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Open Badge Passport:

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Presentation of the Open Badge Passport during the Badge Alliance Community Call, July 1st 2015

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Open Badge Passport:

  1. 1. Open PassportEUROPORTFOLIO The projects Europortfolio and Badge Europe are funded with the support of the European Commission 1 July 2015 Badge Alliance community call Reinventing ePortfolioSTrust, the Revolution!
  2. 2. History
  3. 3. 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 10ePortfolioChallenges Trust OpenTrustBox
  4. 4. Building a Trust Infrastructure2008-2011
  5. 5. For the 7th ePortfolio conference, and in order to give directions to our work towards our 2010 goal (ePortfolio for all), EIfEL has decided to address a number of challenges to the ePortfolio community and beyond —many of the problems the ePortfolio community faces today will not be resolved if they are not addressed beyond the ePortfolio silo. The goal of these challenges is to move beyond the current state of ePortfolio development, in particular in the field of interoperability as interoperability is not just a technical issue, but a means to enable new practices and the emergence of truly lifelong and life wide ePortfolios. Our main objective is to create the conditions for the emergence of MultiPortfolio organisations (one organisation can interact with many different ePortfolio platforms) and MultiOrganisation ePortfolios (have one ePortfolio to interact with many different institutions with their own platform). 1. Universal ePortfolio Repository —a unified view of all my assets Context: Today, the digital assets used to create an ePortfolio can be hosted in many different systems managed by many different organisations. Issue: How can we provide a unified view of all the assets belonging to one person, so she/he can seamlessly create ePortfolios without having to navigate through multiple sites? How can I reunite my digital identity? Direction: Identity and access management (IAM) technologies, such as federation of identities and services need to be fully explored by the ePortfolio community. NB: a universal repository is not equivalent to a unique repository; it can be universal while being distributed over a number of loosely connected and heterogeneous systems. 2. Universal Competency Identifiers —share competency definitions across systems Context: A number of ePortfolio platforms, and other applications in the field of education, employment, accreditation and human resource use competency frameworks. Today, the dominant delivery format of competency frameworks is a PDF file, forcing each system to import or recreate them from scratch. Issue: How can we share competency definitions across systems and applications? How can we elicit emerging competencies through interactive technologies? Direction: The creation of a competency wiki providing shared, distributed, multilingual URIs (Unique Resource Identifiers) to competency definitions. The solution to unique resource identifiers for competency definition has already been discussed by Simon Grant (Representing frameworks of skill and competence for interoperability). We have the technology required, what is missing is the political impetus and commitment. 3. ePortfolio social —share assets, knowledge and processes across communities Context: The idea of using social computing for ePortfolios is growing and a number of platforms have integrated such features. Nevertheless, the current implementation of social networking technology is mainly limited to connecting individuals as silos of information. Issue: Let’s imagine a group of 100 people belonging to the same community (company, school, etc.) among which 10 are writing their own CV. Can we design a technology that will make it possible that at the end of the process, each of the 100 people will have (part of) their own CV written? How can we automatically generate and updated ePortfolios and CVs through social interaction? Direction: Imagine that each time a person writes an elementary entry into their CV describing a professional experience, they have to name the people that shared the same experience; then for each person named, the entry is added to their ‘CV’, with the ability to edit it and share it back with the original author or create their own edited version of the entry. This way, each CV would be thread weaving a collective story. For the reader, being able to judge how an individual CV is connected to other stories, could even be an indicator of trustworthiness. The same reasoning could of course apply to ePortfolios. 