ECS 111 SECTION P SPRING 2019 Dr. SEALEY STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM ONE on 28 FEBRUARY 2019 1 | P a g e EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE CONSIDER LECTURES UP TO 26 FEB and TEXT BOOK CHAPTERS UP THOURGH MODULE 4.1 (Through HUMAN POPULATIONS) 1. Give a basic definition of biodiversity. 2. Which of the following accurately reflects the connection between science, decision-making, and environmental science? a. Science and environmental science rely on evidence; good decision-making only sometimes relies on evidence. b. Science and good decision-making rely on evidence; environmental science does not always rely on evidence. c. Science relies on good decision-making and environmental science relies on evidence. d. Science and good decision-making relies on evidence; environmental science relies on good decision-making. e. Science and good decision-making rely on evidence; environmental science relies on evidence. 3. Compare the life history strategy of a deer mouse with that of a bear, and identify each as either an r- or K-selected species. 4. Why are tertiary information sources considered less reliable than primary and secondary sources? What is a primary source? 5. What is an environmental footprint? How is this used to measure sustainability? 6. Scientists have studied the impact of clear cutting forests on erosion and waterways. They know that clear cutting will cause erosion and waterways will suffer the impact of sediment loading. Evaluate the situation and choose the statement that best explains how humans may perceive the risks involved. a. Since the chance of disaster is low humans will not have biases about this situation. b. Although the seriousness of the impact is well known people’s judgment may still vary dramatically. c. All people understand this situation and will work together on a solution. d. Both a and c e. None of the above 7. Why are some people more vulnerable to toxic substances than other people, even if exposed to the same dose? 8. Explain how a composting toilet works. Use a diagram to explain the cycling of water and organic matter. 9. Distinguish between chronic and acute effects cuased by exposure to toxic substances. 10. List THREE abiotic parameters and THREE biotic parameters: ABIOTIC 1 2 3 BIOTIC 1 2 3 ECS 111 SECTION P SPRING 2019 Dr. SEALEY STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM ONE on 28 FEBRUARY 2019 2 | P a g e 11. Which of the following best describes ecosystem capital? a. mineral and living resources of the earth. b. living organisms and other renewable resources of the earth. c. natural resources such as forests and fisheries. d. natural resources (goods) and services provided by ecosystems e. ecosystem services that support life on earth 12. Refer to the figure below to determine which country has the lowest population size but the highest density? a. Asia b. South Africa c. Eastern Europe d. Wes.