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Project: re:DDS, Web Archaeology
the REconstruction of De Digitale Stad
Amsterdam Museum, Tjarda de Haan (guest e-curator ...
Project re:DDS
Amsterdam Museum:
• The story of Amsterdam – your entry to the city!
• Formerly known as the Amsterdam Hist...
Wayback in Amsterdam in 1994…
In the wild, wild cyberspace
arose a virtual city
from networkcables, computers and modems…
...
2014: Help! Our digital heritage is getting lost!
• UNESCO’s 'Charter on the preservation of the digital heritage' (2003):...
What is De Digitale Stad - The Digital City (1994-2001)?
• 1st (free) public domain virtual city in the world.
• 1st Dutch...
The evolution of the web:
In 2014:
• 45 years ago (1969): Birth of Internet.
• 25 years ago (1989): Invention of World Wid...
/lost+found: interfaces of the virtual city
DDS1.0 - 15 January 1994 DDS3.0 - 10 June 1995
DDS2.0 - 1 October 1994
DDS 0.1...
Goals of the project re:DDS (REconstruction of De Digitale Stad):
• To preserve the internet-historical monument DDS.
• To...
Project re:DDS
What do we do & where are we now?
‘Information Research & Data Recovery’
1. Start:
• Launch of Open History...
Grave Diggers Party, Friday the 13th
1. Working space  The Archaeological Site re:DDS
• Workstations:
• Bring and upload ...
Project re:DDS
Workshops Web-archaeology
Ever compiled a program? Ever patched a binary? Do you know what the checksums of...
What are we looking for?
Archaeological remains of the city:
• Software - Interfaces (DDS 1,2,3 and 3.5) and Freezes (1996...
/lost+found:
Digital artefacts:
• 40 gigabytes of raw data (software and
backups including squares, houses,
projects).
• T...
/lost+found: Public terminals
Project re:DDS
/lost+found: FREEZE!
Project re:DDS
/lost+found: squares
Project re:DDS
/lost+found: TV broadcast by Smart TV on the opening DDS
• Live from De Balie of the Amsterdam cable on January 15, 1994.
...
/lost+found: De Digitale Stad newspaper, 1994
Project re:DDS
/lost+found: Handbook Digital Cities, 1995
Project re:DDS
/lost+found: De Digitale Stedeling, 1996
Project re:DDS
/lost+found: Blueprint of the Square of Death
Project re:DDS
/lost+found: excavations
Project re:DDS
/lost+found: hardware
Project re:DDS
Will we succeed? 
• Exposition at the Amsterdam Museum: to present the story of the internet-historical
monument DDS and ...
GOOD NEWS: DDS ín the Amsterdam Museum!
Project re:DDS
The next step
Web-archaeology: Crowdsourcing & REconstructing Amsterdam digital cultural heritage.
Our challenge: Will we ...
Webscraping is not enough
• Content is user-agent / accept-language / user / Geo-IP dependent.
• We don't deal with static...
Digital web-archaeology 2.0
How can we improve this?
• Crawl all sites (this is done by the Internet Archive).
• Acces web...
Total recall
Reconstruct total systems:
• Why does this not happen?
• What are you going to reconstruct?
• How do you hand...
4D-Collection
• Reconstruction of missing files / detection of corrupt files.
• Data visualization.
• Point-in-time checko...
Thanks to:
Our partners (till now):
• Old inhabitants, (ex) DDS employees and DDS affiliated web-archeologists.
• De Digit...
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Presentation about the project: re:DDS, Web Archaeology. The REconstruction of De Digitale Stad

Presentation about the project re:DDS at the University of Malta, 22 May 2014.

The project attempts to reconstruct the virtual city, the DDS. De Digitale Stad (DDS), the Digital City, is an unique case study to tell the history of e-culture in Amsterdam. The goals of the project re:DDS are:
- To preserve the internet-historical monument DDS
- To map the history of the DDS, internet and e-culture in Amsterdam
- To include the DDS in the collections of the heritage institutions of Amsterdam
- A pilot for net-archaeology: how to reconstruct, preserve and retrieve the virtual city DDS (DDS is born-digital) and make it accessible to the public, on a scientific and social level.

