InformationScience,UNIBEN Plan to Pass UTME was really helpful towards my success in UTME. Following It every week was awesome, it exposed me to different area to focus on in preparing for UTME. It also assisted me in choosing a bettercareer and my school of choice. I’m so sure that this book will also produce a better result in your exam. The author is a man of integrity and who has a passion for what he does, especially seeingStudentexcelinexams. MosesEromoseRueben–Statistics,UNIBEN
  4. 4. SuccessinUTMEhasneverbeenonasilverplatter.Theexamiseither a stepping stone or a stumbling block. This book believes in planning asasurewaytosuccess.Nowonderitemphasisesthatitisonlythose whosetgoalsthatcanscoregoals. JODADCommunications After going through this fantastic book, I concluded that it will be a great thing for every serious students tohave. Because theywill excel greatly with it. I did well with academics while in secondary school, butifIhadthisasanadditionthen,Icertainlywouldhavedonebetter and not forgetting God's hand of perfection in all things. A very educating book every serious students should have for success in UTME.GreatjobWaleMicaiah! TheFutureChampionsClub,MarcellinaEhidiamen This book is an ideal blueprint for intending UTME candidates, training centres and counselors. This is as result of the author's meticulous and painstaking steps clearly written out for every candidate to take in preparing for the examination that would yield a competitive score for any Nigerian University admission. I therefore recommend for every UTME candidates that want to achieve outstandingresultatonesitting. Kuku,O.O.A.(VicePrincipal,LinksbondCollege,Ikorodu). Again, Wale Micaiah has allowed himself to become a tool of academic empowerment to every youth. PLAN TO PASS UTME isn't just a book that directs every student to gain admission into a higher institution, but travels the extra miles to help every student discover the greatness within them and using education as a tool to combat social problems. I recommend this book to everyone especially to thoseyettogainadmission”. OgbuaguKenechukwu,KcSHIINE The alarming rate of failure in public examinations has over the years been an issue of major concern to policy makers and other stake holders. This has been traced to many factors which include; poor teaching methods, wrong attitudes of students to learning, environmental factors andeveneconomicfactor. The approach of the author to this problem is quite interesting. He suggestedpracticalmethodswhichiffollowedbyanystudentguarantees success not just in UTME but in any other public examination attempted. John. C Maxwell said, “God chooses what we go through, we choose how we go through it.” This best explains the approach laid out by this scholarly piece on what is required of every student to have his/her highest possible score in any examination. Anyone really interested in making an impact in his/her world must invest in knowledge. The approach with which knowledge- on how best to pass the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination or any other examination to which it’s adapted-was shared in this book was so simple and realistic. Over the years in the course of my interaction with students, I have come across very hardworking, brilliant students and seemingly ‘serious’ students whoperformpoorlyinexaminations. This book provides the solution to the problem(s) of such students. Gen Collin Powell, the former U.S Secretary of State, said “there are no secrets to success, it is the result of preparations, hard work and learning from failures. Wale Micaiah gave a systematic approach to an effective preparation for the examination, hints on how to best use the syllabus, timemanagement,effectivestudyhabitsandahostofothercrucialissues in very simple language. The psychological/emotional preparation, attitude and conduct in and out of the examination hall were appropriately explained. A concise explanation on the pre - examination, on the spot and post examination conduct of the students were well stated. I salute the courage of the author for painstakingly providing this piece of writing that is obviously the solution to problems encountered by most Nigerian students in public examinations. It simply summarised thefactthattruesuccessdependsatlastonone. GiwaA.Babatunde,Lecturer,FCE(Special),Oyo. v PLAN TO PASS UTME vi PLAN TO PASS UTME
  5. 5. vii PLAN TO PASS UTME viii PLAN TO PASS UTME Endorsement Dedication Acknowledgment TableofContent Foreword Introduction Week–1: WhichCourseShouldIStudy? Week–2: ChoosingaCourse ChoosingaSchool Week–3: DevelopAStudyStrategyforUTME TimeManagementwithSyllabusand PastQuestion TwoWaystoApproachUTMEPastQuestion Week–4: StudyBeginsforUTME EffectiveUseofJAMBSyllabus UsingUTMERecommendedTextbooks Week–5: GoalSetting GoalSettingperUTMESubject Week–6: HowtoUsetheUTMEBrochure(1) HowtoUsetheUTMEBrochure(2) Week–7: SelectingtheRightSubjectCombination Week–8: AdmissionGuidelinesintoNigerian Universities Week–9: OtherReferencesBesideTheJAMB Brochure Week–10: NUCAdmissionQuotaforUniversities Week–11: BetweenCBT,PBTandDualMode Week–12: JAMBisnottheonlyway Week–13: DifferenceBetweenUTME&WAEC/NECO Week–14: Collaboration&Synergy GreatWaystoStudy OtherGreatWaystoStudy Contents There are no secrets to Success. It is the result of Preparation, Hard work and Learning from failure. (General Colin Powell) Former United States Secretary of State
  6. 6. “Education is our passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to the people who prepare for it today”-MALCOLM X Life is a series of “examinations”. These are tests to measure lessons /informationlearnt.Intheeducationalsystem,examinationsprovide ameanstoevaluateacademicknowledgeofthesubjectmatter. We currently live in an era where documentary evidence of this ability is accorded paramount importance; this same importance is therefore given to passing examinations. This same attention should be given to examination taking strategies as they are all connected. This book is very timely and relevant especially with the record of massfailureatthisexaminationinrecenttimes. Wale Micaiah has outlined very simple but profound strategies on how to pass the Unified Tertiary Matriculations Examination, however I can categorically state that the strategies outlined in this book can be applied to any examination at any level and be consistentlyfoolproofifappliedcorrectly. I met Wale about four years ago, I wanted to improve my computer and presentation skills; his guide and assistance proved to be invaluable. He has a strong passion to impart knowledge. His enthusiasm to help people achieve their academic goals and dreams is boundless. He provides advisory services to young people on career matters. Earlier this year my son became unsure of the course of study to pursue at the university. Wale invited him over for a discussion and was able to provide him guidance pointing him in the right direction based on his strengths and interests. My son found it veryeasytorelatewithhim,asalsopersonifiedinthisbook. ForewordWeek–15: TVAddictionResponsibleforLowScores Week–16: TheStructureoftheUseofEnglish Examination Week–17: WhyUTMEResultsSurprisesCandidates Week–18: ReviewYourGoal(1) ReviewYourGoal(2) AffirmationofSuccess Week–19: EntertheExaminationMood ManagingYourTimeintheExaminationHall Week–20: TestTakingStrategies TakeMockUTME(1) TakeMockUTME(2) Week–21: ExaminationCentre Week–22: HandlingYourAnswerSheet(ShadingPaper) StrategyforAnsweringMultipleChoice Questions LastMinuteExamStrategy Week–23: IfYouBelieve…Pray Week–24: ExaminationDayChecklists AppendixA AppendixB AppendixC AppendixD References ix PLAN TO PASS UTME x PLAN TO PASS UTME
  7. 7. Introduction xi PLAN TO PASS UTME xii PLAN TO PASS UTME igerian institutions are among some of the most competitive in the world, simply because of their admission rates. NUniversities such as the University of Lagos (UNILAG), Nnamdi Azikwe University (UNIZIK), University of Benin (UNIBEN), University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN), University of Ilorin (UNILORIN), Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), etc and Polytechnics and Colleges of Education such as Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Yaba College of Technology, Auchi Poly, Alvan-Ikoku College of Education, Adeyemi College of Education, etc, are the most sought- after tertiary institutions in Nigeria, with applicants in their thousandsseekingplacementsforfewadmissionspaces. From records, admission rates for these schools are less than 10% of totalapplicants.Thisislargelyduetofewadmissionspacesavailable. However, it has also been established that some are due to low performance in the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Admission (UTME). Despite the high rate of admission denial, applicants with outstanding UTME score are hardly denied admission irrespective of how stiff the competition is – in their chosen school of choice as well ascourseofstudy. Success is not achieved overnight. It takes preparation and resolute effort to achieve outstanding performance. Those who achieve excellent UTME scores have learnt to prepare ahead of others. This is the reason for the book you are reading. In it, I recommend five to six months of preparation before sitting for the UTME. I believe when you follow the steps and counsel in this book, you will be able to prepare adequately for the UTME, select the appropriate course that suits you and are most likely going to succeed in, select the school for which your admission would be hitch-less, appraise your readiness andultimatelyperformoutstandinglywellintheUTME. Iwishyouallthebestasyoumakeefforttotaketowisecounsel. This book is about achieving dreams and goals in life. It is an invaluable resource to parents, teachers, students and anyone who desirestoexcelatexaminationsandindeedlife. Pharm.RametuO.Momodu(Mrs.) Asst.Director-in-Charge ImportedDrugs,BiologicsandMedicalDevices(IDBM) Regulations and Registration Directorate National Agency for Food DrugAdministration&Control(NAFDAC)
  8. 8. xiii PLAN TO PASS UTME Dedication This book is dedicated to all UTME Candidates as they take the next steptomaketheiracademicdreamscometrue.
