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Simulation and Training for UAV Operations

Presented at the 5th Annual SMi UAV Technology (Virtual) Conference 29 September 2020

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Simulation and Training for UAV Operations

  1. 1. Simulation and Training for UAV Operations Andy Fawkes FIMechE 5th Annual SMi UAVTechnology Conference 28/29 September 2020 UK MoD
  2. 2. Related Themes Automation Simulation Remote Operations Telepresence Innovation
  3. 3. Outline •The Military of Today •Simulation and Gaming •Human-Machine Interfaces •Cautionary Tales
  4. 4. The Military 1/4
  5. 5. RAF Age Distribution 38% of the RAF ≤ 29 and 74% ≤ 39 UK Armed Forces Biannual Diversity Statistics: 1 April 2019
  6. 6. The Next Workforce Wikipedia
  7. 7. 93% of Children Play Video Games Children's Commissioner for England (2019)
  8. 8. Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Hillier Jan 18 “teenagers playing on their Xbox at home should take their gaming to the next level and join the RAF to operate real drones”
  9. 9. Microsoft Flight Simulator 2020
  10. 10. Tip of the Spear Innovation
  11. 11. Simulation and Gaming 2/4
  12. 12. Why Use Simulation in Training?
  13. 13. Simulator? Intelligent UAV
  14. 14. Simulation Now - Land, Sea, Air, Anywhere
  15. 15. Whole Earth Simulation
  16. 16. Simulation/Visualisation can be rapidly adapted and exploited for mission training and rehearsal Rapidly Reconfigurable Simulation Pix4D
  17. 17. Simulation Trends Unreal 5 (2021) youtu.be/qC5KtatMcUw
  18. 18. XR
  19. 19. “In Virtual Simulation you look at the Virtual World, in VR you are in it”
  20. 20. Rift Drone AR.Drone 2.0 + Oculus Rift + Unity + Xbox 360 Controller Rift Drone is open source: https://youtu.be/nD2a0OHRmoM
  21. 21. See What the Machine Sees Through AR (Augmented Reality) Iviz
  22. 22. C2 Flight Path Programmed in, and Controlled by, Unity Game Engine
  23. 23. C2 Simulation (VBS3) Experimentation Autonomous Systems
  24. 24. Decision Support UK MoD “Single Synthetic Environment”
  25. 25. Human Machine Interfaces 3/4
  26. 26. Voice Controlled Autonomous Systems UK 26 www.cervusdefence.com/case- studies/exploring-voice- controlled-autonomous-systems
  27. 27. Brain Interface 27
  28. 28. Telexistence 28
  29. 29. Gaming Interfaces 29 Pixabay
  30. 30. Cautionary Tales 4/4
  31. 31. My Feelings on Uncrewed/Automation
  32. 32. Google DeepMind 2019
  33. 33. Redundant Pilots? 33 2016 2020
  34. 34. Algorithms…
  35. 35. AI Limitations
  36. 36. Monitoring Systems
  37. 37. Easier Controls? (MS Flight Sim)
  38. 38. Boeing 737 MAX Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302
  39. 39. Paul M Fitts (1951) Human Engineering for an Effective Air Navigation and Traffic Control System • “great caution be exercised in assuming that men can successfully monitor complex automatic machines and take over if the machines break down” • “engineers should seriously consider systems in which machines would monitor men and prevent them from making dangerous mistakes”
  40. 40. Responding… "If I'm in the loop mentally I can respond more quickly than if I have to watch an automatic system and take over and then get my mind into the loop. So I was more comfortable in flying a manual descent than an automatic descent... my mental computer is already running at full speed.“ David Scott Apollo 15 Commander (1971)
  41. 41. Autonomy and Communications
  42. 42. The Human Needs to Understand What the Machine is Thinking(?)
  43. 43. Test & Train Test & Train Test & Train ….. Test & Train Human(s) Simulation Autonomous System
  44. 44. Maximise the Strengths of Both
  45. 45. Questions? BAE Systems

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