<Nc yvogloel o voeg6g dv0gonog 
tov esur6 rou lror 611 Oev eivcr, oO<i-voroE 
lrol 6u, q autlo rou Ocvdtou ei-vcn 
o 6pora...
nPo^oro> 
ANTA|ONDTE> TOY XPDTIANI>MOY 
Nc pr,l,r]oerx, ave[g yro, rouE ((c,,roytrlvror6gro u 1gr,- 
otr,c,vr,oporir>u>a l...
crntivrpq oto egdltqpo trsQl rou otri,ou ttlg vinqg qg: 
vixqoe, 61r, yr,ati tpav ro povo6rx6, a)'ld yr,ati, rpcv to 
xoit...
epcpav6gilv og nou dqqoe o eqprpr,op6go trl ouveiSqoqt rcE. 
flcq' 6l"a autti q i'6[q cutrl 6e[1vel6 u, o eqpqtr,op6grl tc...
KEOAAAIO I 
H APKAAIA _ O APKAAIKO> EPMH> _ O IIAN 
To 6p6puor ou sQl.rrlrropoirrig 6aerv, c to crvo[qrrlooupe 
orq 1toqa,...
xavovlxrl 14[o6o orrl Odlcooc, ev6 oro c,vcto].1x6 nou 
eletd[oupe rdrgc xcrcr].riyouv orrE eyxrigor,ego gooep6g, 
p6oa cn...
va 6tiroerg, u[utt1i' rloq o' aur6 ro nq66],qpcrp, er6pepeo qv 
Konegdyq 6vcro gr,1r<ix l,,elop6vop noux,al"ro, triyr,o ve...
N6plog Ar6l,l,rovcrg rltov eni,oqg 0e6g tov 6oox6v. Ol 
Aqxd8eg 6pcog 6ev orevolcogq0qxov: o 0e6g roug qtav 
<xcltrhepog>....
Eqp"4g ouvoberiel tr,g pu16g xot orov I(dto K6opo ox[[o-woE 
6tol ro rroQotl6rooplo fiou, yr,c 6]',ouE touE ti?tl,oug 
Oeo...
l"err oroug peyd)"oug 6q6poug, orrg ol6oelg torv avOgo_ 
r[orovx ,or per,inema rtol Tcr)vx porclv trrera[ri roug. H XQUoq ...
;roug fen6gaor orlv r61vq va xL66err"c or vo 6ivel rperiu-zoug 
6qxouE, roug onoloug rou ouyxoQodoe o EQptlEo, 
bilcrbrl t...
T xoQI rou Aur6l.uxou, yr' cut6 xol, qxatalaatlrou orov 
I(ino K6opo, oriprgcrrvpar rov Atolrll,o, 6l,c6el drgo orrlv 
rcc...
Lelnel ro lr,oripog, 6l,uoer o nq66?,,qpt.iu ou:n ol.6 XoQrro-p6vo 
ncrgouor,d[err o q66o rqg xcqp6vrlg ],e1origp e to 
no...
KEOAAAIO II 
H APKAAIKH E>XATOAO|IA 
OI (IIPO>EAHNOI> APKAAE> 
(H KO>MO|ONIA TOY >TPA>BOYP|OY) 
Blaoulxcrpe, 6pog, vcr nap...
oq gul,rl nou 6r;;loriq,yqoe cw6v to plri0o. X' cu.r6 pag 
nei0el ax6pc nm ao)'t to i6r,o enerc66r.o :rr1g xcrrct6utor,6 
...
ro l,oyo l,unoripe0c ax6pu neEoo6rego nou 6ev pcg orir_ 
Or;xe. IIag' 6l"o nou. xcr, o ,OpqgoE 
poE l.6er l,enro-1reg6_ 
a...
veg nelgo[cv rouE Aqzdbeg [r€ rqv rugoorovupic< ngoo6- 
l,qvou. Xripgrovc l,r€ rov ngoavoqeg06wcr olol"nor; tou 
Aqr,orocp...
pertirvowag pe nldyr,c ygdppcrc ng 1,6[er,gn ou avoyzri-ar, 
xa vcr oupnl.rlg6orl e[oltloE rrlE xcttioraoqg rou 
nu:rrlgou...
25. QE rgdno rov oorQogreg6 cr06ga, u7 1aupuiow xatowia 
tou gat66 
Me rov elcvayxcop6 vc neEorgrigetan uxarunworo p6oc 
o...
All,d 61r p6vog, cqori 6[n],c rou iltuv xan o xq],6( rou 
yroS, o A6yoE, 
I(ooprlp6vog pre euxlvrpeE pregodyeg, rrdwo alq0...
3}.Kafin an' auulg 6ev eivat mavrl va 6e70ei' rc y6voE no-truripuOpltovo 
vOgcilnorv, 
2q p6oq 6pag undpyet tva vqai nou u...
a:roonc,opop cg negr,61epr6, ocrr qg tror rq 6l6aoxal,[o yr,c 
ta o,orleia xol rTV oorgoloyio xaL rny dnorf4 ylcr ro 
Aoyo...