  9. 9. Which Course Should I Study? Week 1 1 PLAN TO PASS UTME A wise man makes his own decisions, an ignorant man follows the public opinion. - Chinese Proverbs
  10. 10. the average. Then rank the average score for each subject in descending order. The top three subjects show your area of strength and it is advisable that whatever course you want to study should have those three subjects as UTMEsubjectrequirement. Whatever course you eventually decide to study, the last question you need to ask yourself is “What Curse is this Course going to break”. By this I mean, what problem is this course going to solve. Look around you, there are curses (problems), problems such as Injustice, Health, Poverty, Housing, Political, etc. If a course cannot solve an identified problem, there is no remedy to unemployment. If a course cannot provide solutions to day-to-day issues oflife,thereisnoremedytojoblessnessandpoverty. Refertohttp://www.slideshare.net/statisense/plan2passnew 2 PLAN TO PASS UTME 3 PLAN TO PASS UTME Which Course Should I Study? 1 searlyasJunior orSeniorSecondarySchool,quite a number of us have made up our minds on which Acourse we are going to study. Some of these decisions were based mainly on emotions and physical attachment to some professions. However, I advise applicants that besides emotion, they should also take an empirical perspective to choosing a Course. Past results – WAEC/NECO – are good metrics that show the area of strength of individuals in each subject. But more closely aligned to this is performance in past UTME questions. These past questions exist from 1978 to 2013 (36 sets of JAMBquestionsforeachsubject). To determine which subjects where you have great strength, select any four years at random – say years 1982, 1988, 1994 and 2010. Test yourself on a number of subjects; for instance, science students are expected to be tested in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Agriculture,Geography,Economicsetc. For each subject, test yourself for the selected past questions. Sum your score for each year and subject, take
  11. 11. 5 PLAN TO PASS UTME Choosing A Course Week 2The first essentials, of course, is to know what you want. - Robert Collier
  12. 12. here are plethora numbers of courses to choose from.AccordingtoUTME2012brochure,thereare at least 570 courses in all Nigerian universities.TThis gives applicants quite a number of choices. However, youcanonlystudyoneoratmostacombinationoftwo. From past JAMB applications; some courses are very competitive with applicants in their thousands competing for very few admission spaces. Some of the competitive courses are: Medicine & Surgery, Business Admin, Accounting, Economics, Mass Communication, Law, Political Science Nursing Science, Computer Science, Pharmacy, Public Admin, Petroleum & Gas Engineering, Electrical/Electronic Engineering Medical Laboratory Science, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Banking & Finance Agric.-Business, Communication Arts, Microbiology,etc. Thewisdomis,ifyoumustapplyforanyoftheseandother competitive courses, understand that quite a number are also applying for same. As a result, to increase your chances of admission, your UTME score needs to be well above Unlike in the past, where you have options of selecting first and second choice courses and schools, there is no more provision for this option. Candidates now have only first (one) choice but up to four institutions and courses. That is; Degree, National Diploma (ND), Colleges of Education (COE), Innovation Enterprise Institutes (IEI) where you are expected to select only a course per institution. University becomes first choice; Polytechnic, second;CollegeofEducation,third;andIEI,fourth. While this new development places some limitation on having second choice (most especially for Universities) or courses, it also gives candidates the opportunity to explore career options in the IEI's which equips candidates with transferable skills required for immediateemploymentinthemarketplace. Despite this change and restriction, candidates are encouraged to ensure they select schools and courses theyhavethebestchanceofadmissionin. Choosing A Course 2 6 PLAN TO PASS UTME 7 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  13. 13. AdmissionPolicy(45:35:20) Merit – 45%: Those who score more than the cut-off point. Catchments Area – 35%: This favours indigenes or neigbouring states of where schools are located. See the AppendixAforSchoolsandtheirCatchmentsAreas. ELPS – 20%: Educationally Less-Privileged States; most especiallynorthernstates. AdmissionQuota: Each school has allotted number of candidates it can admityearly.Staffstrengthandthelevelofinfrastructural development in schools are major determinants of admissionquota.Thisdataisnotreadilyavailable;seethe Appendix B for the admission quota for academic session 2012/2013 for Universities which are UI (5,720), UNN (5,970), ABU (6,688), OAU (5,978), UNILAG (6,500), UNIBEN (6,100), BUK (5,682), UNICAL (4,407), UNILORIN (5,514), UNIJOS (4,555). (Culled from the NUC). Dears, whatever choice you eventually arrive at, your UTME score is more important, put in the required efforts andachieveyouradmissiongoal. 8 PLAN TO PASS UTME 9 PLAN TO PASS UTME Same goes for your school of choice – there are competitive and non-competitive. This is also determined by the number of applicants. Institutions like UNILAG, UNN, OAU, UNIBEN, UNILORIN, UI, UNIZIK, FUTO,FUTA,ABU,DELSU,etc.arequitecompetitive.More pathetic is the fact that they admit far less than 10% of total applicants. Also note that some schools wouldn't consider second choice irrespective of your score, so consult widely before you stick to one. Other points to consider before choosing a school are Admission Policy andAdmissionQuota. Choosing a School *COE – College of Education, Uni – University, Poly – Polytechnic, IEI – Innovation Enterprise Institutes
  14. 14. Develop A Study Strategy For UTME Week 3 Develop A Study Strategy For UTME 3 study strategy helps you to be disciplined and regulated. It guides how you spend your time, on Awhat you spend it and with whom you spend it. I have identified three basic elements of study strategy that are vital to the success of a Student preparing for any examination, they are: Syllabus, Textbook and Past Questions. Syllabus: A syllabus is an outline and summary of topics to be covered in an examination, education or training course. It contains the outline of what will be covered in the course, the aims and objectives, examination format and sometimes the list of recommended textbooks. The syllabus defines what you are to read and will be tested on. Luckily, JAMB includes syllabus in the application pack for youruse,useit! Textbook: It is suggested that you have at least a textbook for each of your UTME subjects. You can find the list of recommended textbooks in the Syllabus. Since it is likely that you would have had some textbooks before, most 11 PLAN TO PASS UTME 12 PLAN TO PASS UTME At all times it is better to have a method. - Mark Caine
  15. 15. especially for Senior Secondary classes, these can be used as additional reference materials. However, the syllabus guidesyouonwhattoreadinthetextbooks.Alwaysreferto itbefore,duringandaftereveryreadingsession. Past Question: Using past question helps you to assess your readiness for the exam. Most times, questions with very similar solution procedure are repeated. Past question helps you understand how examiners think, ask questions and it will give you a deeper understanding of what you’re studying. Presently, there are past questions from 1978 to 2013. They form 36 sets of questions for each UTME Subject. If a Subject has 50 Questions; it means you have 50 x 36 = 1,800 Questions to test yourself on before the exam. Definitely, quite a number of the question will be repeatedorpatternedsimilarly. Thosewhosucceed,succeedstrategically!Ihavetestedthis strategy several times, recommended it for others and we always smile when our results are released. If you keep these three elements and use them properly to study for UTMEandanyexam,yoursuccessisguaranteed. Time Management with Syllabus and Past Question Time is of essence, you don't have the whole year to prepare for UTME; tentatively, whatever the time left before the exam you need to manage your time appropriately in order to cover considerable parts of the Syllabus. Earlier, I mentioned that we currently have 36 years of Past Questions (1,800 Questions for most Subjects). Without a proper planning, it is impossible to exposeyourselftoeachquestion. By now, I assume you have already chosen your three UTME Subjects corresponding with your course of study, howmanyTopics(Chapters)arethereforyoutostudyper subject in the Syllabus? If you have four months (16weeks) to prepare for UTME; for each Subject, divide the Total Number of Topics by the Total Number of Preparation weeks. This will give you the average numberofTopicsyouaretocoverperweek. Letustakesomeillustrations Assume the UTME Subjects: Economics; from the Syllabus, Economics has 24 Topics. With a sixteen week preparation period, Topics per week for Economics = 24 / 16=1.5Topics. This same calculation applies to Past Questions: Total number of past questions for Economics = 36 (having used four years to determine the subject to select for UTME,wehave32yearsleft),PastQuestionperweek=32 /16 = 2 past questions. In summary, you would have to 13 PLAN TO PASS UTME 14 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  16. 16. plan to cover at least 1.5 Topics and 2 Past Questions per weekforEconomicsalone. The same calculation goes for all other subjects. Knowing you have this number of studies to carry out, your time would be properly planned, regulated and your result wellcelebrated! UTME Subjects and Number of Chapters No. Subject Topics 1 Accounting 15 2 Agriculture 47 3 Arts 13 4 Biology 24 5 Chemistry 17 6 Christian Religious Studies 50 7 Commerce 16 8 Economics 24 9 English 3 10 French 4 11 Geography 21 12 Government 30 13 History 42 14 Islamic Religious Studies 20 15 Literature in English 5 16 Mathematics 23 17 Music 27 18 Physics 39 Source: Compiled from JAMB Syllabus, 2013 Two Ways to Approach UTME Past Question There are basically 2 ways you can approach Past Question (PQ) as you read each topic as outlined in the Syllabus. Theyare: 1) Topic-OrientedQuestions 2) Whole-YearOrientedQuestions. Whole-Year Oriented Questions: This approach considers past questions by year, for instance, after studying a topic, you pick a past question say year 2000 and you solve the past question irrespective of the topics covered in the past question. Most of the past questions availablearestructuredasawhole-yearoriented. Topic Oriented Questions: This considers attempting past question by relevant topics. For instance, you just read Population in Economics, Topic oriented Question 15 PLAN TO PASS UTME 16 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  17. 17. focuses on attempting past questions only relevant to the topic just covered. This is actually a preferred approach as it helps you to measure your performance based on what you have just read. Few past questions exist in this format, if you are using past question structured in the usual Whole-Year Oriented type, all you need do is to move from one year to the other searching for relevant topics and answeringthem. If you adopt the Topic-Oriented Question, reserve the most recent four or six years past questions so that few days to the exams having completed the topics as outlined in the Syllabus you can have a whole year testing covering all topics as you would be tested in the real UTME. This would serve as a mock exam, a replica of the real exam. If you follow any of these recommended approaches well, yourUTMEresultwouldbeapositivesurprise,itwouldbe almostpredictable. 17 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  18. 18. Study Begins For UTME Week 4 Study Begins For UTME 4 n order to have effective preparation, Personal Study Time Table (PSTT) is inevitable. I want to assume there are two types of applicants I am addressingIhere; first, those that attend tutorial classes and second, thosethatwillstudypersonally. Whichever of these categories you belong to; a PSTT will help you better prepared for the forthcoming UTME. Four subjects are expected to be listed in your PSTT; for instance, Use of English, Economics, Mathematics and Government. Two subjects per day with a minimum of two hours per subject:, this adds up to at least four hours ofstudytimeperday. Toavoidfatigueandlossofconcentration;yourtwohours of study can be broken down into 50 – 10 – 50 – 10. Study 1 for 50 minutes at a stretch, rest for 10 minutes, study for another 50 minutes and use the last 10 minutes to do a summary of what you have studied so far. Below is a draft PSTTforanapplicantwithfourUTMEsubjects. 19 PLAN TO PASS UTME 20 PLAN TO PASS UTME The beginning is the half of every action. - Proverbs 1 I'm not saying you should sleep; take a break by stretching your legs and arms
