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Photography Lighting Basics

Just started with flash photography? No idea how to carry on? Here are a few slides on the basics of lighting in photography. Full guide - http://xlightphotography.com/photography-lighting-basics/

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Photography Lighting Basics

  1. 1. PHOTOGRAPHY LIGHTING BASICS
  2. 2. Hello! I am WS Toh Being a self-taught photographer, I give back to the community by giving free tutorials. 2
  3. 3. “ We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light. - Plato 3
  4. 4. Two types of lights ▫ Natural Light: Very obviously, everything that glows naturally. The sun, moon, fireflies, etc.. ▫ Artificial Light: Man-made lights. The light bulbs. 4
  5. 5. 1) NATURAL LIGHT All that glows naturally 5
  6. 6. 6 Different time, different light Time Light Intensity Color Temperature Sunrise Very soft Warm Morning Soft Bluish Midday Very harsh White Afternoon Harsh White / Bluish Sunset Very soft Warm Twilight Very soft Blue
  7. 7. 7 What is so exciting? • Light changes throughout the day. • Same scene, but different feel at different times. • Best time for photography is usually sunrise/sunset. • Soft golden light. Also called the golden hour. • Use the lights to your best advantage.
  8. 8. 2) ARTIFICIAL LIGHT Man-made lights 8
  9. 9. 9 Many kinds of artificial lights Incandescent The old school bulb, produces warm light. Fluorescent Regular Joe you find everywhere. Warm or cold.
  10. 10. 10 Many kinds of artificial lights Halogen Commonly used in cars. Very bright, very hot. Flash Photographer’s best friend.
  11. 11. 11 Many kinds of artificial lights LED Panel The upcoming new technology. Getting more popular. Strobe The big guns commonly used in studios.
  12. 12. 12 What is the big deal? Just like natural light, each artificial light produces different light qualities. Type Light Intensity Color Temperature Incandescent Soft Warm Fluorescent Harsh Warm / Cold Halogen Very Harsh Almost neutral Flash Very Harsh Almost neutral LED Soft Warm / Cold Strobe Very Harsh Almost neutral
  13. 13. 13 How to measure light Guide Number (GN): The commonly used quantifier in photography equipment. Goes by the formula of GN = distance X f-number. Or simply, the higher the number, the more power the light is. Lumen and Lux: More commonly used in the industry, but it’s the same higher number, brighter light.
  14. 14. 3) THE ESSENTIALS Laws of light that you should know 14
  15. 15. 15 What happens when light falls on an object? Shadow: We should already know this. Dark area where light is blocked by an opaque object. Highlight: Opposite of shadow. Bright area where light directly falls on. Core: Transition between highlight and shadow.
  16. 16. 16 Hard VS Soft Light Hard light: Harsh lighting that has a very defined core and strong sharp shadows. Soft light: Gentle lighting that has a smooth core and soft shadows.
  17. 17. 17 Square Inverse Law All serious photographers should know this. Intensity of light = 1 / Distance² Or simply put, the closer the light, the more focused and stronger it is.
  18. 18. 18 Direction of light Front Lighting Side Lighting Back Lighting
  19. 19. 19 Keep Playing With Light! • Natural light exists almost everywhere. • Using a flash does not mean natural light no longer exists. • It just means you have to consider the impact of using flash and the environmental lights. • Lighting may seem difficult, but you just have to keep experimenting!
  20. 20. 20 THANKS! That’s all for the short slides. You can find me at : http://xlightphotography.com The original article for these slides: http://xlightphotography.com/photography-lighting-basics/
  21. 21. 21 CREDITS Special thanks to all the people who made and released these awesome resources for free: Presentation template by SlidesCarnival Photographs by Startup Stock Photos

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