KEOAAAIO III 
H EEEAIEH TOY APKAAIKOY EPMHTDMOY 
O EPMH: >TO EAAHNIKO IIAN@EO 
O VYXOIIOMIIO> EPMH> 
Ksrd nol6v tg6no 6g60...
Aur6 elvcn zota,vorp6: agori eibcpe 6tr o nQotaE aurod 
tou 6noug rpav nal,r,6gA axdg tlQcoaEO, crx crro},d6oupe 
erizol,o...
epnr,oroorivl rou. Qg ngog r' ril,l,a, 6p05, eivcl o 0e6g rqg 
enr,6efr,6rqtogo opau,xrlg xcr, voqtr,xrlE|.L c ro l,6yo au...
; H ouwnop[q rrov ],orper,cilev v6g0 eou 
ftq onp'Eiri.crba eile cr:gc rno'u6l.eopocu vrp0o4 
ro'rE zru ouv tourorg otc 6g...
tou peoofowa perc[{r rov 6rio x6oprov - rov lrrwrcrvdw 
ltor rcov ne0crp6vrrrv'E. tol 
rov yvrrlpl(er,r l6q tl te].eurola ...
r6nouE nou qrav pdqrugeg rqE Lo1E rqE; ,H, 
enlr6louE, 
enedrl qv nqoorrireue ornv nogela rqE ,rQoE r,tg ou,6g 
ytrl r1v u...
H lq rpcv nrlyf xat 04oclugoqul,axto xa9e yvriroqg: n r|uXll 
nou xan66arvs orrlyq l"ap6cve tq yvorotl qSrLaL pnopori-or, ...
cii.d roiri nro yvtoot6 oto @g(,lo trlE Bor,o-n 
pnropa),io 66qcg tou 6ylve por,gai,ot{ trt Ylo 
Ar1rq pe 6Iq trlv otzoy6v...
KEOAAAIO IV 
H KO>MO|ONIKH ANTIAHVH _ H KYPHNH 
'Eror., 
Iom6v, 6l"q q El"l"<i6c6r 61qxe q 0gqoxeio rou 
Eqpr1o toSo uarar...
l.uoq ol,l,a prrlacoEe[ ,vorg, ltlnxlvbuvo vc uno06oouper qv 
unceEqp lcg 16oo 6a0l<igx oopoyovr,xr;ga vdl"qrprlgo e pro 
...
Agrcbio 1oaxo't.,areu , xondbra tr;g, 6rgoye 6el,ov[6r,aa no 
tc 6dor; rrrw 6el.avdr.drvtq g xal 6orel.veo rrlv levr,rrd r...
xuqqvc'rixt10 e6tqtc, o 0e6gTov 6ooxtilv Aqiotcr,og,e v6 r1 
prqr6qo rou, rl KuQrlvn, 6ev tltclv r,inort ol,Io nopd q 
<<u...
ragdgOqxee xei xat cur6 ro np66l,qpc pag i,,rivero, vroo-vcrxcl, 
uq06vn olqtrrcr6: nog 61ol q6q ruer,q, or;paolcr tou 
ou...
KEOAAAIO V 
(EN APXH HN O AO|O>...ll 
H EEEAIEH TOY AO|OY 
flgdrtov, q 6r.6ooxa)rio yrcr ro otollela. Enl0uprilwcrg 
vo ro...
6yrveo e cgxerd pu,xg66 a0p6: ug enr,a[ rirvegt ov n],avq_ 
ttrrv rr,g yvroqi[er,n 6tl o fl].titrovcg, 4 enibgoorl rouE or...
xilg xut" prii'lorc rrpg otrorxrlg x,oopo0eo4iag. Elvcr n€Qrr-t6 
vc noripe 6rl o A6yog xoO' ec,ur6g6 yr,ver q vedteqq 
en...
agxcrbr,xodz il rou el,l,qvo-aryuntu,xode ppqrr,oporia, IId 
orlte onoxl"eira,6, 66ana,r o evbelog,evoc utrl vc nrlqe ro 
...
paqmpi,a rou fll.<itcrrvcr oro 6r,til,oyo <Kgarril,op (xeg. 
14). O Xolxgctqg ouvopr,i,,tivraEU ,sr ov Egpoy6vq eficyel 
p...
xor (o EqF IE = o no.r6qcg rou A6you>. Enr,otg6qovroE 
ndl.l otr;v Koopoyovlo rou )tqco6oriqyou 0c boripe no],ri 
erixol.c...
<<I(ar o kodwqg;> 0o gcorloer, naveig. 
Arr6g 6gloxeral r6gov cn6 tt;v svr,orioo currlE rqg 
e[6].,r,lng. 
<<I(a(o, A6yoS ...