  19. 19. PSTT:PersonalStudyTimeTable I’mnotsayingyoushouldsleep;takeabreakbystretchingyourlegsand arms Effective Use Of JAMB Syllabus Following Week 3 discussion on Time Management with Syllabus and Past Question and having interacted with some candidates, this topic became imperative to how well some will perform in the UTME. I have always believed that JAMB didn't just include Syllabus in the JAMB form package because they just wanted; it was included because it is a vital element for achieving excellentresultsintheUTME. Majority who have the Syllabus do not refer to it when studying, as a result they study wide without really focusing on what they will be tested on. If you use the Syllabus regularly, one of the things it helps you to do is to focusontheobjectiveofthetopicaswellashowmuchyou arerequiredtoknowconcerningthesubjectinquestion. I have developed an approach that will help you effectively use the Syllabus; it is called “The Triangle Approach”.YourreadingshouldstartwiththeSyllabus. For instance; if the topic you want to study is Population under the UTME subject Economics, first and foremost, go to the syllabus to see what you are expected to study and to what extent – referring both to the Topics/Contents/NotesandtheObjectivessections.Next, go to your Textbook and read based on the guidelines provided in the syllabus. Some textbooks – especially JAMB recommended – have structured their contents based on the syllabus. This makes the topics easier to study as well as understand. Finally, jot in your Notebook pointsanddefinitionsforfuturereference. Studying this way keeps you abreast of what you are required to know and what you will be tested on. Those who achieve good results in JAMB don't necessarily cover the whole syllabus but they understand quite well the chapters they are able to cover with the help of the syllabus. 21 PLAN TO PASS UTME 22 PLAN TO PASS UTME PSTT
  20. 20. Using UTME Recommended Textbooks In the past, two things usually came with the JAMB form: JAMB Brochure and Syllabus. The Brochure is to guide your choice of School and also Course of study. The Syllabuscontains: a) OutlinesandobjectivesforeachUTMESubject, b) Someexaminationinstructions/guides,and c) A list of recommended Textbooks for each UTME subject. Today, due to technology, at payment of the required fees, you are given a scratch card which gives you access to all the items listed above, but electronically. While it serves some well, majority are at disadvantage because they need to use a computer to access and read the Syllabus and would probably need to print concerned subjects as well. JAMB in her wisdom, having gone through detailed research and study, has listed some textbooks that they think would help candidates prepare adequately for the UTME. Unfortunately most candidates do not pay attentiontothoserecommendedtextbooks. In view of my interactions with some candidates; I have discovered that most candidates prepare for UTME with Senior Secondary School (SSS) textbooks, which are meant for the WAEC/NECO exams. In my curiosity, I placed both syllabi side by side; sincerely, those who follow this route are not doing themselves any good. While it is undisputable that these SSS textbooks are relevant, they are limited in scope as they were not written with UTME in mind. The SSS textbooks were preparedfollowingtheWAEC/NECOsyllabus. 23 PLAN TO PASS UTME 24 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  21. 21. In order to guide you better, I bought some of the recommended textbooks for five subjects to confirm their relevance with the outlines and objectives in the UTME Syllabus. Of particular attention is the series “Exam Focus” textbook which I think is well suited to the UTME syllabus. The chapters are well arranged and ordered in line with the syllabus, I suggest you consider it but most importantly,dosomeextraworkbyensuringthetextbook you are using for preparation is recommended as well as contains topics listed in the Syllabus. You can do this by taking your Syllabus along and check the content of any of the recommended textbooks to ensure they are similar to thesyllabusbeforepurchasingthem. As we look forward to the future weeks, below is a draft plan for your guide (please draft yours), for weekly study aswellaspracticeofpastquestions. Note: UTME has Past Questions from 1978 to 2013; this adds up to 36 years of Past Questions. In order to cover the entire past questions, you need to solve more than one past questionperweek. The chart below was created and used for the UTME 2013/2014: Takeacuefromtheaboveandcreateyoursasaguideforstudy. 25 PLAN TO PASS UTME 26 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  22. 22. Goal Setting Week 5 28 PLAN TO PASS UTME Give yourself something to work toward -- constantly! -Mary Kay Ash
  23. 23. Goal Setting 5 ow that you have been equipped with all that is required to start, please start! It might be slow, Njustgetatit,inashortwhileyouwillgetusedtoit. Thisweek,wearediscussingGoalSetting. Have you ever asked why there are goal posts in football matches? Simple, so that the players may score goals! When there are no goal posts, no goal can be scored. This alsoappliestopreparingandsucceedinginexaminations. As you begin your study, you need to set a goal as regards the score you want to achieve in the UTME. Why is this important? Setting a goal will help you to be more disciplined and adhere to your reading plan. It will also help you to want to pay more attention to achieving the score by putting more effort and commitment to your reading. A good starting point for goal setting is understanding that according to UTME admission criteria into University, Polytechnic and College of Education, your UTME score is expected to be at least 160 or 180 for both Polytechnic and College of Education in order to be considered for the Post UME, while for University it is peggedat180or200. Of a truth, most of the universities do not come as low as 180; in fact some institutions have specific score for different courses. So, you may want to aim higherthan the required minimum of 160 or 180. The higher your UTME score, the better your chance of admission into your schoolofchoiceandcourseofstudy. Let your goal be Specific (S), don’t just set a goal to score above 200 marks, hit the nail on a specific value, say, 230, 250, 280 and why not 320! Set a goal that is Measurable (M),youcanmeasureyourscorebyhowwellyouperform in the weekly Past Questions. Your goal should be Attainable (A), a score that is within your reach. Let your goalbeRealistic(R),setagoalthatisreal,realtoyou.You knowyourselfmorethananyone,andyoualonecantellof your strength. Let your goal be Time-bound (T). For instance; every weekend, I will achieve a score of 265 in mypastquestionpractice.ThatisaSMARTgoal! Some Polytechnics and Colleges of Education peg their cut- off mark at a minimum of 180. 29 PLAN TO PASS UTME 30 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  24. 24. Goal Setting Per UTME Subject What score have you decided to achieve in this examination? I understand that it may sometimes be difficult to come up with a specific score out of 400! Let us break it down into its respective subjects. How do you eat anElephant?Itisassimpleascuttingitbitbybit. This is also the approach that will help you come up with a goal for UTME. Break down the score into the respective four subjects. You are going to be tested on four subjects; say Use of English, Mathematics, Economics and Government. Assuming each subject is rated over 100, what can you score per subject? You can set SMART goal bytestingyourselfwitheachsubjectspastquestions. Whatever score you achieved in each subject, sum all together and that gives you your total score. With the help of the available past questions, you can test yourself weeklyoneachandinallsubjects;bythis,youwillhavean idea of the right goal you should set. Note that your goal can be reviewed – upward or otherwise. Sometimes, candidates belittle their strength in some subjects, however, through continuous and consistent practice; they achieve better results than they had earlier thought. As you practise and notice improvement in your scores, it isnowwisetoraisethebar,stepyourgoalhigherandkeep upwiththegoal. Lastly, set a goal that will challenge you and get you thinking all the time about achieving it. What score, if achieved, will surprise you, your friends and your Parents? Your success in this exam depends more on you thananyoneoranycircumstance. 31 PLAN TO PASS UTME 32 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  25. 25. How To Use The UTME Brochure Week 6 34 PLAN TO PASS UTME All you need is the plan, the road map, and the courage to press on to your destination. - Earl Nightingale
