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This is the Week-1 Lecture at Islamic University of Technology (IUT), Dhaka, Bangladesh. This lecture consists the meaning of Eemaan and Islam and then goes deeper into the basis of Eemaan. Then we discussed about the Eemaan in Allah, the Tawheed: Rububiyyah, Uluhiyyah & Asmaa' was Sifaat.
Islamic University of Technology (IUT) Islamiat (Hum 0107)
Outline: Islam as Deen (Classes: 4) Meaning of Islam Definition of Eemaan The Basis of Eemaan Eemaan in Allah Eemaan in the Angels Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers Eemaan in Divine Scriptures Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection Eemaan in Al-Qadaa’ Wal Qadar (Divine Preordainment What invalidates Eemaan Shirk & Kufr
Eeman & Islam A narration attributed to Umar (ra) reports: “While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah upon him, there appeared before us a man… and said, O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam." Muhammad said, "Islam is that you should testify that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, that you should perform salah, pay the zakah fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Kabah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it)." Said he (the man), "You have spoken truly." … he went on to say, "Inform me about Iman (faith)." He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, "It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects." He said, "You have spoken truly." …Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Messenger of Allah) said, "O Umar, do you know who that questioner was?" I replied, "Allah and His Messenger know better." He said, "That was Jibril. He came to teach you your religion. " [Muslim:01]
Eeman & IslamEemaan• Non visible – not apparent – Faiths & BeliefsIslam• Visible – apparent - Deeds
Eeman & Islam When both words used together, they have the different meaning. But when used in different places, they have the same meaning. Mumin/ Faith Deeds Muslim
The Basis of Eemaan It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.
The Basis of Eemaan Eemaan in Allah Eemaan in the Angels Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers Eemaan in Divine Scriptures Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection Eemaan in Al-Qadaa’ Wal Qadar (Divine Preordainment
The Basis of Eemaan – Eemaan in Allah Tawheed in three areas: In His Lordship (Rububiyyah) In His worship (Uluhiyyah) In His Names and Attributes (Asma’ Was Sifaat)
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed Rububiyyah Lord = Relationship of dominance and control He alone is the: Creator Master Regulator Grants Life & Death Responds to supplications Gives and deprives and has power over us“His is the creation and His is the command. Blessed is Allah, the Lord of the universe.” – A’raf-54
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed Rububiyyah Allah is the aboslute executor of Actions Creation Organization Adminsitration Change Increase Decrease All acts of worship should solely be directed to Him
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed Rububiyyah This is root of all other Tawheed, that’s why it is mentioned in Al-Qur’an in the context of praising Allah, worshipping Him and surrendering and Submitting to Him Sura Fatiha – Rabbil Aalamin
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed Uluhiyyah Tawheed in His Worship Those who believe in the lordship of Allah, but don’t believe in Him as the only God and Tawheed of His Names & Attributes, to those people Tawheed is of no avail. “And most of them believe in Allah only when they associate others with Him in His Divinity.”–Yousuf-106 Tawheed in His Worship Allah is the True God and there is no God but Him and worship is directed only to Him
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed Uluhiyyah Worship = Obedience, Subservience, Submission Complete Love Complete Submission Allah should be greatest and dearest from anything else “I created the jinn and humans for nothing else but that they may serve Me.” Zaariyat-56
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed Uluhiyyah Components Love Fear Hope Supplication Reliance Obedience Subsurvence Submission All types and forms of Worship It is one of the foundations of Islam
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed Uluhiyyah Prerequisites Sincere dedication of love to Allah Yet there are some who set up equals with God and adore them with the adoration due to God, but those who believe love God most. If only the wrongdoers could see, as they will see when they face the punishment, that all power belongs to God, and that God is severe in punishment. (Baqara- 165) Devoting Supplication, reliance and hope to Allah alone in matters upon which only He has the power “And put your trust in Allah if you are believers indeed” (Maaidah-23) Fearing only Allah Then fear Me (Allah) much (Nahl – 51)
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed Uluhiyyah Dedicating purely and solely to Allah all physical forms of worship, such as prayer, fasting, animal sarcifice, pilgrimage, as well as all verbal forms, such as vows, seeking forgiveness and the like. Surely, Allah will not forgive the setting up partners in worship with Him. He forgives whoever He will for anything other than that. Whoever ascribes partners to God has strayed far indeed. (Nisa-116)
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed ul Asma’ wasSifaat Allah is: Characterised by all attributes of perfection, Above all defects and deficiencies He alone is distinguished from the rest of creation by these characteristics It is achieved by attesting all the names and attributes Allah reported by Himself or confirmed by His Prophet Sm In Qur’an and Sunnah
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed ul Asma’ wasSifaat 3 Principles: 1. Declaring Allah above any imperfections or attributes like Creatures 2. Belief in names and attributes that are in Quran- Sunnah without increasing/decreasing or changing/interpreating 3. Don’t greed to know the nature of these attributes
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed ul Asma’ wasSifaat 1. Declaring Allah above any imperfections or attributes like Creatures Believe: Above having a: Spouse, Partner Equal, Assistant Protector Above all imperfections: Sleep, Exhaustion Fatigue, Mortality Ignorance, Injustice, Forgetfulness And so on..
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed ul Asma’ wasSifaat 2. Only names and attributes to be ascribed to Allah are those mentioned in Qur’an-Sunnah 3. Believe in this names and attributes without enquiring after their nature and manner or investigating their essence.
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed ul Asma’ wasSifaat Various elements should be avoided: Comparison (Tashbeeh) Like christians compare Christ the son of Mary to Allah and the Jews compared Uzair to Allah Distortion (Tahreef) throuh false interpreation, change or alteration “And Allah spoke directly to Moses” – Nisa-163 Negation (ta’teel) Takyeef: Ascertainting the manner in which Allah’s attributes take form and also determining their essence
Eemaan in Allah – Tawheed ul Asma’ wasSifaat Some Names of Allah: