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Transformation of Education in the Era of Openness and Flexibility

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Author - Gard Titlestad, Secretary General of ICDE, appointed by the Board of Trustees.

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Transformation of Education in the Era of Openness and Flexibility

  1. 1. Transformation of Education in the Era of Openness and Flexibility 9-10 November 2017, Kaunas, Lithuania Gard Titlestad, Secretary General International Council for Open and Distance Education Member of the Governing Board
  2. 2. http://onlinelearning2017.ca/en/special-series-of-contact-north-i-contact-nord-insight-reports/ Congratulations to 1,400+ DELEGATES FROM 95 COUNTRIES 500+ PRESENTERS – 150+SESSIONS
  3. 3. Open, Transparent, Accountable and focus on Good Governance Support From Norway 29 years UNESCO Partner >50 years SINCE 1938 To be the global facilitator for inclusive, flexible, quality learning and teaching in the digital age. ICDE
  4. 4. Transformation of Education in the Era of Openness and Flexibility WHY Transform Education? Learners and societal needs The big shift The global risks and SDGs
  5. 5. Informal/non-formal RAPID AND DIVERSE EXPANSION OF HIGHER EDUCATION ENROLMENT 100 mill 200 mill 2000 2015 2030 435 mill Only possible facilitated by technology and flexible learning
  6. 6. The vision is that for the first time in human history it is possible to achieve inclusive and equitable quality education and lifelong learning for all. (Sustainable Development Goal 4)
  7. 7. Enabled by Open and Digitalisation Creative Commons
  8. 8. Stephen Alvarez/National Geographic, Creative
  9. 9. “Financing is one of the greatest challenges faced by the low income and middle income countries in achieving SDG 4 by 2030,” said H.E. Mr Nurul Islam Nahid, Minister of Education of Bangladesh
  10. 10. «Google, Facebook, Amazon and Apple rob nations» «Paradise Papers», 8 November 2017
  11. 11. The bigshift
  12. 12. The Fourth Industrial Revolution Add now: Artificial intelligence, cognitive technologies and robotics Neurotechnologies Ubiquitous presence of linked sensors New computing technologies Virtual and augmented realities
  13. 13. As the MOOCsMassiv Online and Open Courses floodedhigher education 5 years ago Now it is AI Artificial Intelligence
  14. 14. 2014
  15. 15. 2017
  16. 16. 2017 Why Education Is the Hardest Sector of the Economy to 10 Roles For Artificial Intelligence In Education IBM Watson Artificial intelligence will transform universities. Here’s how WEF Newsweek The Entire Internet Only Matched the Capacity of the Human Brain in 2010 AI keynotes
  17. 17. Build awareness and insight Establish relevant courses and educational offerings to build competencies Take part in the debate on the future directions and ethics
  18. 18. The Learners
  19. 19. Play Retire Learn Job Play Learn Job The new pradigm of lifelong learning
  20. 20. Digitalisation and technological development Demographic development Changing working life as consequence of globalisation Why high on agenda?
  21. 21. Kravene til nyutdannede i ”gamle” jobber synker
  23. 23. The paper concludes that the globally converging discourse of LLL tends to serve the interests of the market ahead of those of the community, and argues that an alternative characterization of LLL, anchored in social justice, is necessary in the light of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and especially Sustainable Development Goal 4, which aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and to promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
  24. 24. ICDE Lillehammer Lifelong Learning Summit, February 11. – 13. 2019
  25. 25. Transformation of Education in the Era of Openness and Flexibility Transform through? Through online, open, flexible and technology enhanced
  26. 26. The Chronicle of higher education July 2017
  27. 27. Innovate and transform the learning process
  28. 28. Learning activities & resources Organising Pedagogical approach Learning outcome Assessment Content Target group Didactical model From: Quality in Online teaching – Flexible education Norway 2017
  29. 29. Webinar Get known Theory video Self paced Learning blog Webinar Towards final assessment Crowdsourcing Gather resources Group task Case Learning objectives Learning outcome Test Peer assessment Comments on the blog Repete Q & A Co-writing Immediate feedback Oral presentation Written feedback Learning process Feedback - assessment From: Quality in Online teaching – Flexible education Norway 2017
  30. 30. ICT infrastructure – high capacity networks Education providers basicinfrastructure, LMS, SIS Institution wide applications e-assessment, learning analytics Applications for interactions, creativity, collaboration and motivation Student support Teacher support Content and devices Facilitating innovative pedagogy