  26. 26. very important guide for selecting institutions, courses and UTME subject combination is the Brochure.QuiteanumberofapplicantsdonotmakeAreference to it while making their respective choices; eventually, when they contravene some of the stated rules, irrespective of their UTME score, they are denied admission. The UTME Brochure contains both special and general requirements of all institutions for courses on offer. General requirements such as minimum of 5 credits in some subjects as applicable to courses and institutions as well as specific requirements such as “UNILAG accept only one sitting” are well stated to guide applicants on their choices. Also, there are specific requirements that relate to what some termed as Science, Arts/Humanities and Social Science subjects. For instance, while the University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN) listed Accounting as a Social Science How To Use The UTME Brochure (1) 6 subject, it is not so for UNILAG, therefore you cannot present Accounting in UNILAG for admission as a Social Science subject. Spend some time on the Brochure and get familiar with both general and specific requirements as it relatestoyourcourseandinstitutionofchoice. As you read deeper into the UTME brochure, you will discover such terms as “Accepts/does not Accept”, “Requires”, “Not more than Two sittings”, “Credit Pass”, “Accepts two Arts/Science/Social science Subjects”, “in lieu of”, etc. These terms, though often ignored, are sometimesthedecidingfactorsforadmission. How To Use The UTME Brochure (2) The chart above is used to explain some of the terms identified earlier in the UTME Brochure and how to use it properly in selecting your Institution, Course as well as UTMESubjects. a) Course/Degree Awarding Institutions: Listed under here are the Courses and the Institutions where the Coursesareavailableforstudy. b) Direct Entry: Requirements for those who will be seekingadmissionthroughA-Level,ONDorNCE 35 PLAN TO PASS UTME 36 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  27. 27. c) UTME: This is applicable to those using NABTEB, WAEC, NECO (as well as their respective GCE). Credit pass meansyoumusthaveatleastaC inlistedsubjects.6 d) UTME Subjects: This is where you are required to select the subjects to be tested in the UTME. Refer to each institution subject categorization in order to know which subjectsarecategorizedasScience,ArtsorSocialScience. e) Special Consideration (Waver) Remarks: Whatever is stated here, overrides what is stated under Direct Entry, UTME and UTME Subjects column. If it was stated under UTME that “with at least a Pass in Mathematics is required” and an institution says “All subjects must be at credit pass”, this means the candidates must possess a credit grade in Mathematics before he can be considered foradmissioninthatinstitution. f) “Requires”: – if an institution says “requires a Subject at credit level”, it means it is compulsory to have at least a creditgradeinthesubject. g) “Accepts”: – “BENIN accepts Agric”, this means Agric is acceptableinBENIN. h) “In lieu of”: – This is when a subject is acceptable in place of another. It usually applies to subjects in the same category; for instance, some institutions accept Agric in placeofBiologyorCommerceinplaceofEconomics. 37 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  28. 28. Selecting The Right Subject Combination Week 7 he Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) offer applicants the opportunity to select 4 institutions – University, Polytechnic, College ofTEducation and Innovation Enterprise Institute. Similarly, they are expected to select at most 4 courses. Selecting institutions as well as courses does not pose much problem and confusion but the selection of three Subjects thataretherequirementsofthese4Courses. Applicants are sometimes denied admission because of wrong combination of UTME subjects that did not match the course for which they are seeking admission. The two approaches for making the right subjects combination choiceare; a) Selecting Courses based on your areas of strength in each UTME subject: (refer to Week 1) If the three UTME subjects for which you have best scores (either in WAEC, NECO – GCE – or during the practice of UTME past questionsareEconomics,GovernmentandHistory,allyou Selecting The Right Subject Combination 7 40 PLAN TO PASS UTME 41 PLAN TO PASS UTME The key to your universe is that you can choose. -Frederick (Carl) Frieseke
  29. 29. need to do is select courses that require these three subjects as UTME subjects. You will definitely score far above200marks. b) Selecting courses and looking for matching UTME subjects: This second approach requires deeper concentration and possibly a third eye to help you validate your choice. Select the courses you wish to study (in University, Polytechnic and College of Education), Identify all their UTME Subjects, then pick the three subjectsthatarecommontoallcoursesandinstitutions. 42 PLAN TO PASS UTME List your selected Courses with their corresponding UTME Subjects: Selecting UTME Subject UTME Subjects for Course Selected in: Your 3 UTME Subjects Institution University Subject 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6… "Your UTME Subjects are the 3 Subjects that is common to ALL Institutions & Courses selected" Polytechnic Subject 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6… College of Education Subject 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6… Innovation Enterprise Institute Subject 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6… Subject 1: Subject 2: Subject 3: Institution
  30. 30. Admission Guidelines Into Nigerian Universities Week 8 Admission Guidelines Into Nigerian Universities 8 he Federal Government guidelines for admissions into tertiary institutions are based on 45% Merit, 35% Catchment/Locality and 20% EducationallyTLessDevelopedStates. Explanation: Merit: The government mandates schools to admit 45% of their candidates on merit. Candidates with very high scores in UTME/post-UTME each year are given first consideration in their institution of choice before other candidates. Catchment Areas: To give equal opportunities to all applicants, the States of the Federation are grouped into Catchment areas of each Tertiary Institution. It is also called Locality which, in most cases, is the geographical and/or socio-cultural areas contiguous to the institution candidates apply to. Consideration is given to students who fall within the Catchment area of the Tertiary Institution. 44 PLAN TO PASS UTME 45 PLAN TO PASS UTME The law helps those who watch, not those who sleep. - Proverbs
  31. 31. Some Institutions have all the states of the Federation as their Catchment area while state-owned Institutions have indigenes of the states as their Catchment area. According to the admission guidelines, thirty-five percent (35%) of the available spaces are reserved for applicants from such statesorlocality. Educationally Less Developed States (ELDS): Certain states are considered educationally less developed or disadvantaged. The following states are considered Educationally Less Developed or Disadvantaged States (ELDS): Adamawa, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Ebonyi, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Kastina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, and Zamfara. Candidates from these states are given special concession foradmission. Check Appendix A for Schools and their Catchment Areas. 46 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  32. 32. Other References Beside The JAMB Brochure Week9 Other References Beside The JAMB Brochure 9 AMB Brochure, though the official reference and guide for use by applicants, the National University JCommission (NUC), National Board for Technical Education (NBTE) and National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) are the regulatory bodies in charge of Universities, Polytechnics and Colleges of Education in Nigeria. JAMB being one of the Agencies under the Ministry of Education; works hand-in-hand with these three bodies on matters of legality of institutions, courses and admission requirements. For instance, the NUC dictates the admission quota of each institution/course based on their carrying capacity. It also sometimes suspends license of institutions and disaccredits courses in some institutions which may not reflect in the JAMB brochure. On one occasion, some applicants chose UNILAG to study Economics Education which at that time had not been accredited but was listed in the JAMB brochure for that year. On getting to UNILAG they were surprised to hear that the course was not listed for admission for that 48 PLAN TO PASS UTME 49 PLAN TO PASS UTME Principles and rules are intended to provide a thinking man with a frame of reference. - Carl von Clausewitz
  33. 33. year, more painful was the fact that the candidates had over 270inUTME. It is on this basis that applicants are encouraged to go some extra mile in order to ascertain that the course for which they are seeking admission has not been disaccredited by theregulatorybodies–NUC,NBTE&NCCE. Also, some courses are on partial-accreditation, it will be disheartening to be told you cannot continue your study/course because your course did not pass for full accreditation.AcaseinpointwasUniversityofAbuja,where some students were already in their final year before they were asked to seek admission elsewhere since their school didnotpassaccreditation. Beside the regulatory bodies, the institutions are good sources of information. For instance, in order to study Actuarial Science in UNILAG you are expected to have Further Mathematics at credit level, however this is not stated in the JAMB Brochure, therefore a prospective applicant who depends only on the brochure would be disappointed. Another source of information site is the institutions’ website; if it exists some usually display admission information there. Finally, if you can take some time to visit your institution of choice and your prospective department to enquire if there are other requirements besides those stated in the brochure. The more informed youare,thelessthesurprisesyouwillmeet. 50 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  34. 34. NUC Admission Quota For Universities Week10 s much as it is important to study well for the UTME2013; it is also good to make informed Adecision as regards the University, Polytechnic or College of Education where you wish to study. The National University Commission (NUC) has admission quota for each University – Private, State and Federal – based on available resources (personnel and infrastructure)intheuniversity. Therefore, irrespective of your score, some schools are unable to accommodate all the applicants. This is one of the reasons why cut-off marks vary for schools as well as the possibility that someone with lesser UTME score is offered admission in one school while the one with a higherUTMEscoreisdeniedadmissioninanotherschool. For the 2011/2012 sessions, the NUC released the admission quota so that universities can be guided on the number of applicants they can admit. Schools with more candidates and few admission spaces are usually very competitive. NUC Quota For Universities 10 52 PLAN TO PASS UTME 53 PLAN TO PASS UTME You must welcome change as the rule but not as your ruler. - Denis Waitley
  35. 35. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (Applicants - 60,684, Quota–6,888), Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (Applicants - 65,651,Quota–5,978) University Of Benin, Benin City (Applicants - 80,216, Quota–6,100) University Of Ibadan, Ibadan (Applicants - 40,543, Quota–5,720) UniversityOfIlorin,Ilorin(Applicants-78,264,Quota –5,514) University Of Lagos (Applicants - 84,324, Quota – 6,500) University Of Nigeria, Nsukka (Applicants - 79,840, Quota–5,970) University Of Port-Harcourt (Applicants - 48,848, Quota–5,522) University Of Uyo, Uyo (Applicants - 45,851, Quota – 5,046) This information will help to guide applicants on the school they select, know how competitive the school is as well as inspire them to study more in order to realize theiradmissiondreams. See Appendix C for UTME Application for 2011/2012, 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 Academic Sessions and the 2011/2012 sessions Admission Quota. 54 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  36. 36. Between CBT, PBT and Dual Mode Week11 Between CBT, PBT and Dual Mode 11 s registration for UTME continues, it is important to remind you again that you can write your exams in Aany of these testing modes; Computer-based testing (CBT), Paper-based testing (PBT) and Dual mode (computer/paper-based testing – CBT/PBT). Despite the introduction of CBT in 2012, most applicants still prefer the traditionalPBT. It is important you select the mode that you are well comfortable with. Examination time is not when you are to learn how to use a computer, so if you know you are not proficientintheuseofacomputersystem,itisbetteryouuse PBT. As you decide on which of these testing modes is proper for you, remember not to follow the bandwagon effect. Your friends may be familiar with CBT, it does not matter, ensure you make a choice based on the personal knowledge of your ability to proficiently use the selected testing mode in order to maximize your time to achieve the best result. Peradventure you are still not sure of which toselect, stick to thetraditionalPBT. 56 PLAN TO PASS UTME 57 PLAN TO PASS UTME Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts. - Winston Churchill