KEOAAAIO VI 
H NPOEAEY>H TOY AN@POTOY 
flqorori eferaooupe q petap6qgororl rou eppqrr,opori 
pe 6doq t4v flrol.epuixil Nyu...
rrou noQouor,dlero,o rlyxgr,ta peyahiteqo ev6lcrq6gova n6 
q qr,l,oooqr,xrl rino!4. A)titd rqog to naq6v noqoza)''til 
tov...
opor3.'Ooov cqopd rq Nr,66q, aurl1 6ev eivar, 6nog 6)"6net" 
o cvayvdlorqg, rcq<i <<un6orcroqr>q>E fqE - qg ogewqg 
yrlE r...
uan, teireiooe Ft rrl bqpr'ouqyia rou JlQoroclv0g6nou' tou 
;il;;-;;, onoq.i,t"t'ov' 6voug' aut3s 
1 
nsotocrvoqor 
nogy 6...
KEOAAAIO WI 
o @Eo> @oT 
To enr,66[r,zoo l rrlqci,o,n cg' 6].c ra e],ctr6por<i rou, 
orioqpc rqg sl.l.qvr,xr1Og eol,oyiaEr...
El,l.aba. Km 6pog, q enr,6lrooqt ov npdrlv <<ncvOeou) 
ouv6lloe va un<ig1el oq ouveibqoq rov Alyuntitov nal 
cpy6reqcr, 6t...
rov @cot: <Kov6vag 0e6g bev .rov 
lrunrier, nu,v6vag petc_ 
qog6cg 6ev rou cv.rrcr6xe.ucor,r o 6g6po rou, ccporie ival o 
...
611 nol,ri vtogi,g-q anovtlol oqv egtbtqotl:< <floroEe ivar 
o @cot;> toriE .pdvtlxe o)'oqaveqq: pt rtl' ngdltl patr'a 
ot...
KEOAAAIO VIII 
O EPMHTDMO> KAI OI EBPAIOI 
O EPMHTDMO> >THN AI|YTITO 
H cryuntcxrl unrlg[e p6vo plo cn6 rr,g 6r.io 0gqoxei...
tlrav nm 6rlozol.o: q e6goizq 0grloxei,o avayvdlqr,le p6vo 
6vo @e6-Aqpmugy6 rou ouQovori xcr, tqg yqg nou 6ev 
pnopotoe v...
yvtogi[ouv rov evegy6A qpr,ougy6to u xootrrou.'f,)oreo Eqprlg 
6yrve beriteqog Oeog, <Noug-prouqy6p. Exr6g o,n, o,u-r6v 
o...
yuntnxori eqpqtr,oporiE. naval.op6rivol 6tu ext6g an' awtg 
u,g neqr,otcostEo av6teqoE egpqtr,otrr66ge v e[1e o1e6ov 
tino...
KEOAAAIO IX 
H KOPH TOY KO>MOY 
H (MAYPH EIIDTHMH> 
Aut6 nou ovopd[oupe zartilreqo egpqnop6 pag obqyel 
ngdrro on' 6lc oto...
I-YNATK(DN. rN(DptZc) -ro ONoMA co. noy ^A.Mnet c-foN 
OYPANO - OY(DEI OY,I.CECNOYCDEI OA.MCNCDE ENEOMOYX. 
AY-rA etN^t -r...
o,neu0rivercnA. l.l.ote o Vulonopn6g @ot pdOclve otouE 
ngoo'uo,'ueuopevorrioEu vo yvcogi[ouv rc ov6po'ucrrov 
teptirrov r...
oxeua(erat ypuo6 xat aor1p'tT. 6te aut6g ei'ne6 tr' 6ev 61el 
6r,xcri,trlpvco l.tt to paOet xoOcbgt o ngtiypc aut6 elval 
...