For more information see:
http://hart.amsterdammuseum.nl/re-dds

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Presentation about the project: re:DDS, Web Archaeology. The REconstruction of De Digitale Stad

  1. 1. Project: re:DDS, Web Archaeology the REconstruction of De Digitale Stad Amsterdam Museum, Tjarda de Haan (guest e-curator & web archaeologist) University of Malta, 22 May 2014 Library, Information and Archive Sciences Department Faculty of Media and Knowledge Sciences
  2. 2. Project re:DDS Amsterdam Museum: • The story of Amsterdam – your entry to the city! • Formerly known as the Amsterdam Historical Museum. Digital collections: • Web: Corporate site, co-creation platform. • Social: Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, Flickr. • Mobile: Collection App, MuseumApp. • Semantic & Open Data: Online collection, Europeana, Apps for Amsterdam, Wikipedia.
  3. 3. Wayback in Amsterdam in 1994… In the wild, wild cyberspace arose a virtual city from networkcables, computers and modems… … De Digitale Stad - DDS - The Digital City Project re:DDS
  4. 4. 2014: Help! Our digital heritage is getting lost! • UNESCO’s 'Charter on the preservation of the digital heritage' (2003): "The world’s digital heritage is at risk of being lost“ (…) and “it’s preservation is an urgent issue of worldwide concern". • Material: complex, transitive and dynamic. • Methodes: difference between web-harvesting and web-archaeology. Web-harvesting is the equivalent of taking a photographic snapshot of an object, while we aim to recreate the object itself by digital excavating. • Division of tasks: who will take which responsibilities to reconstruct, preserve and retrieve born-digital heritage and make it accessible to the public? We badly need a central repository for tools (for example to read obsolete media) and a comprehensive software library. • Approach: no standards. Given the urgency we can not wait. So just do it ... and trial and error! Project re:DDS
  5. 5. What is De Digitale Stad - The Digital City (1994-2001)? • 1st (free) public domain virtual city in the world. • 1st Dutch online community. • 1st time internet (free) accessible to general public in the Netherlands. • Grounded by a fluid group: independent media, hackers and the municipality of Amsterdam. • Inspired by the Free-Nets movement in the US and Canada. • Attracted international interest for the design: metaphor of a city to structure cyberspace. • Good for the cyberreputation of the city of Amsterdam: • CNN (1997): "For hundreds of years the city of Amsterdam has been a center of commercial trade, art and education. Now it’s helping point the way in the information revolution too ". • Manuel Castells (The Internet Galaxy, 2001): "The most famous citizen computer network. (…) A new form of public sphere combining local institutions, grassroots organisations, and computer networks in the development of cultural expression and civic participation". • Inhabitants (the users): 1994: 10.000 - 1997: 60.000 - 1998: 80.000 - 2000: 140.000. Project re:DDS
  6. 6. The evolution of the web: In 2014: • 45 years ago (1969): Birth of Internet. • 25 years ago (1989): Invention of World Wide Web. • 20 years ago (1994): online community DDS launched. Project re:DDS
  7. 7. /lost+found: interfaces of the virtual city DDS1.0 - 15 January 1994 DDS3.0 - 10 June 1995 DDS2.0 - 1 October 1994 DDS 0.1 – Never online… Project re:DDS
  8. 8. Goals of the project re:DDS (REconstruction of De Digitale Stad): • To preserve the internet-historical monument DDS. • To map the history of the DDS, internet and e-culture in Amsterdam. • To include the DDS in the collections of the heritage institutions. • And… a pilot for net-archaeology: how to reconstruct, preserve and retrieve the virtual city DDS (DDS is born-digital) and make it accessible to the public, on a scientific and social level? Project re:DDS
  9. 9. Project re:DDS What do we do & where are we now? ‘Information Research & Data Recovery’ 1. Start: • Launch of Open History Lab: re:DDS.nl. 2. Digg: •The Grave Diggers Party. • Crowdsourcing in Open History Lab. 3. Analyse & reconstruction: • The Rise of Zombies: crowdsourcing & co-creation. • Flight of Zombies: DDS in ‘multiple-points-in-time’? 4. Delivery for collections and presentations: • Let the Bytes Free! 5. Finish project: • Conclusions, evaluation, documentation, knowledge sharing.