  37. 37. JAMB Is Not The Only Way Week12 60 PLAN TO PASS UTME If you change the way you look at things, the things you look at change. - Wayne Dyer
  38. 38. JAMB Is Not The Only Way 12 his week, we are focusing on the several ways to tertiary education. Admission through JAMB is the mostcommonandwellknown,butitisnottheonlyTway. An adage in Nigeria (Yoruba) says “There are many ways that lead to the market”. However, admission through JAMB ranks highest among others – Direct Entry, DiplomaandRemedial. a) Direct Entry: Applicants, who already have A-Levels or have gone to polytechnic and obtained an Ordinary National Diploma (OND), or attended Colleges of Education and obtained a National Certificate in Education(NCE),can usethisforadmissioninto200Level in a university where direct entry applies. Also, some who have Higher National Diploma (HND), seek admission to 300Levelinuniversity. b) Diploma: Is a one-year programme organized by respective university for admission into 200Level having secured a minimum grade point as decided by the universityforeachcourse. c) Remedial/Foundation (Pre-NCE, Pre-ND, Pre- Degree): A one year programme for admission into 100Level. The pre-degree programme is designed to be an intensive coaching curriculum that aims at preparing senior high school graduates (senior secondary) for universityeducation. Though all applicants still need to register through JAMB, but their admission decision depends on their performanceinDE,DiplomaandRemedialprogramme. The University of Ibadan, in its 2012/2013 sessions, offered 2,989 candidates admission out of which 615 were through Direct Entry. Also, of the over 7,500 that were offered admission in the same session by UNILAG, over2000werethroughDE/Diploma/Remedial. 61 PLAN TO PASS UTME 62 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  39. 39. Difference Between UTME & WAEC/NECO Week13 64 PLAN TO PASS UTME Success depends upon previous preparation, and without such preparation there is sure to be failure. - Confucius
  40. 40. Difference Between UTME & WAEC/NECO 13 ur discussion centers on differences between UTME and WAEC/NECO. The prerequisite for Owriting UTME is the Ordinary Level (O-Levels) certificate results in five subjects – for majority of the schools, at least five subjects at credit level including Mathematics and English Language. It is therefore assumedthateveryonewritingUTMEhasalreadywritten andpassedWAEC/NECOatonesitting,atleast. WAEC/NECO comes in Objectives, Theories and for some subjects, Practical question formats. However, UTME comes in only objective question format, where you are expected to select only one correct answer from five optionsA,B,C,DandE.Inordertomaximizethetotaltime given for the exam duration of 3 hours, 30minutes; candidates are expected to select only the correct answersasquicklyaspossible. Majority of the candidates waste a lot of time solving the calculation aspect of the questions, especially the Sciences – Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics – and others like Economics, Accounting, etc. It is important to note that the steps taken to arrive at your answers are not taken into consideration as there exists nowhere to show your workings to the examiner, therefore, as much as possible skip steps in order to arrive at your answers on time. Unlike in WAEC/NECO where steps followed to arrive at answers are more important than the answers, UTMEonlyconsidersyourfinalanswerirrespectiveofthe stepstaken. Therefore, in as much as your steps are important, ensure youpicktherightanswer.Thisrequiresyourfullattention and concentration as using a ‘1’ in place of a ‘2’ would totally affect your final answer – and unfortunately, both answers will be in the options. Whenever you discover a particularquestionistakingtoomuchofyourtimeleaveit immediately for another question. The Past Question is a good study material to practise with and master the act of answering UTME question. They are very helpful and are highlyrecommended. 65 PLAN TO PASS UTME 66 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  41. 41. Collaboration & Synergy Week14 68 PLAN TO PASS UTME Unity is strength, when there is teamwork and collaboration, wonderful things can be achieved. - Mattie Stepanek
  42. 42. Collaboration & Synergy 14 owhaveyoubeenstudyingfortheUTME?Areyou doing a self-study approach, attending a tutorial class, or still in secondary school or other tertiaryHinstitution relying on your teachers or are you combining some of the methods listed above? The method chosen is not as important as the commitment and discipline you putintothestudy. In reality, you can only do as much as you are determined to do. However, in order to succeed both in real life and in examinations, you need to use other people's 'head' or knowledge. Simply put, you need to collaborate and synergize with like-minded friends and tap from what theyknowtoaugmentwhatyouknow.Thisiswhatalotof candidatesdoin the exam hallsand theyarepenalizedfor, of course such collaboration is against exam ethics. However, you can do this extensively well without query beforeenteringtheexamhall. To achieve a better result, look for friends who are also writing UTME, most especially those with same UTME subjects as yours. Collaborate to complement one another where either may be lacking. Arrange for personal study time and practice solving questions together.Aspopularlysaid,onecandefeatathousand,but two would put ten thousand to flight. I encourage you to find at least one or two candidates who are also sitting for the next UTME either in your class, tutorial centre or neighbourhood in order to collaborate for a better result. Remember,twogoodheads,theysay,arebetterthanone! GreatWaystoStudy By now, we are drawing closer to the UTME; with the help of JAMB Syllabus, Recommended Textbooks and Past Questions, you should be able to know how well you are faring. If you have already set goals per subject; you should be able to tell by now how far, close or know if those goals are actually achievable. Goals can be adjusted, whether upward or downward, the important thing is that you are making efforts to push towards your goals. Don't because of failures in two or three attempts abandon your goal. You might just need to concentrate more as well as associate with friends who can spur you ontoglory.Let’slookatsomegreatwaystostudy. a. Summary: Is usually the last part of a chapter. It contains, sometimes, bullet points loaded with the main ideaofthechapter.Readthesummaryasmuchasyoucan. b. Read in Layers: You read certain sentences and test yourself on your memory recall....if you fail, go back and 69 PLAN TO PASS UTME 70 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  43. 43. checkwhereyoumissitandcontinue.Theruleis: c. Read the first sentence of each paragraph – becauseitisthetopicsentence. i. Read any sentence with bold/italicized/underlined prints ii. Readanyothersentencethatseemsimportant,even ifitisnotwiththetwoqualitiesabove iii. It is not a substitute to read the whole chapter or topic. It helps you during the preview before or after reading. d. Outlining: Use acronyms; turn what you read into outlines, it helps to do your review at the last minute reading. OtherGreatWaystoStudy We are looking at four more items on great ways to study, theyare; a) The2,1,0Method, b) Reducing, c) Highlightingand d) Flashcards. The 2, 1, 0 Method: It is a method that helps students test their level of understanding of a section of a chapter before proceeding to the next section. This method helps assimilation by self-evaluation from a 0 (zero) which represents terrible recall of what you just read to a “1” which is okay – i.e. 50% - and a “2” which is good representing over 70% recall. This method is more applicable to definite headings with lots of factual contents. Reducing: As the name implies, Students reconstruct what they read as much as possible with topic words making sure that what they have constructed makes sensewhenreadinisolation. Highlighting: Highlight the important and factual sentences or statements, also ensure that they sound meaningfulwhenreadin isolation.Highlighting helpsyou remember easily. Do not highlight entire sentences if they are too long or just topic words. Highlighting saves times when you are doing last minute review. It also draws your attentionto what is important following previous reading exercises. Flashcards: They are useful for definitions or vocabulary development. It also comes handy when learning to remember formula. Do not clog too much definition on a card, as much as possible maintain related definition or formula per card. During practice, write a plus sign (+) if you recall a definition or formula immediately and a minus if you recall it after a while or not at all. When you areabletorecalla definitionorformulathrice(3times)at different times/days, it shows you have mastered that definition or formula, you can safely keep aside the flash cardandmoveontoothers. 71 PLAN TO PASS UTME 72 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  44. 44. TV Addiction Responsible for Low Scores Week15 74 PLAN TO PASS UTME I find television very educating. Every time somebody turns on the set, I go into the other room and read a book. - Groucho Marx
  45. 45. TV Addiction Responsible for Low Scores 15 t is important you identify and make effort to eliminate those things that hinder your concentration and de- focus you from achieving the best score you can achieveI 1 in examinations. Television has been identified as a major culprit responsible for why candidates perform low in examinationsandtheUTMEisnotanexception. Extensive studies have been carried out on the impact of TV on students' intelligence; it was discovered that the number of hours students watched TV was a single predictor of low grades – a better predictor than parents' low educational achievement, insufficient time spent in school, insufficient time spent with family, and a host of other negative factors. Researchers have identified five explanations why TV reducesstudents’intelligence: 1. TV eats up students’ time that would otherwise have been used to study or read for pleasure – Harvard investigators (1951). Prof. George Comstock of Syracuse University wrote in 1999, “Learning to read is often a difficulthard work,whereas television viewing is comparatively undemanding. We are all tempted to watch television instead of mastering reading, and those who succumb will be permanently impaired scholastically”. 2. TV makes you sleepy. Not only do people stay up past their bedtime watching TV, watching TV during the previous day or evening produces shortened sleep duration and daytime sleepiness – Brown University. (1999) 3. TV quick cuts alleviate the need to concentrate. The average length of a shot on network television is only 3.5seconds, “so that the eye never rests, always has something new to see.” – New York University’s Neil PostmanReports.(1985) 4. TV impedes imagination. Watching a range of television shows – from cartoons to educational television – depresses the students' subsequent creativity scores. “Children accustomed to heavy television viewing processboththeauditoryandthevisualcuesaffordedby that medium simultaneously,” they write, “and may become lax in generating their own images” when reading or listening to a story. – Harvard Prof. Dorothy SingerandJeromeSinger(1982) 5. TV acts on the brain to suppress mental activity. The wave the brain generates while watching even the most excitingshowsarethoseoflowattentionstates. (TheChildandTVDrama,1982) 1 TV here refer to media such as Social Media, multimedia Gamesand excessive Internet usage 75 PLAN TO PASS UTME 76 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  46. 46. Structure of the Use of English Examination Week16 78 PLAN TO PASS UTME A successful man is one who can lay a firm foundation with the bricks others have thrown at him. - David Brinkley