4. ePortfolio semantic editors —make sense of what I write, connect, etc. Context: In 2003, during the first international ePortfolio conference in Poitiers, Christopher Tan presented Knowledge Community, a platform scaffolding learners reflection through semantic annotation, i.e. identifying key words and labelling them with semantic value, e.g. evidence, theory, example, etc. Since then, not a single editor of ePortfolio tools has included any form of semantic annotation. Issue: We need ePortfolio editors that scaffold reflective thinking, not just enrich text with bolds, italics and ‘pink on purple’ effects. We need proper, simple semantic editors, as semantic annotation is a way to structure reflection, connect ideas, facts and people. Direction: RDFa editors provide the blueprint for ePortfolio editors that fully support the components of a reflective process. At minima, be able to tag parts of texts/images, not just the whole document. 5. ePortfolio Readers —read any ePortfolio through consistent and multiple views Context: There are a number of ePortfolio platforms, each one with their own user interfaces and some people create ePortfolios without using any dedicated ePortfolio platform (e.g. content management system). And people want to be free to express their identity without being kept in the straightjacket of predefined templates. Issue: How can we leave total freedom to ePortfolio author’s creativity, while providing readers with their own view through a consistent navigational interface, e.g. evidence on the left, competency framework on the right, etc.? Direction: We might have to define different readers, depending on the process being involved, so the same ePortfolio could have different views generated by different tools. Such tools could be used by ePortfolio authors as tools to verify that their ePortfolio is properly structured and contains all the relevant semantic information. 6. Open & Trusted Service Architecture Context: Today each ePortfolio platform provides a limited number of services and adding new services require the development of idiosyncratic plug-ins, when this possibility is offered. Issue: How can we provide ePortfolio owners with an unlimited number of services without forcing service providers to develop multiple plug-ins for multiple applications? How can we trust the usage made by services of our personal data? Direction: This is connected to the idea of Universal Repository, exploited and enriched by service providers. Schools, universities, employers, professional bodies etc. need to provide conversational systems through trusted web services —a technology currently under development by different initiatives, such as TAS3. 7. ePortfolio based performance support system —make the ePortfolio part of my work Context: One of the current problems with ePortfolio adoption at the workplace is the fact that ePortfolios can be seen as something either nice to have or adding to the regular work. Moreover, the current level of integration of ePortfolios with other information systems is still low. Issue: How can we make ePortfolio construction part of everyday activities? How can we demonstrate ePortfolio benefits through business benefits? Direction: Use ePortfolio technology and methods to develop next generation electronic performance support systems, integrate reflection as part of routine work processes, so the ePortfolio is built through naturally occurring business activities. 8. ePortfolio discovery mechanism —find people, competencies, resources Context: While there are a number of methods for learning resources discovery (c.f. the learning resources exchange (LRE) repository of European Schoolnet) there are not yet universal mechanism to discover ePortfolios on the Internet, each individual relying on ad-hoc services. Issue: How can we easily find an ePortfolio or a resource contained in an ePortfolio? Direction: OAI-PMH (Open Archives Initiative's Protocol for Metadata Harvesting) is a possible method to create large indexes of ePortfolios per organisation, sector or even territory. Other methods could be the publication of ePortfolios in trusted parties' indexes. 9. URIs as tags Context: Tag is a popular form to connect things together. within an ePortfolio. Unfortunately the meaning of tags is context dependent, and different tags can share the same meaning. Issue: How can we create tags that are not context dependent? Direction: make tags RDF triplets: name (what is displayed as ‘tag’); URI to definition (an hidden hypertext link); link type (is, is part of, etc.). NB: this is an extension of challenge #2. Two tags are close if they share the same URI and identical if they are identical triplets. 10. Universal Metadata Context: ePortfolio construction is about connecting data together. Metadata are not just ‘comments’ about data, but links between all the data sharing the same metadata. If data are assimilated to neurones, metadata can be seen as.the synapses connecting neurones together.. Issue: How can we enrich distributed data with ‘personal/social metadata repositories Direction: keep metadata repositories apart from data, on the model of social bookmarking. e P o r t f o l i o c h a l l e n g e s 2009 10ePortfolioChallenges 1. Universal ePortfolio Repository 2. Universal Competency Identifiers 3. ePortfolio social 4. ePortfolio semantic editors 5. ePortfolio Readers 6. Open &Trusted Service Architecture 7. ePortfolio based performance support system 8. ePortfolio discovery mechanism 9. URIs as tags 10. Universal Metadata Challenging ePortfolio technology http://www.learningfutures.eu/ref/the-10-eportfolio-challenges/