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  1. 1. <Nc yvogloel o voeg6g dv0gonog tov esur6 rou lror 611 Oev eivcr, oO<i-voroE lrol 6u, q autlo rou Ocvdtou ei-vcn o 6poraglp An6 ug <epprpmig> anoxaAtjEeq
  2. 2. nPo^oro> ANTA|ONDTE> TOY XPDTIANI>MOY Nc pr,l,r]oerx, ave[g yro, rouE ((c,,roytrlvror6gro u 1gr,- otr,c,vr,oporir>u>a l,r,6reqcu vuyxrl bev utrlq1e. <O agla[og x6opog q otr,yprl rou epryoportio u Xotrlgo 6u0ior;xe otov eyolop6, trgv anrodc 11,aT1n co6l,yela, ol unozgr,tlx6g percrgguOpiosrrso u ngdrtou cruroxgcrogc rqg polpqg 6ev 66ooav xant(:vue. q60r,opcort r,g nag6rdg,4 qr,l.ooop[c e[o-oxodoer r,gb uvdper,rgr lE os dxagnegl "oyopolieg, p6oo an6 toug yeptitoug 1quo6v coriE xor.uorlocvr oug l.drger,gp leya- ),,ongenr1o,M d rplqd zor abtarpoqae i6tola. I(ar, t6te r;1qoe an6 rov Ougov6 q qovq nou 6brooe unool6oerg o.roug xcrl,ongoolqetoug clvOpotnougn ou rrlv elodxouocrv xol oco0r1rcu... Aurrl n elx6vc qg "vlxqg rou XQl,oncrvr,opoern.ii , rou agla[ou n6opour rou rov neqr,66o]l[ee 1cogr,[epre, tr;v crn],6- rrlro xor qv dveoq r4g. 'Opolg, ngcilrov, eivar, l"c0ep6vr; xcn, 8edtegov, xanu tqv yvrrlpq pou, pcr(i U,r rov oglaio x6opo rcnewdlvel rcxl rov i6r,o ro 1gr,otnvlop6. fta 6vctv oqel,rl cv0gono eivcu quorx6 perd tov cyrivc vo rcr,Jr6r-vrbvel Tov ovrclyovrorr; rou, anoberxvdovrog 6u, exeivog elval obrivapog, av6qtog zar, 6el].6g0e vcbo l nlo 6funvol l6qouv 6fl ro,newdlvovroEr ov svdnciro rsnervdrvouv? {,ol rov eaur6 roug. "Etol lror orqv nqoxer,p6vqn egin.ucooqo:e avrlOeor;p e rr; yvropq nou cvcqdq0qxe nqoqyoupdvcogo, ono8og rrlE XQl,onovr,xrlrg, 56cg0 a ngotr,prloerp, r,a til.l,rl
  3. 3. crntivrpq oto egdltqpo trsQl rou otri,ou ttlg vinqg qg: vixqoe, 61r, yr,ati tpav ro povo6rx6, a)'ld yr,ati, rpcv to xoitritego pdoo yr,a vc cnoxttloel xcrvei,gtr ;v nveupotmr; €l,Qrlvrxl or rrl otonlqi,a.A xqr,6togo uttlv tq yv6pq oupl.rs-pi( etcu xcr, o ouyygagdag autorl tou 6otttpi,ou, 6pog - ewoei,rcr,- 61r, ener,6rlo i6r,ogt q 0eopel enr,Oupqttlt og 1grotr,ov6g,o )'l,c ener,6tq1 Oeogeio olottl og egeuvqtrlg. H cva0e6gqorl rou lqtrlpcrtog negi, ttov crvTcytovtotdrv rou XQronovr,opoerii ,vcud,v a an6 ro Jtto eni,xcrqaE nttpa-rcr rrlE r,oroqr,xrlegn r,ot{pqgt ou xaqori FoS,T onoio br,cr- 06ter, eni ni,.6ov yrc rq l,rioq tou nol6 tl.qg6otego ul.rx6 oe o16oqp e ngoqyoripevege no16gO. r ntinugor,n ou 6q60q-lrov rov reiteutai,o za46 oe t6oo olpcrwr,z6 aql0p6, xa- 0tbg xol ril"l.cl ouyyevux<tio ug texpr;gr,a,p dg entrq6aouv vo 6ytil"oupe oupreg<ioporo, yto 6va ayvooto 11 el.dlr,ota yvoor6 orouE rrQoytveot6gougp cg m6[o - tr1 0gqorcutl-rflleoJnT ov l,crixdtvo tptopattrlv. Ol 6geuvegn crgtin?'eugov enr,otql.lrilv- rrlE otyufitlo)'oyicg, rrlE coouQto)'oylcrgn al dl,i'rov - nag6louv tq 6uvcrt6tqro vo xcr0ogiooupe tr1 oupr6o),.nr1o u or [riveE0 gqoxeutrx6g6 o[aoi,eg6 qegav otcr ovroyotovrorma yr,a ro XQtortovtop6 66ypctcr. Tbl.og, ev p6geru, n6 r1v eni,bgaoqo utoti tou xcwouplou