  31. 31. Student support Teacher support Facilitating innovative pedagogy Time to market http://www.nmc.org/publication/nmc-horizon-report-2017-higher-education-edition/
  32. 32. Innovate and transform p e o p l e People
  33. 33. Survey • 1. OER uptake is increasing rapidly towards tipping point • 2. OER uptake is steadily increasing • 3. OER uptake is stable • 4. OER is a flop • 5. I do not know really what OER is
  34. 34. Open!
  35. 35. 1.3 Contribute to successful development and utilisation of Open: • Open Education Resources • Open Licensing • Open Access • Open Learning and Education • Open Knowledge • Open Source • Open Innovation • Open Policy ICDE and open
  36. 36. Educational Resources Open, Licensed Resources + 5 R
  37. 37. http://lumenlearning.com/announcement-5r-open-course-design-framework/
  38. 38. Ljubljana OER Action Plan 2017 adopted to support quality open educational resources
  39. 39. ICDE main responses Project in the pipeline: Connecting Quality OER Repositories ICDE OER Advocacy Committee ICDE Chairs in OER
  40. 40. To Come in 2019 UNESCO Recommendation for Future International Collaboration in the field of Open Educational Resources (OER) UNESCO General Conference Decision 8 November 2017:
  41. 41. Transformation of Education in the Era of Openness and Flexibility Transform for the future?
  42. 42. Risk trends
  43. 43. • On 25 September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly formally adopted the universal, integrated and transformative 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, along with a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 associated targets.
  44. 44. Main principles • Education is a fundamental human right and an enabling right. • Education is a public good, of which the state is the duty bearer. • Gender equality is inextricably linked to the right to education for all.
  45. 45. Target 3, point 43.: A well-established, properly- regulated tertiary education system supported by technology, Open Educational Resources (OERs) and distance education modalities can increase access, equity, quality and relevance, and narrow the gap between what is taught at tertiary education institutions and what economies and societies demand. The provision of tertiary education should be progressively free, in line with existing international agreements.
  46. 46. Education influencing all 17 SDGs
  47. 47. Prof. Dae Joon Hwang, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea, djwang@skku.edu UNESCO IITE Governing Board Member, Moscow The 2017 Dujiangyan International Forum: Ensuring the Quality of Education and Lifelong Learning through ICT, 13-14 July2017, Chengdu, China Technology Transformation for Pedagogy Innovation What is our ultimate goal?
  48. 48. Transform for: • Affordable access to job relevant, quality higher education. • SDG 4: “Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning.” • Transform education for all 17 SDGs
  49. 49. ”TOWARDS INCLUSIVE AND EQUITABLE QUALITY EDUCATION AND LIFELONG LEARNING FOR ALL” Sustainable Development Goal 4: Education 2030 THANK YOU! titlestad@icde.org www.icde.org
  50. 50. UDACITY: The MOOCs are dead It was Udacity vice president Clarissa Shen who this week said “they are dead,” when talking about MOOCs in an interview with The Economic Times in India. “MOOCs are a failed product, at least for the goals we had set for ourselves,” she told the newspaper. “Our mission is to bring relevant education which advances people in careers and socio-economic activities, and MOOCs aren't the way.”
  51. 51. Crucial for HEI (spend) 2018 CIO Agenda: Higher Education Industry Insights, 30 October 2017 1.Business intelligence and analytics. 23% (3) 2.Enterprise resource planning. 15% (2) 3.Customer relationship management. 12% (8) 4.E-learning / Learning Management Systems. 11% (6) 5.Infrastructure / data center. 11% (7) 6.Cloud services / solutions. 10% (5) 7.Student information system. 6% (10) 8.Digitalization / digital marketing. 5% (-) 9.Security / risk. 4% (1) 10.Networking, voice / data communications. 4% (4) https://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/3821765
  52. 52. Models for online, open, flexible and technology enhanced higher education across the globe – a comparative analysis Primarily online providers (n=21) Primarily distance and correspondence providers (n=9) Primarily campus- based providers (n=17) Online Assessment 95% 44% 82% Open Educational Resources (OER) 86% 78% 94% Learning Management System (LMS) 86% 89% 94% Mobile Learning 81% 78% 71% Social Media 71% 78% 82% Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) 71% 44% 29% Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) 57% 56% 35% Videoconference 57% 56% 65% Learning Analytics 52% 33% 18% Eportfolios 43% 22% 41% Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) 43% 11% 71% Wikis 33% 11% 35% Teleconference 33% 44% 29% Blogging and micro- blogging 29% 0% 41% Digital Badging 14% 0% 18% Artificial Intelligence 5% 0% 6%
  53. 53. 6 key OOFAT models
  54. 54. OOFAT at the core OOFAT at the core