  6. 6. OpenTrustBox Can you imagine your life if you had to use different applications to edit, send and receive emails?Yet, it is what is happening with Open Badges.This is even embedded in 'roles':  the badge issuer, issues badges, the badge collector, collects badges.While this functional division made sense in the early developments of the Open Badge Infrastructure, this might soon become an impediment to further innovative developments and adoption... The solution: the integration of OB services into Open Trust Box (OTB)!! If Open Badges are awesome, then the Open Trust Box (OTB) should be wondrous! And it should be relatively easy to build: simply integrate within the same 'box' a badge issuer, a badge (back)pack, a badge editor and a badge displayer. https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/openbadges/KcbGltKGX2o/-iBwP2KMwggJ 2013 Reviewing Open Badge technology
  7. 7. 2014 A conversation with Eric Rousselle
  8. 8. An API of One’s Own Building trust networks with Open Badges Nate Otto, Concentric Sky Serge Ravet, Badge Europe! Europortfolio November 19-21, 2014 ::Washington, DC 2014 A conversation with Nate Otto
  9. 9. 10 ePortfolio Challenges Open Trust Box conversations with Eric Rousselle & Nate Otto 2015
  10. 10. 2015
  11. 11. 2015 The "Designing Principles for a Trusted Environment" at SXSWedu seeks to have a discussion on trust and create a deeper understanding of how to operationalize trusted learning environments among various stakeholders, including: government, parents, educators, school & district leaders, students, foundations, nonprofits, and businesses. [...] http://csreports.aspeninstitute.org/Task-Force-on-Learning-and-the-Internet/2014/events/details/0001/Task-Force-SXSW
  12. 12. http://www.learningfutures.eu/2015/04/openbadges-the-deleterious-effects-of-mistaking-security-for-trust-aspentrust-dmltrust/ 2015
  13. 13. The Open Badge Passport adopts the radical position to treat Open Badges as "trust statements" and explore how such trust statements can be used to: 1. Create bottom-up trust networks 2. Generate new types of services exploiting the metadata contained in large collections of Open Badges
  14. 14. The Power Trust of
  15. 15. A teenager had spent many months in a young peoples psychiatric hospital. When he was about to leave a therapist asked him what was the most significant thing which helped him in his recovery. He responded that it was the moment when in and art group the therapist asked him to fetch some art paper from a cupboard in another part of the building.The therapist handed him the keys to the cupboard which were on a key ring with many other keys to the rooms in the building. They young man said he felt so good, not just because he had been chosen to do the small job when his esteem was very low but because the therapist had not hesitated but just handed him the keys. He knew he could have used those keys to get up to all sorts of mischief but he felt trust to act responsibly. Julie Lunt <julie at newpaths.eu>
  16. 16. "The best way to find out if you can trust somebody is to trust them." Ernest Hemingway
  17. 17. The Deleterious Effects of Mistaking Security for Trust http://www.learningfutures.eu/2015/04/openbadges-the-deleterious-effects-of-mistaking-security-for-trust-aspentrust-dmltrust/
  18. 18. Trust vs Security
  19. 19. Trust vs Security
  20. 20. Trust vs Security
  21. 21. Trust and security work in reverse proportions The more trust, the less extrinsic security measures are required, the more extrinsic security measures are taken, the less trustworthy the system becomes
  22. 22. Is it the world we want to live in?
  23. 23. What does it mean for Open Badges?
  24. 24. Open Badges as trust building vs Open Badges as control The potential The reality?
  25. 25. Control Open Badges as
  26. 26. E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E EE Are Open Badges really centred on (l)earners? II I I(ssuer), E(arner)
  27. 27. Asymmetry Issuer EarnerEarnerEarnerEarnerEarnerEarner In Power Not In Power
  28. 28. Ignoring the voice of learners!
  29. 29. At the recent Learning Pathways summit, two students gave some powerful feedback:“We don’t need a silly badge to tell us we learned something.We want to learn because we are interested, not because of some fake reward.” If a student told me “A Badge won’t make me care!” I would respond “Excellent!” A badge should not make you care; if it does, you might be caring about the wrong thing.The student’s response gets to the heart of the issue. If the ultimate goal of education is to create the self-driven learner, then the artificial motivation of badges is potentially problematic. Timothy Freeman Cook
  30. 30. No Badge please Don't spoil !...Tom my pleasure
  31. 31. Trust Building Open Badges as
  32. 32. Trust! Issuer Earner
  33. 33. Chains of trust
  34. 34. the revolution Trust Open Badges for all!
  35. 35. A dream comes true!for all!