ul"txod xsl to rpbrl yvroord p,cg xeipeva nogouottiotqxov pt xcnvoriq-yl, o qtllE xol n6qaoav crr6 )'r,y6tepoq negr,oo6tegoq r,[r,x6g crva0eto prloelg. Th ncrqanavo mlriouv tbtai,mqcl yto rrl 6r,6aoxal'iu, otqv onolcv xcl crcprcg6v€rorto ncg6v 6oxi,pr,o- orov epprprcp6. Aev vopi,[to 6tr cutrl 'Opcog n f6Eq 0a net no],],d ng<iypcrcl orov crvoyv<ilott1. o ovayvrilowlg, uqot 6rd6aoe to eniypappd pag pe qv 6vber,[qt qg nqyrlg tou, ioog e[en].<iyl ps rrlv rirucq[q o' curl tqg ],6[rlg (tQU,rp,- xo>>,o rqv onoia aut6E ouvtl0r,oev cr nqoobiber,6 va dl,l,o, xa06l.ou 0pqoxeutr,x6 v6qpc. Ncr6 cruul q I6Erl ei,vst to 10
  4. 4. epcpav6gilv og nou dqqoe o eqprpr,op6go trl ouveiSqoqt rcE. flcq' 6l"a autti q i'6[q cutrl 6e[1vel6 u, o eqpqtr,op6grl tcv <il"i,,ote plo brivopq xor, vopl[ol 6'n ro ncqcxatco 0<r ro cnobel[ow oc96o'rcru" Aev 06]ro vo cnoxpurpo 6n ogogpti yt,a aur6 ro Doxlplo otdOrpav ol 6peuvegr ov 6u.rlnoeu-gomalcw enloqp6vcov xcrl r,6r,oiregaro 6gyo <flor,pdvbpqg> rou Reitzenstein (Aer,gia, 1904). Ar,a6dlovrrig ro cro0riv- Oqxo 6a0rirorq €uyvtrlpoorlvqn QoEr o ou^yygcqdoro u yro to ovocpeg6pevou l,lx6o a)l}"a xar, n)tnqq blagolvia poli rou yro ro ,rro ouorcorlxd, ngo6l.rlpcro rqg nqo6lreuoqE rro;LT S oqpaolag rtov sQl^rrlrr]rdr6v 6aozoirubv, elclri,ag tqg uneg6o),,lzr1tEou , 6nog pou qtivqxe, ar,yunropcrviaE. An' auml q 6r,agovi,a nqo6xuee rcn q avdyxrl vo fio,- pouor,riocroq v e[6],(q xol rrlv ouoio rou eqprpr,oporoi e poAqrl Jrou pou qcl,veral 6tl cvrcrruoxqivercno ro, releu-tc[ c 6e6op6,or IE enr,orrgpq-E pe d]',]'.c] u6ym,v a ygdqcrl to nop6v 6ox[pr,o. l 1
  5. 5. KEOAAAIO I H APKAAIA _ O APKAAIKO> EPMH> _ O IIAN To 6p6puor ou sQl.rrlrropoirrig 6aerv, c to crvo[qrrlooupe orq 1toqa, q onolcr xana r,ry op6qcwq paprugia rnE oQ-lcu, 6tqtag rlrcv xol aotglbcl rou i6lou rou Egpq - orr]v Apxata xcn puil,rcrcr a' exewrl rqv neqr,o1q qg 6nou 6glozercu, ro rrro gql"6 6ouvo rIE - orqv Kul,l,r1vq.'Ooor, rruxo,, tcrfrberlowaE xlQoE tqv K6qr,v0o xor JrQog r1v A0rlvcr, vo nl.erloouv orov Koglv0r,ox6 x6l"no, aut6v ro 0aupaolo yol,o[r,o norcrp6 nou nepvder, percr[ri rtrlv no-gal, l.r;l,rovo pooepdv qg )repedg El.l,dbag ?tcrr rlg fle),.o-nowrloou, ontrlo8rlnore ouporivrcll rqv Ku)"l,r1vrlJ, TouT ytovooxtnaatq xogucprl tqg rooo 6vrovc [e1ogi[el crn' 6].11 q v6rla $;tx,a qg yrigo g6o1g yro rov ralr6r,drrq, an6 r; (eor1 avonvorl qg enlqaveroE rrlg 0dlcooog nou 6lcr-o1lfer to n].oio rou. H Ku].].rlvrle ivo,ro cpgoug6grI E Aa-xa6[ cg xcn taur6lgovo ro orlpl6o].6 tqg. Kol apcypcrr, exe[vq elSu],],r,cxre1l xovcrr rqg Agxcrbi,oEx, lou 6ylve ncoi-yvorrlorrol r FoE 1dpr1 orcl lowtowa tou 18ou clrbvcr, xs06l,ou 6ev c,vrcnoxpivetol orrlv rlQoyp.o,rlx6'rqrcrO. l aqlcrlol q yv6qr,[uv rog lcirgo ox]"qgr1, pe aaguretap6- voug lerpdrveg,d rp0ovougo e lrovrcr, pe 6ouvd axexaop"tvu culo Tru'n.v6ad oq 6el"avl6rcirv6, nou 6glozouv xatocpriylo brdcpogcc lygr,oO eqld,r 6lcr[,regoa,p xori8eg.) rlg te],euraieg q Aqxabla opeil,er,, tcrLx ' 6vopd tqg (ono ro apxrog). Tu notdpra qg Aqxc6iog p6vo oro 6unx6 p6gog rqg 61ouv L3
  6. 6. xavovlxrl 14[o6o orrl Odlcooc, ev6 oro c,vcto].1x6 nou eletd[oupe rdrgc xcrcr].riyouv orrE eyxrigor,ego gooep6g, p6oa cn6 ng onoieE axu1ouy c6qcrro, un6yer,o 6q6po: ei-vor, o r,l .ey6pevegx ara660pegn ou nqoxcl.orlocrvn gol.qnr-xo q66o orouE l,ccrolxoug rrlg XroQog xan xoLta rrlv oQ- 1or,6trpc xut x,ur,ar oug ve6mgougl govoug. Megr,xegg oQ6E, nqotorl e[,opovr,orcl orqv xcrc660ga, o norcp6g Oqplmugyei l,iprvegM. rn o,fi' crurdge lvcnq neglqqpq Xrupga]"ia ].ipvr; or4 qi(a qg Ku),,l,rgvqgE.w oeitor, 6tt ot xur,or660pegO ear gorlvtov eioo8ol orov rQopsQ6l (sto K6o1^roH. Xtupqc- ?'.ic0 e<oqeiro6 vo ngoypcrnz6 nq6nul,o rou d6q. IGnore ebdrl orioov or,g o6epdg) rupgcri,,ibeg6 qvr,0egn ou anrlya-yclv tr,E tfux6E, rbonou tr,g e[o],60ger[re pe ur 66].q tou o rlgocg-eLeuOegotrlgH gaxl,tlg. Art6pla nrc yvort6g rptclv <il.l.og tivcrg norap6g oro negilrrlQd rnE Kul,l,rlvqg nou {necpre otqv <i6uooo an6 tov on6zgqpvo tgopeg6 6pd1o otov l,a6riptv0o rov <iypr,ow 6ouvrov. ft, aur6 xol rot, ov6pc,oov )mya, vopl(owag 6rr ro qeripc .rou nlo xd,to snoref,e[ ro oruyep6 norap6 rou I(titor K6opou, 6nou or, oxr.6g nl.douv orrlv ol(bvLo, cnaqqy6gqrq zctolzia, toug. To veg6 tou 0eogeiro 0cvar;q6Qo yrs roug cvOgdlnoug xat yt"' our6 ro XQrloqrofiororiocr-v nog6pola prsr o l,[r-oarovr, xi ordaTiat - yra rouE rno rcgorig nor. qo6eporlg 6gxouE.K ar, cx6pc 6vag ri),,),og0 grll.og ouolen!6rav pr,e cur6 ro veg6:6 },eycv6 u aur6 pnopei va 6r,al.uepl 6oa rou brdcpogcp riro),,lta.Q g ouvdner,a6 i,,6noupe- xor. crxgr,6cirg o' c,ut6 ouviorcrcn q oqpaoia autod rou Ogril,ou- 6u, ro veg6 qg Xrrlycg ngoxtil"eoe evSr,acp6goevn loqg oroug guor,o6lqeg-1qpr,xoriXgr.o ug veoreqoug xor,gofg 06],qocv vc 6oxr,p<ioou?v rol tqv olloruloriu, rou. O neqlqqpog Nl-prrofQ6 1eru, no06oel6.nt o veg6q E lruyog negrdler,0exir6rl dl,o,ta, 6pog oupnagdoraoq otrlv un60eoq rou 6ev 6gqxe. To 1813 o Aov6g ag1cu,ol.6yoBg roendstadt, enr0uprbwag l4
  7. 7. va 6tiroerg, u[utt1i' rloq o' aur6 ro nq66],qpcrp, er6pepeo qv Konegdyq 6vcro gr,1r<ix l,,elop6vop noux,al"ro, triyr,o vep6, 6pog ro cnor6)'eop0 rqE ovdl,uoqg tlrav cnoyoqtewlx6: ro veg6 rgrov ouvr;0lop6vo. Ilcrgaxtrtro o avoyvrilorqg 0a xatai,d6el yr,cri 0eopr1- ocrpeo r6nqo v' cvoqeg0oripeo rr,g: ;6llLLrLrt,S6 r,6rqrergo u o'rriylou vegorl, rdrqa, 6poE, ag enlorg6poup€ orrlv fieQr-yaoqrf nou aqlioape. Or, xazomot <tqg X6pag tov Ap-zoribcov> 6 ev tlrcv yer.ogyoi:p 61g zor, tqv rcroglx{ enoyil toug neigolav 6tt, rg6qowau F,s ro guorrr6 npoi6v trov boorirv rouE - ro 6eiav[6ra. 2r,rdg q ox,].qgrp1 6qa roug 6ev rucprrycyr, or ngtior,veg 6ouvon),.ay#g, ov 6ev rpav axenaapfveg pe 6rioq, XQrlol,U,onol,oriwayvl a 6ooxr1. Ol Apxdbeg, 6oor, 6ev (orioav a"n6 ro zuvr;yl, rircrv 6ooxo[. H loq tov ioaxrhv pr rouE avollrorig 16qoug rrlE x,or rrlv anga[lo q6aer,n gog rqv ruolr1oq.E xei, otq 1r,ovr,op6vr1 noquqtp qg Ifu)'l,rlvrlg o ougav6g ayy[(er, fl y{, exet o 0e6gr ou ougavodA iag yovr,ponoir;oeq Oedl q, trlv onoic ol Aqxd6eg ononolorioov qrrlo5 <<Mavo6l'c> - Moic luog tou Aia xoll l,.lil1M alog 4tcv o Ku],i,,r1vroEgg prlS.A n6 rov Egprl ngo6gxsror ro rd0e 6v, yl'aur6 xor rov kirpeucv orrlv Ifu)'i,"r]vqo g o{p6o}"o tt1g 6qpr,ouqyr,x{bgr ivapqg tqg qtoqg. Xwlv ouolc tou o'Egprlg rlrov nav6e7r1ga qxcbr-x6g 0e6g, 6ptog orr,g r,6riegn egi outod ro oqpcrwr,x6tego rptov oxgr,6cilge xeiva ro XoQo%rqgrol,xdn ou xa0opiotrl-xatt an6 tqv r,6r,6runr; xoOrlpeqr,vrl Erorl rrov Agxtibrov. AxE6rirg yr' our6 o Eqprlg rlrav "@ o 0e6g-ngootrirnE qE fioilpiv*lxffi o{(.-Tov; aaouAixA( ;t enr,0upqre6n r"axtm4il o'v Oooxtov,?oruo u(QdQtEmr, tdiit-ro rroQoorQorqp6von go6oro (Eppn; KAroWpoO...t for 6LmS o' cuul rou rqv un6otoorl o EgprlEc ,vrrtrlerdlnmxed ruolou ei6ouEo uvo,yovl,op6o: r, ^yeitovego xol,ou0oriocv pe nol,ri lrll,o trl lorgelc rou Kagvelou An6l.].rrwc, o onoiog rlE 15
  8. 8. N6plog Ar6l,l,rovcrg rltov eni,oqg 0e6g tov 6oox6v. Ol Aqxd8eg 6pcog 6ev orevolcogq0qxov: o 0e6g roug qtav <xcltrhepog>. Kcn vd, yro, vo evrolrioouv qv nenoi0qorl crutrl or, aor,bol toug 6n].a,ocv rov tipvo ylo ro ndlg o Egprgg, ev6 rpav ox6pa 6969og,c nrlyaye pe enr,m1lccr n6tov An6l.l.orva ol.6xl.rpo xondfu cyelcbrov. Me outtytqv ngd[ry ro zrigogt ou Oeorl-ouvcryovr,oxrl ,oviorqze na,wel"dlgx: cn 666anu,o v o Afi6l,l"orvcrg6 ev xcrdcpeqev cr cpul,dferr,o xoncbr, tou, rpcrv gr,riroxiv6uvov cl rou epnroreuroriv tc 6r,xd roug xoruti6r,c. M6)"lg r6gcr cvccp6g0rpa otoug oorborig. Kcu, nqdypcr-tq unrlqlav r6touor otqv Aqxcrbia. To rqoyorifu eivor, o povcrbrx6gx crgn6gr rlE rvorsvtonnrlg loxqg.T a pov6rova, pcrxg6ougrcr dopard rouE or AqxnbeE 1oaxoi rcr ouv6- 6euov noi,(ovro,Er o ngox6yovo 6y1og6o6 qyavo, pe l1eio ro xa1obxt tqg xoricpr,agle l.drvag (y6)rug).E ival crutov6q-ro 6n aur6 ro 6qyavo 6yr,ve 669o rou [6rou rou Egpr1, :lr,otxJo .r,' aut6v 'rov rp6no n|tuye xor or aurq rqv neqi-l[ rooq va vuxr;oelt ov An6],],rrlvo.'Oporgs, wosircn 6tt nro oqplavtux6 on6 to rcll[r,po oto 6y1oq6o 6pycvo rpcv ro i,br,oto neprcl6pevot ou tgcryou6r,o6q, t61vq rou vo rrQo-ocqp6[ owar, or, ].6[er,g] ror, ol, ox6rpeugo tr1 pouorxr;, xal crurrl rqv r61vq ldgr,or orov ov0gorno o Eqprlg: yr' out6 xcrr,q t61vq r4g <e[r1yr1or6>@ pp.rlvetewn) tpe cn' cut6v ro 6vopd tqg, evrilo i6r,ogo 0e6go g btlgqulg xar ngoo'rd-rrfE rou )"6you nqge to tlprltrr6 eniOeto A6ytog. Aurl tltov q cpgovti8o rou Egprl yro rouE l,drgelg rou otq [orr1,r ou naq6perve6, ptr:9,x at gr;a ro 0dvaro. "E1ro pvqpoverloer,1 6qr r,g puotqgr,coberx.agr a660peEq g Aqxo- 6i,crg nou npoxolouocrv orouE ov0grilnoug q ox6rpq yr,a tqv dpeo4 yelwlaoq rou x6otrlou trrlv oxlrbv. Yn6 qv enl8qcxoqa urlg qg yerwlcroqg6 ywe xurt cvenavn]"qnro otr,g Oqqoxeiegro v el.l.qvr,xrivc pul,olv- unor60qxe otr o 16
