YUNAN DWI SARASANTI
SITI MA’RIFATUL AMALIYYAH
DIANA DIAS PARAMITA
The DEFINITION of
SUBJUNCTIVE is a modality sentence. But
the topic is different from the conditional sentence.
Conditional sentence is also modality sentence but
the difference is Conditional comes with certain
conditions to imply. Subjunctive is a hope in the
future or regret form of unfulfilled expectations.
The STRUCTURE Of
In Non-Verbal sentences, all Subject to Present
subjunctive use "be", no "is'am'are".
1. I be
2. You be
3. He, she, it be
4. We be
5. You be
6. They be
In Non-Verbal sentences, all subjects in the Past
Subjunctives use "were".
1. I were
2. You were
3. He, she, it were
4. We were
5. You were
6. They were
Another verb (past & present)
All the verb must be in the form of "Bare
infinitive" is not getting any affixes like "s", "ice",
"ing" or "-ed".
1. I Work
2. You work
3. He, she, it work
4. We work
5. You work
6. They work
The USE Of
We use subjunctives when we talk about an activity that will not
actually happen. We use the subjunctive when talking about a person's
Wants to occur
Expect to happen
The thought would occur
1. The President requests that you be present at the meeting.
2. It is vital that you be present at the meeting.
3. If you were at the meeting, the President would be happy.
Subjunctive usually use both the following structure:
Verbs: ask, command, demand, insist, propose, recommend, request,
suggest that +
Expression: it is desirable, essential, important, Necessary, vital +
1. The manager insists that the car park be locked at night. (Not: The ...
car park is locked)
(Manager's hope that all parking areas are locked at night)
2. The board of directors recommended that he join the company. (Not:
The .... that he could join)
(Board of Directors of recommending that he may join the company)
The DISTRIBUTION Of
Present Subjunctives is hope in the present and in the
future. Characteristics of the Present Subjunctives Word
Works is in the form of "Bare infinitive".
1. May God bless you! (God bless you)
2. Have a good time! (Have fun)
3. Long live the President! (Hopefully the President long life!)
Past Subjunctives is hope that does not happen in
the present. The characteristics of the Past Tenses
Subjunctives is used in the form of "Past".
The word / phrase that is often used in the Past
1. Wish; Words wish to work for:
a)Shows the Future Time >>
S + wish + would / could + Verb
It's raining. She wishes it would stop. (Today it is raining. He
hoped the rain would stop)
Fact: It's still raining and has not stopped
I wish Fatimah could come. (I hope I can come Fatimah)
Fact: Fatimah could not come
b) Shows Present Time
S + + S + wish ... Past Verb
They wish I were there. (They wish I was there)
Fact: I was not there
She wishes I would not come. (He was hoping I would not
Fact: I will come
2. If Only; If Only that we use here means
If only she were not here. (If she's not
If only they could speak English. (If
they could speak English)
3. Would Rather; It can be used to explain the
"preferred", would rather Subjunctives can
also be used, which means the same,
I would rather you went now. (I prefer
you to leave now)
They would rather I not call them. (They
prefer if I did not call them)
4. As if / As though; As if and As though having the same function and meaning,
which is "as if".
Edi talks as if he knew everything. (Edi speaks as if he knows everything)
They act as though they were the real actors. (They are acting as if they
were real actors)
5. It's Time; It's time they mean by "now time". There are two patterns of It's
a) It's time + to infinitives
b) It's time + Subject + Past Form
It's time to get up. (Time to get up)
It's time to go to the movie. (Time to go to the movies)
It's time you sent the letter. (The time you send the letter)
It's time I went to school. (The time I went to school)
PAST PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVES
Past Perfect Subjunctives is an expression of the hope that does not
happen in the past. The characteristics of the Past Perfect verb
Subjunctives is in the form of Past Perfect.
I wished they had invited me. (I hope they have invited me)
Fact: They did not invite me.
You talked as if you had been there. (You talk as if you were there)
Fact: You were not there.
They would rather I had called them. (They would prefer it if I had
to contact them)
Fact: I did not call them.
If only I had rejected him. (If I had refused)
Fact: I did not reject him.
Situation No Formal
In less formal situations, there are no rules as
She talked as if she was there.
I wish she is here.
Anyway want formal or informal, when we use words
such as wish, as if, as though, would rather, it's time
and if only, then we actually have to use the form