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Non - tariff barriers

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Non-Tariff barriers are trade barriers that restrict imports but are not in the usual form of a tariff.
Some common examples are anti-dumping measures and countervailing duties also called non-tariff barriers.
Non-Tariff barriers include macro-economic measures affecting trade.
Non-Tariff barriers comes under Trade Policy.

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Non - tariff barriers

  1. 1. NON – TARIFF BARRIERS PRESENTED BY : ZIL
  2. 2. Contents I. Introduction II. Trade Barriers III. Objectives of Trade Barriers IV. Trade Policy V. Tariff Barriers VI. Types of Tariff Barriers VII. Types of Non-Tariff Barriers
  3. 3. Introduction  Non-Tariff barriers are trade barriers that restrict imports but are not in the usual form of a tariff.  Some common examples are anti-dumping measures and countervailing duties also called non-tariff barriers.  Non-Tariff barriers include macro-economic measures affecting trade.  Non-Tariff barriers comes under Trade Policy
  4. 4. Trade Barriers  It refers to the government policies and measures which obstruct the free flow of goods and services across national borders.
  5. 5. Objectives of Trade Barriers  Protect Domestic Industries  Protect economy against dumping  Promote Research & Development  Conserve Foreign Exchange Resources  Make Balance of Payments  Counteract Trade Barriers  Economy Self-Reliant  Mobilise Revenue
  6. 6. Trade Policy  Trade Policy is also referred to as Commercial Policy.  It is a set of rules and regulations that are intended to change international trade flows to restrict imports.  The aim is to boos the nation’s international trade.  Trade Policy is classified into 2 types:  Tariff  Non-Tariff
  7. 7. Tariff Barriers  Tariff Barriers refers to the duties imposed on internationally traded products when they cross the national borders.  Tariff rates are still fairly high in the developed countries.
  8. 8. Types of Tariffs  Export Duties  Import Duties  Transit Duties  Specific Duties  Ad-Valorem Duties  Compound Duties  Countervailing Duties
  9. 9.  Anti-dumping Duties  Revenue Tariff  Protective Tariff  Single Column Tariff  Double Column Tariff  Triple Column Tariff
  10. 10. Types of Non-Tariff Barriers Quota System Import Licensing Consular Formalities Preferential Treatment through trading blocs Customs Regulations
  11. 11. State Trading Foreign Exchange Regulations Healthy & Safety Regulations Prior Import Deposits Miscellaneous

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