  10. 10. Grave Diggers Party, Friday the 13th 1. Working space  The Archaeological Site re:DDS • Workstations: • Bring and upload your code. • Digg in the Wayback Machine and store excavations in Historical (e-)Depot. • Share your stories and memories in the Open History Lab re:DDS.nl. • Tools: • Computers: excavators. • Storage: buckets. • UNIX commands, mice: pades, pick-axe, trowels. • Scripts : metal detectors. • USB: find bags. • Metadata: find cards. 2. Museum space  Tourist Tours • /Lost+found: ‘Cabinet of Curiosities’: • Hardware: servers, terminals, modembanks, taperobots etc. • Screenshots of DDS. • Billboard’s: • What is DDS? Where are you? What is this site? Why this site? Project re:DDS
  11. 11. Project re:DDS Workshops Web-archaeology Ever compiled a program? Ever patched a binary? Do you know what the checksums of your systems files are? Ever found the digital needle in a haystack? Web-archeology is finding the unknow unknows at the edge of yesterdays technology. Web-archeology is digging up the past for the future. 1. History of De Digitale Stad & introduction of Web-archaeology. 2. DIY Web-archaeology. 3. Interactive Q&A: How to Deal with Lost & Found Raw Data?
  12. 12. What are we looking for? Archaeological remains of the city: • Software - Interfaces (DDS 1,2,3 and 3.5) and Freezes (1996, DDS3) • Hardware - Shaman, Alibaba, Aladdin, etc. • Special projects - DDS Webmix, dds.dds, dds.multcult, dds.technopolis, de Metro, live.dds.nl, cafés, etc. • Individual houses and squares - Thisbe, Plein vd Dood, etc. • Secondary sources - Articles, interviews, video, etc. Project re:DDS
  13. 13. /lost+found: Digital artefacts: • 40 gigabytes of raw data (software and backups including squares, houses, projects). • The 'freeze' of 1996 (three tapes: alibaba, dds and shaman). Physical artefacts: • 2 public terminals. • 4 servers. • 1 modem bank. • Manuals, publications, photographs, radio play, videotapes, DDS original mouse pad, etc. Project re:DDS
  14. 14. /lost+found: Public terminals Project re:DDS
  15. 15. /lost+found: FREEZE! Project re:DDS
  16. 16. /lost+found: squares Project re:DDS
  17. 17. /lost+found: TV broadcast by Smart TV on the opening DDS • Live from De Balie of the Amsterdam cable on January 15, 1994. • With: Internet pioneers Rop Gonggrijp, Felipe Rodriquez and Marleen Stikker • Official opening by the deputy mayor of Amsterdam Frank de Grave. Project re:DDS
  18. 18. /lost+found: De Digitale Stad newspaper, 1994 Project re:DDS
  19. 19. /lost+found: Handbook Digital Cities, 1995 Project re:DDS
  20. 20. /lost+found: De Digitale Stedeling, 1996 Project re:DDS
  21. 21. /lost+found: Blueprint of the Square of Death Project re:DDS
  22. 22. /lost+found: excavations Project re:DDS
  23. 23. /lost+found: hardware Project re:DDS
  24. 24. Will we succeed?  • Exposition at the Amsterdam Museum: to present the story of the internet-historical monument DDS and history of the internet and e-culture in Amsterdam? • ‘DDS timemachine’ for visitors: interact with history and experience the ‘multiple-points-in- times’ of DDS: 'How was the internet at the beginning?‘ and ‘How did it look like in the 20th century?’ • Playground for researchers: browse between the ‘multiple-points-in-time’ of DDS, and research the evolution of the web in a 4D collection (height, width, depth and… time)? • DDS in the collections of the heritage institutions? • Share knowlegde: DIY Manual for Web-archaeology & 23 Things Web-archaeology: how to reconstruct, preserve and retrieve born-digital material and make it accessible to the public? Project re:DDS DDS1.0 - Jan, 15th of 1994 DDS3.0 - June, 10th of 1995 DDS2.0 - Oct, 1st of 1994