  47. 47. 16Structure of the Use of English Examination his week, let’ discuss The Structure of the Use of English Examination since it is a compulsory subjectforallcandidates.TAccording to the JAMB syllabus, the Use of English examinationisdividedintotwosections. a) SectionA:Comprehensive/Summaryand b) SectionB:Lexis,StructureandOralForms. SECTIONA:Comprehension/Summary (a) 2 Comprehension passages (10 questions in all, 3 markseach)=30marks (b)I Closepassage (10questionsinall,2markseach)=20 marks (c) 2 Texts (The Potter’s Wheel 10 questions -15 marks andTheSuccessors5questions-10marks)=25marks SECTIONB:Lexis,StructureandOralForms (a) Sentence interpretation (10 questions in all, 2 marks each)=20marks (b) Antonyms (opposite in meaning - 10 questions in all, 1 markeach)=10marks (c) Synonyms (same in meaning - 10 questions in all, 1 markeach)=10marks (d) Sentence completion (fill in the gap - 20 questions in all,1markeach)=20marks (e) Oral forms (15 questions in all, 1 mark each) =15 marks Total:100questions=150marks A total mark obtainable is 150; however, candidates will be rated on a score of 100. The conversion formula is not made public by JAMB but that should not be much of worriestocandidateswhohavepreparedappropriately. 79 PLAN TO PASS UTME 80 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  48. 48. Why UTME Results Surprises Candidates Week17 82 PLAN TO PASS UTME Success is a science; if you have the conditions, you get the result. - Oscar Wilde
  49. 49. 17Why UTME Results Surprises Candidates his week, let’s observe one basic root of candidates’ displeasure with their UTME results. Earlier, I explained the benefits of using PastTQuestions to validate your level of assimilation of topics you have studied; the point is past question gives you an ideaofwhatyouarelikelytomeetintheexamination. However, a lot of candidates do not study or prepare for exams with past questions, so it is either they don’t have it or they don’t use it as expected. I have written many examinations, both academic and professional, and one thing I have found sure and certain is that my experience in solving past questions has given me an excellent edge suchthatnoquestionintheexaminationtookmebymuch surprise. It is either I have seen it before or something verysimilar. Now it is one thing to use past questions, it is another to measure your growth and pass rate with past questions. I have already discussed how to read with past questions, refer to the earlier weeks. The bone of contention here is how to use past questions to measure how well you are preparing. If you have been following week by week, by now you should have treated about 10 years of past questions. Question, what has been your score in each practice? Some are fond of throwing away their score at the end of every practice, most especially when the score is below expectation, if you do this, how do you know if the score you achieve today is better than that of last week? How do you measure if you are actually growing and moving towards your set goals? My candid advice is that you keep the scores and use them to know if you are getting better astheexamdrawscloser. Forinstance,ifyouscore3,4,7outof10possiblemarksin three different attempts of solving past questions on a subject, it is a good sign that you are getting better by the day. You are able to see this because you kept the previous scores and are able to compare them with the current scores. It is also an indication that you will achieve better than 50% in the exam. The truth is, if you have consistently been scoring about 7 out of 10 marks; it is an indication that you can achieve about 60 to 70% in the examproper. Ifthescoreyougetinpracticeisfarlessthanyourgoaland expectation, it is an indication that you need to spend 83 PLAN TO PASS UTME 84 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  50. 50. more time studying and also seek help from others who know better. If you practice diligently the past questions for each subject, your UTME score would almost be predictable as you would have noticed a pattern in your score during practice. Remember, “Practice makes perfect”. 85 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  51. 51. arlier in this series, we discussed Goal Setting and Goal Setting per Subject. The purpose is to have a target you are working towards as well as definiteEscore required in each subject. Based on past recommendations, that the use of Past Questions is very helpful to reviewing your goal in order to know how well you are measuring up, I will like to add that you do this on aweeklybasis. By now, you should already have an idea of the score you consistently get when you practise with past questions. I once asked one of the candidates who followed this series online his scores. He confirmed that he had been able to progress from scoring a little over 40% to scoring over 70% in three of the UTME subjects while the fourth still revolvesaround50to60%. ThisisactuallythepurposeofGoalSetting.Whenyouseta goal and you don't review how well you are performing, the goal is hardly achieved. Goal setting helps and keeps you on track. It makes you focus on measuring up to a standard you have set. If you haven't set a goal yet, it is not Review Your Goal Week18 18Review Your Goal (1) 88 PLAN TO PASS UTME 89 PLAN TO PASS UTME As you reach your goals, set new ones. That is how you grow and become a more powerful person. - Les Brown
  52. 52. too late to have one now! It is as simple as deciding the score you want to achieve in the exam, then break down the score into the four UTME subjects. For instance; A UTMEscoreof263couldbedividedasfollows: UseofEnglish=63, Government=65, Economics=69and French=66. Having set a target for each subject, then ensure that when you practice with Past Questions. You put in your best toachieveascorethatisatleastequaltothegoalyou have set. If at first you fall far below your target, don't be discouraged to reduce the target, as time proceeds you will get better if you keep at your study. Keep a track of your scores so that you can measure your progress and howwellyouaredoing. As you progress, you will know which subject requires more study time and also for which you need to seek externalsupportfromfriendsorseniorassociates. Those who set goals score goals if they keep firing at thegoalpost.Setyourgoalandaimatachievingit. Review Your Goal (2) till on the topic “Review Your Goal”; in the game of football, it is a contest of a minimum of 1hour S45minutes–45minutesforeachhalfand15minutes of rest. Some teams that trailed behind in goals during the first half sometimes turned games around and eventually wonbecauseofthemagicinthe15minutesofrest. Trust me, resting for 15minutes couldn't have been the game changer. It isn't really about the rest; it is about reviewing their style of play in the previous 45minutes that made the difference. The coach probably reviewed with the Team how they had fared so far, may be, asked some players to change roles, made some changes or 90 PLAN TO PASS UTME 91 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  53. 53. informed some players to be more team oriented – this is the magic! The coach basically reviewed the first 45minutes and that determined the outcome of the next 45minutes. Similarly, reviewing your UTME goals could determine the outcome of your UTME performance. You may not have a physical coach to tell you how you have performed so far, but you indeed have one in the name of UTME Past Questions. If you have been practising, it must have already informed you of which subject and topics you need to adjust your study time. You have to be sincere to maketherightadjustment,now! If the coach has dutifully informed the player to make specific changes, it is fair enough for the player to yield in order to achieve the desired result for himself and for the Team. In this scenario, you are the Player and the Past Question is the coach, let it guide you. Whatever the coach says is a feedback on how you have performed so far, irrespective of how the first half has been. If you make the rightchanges,yourvictoryissurelyassured–foryourself, your family and much more seeing your admission dream cometrue. Affirmation of Success here are many rules to success. Some are general – anybody can apply them and achieve similar results – while some are detailed and specific. YouTneed to do this in exact proportion and exactly as prescribed.Likemedications,youneedtosticktotherule. I have written several examinations; formal and informal. School-based, seminar, training, etc. I have also written some that are international and for professional advancement and I have achieved considerable success in allusingfewexamsuccesstips. 92 PLAN TO PASS UTME 93 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  54. 54. Some of them I have already shared in the course of this series and sincerely they never fail. This has made me to assume some fail-proof posture that gives me some level of certainty that every exam is a done deal. I am not worried about if I would pass, I am only concerned about hitting the target I set for exams and more often I achieve great results because I follow what works for me – all the time. Amongst many, I will share one that you can add to what you already have. It is: Congratulate yourself everyday before the exam. Yes, it is that simple. Write something like “Congrats, You Passed!” “Well done, You made it!” etc. put this message where you can see and read it often and carry that consciousness with you everywhere and also whenyoustudy.Itislikeconsciouslybuildingsuccessinto your subconscious mind and affirming it in writing what youwanttoreceiveaftertheexam. This week, let everything about you reflect this message. Make it your anthem, sing it to yourself,read it by yourself and believe in it for yourself. Sometimes, people don’t get what they deserve; they get what they unconsciously expect. Build this congratulatory message into your consciousness and as you exert your physical effort to achieve success, your subconscious would agree with your effort and give you what you truly expect– good success. Congratulations! 94 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  55. 55. Week19 Enter the Examination Mood s we get closer to the examination date, it is also important to be psychologically ready for the day. AThis preparation starts with simulating the exam environment as much as possible when you practise with past questions and this is all about proper time management. Initially in the series, I had discussed Time Management asitrelatestocoveringtheSyllabusTopicsandObjectives for the examination. Here time management refers to understanding that the UTME is expected to be completed in 3 hours 30minutes (210minutes) for the four Subjects which is 250 Questions (Use of English = 100questions,otherSubjects=50questionseach). With this information and to prepare yourself psychologically for the examination, endeavour to set aside exactly 3 hours 30minutes for the practice of past questions. Better still, you could attempt to divide the 210minutes by five Subjects (remember Use of English is 100 questions), this comes to 42minutes per subject. The 19Enter The Examination Mood 96 PLAN TO PASS UTME 97 PLAN TO PASS UTME The surest way not to fail is to determine to succeed. - Richard Brinsley Sheridan
  56. 56. Use of English being 100 questions should be assigned 84minutes (1hour 24minutes) while each of the remainingthreesubjectsget42minutes. My question to you is; "can you solve 50 questions in 42minutes"? This implies that passing UTME requires more than knowingthe answer; you also need to be fast in the process. The first thing is that you need to know the correct answers and also very important is that you must know the fastest route to choosing the correct answers. Yourresponsibilityinthislastfewweeksistoperfectyour speed on each subject individually and the whole subjects collectively. Useyourmobilephonealarmoranalarmclocktopractise past questions of each subject with the alarm set to 42minutes for a subject and see how well you perform. YouareboththeCoachandtheonebeingcoached.Besure to stop whatever you are doing immediately the alarm rings and continue the process until you are able to beat thetime. If you sincerely keep to it; in no time you will be self- conscious of not wasting too much time on a question and eventually become better at managing yourself in the UTME examproper. Managing Your Time In The Examination Hall If candidates have meticulously and consistently practised time management during the practice of past questions; managing their time well during the examination would not pose any serious problem. It is more painful to find out after an examination that questions left unanswered are simpler than the ones you answered and probably are not even sure if the answers arecorrect. Practising proper time management prepares you psychologically for the examination even before entering the examination hall. We have already established that three UTME subjects are allotted an approximate 42minuteseach,whiletheUseofEnglishis84minutes.To conveniently answer 50 questions in 42minutes implies that; on the average, you are required to spend at most 50.4seconds to answer a question. This means as soon as youarespendingmorethan50secondsononequestionit istimetoleaveitforanotherquestion.Thisisparticularly applicable to the sciences – Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry – where you sometimes have to do some calculations. 98 PLAN TO PASS UTME 99 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  57. 57. As you put finishing touches to your study, practise the shortestroutetoanswereveryquestionsoastomaximize your time effectively and efficiently during the examination.Remember,50secondsmakeonequestion. 100 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  58. 58. Test Taking Strategies Week 20 20Test Taking Strategies t is time to develop a strategy on how to answer the UTME questions. Sometimes, answers from the questions’ options jump at you even beforeIcompleting the stem. However you must exercise caution, be patient enough to read through before making up your mind. This is why you need a strategy that works, it is a good time to develop a test-taking strategy and also put the strategy to test before the exam so you can stick to whatworksbestforyou. TherearethreewaysyoucanapproachanyObjectivetest: a) Work from beginning to end, answering every question in order. Answer every single question, even if youhavetoguess. b) Answer the easy questions first, then go back and workontheharderquestions c) Answer the hardest questions first, then go back andanswertheeasyones None of these test-taking methods is right or wrong. However, with just 50seconds to a question, the second 102 PLAN TO PASS UTME 103 PLAN TO PASS UTME You may not be interested in strategy, but strategy is interested in you. - Leon Trotsky
  59. 59. method works best. If you decide to use this strategy, answer the easiest questions first, then go back to figure out the most difficult ones. In the course of answering the questions, there are possibilities that you may not be able to make up your mind on some questions, put a checkmark(x)nexttosuchquestions.Whenyougettothe end of the section, go back to the beginning of the section and start answering the items you skipped. Always remember that a section i.e. one UTME Subject is 42minutes. Per adventure you decide to go by the first approach; also remember that you have limited time, be cautious enough not to spend too much time on a question because you want to get all the questions right. As soon as you are spending 45 to 50 seconds on a question it is wise to leave it for the next question. The last approach is applicable wheretimingisnotachallenge.However,youcanpractise eachandsticktowhatworksbestforyou. Take Mock UTME (1) Whether this exam is your first attempt or not, it should not be your first experience. One thing I have noticed with peoplewhogoforexamsisthattheirfirstexperiencewith the exam is when they sit for it in the exam hall. They have not had any form of simulated contact with the exam before entering the exam hall. This is one of the reasons whyUTMEpastquestionisveryimportant. Past questionsaresupposedtobeusedtopractiseseveral times simulating exam conditions while preparing for the exam. It allows you to make amendable mistakes that will not be taken against you. Any shortcomings during your practice is usually not much of a concern but they provide vital feedback that would make you prepare better and achieve better result. We already know that the UTME is 3 hours 30minutes; you can take mock examinations with theaimoffinishingbeforethestipulatedtime. A stop watch, alarm clock or alarm from your mobile phonewillserveasyourtimer.Itisimportantyoutakethe mocks at 3 hours 30 minutes stretch, no stopping for distractions. Your phone should be switched off and you also get the cooperation of family members. If there are outstandingorlikelyerrandsyouneedtorun,itiswiserto run those errands or other chores before starting the 3hours30minutesexercise. 104 PLAN TO PASS UTME 105 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  60. 60. Also, inform your parents or guardians so they are aware you would need the next four hours for some practice. Better still; wake up in the night when others are definitelyintheirdreamlandsandpractise. Now, it is a matter of sincerity that you should keep to the stipulated time. I must say that you might get a shocking result at the first attempt but don't be discouraged, keep to it and hopefully by the third or fourth trial, you should noticesomeimprovements.Dothisforatleasttwotimesa week; that is equivalent of six past questions for each subject. At the end of the mock exercises, you should have anideaofhowwellyouwillperformintherealexam. By now, we should be closer to the examination – let your mindbeatrest–thisgivesyouroomtocatchupwhereyou may be lagging behind. I want to believe the Mock UTME has given you some signals about how you have prepared. It is not yet time to rest; this week, take more mock UTME because you would need all the experience in the real examination. Have you ever imagined how many seconds it takes to complete the 100meter race? It is less than 10seconds. But do you know it takes years, months, weeks and daily practicetobeabletocompletea100meterdistanceinless than 10seconds. Most people cannot dare the 100meter Take Mock UTME (2) race, but those who do have taken painstaking efforts to discipline themselves over a period of time such that they have compressed thousand hours of practices to a performanceoflessthan10seconds. Those who sit for WAEC, have compressed six years of practiceandpreparationtojustfewhoursofperformance in each subject. Undergraduates compress 14 weeks of academic activities to sit for an exam that takes less than 3hours. If you started this series with me, you will be compressing over five months of preparation to just 3hours 30minutes of performance. You have heard it takes two minutes to prepare Indomie, however you will agree that it definitely requires a lot of time to produce, package and deliver Indomie to stores. All of this is just to letyouknowthatalotgoesintopreparation. Finally; as you take more mock UTME this week, be very conscious of your timing. What lessons have you learnt? What were the causes of your delays in your last trials? What have you noticed worked for you greatly? What score-trend have you noticed? In which subject do you perform lowest? Probably you need more practice in that subject in order to bring up your score. Friends, do all that youcanthisweekasyouaimhigherfortheultimategoal– admission! 106 PLAN TO PASS UTME 107 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  61. 61. Examination Centre Week21 110 PLAN TO PASS UTME Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any other. - Abraham Lincoln
  62. 62. 21Examination Centre opefully by now, you would have been informed of your examination centre, it is important you take time to visit the examination centre. It is notHa surprise to know that quite a number of candidates would be searching for the exact location of their examination centres on the day of the examination. The problem is that they thought they knew the location or it sounded familiar. However they could have saved themselves the stress by taking a day out to find out the location. Searching for examination centre on the day of examination could be very destabilizing; first, you are trying to locate the centre, second, you are also thinking about the examination. About a year ago; I wrote a professional exam which held on a Saturday. A Saturday before the exam I decided to go and search for the venue in order to know exactly how many minutes/hours it would take from my house to the place. I was able to determine how long it would take me to get to the exam centre by public transportation or if I decide to drive down to the place. This gave me a good idea of the time I shouldleavemyhousefortheexaminationhall. Onthedayoftheexam,Igotupveryearlyandgotthereon time far before the examination began, hence my psychological composition was in a perfect state just waiting for the exam to start. You can also do the same for the UTME. Take some time a week before and visit your exam centre; know exactly how long it would take to get there and possible alternative routes to the centre as this would ensure you arrive at the venue on time and be well settledbeforetheexamstarts. 111 PLAN TO PASS UTME 112 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  63. 63. Week22 Handling Your Answer Sheet (Shading Paper) 114 PLAN TO PASS UTME A bird doesn't sing because it has an answer, it sings because it has a song. - Lou Holtz