  36. 36. https://openbadgepassport.com/
  37. 37. Roadmap • Currently: proof of concept • End 08/2015: migration to beta version • From 10/2015: developments and pilot programmes
  38. 38. Openbadgepassport.org** Developer  community,  site   managed  by  Discendum* Working  Group  animated  by   ADPIOS* Github,  etc. Openbadgepassport.com Open  Badge  Passport  service   hosted  by  discendum DML  Open  Badge     Passport Open  Passport   Services Future  projects Discendum Open  Badge  Community Outcomes * initially, during DML funding ** Currently openpassport.me
  39. 39. Vision Open Badges for all!
  40. 40. Yesterday Today everything bearing a badge can be endorsed self-issued badges Web services
  41. 41. Repository Apps API Kernel BadgeIssuing Career Management Social Networking Learning Management FindPeers Learning Resources Event Management Self Employment Discovery Services Badge Verification App Store ... S e r v i c e s
  42. 42. Trust BadgeIssuing Career Management Social Networking Learning Management FindPeers Learning Resources Event Management Self Employment Discovery Services Badge Verification App Store ... S e r v i c e s
  43. 43. From collectors to connectors Trust networks
  44. 44. People sharing the same badge are connected A great property totally ignored by the OBI!
  45. 45. Everyone will have the right to issue badges (the right to trust!) A legitimate right totally ignored by the OBI!
  46. 46. Self-issued badges Endorsement badges In control of our identities Everyone will have the right to self-issue badges
  47. 47. The power of discovery From search engines to discovery engines
  48. 48. Metadata harvested in Open PassportsReturn numbers of matching profiles Notification of search Decide to connect (or not) anynomously to query Query Push information to connected profiles
  49. 49. Find !Me
  50. 50. We will be able to exploit the metadata contained in badges
  51. 51. Nate's PassportAbout me Activity wall Create Issue Search Organise ClaimDashboard NetworkEvidence Configure
  52. 52. Created Issued Connections My Dashboard 20 245 Badges Collected 47,405 Total Recent 1 30 Total Recent New 1,230 25,639 15 Pledged 10 Endorsement Collected Issued 56124 Badges Issued My Issuers Through Badges Visits Total Recent 5612,453 Top Search My Badge Earners 40 Evidence Total Recent 204,592 Create Issue Search Organise ClaimDashboard NetworkEvidence Configure
  53. 53. New Pledged Collections Events Achievements Competencies Endorsements Pages Résumé Reflective Rebel Mentorship offers Summer job application Create Issue Search Organise ClaimDashboard NetworkEvidence Configure Organise Public Restrict. Private External Search
  54. 54. Qui at nonumy elaboraret. Ea delenit indoctum vix, mea accusam perpetua indoctum no, populo deleniti te eum. Eos quod alii patrioque an, ne ludus noluisse eum. Essent verear an cum, viris accusata per at, liber interesset vix an. Blandit dissentiunt te mel, clita eirmod ne vel, mutat definitionem mediocritatem ex ius.! Eu mei laoreet admodum, usu idque virtute suscipiantur eu. Ferri iriure menandri ut sed, no rebum dignissim qui. Audiam molestie quo eu. Usu etiam dolor argumentum an, ne cum viris menandri assueverit.! Ei sea tantas platonem, pro audiam impedit apeirian ea. Per consul suscipiantur te, no stet recteque est. Corpora disputando at vim. Atqui eirmod alterum sit ea, no quod tempor convenire pro, qui id habeo error moderatius. Ex has eirmod Pages Résumé Reflective Rebel Mentorship offers Summer job application Create Issue Search Organise ClaimDashboard NetworkEvidence Configure Organise Public Restrict. Private External Search
  55. 55. Types Badges Experience (xAPI) Images Texts Create Issue Search Organise ClaimDashboard NetworkEvidence Configure Miscellaneous Pages Evidence Public Restrict. Private External Search
  56. 56. Send Message to ePIC 2015 Delegates Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum." Section 1.10.32 of "de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum", written by Cicero in 45 BC "Sed ut perspiciatis unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam, eaque ipsa quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem quia voluptas sit aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt. Neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur?" Write to Message 2015 Create Issue Search Organise ClaimDashboard NetworkEvidence Configure
  57. 57. change? What will
  58. 58. Power shift
  59. 59. From Locked-in to Linked-out
  60. 60. Serge Ravet ADPIOS, Open Passport, Badge Europe, EUROPORTFOLIO @Szerge, learningfutures.eu openpassport.me, openbadges.eu europortfolio.org, iosf.org Merci! The Revolution! Trust,