  25. 25. GOOD NEWS: DDS ín the Amsterdam Museum! Project re:DDS
  26. 26. The next step Web-archaeology: Crowdsourcing & REconstructing Amsterdam digital cultural heritage. Our challenge: Will we be able -together- to transform De Digitale Stad (The Digital City; DDS) from a virtual Atlantis into a virtual Pompeii? Our goal: To reconstruct the virtual city and to create a 4D collection in which people can switch between ‘multiple-points-in-time’ and experience the evolution of this unique virtual city! Project re:DDS
  27. 27. Webscraping is not enough • Content is user-agent / accept-language / user / Geo-IP dependent. • We don't deal with static content, but with web applications. • Not all content is accessible for scrapers. • It is impossible to know what will be relevant material in the future. Project re:DDS
  28. 28. Digital web-archaeology 2.0 How can we improve this? • Crawl all sites (this is done by the Internet Archive). • Acces websites with different UAs / accept-language / IP's to get different content from the sites. • Blackbox reconstruction. • Archive total systems and reconstruct them. Project re:DDS
  29. 29. Total recall Reconstruct total systems: • Why does this not happen? • What are you going to reconstruct? • How do you handle it? • Digital forensics, de-NISTing, de-duplicatie, NISTing NextGeneration (tm), fuzzy hashing, magic, versioning… Project re:DDS
  30. 30. 4D-Collection • Reconstruction of missing files / detection of corrupt files. • Data visualization. • Point-in-time checkout. • Emulation of total clusters on virtual machines and virtual network. Project re:DDS
  31. 31. Thanks to: Our partners (till now): • Old inhabitants, (ex) DDS employees and DDS affiliated web-archeologists. • De Digitale Stad Holding BV. • Digital Erfgoed Nederland (DEN). • Europeana. • Karin Spaink, independent researcher. • Stichting Computer Erfgoed Nederland (SCEN). • The Amsterdam City Archives. • The International Institute of Social History (IISH). • The Koninklijke Bibliotheek (National Library of the Netherlands). • The Waag Society. • UvA Computermuseum. • UvA Digital Methods Initiative (DMI). And: • Guidelines for the Preservating of Digital Heritage (March 2003). http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001300/130071e.pdf. • IIPC: Web Archives: The Future(s), by Eric T. Meyer, Arthur Thomas, Ralph Schroeder (2011, University of Oxford) http://netpreserve.org/events/Hague/Presentations/OII-IIPC.pdf. • Charter on the Preservation of Digital Heritage: UNESCO http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php- URL_ID=17721&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html. • WIR SIND HIER – Opening TOTAL RECALL – The Evolution of Memory http://www.aec.at/aeblog/en/2013/07/22/wir- sind-hier-opening-total-recall-the-evolution-of-memory/. • The excavation of the Temple of Isis in Pompeii Photo: Bridgeman Art Library http://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/pompeii/9852299/Pompeii-exhibition-a-timeline-of-Pompeii-and- Herculaneum.html. • Talk to the hand by Swamibu - http://www.flickr.com/photos/swamibu/3052879559/ . • And more: http://www.delicious.com/re_dds/. Contact: T.deHaan@amsterdammuseum.nl Project re:DDS

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