  64. 64. 22Handling Your Answer Sheet (Shading Paper) ome of the failures experienced in JAMB are not due to applicants' low intelligent quotient (IQ) but how Ssome candidates handle their Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) sheet otherwise known as answer sheet. These candidates are usually categorized among thosewithinvalidandincompleteresults.In2011;28,069 candidates had invalid or incomplete results. In 2010, it was 82,000 – this is automatic disqualification - wasted time,effortandmoney. Follow these steps to ensure due care when dealing with yourOMRsheet: DonotbendthecornersofyourOMRsheet. Donotcrumple,squeezeorfoldthesheet. Placeyoursheetonaflatsurfacesoyoudonotdamage itwhileshading. Do not press hard on the sheets while shading such thatbumpsappearontheotherside. Ensurethatthesheetiscompletelyflatatalltimes. Do not accept or use any sheets where the dark rectangles along the left edge are faint or are not sharplydefined. The circles/boxes on the Sheet should be filled with duecare Do not tick, select, just shade and avoid partial shadingorover-spilledshading. Completely darken the respective circle for your answers. UseHBPencilforshadingasinstructed. You may change an answer by completely erasing the wronglyfilledcircle/box. Donotshadetwoanswersforonequestion. Donotdistort,tearormutilatetheedgeofyoursheet. There are “DO NOT WRITE” areas demarcated on the sheet,avoidwritingthere DonotwriteormarkonSheetoutsidethedemarcated areas. DonotmakeanystraymarksontheSheet Your answer sheets will be marked by a computer which has no intuitive intelligence to know your mind, or what your thoughts were when shading. Once there is distortion in unexpected areas, answer sheets are automatically declared null and void. Contravention of any of the above regulations/ guidelines may result in the invalidationofsheetsandthatmeansnoresults!!! Becarefulandbesuccessful! 115 PLAN TO PASS UTME 116 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  65. 65. Strategy For Answering Multiple Choice Questions ultiple choice test require candidates to choose one correct option from five (A, B, C, D, E) options. It's especially important to approachMmultiple-choice test items with a logical and proven strategy - as already discussed in Week 20. The following suggestionsarethererecommended: a. Useoftheprocessofelimination Multiple-choicetest writersknowthat you are looking for the correct answer, so they include other answers that look correct but are in fact wrong. Since most of the optionsarewrong,eliminatethewrongoptionsassoonas you come across them. The more the wrong options you eliminate,thecloseryouaretopickingthecorrectoption. b. UseShortcuts This is more applicable to calculation oriented subjects – Math, Physics, Chemistry, etc. – use the shortest route to getting your answers as no one is interested in how you got the correct answer, what is important is get the correct answer. Some people are better calculating withoutcalculator;sticktowhatworksbestforyou. c. ThinkbeforeyouSwitchanswers: Having selected your answers in the course of solving each question; it is possible you doubt some of your answers, don't go back and change answers unless you are bedrock sure that your second choice is correct. Studies have shown that in nearly all cases, your first choice is more likely to be correct than subsequent choices, unless you suddenly recall some relevant information or some questions just revealed more information that made you think the initial answer was wrong. d. LookforthewordsNOT,EXCEPT,andBEST: These questions are tricky because you're being asked to choose an answer that is the opposite of what you expect. The questions will be phrased like "Which is not an example of.....", "All the following choices are correct except.....", "The best answer is....." One way to answer this type of question is to read the question without the NOT, EXCEPTandBEST,mostoftenyouwillfindtheoptionthat negatesotheroptionsorthequestion. 117 PLAN TO PASS UTME 118 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  66. 66. Last Minute Exam Strategy Some few tips to get your mind on track for the examination. Don't study on the morning of the exam: There is no need of studying on the morning of the exam, more so that UTMEstartsatabout9:00am. Sleep enough the night of the Exam: It is important you catch enough sleep the night before the exam. Go to bed early so that you can have considerable long sleep hours. You need all the energy you require for the 3hours 30minutes exam and a good night rest is a good way to conserveenergyfortheexam. Arrive the examination centre early – at least 15minutes: Just relax; get calm from any kind of nervousness. Concentrate on the exam, no extra discussion about what you read or didn’t read. Stay away from candidates who try to get you to remember one formula or something related to some topics or questions beforetheexamstarts.Discussionaboutwhatyoureador not could destabilize you and affect your confidence level before the exam, most especially if you actually couldn’t coverthetopicofdiscussion. Play by the rule: You may not have enough time to go through the examination instructions; however, you can do this before going for the exam. Get any UTME past question (similar to what you will be given in the hall) and spend some time to read the instructions. Understanding the rule of the game would help you to compete accordingly. 119 PLAN TO PASS UTME 120 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  67. 67. If You Believe...Pray Week 23 122 PLAN TO PASS UTME Great men are they who see that spiritual is stronger than any material force - that thoughts rule the world. - Ralph Waldo Emerson
  68. 68. 23If You Believe...Pray ccording to Murphy's Law – “Nothing is as easy as it looks; everything takes longer than you expect; Aand if anything can go wrong, it will and at the worstpossiblemoment”. I know many desire success and put in the equivalent or requiredeffort,howeversomefallshortofachievingtheir desire.Theyhavedoneallthatishumanlypossiblebutthe result sometimes does not reflect the amount of effort they have put in. The explanation to this I do not have. However, I have found something worth considering in theBible. 1 Romans 9:16 says “It does not, therefore depend on man’s desire or effort, but on God’s mercy.” It takes Desire to purchase JAMB form, similarly it takes Effort to preparefortheexaminationandifyouhavegonetheextra mile of registering in a tutorial class or set time apart for personal study and have gone through this series from Week 1 till Week 23, you have shown considerable effort. However, I encourage you to also pray for Mercy. According to Murphy's Law, if anything can go wrong, it willgowrongattheworstpossiblemoment. Sincerely, things sometimes do go wrong for some or with their examination sheet and even their result; either on the way to the examination hall, in the examination hall, duringtheexam,aftertheexam,duringthemarkingofthe answer sheets, collation and release of result. This is where I believe Mercy comes in, most especially in the areas for which you have limited influence but that can makeormaryourDesireandEffort. 123 PLAN TO PASS UTME 124 PLAN TO PASS UTME 1 NIV BIBLE
  69. 69. Week24 Examination Day Checklists 126 PLAN TO PASS UTME Good order is the foundation of all great things. - Edmund Burke
  70. 70. 24 Examination Day Checklists t is one thing to compete in a game, it is another to compete according to the rules of the game. Some athletes, irrespective of their skills, potentials andIrating are disqualified because they flout one rule or the other. The winner is the one who not only has the better skills, potential and rating but also participated accordinglybyobservingbasicrulesandregulations. At the point of purchase of the JAMB form, some examination accessories such as HB Pencil, Eraser, Sharpener and a Calculator are provided with the JAMB form. You are expected to go to the examination hall with these items. If you have lost any, quickly find a replacement before the exam day because you may not be able to borrow from other candidates during the examination. Also, don't put it off to the examination day thinking you will easily get some of those items around theexamcentre. For subjects that involve calculation, your calculator – the oneJAMBprovides-isveryimportant;ensureitisingood working condition. Your mobile gadgets such as phone, Blackberry, iPhone, iPod, etc. would not be required. Avoid carrying any kind of load such as handbags to the hall, most of such items are easily not found after examination as they might have been displaced or scattered by invigilators. The safest item is an envelope thatcaneasilycontainallrequireditems. By now, you should have known and visited the centre where your exam will be written. On the morning of the exam; traffic should not be an excuse, leave your home on time so as to get to the centre at least 30 minutes before the exam begins. Arriving late to examination hall destabilizes and puts you under undue pressure and also placesunnecessarysuspiciononyou. Avoid any form of confrontation with invigilators or supervisors; obey simple instructions. Also avoid time- wasting agents who might want to engage your attention unnecessarily. Read the instruction on the question booklet, it is of utmost importance. By all means avoid cheating and those who do. Work/answer the questions correctly, shade your answers appropriately and expect congratulatorymessageswhentheresultisreleased. Alltheverybestand,congratulations! 127 PLAN TO PASS UTME 128 PLAN TO PASS UTME
  71. 71. No. FEDERAL INSTITUTIONS STATE STATE/CATCHMENT AREAS 1 UNIABUJA Abuja All States of The Federal 2 UI, Ibadan Oyo All States of The Federal 3 UNIAGRIC, Umudike Abia All States of The Federal 4 UNIAGRIC, Markurdi Benue All States of The Federal 5 UNIPORT Rivers All States of The Federal 6 UNIAGRIC, Abeokuta Ogun All States of The Federal 7 FUPRE, Effurun Delta All States of The Federal Appendix A – Federal Institutions and Their Catchment Areas Federal Institutions with all the States as Their Catchment Areas 130 PLAN TO PASS UTME 131 PLAN TO PASS UTME Appendix B – The 2011/2012 Recommended Student Enrolment in Nigerian Universities No. INSTITUTION YEAR ESTABLISHED ADMISSION OWNERQUOTA No. FEDERAL INSTITUTIONS STATE STATE/CATCHMENT AREAS 1 ABU, ZARIA Kaduna Adamawa, Bauchi, Benue, Borno, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Sokoto, Taraba. Yobe, Zamfara 2 ATBU, BAUCHI Bauchi Adamawa, Bauchi, Benue, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, Yobe 3 BAYERO, Kano Kano Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto, Zamfara 4 FUTA, Akure Ondo Ekiti, Lagos, Osun, Oyo, Ondo, Ogun 5 FUT, Minna Niger Benue, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, Plateau, Sokoto, Zamfara 6 FUTO, Owerri Imo Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Imo, Enugu 7 FUT, Yola Adamawa Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, Yobe 8 OAU, Ile-Ife Osun Ekiti, Lagos, Osun, Oyo, Ondo, Ogun 9 UDU, Sokoto Sokoto Kwara, Kebbi, Katsina, Kano, Kaduna, Jigawa, Nasarawa, Niger, Sokoto, Zamfara 10 UNN Enugu Unn, Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Imo, Enugu, Bayelsa, Crossriver, Delta, Edo, Rivers 11 UNIBEN Edo Akwa-Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross-River, Delta, Edo, Rivers 12 UNICAL Cross-Rivers Akwa-Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross-River, Delta, Edo, Rivers 13 UNIJOS Plateau Benue, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Plateau, Niger 14 UNILAG Lagos Ekiti, Lagos, Osun, Oyo, Ondo, Ogun 15 UNILORIN Ilorin Benue, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Plateau, Sokoto, Zamfara 16 UNIMAID Borno Adamawa, Borno, Bauchi, Gombe, Taraba, Yobe 17 UNIUYO Akwa-Ibom Akwa-Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross-River, Delta, Edo, Rivers 18 UNIZIK, Awka Anambra Anambara, Ebonyi, Imo, Abia, Enugu
  72. 72. 132 PLAN TO PASS UTME 133 PLAN TO PASS UTME Source: National Universities Commission (NUC)

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Success is not achieved overnight. It takes preparation and resolute effort to achieve outstanding performance. Those who achieve excellent UTME scores have learnt to prepare ahead of others. This is the reason for the book you are reading. In it, I recommend five to six months of preparation before sitting for the UTME. I believe when you follow the steps and counsel in this book, you will be able to prepare adequately for the UTME, select the appropriate course that suits you and are most likely going to succeed in, select the school for which your admission would be hitch-less, appraise your readiness and ultimately perform outstandingly well in the UTME.


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