  9. 9. Eqp"4g ouvoberiel tr,g pu16g xot orov I(dto K6opo ox[[o-woE 6tol ro rroQotl6rooplo fiou, yr,c 6]',ouE touE ti?tl,oug Oeorigx or, toug cv0qtbnoug,1 ogllet rov 6vcv n6opo crno rov ril"l,ov. O Eqptlg lotqeu6tov yt' out6 xil toE Vulo-nopn6g. Kcrteile q 1guor1 gd66o, nou crvayxa(e tr,g Qu- 169 vc tov crxoir,ouOoroivt oug oxotelvotig 6q6pouEe xei, 6nou xqri6etcn q Xniya, exlt,6nou periyouv ta veqcr tr;g Xtupcpcrl.i,clr[gp vr1g.N at, crurl eivcrtr ; ncvi,olugq 9o66o9! Aprci v' ayyi,[er, pe auttl o Egpng tov f,r3nvto, xl cut6g crp6oorg6 u0[letcr, otov tnvo: ogzei v' uyyller, tov xotpoti-p€ vo ?a crut6g opdorr:glu nvdeu flqcrypan, owcrg peoiqg perc[ri tcov 6uo x6opclv, x0,.rtyet6' ]tq awrl tq puonxtl Sr3vaprnqo u xp66etcn otcr 6yxcrto rrlE YrlE,o r,t1vx atowia rou 0av<itou 'rol, rou {nvou. El ou zot 11 0erbgqoq rou EqFq trlg Oeoriq g yoqtei,crEx or, rqE prayeiag.O crvayv6- otqg pcrweue6666ata,6tr,o uttl I XQUon9 o66o9t ou ei,val o npo6gopoge nei,vout ou playlxou 9o66r,o1f1io u rl tJrtrcl'- xrwfi rou xivqorl 66r,ve6 rivcrtrlqx ar un6otoon oro [6gxr,c 6l.ov trov ptiytov ?tot rcov yqteuttilv rov pfioY€v6otegrov enoltilv. Na norc rltov pe ),iycr l.6yr,a q oqpcoicr tou Eqprl oulv ncrtgi,ba rou, rrlv Apxa6io. Eivcl, 6pog, yvtoot6 6tl q l.crgeio tou 6ev nepr,o[iotqxe o' nur1v. H Aqxo6i,a bev pnopodoev cl avc0g6rpeL6 l,s ta fislbld rqE MI 61owog yr,' outc crgrct6 rfopi otqv xugr,ole!,ic, ta 6otel've 6fol, o' 6leg ttg neEol6g tou el.l.qvlxori xat rou lrq e]"]"lvr,xor3 x6opou. O o6or,n6qogr ;tov otqv aglor,6rqro - tbloltego ong nqdrqeg eno16g qg - ni'dopcr l.iyo nol.rl lrogig 6r-xcrrbpotcr.) tlg n6l,er,gto v nqootcrteueo E6vr,ogA iog, otoug 6q6poug,6 ptrogx, avdvog.K cr, vo mouo r,A pztrbegc lqltocv va npooerilovro,to rov Egptl toug ov' o toug <<ouvobeueu> "Eraq Yl,euvoiza onE obornogleg toug. ],om6v, antxr,qoe o Eqpng dl,)'"qp r,cro rlg,col,co g 0e6ga ou nag6ler tqv aorpc-t7
  10. 10. l"err oroug peyd)"oug 6q6poug, orrg ol6oelg torv avOgo_ r[orovx ,or per,inema rtol Tcr)vx porclv trrera[ri roug. H XQUoq qd66ogr ou 6yrveo ripr.6o)lroro v rcfr,6lcirvx or rou epnoqlou xcr xqtirrloe pd1qro, rlpepo awq 14 oqpooic. OpoX tr, (orp (oriocv auro[ or Aqx<ibeg;T n Etorlt trtv rulo8ro nuitv: 6, r,t toug or6l,vel o 0e6g - o i6r,ogo EQprrlS6, d"a6q _ eivar ral.6 yr' autorig. Av orppleqclg er,corei vo, 8lcoxebdoouv ,ro;Ly o.n gozal,6oouvr r1 oupn6vrc rov cxgocrrrbv,0 c roug eul,oy4oerp, e ro ldqr,opo rqE euyl,otr[ag. Av crlEo XQsro_ otel vc nou],qoouv pe zdgbog ro ngtiypa nou oy6gaoov ndpgOqva, Ocr euvorloel ro epn6glo o Eqprlg. Av bgouv xdngrc xanr xaL6, to erigqpa ro or6l.vel o Egpr]g, e[ ou xaL xo 6vop<i rou - 6ppatov.I{ut ov q cpt61er,ce favayxti_ [er, oe z],onq - o EgpnE ouyloqei roug z],6qreg. Kcre6ci_ voupeo ryti-olyri o' 6vcrve r1u6a'r,op6vox6 x],,oc rwll,qrperov, po rr vo zrivoupe: or, Apxd6eg, rulo6rirxreg exr6E rrrrv ouv6gorv qg nctqi6aE rouE, Oev e[1cv xaL rny zcr],riregq grlprl. Aur6 ro yeyov6E anemovi[eror lror orov navel]"q_ vro Ol"upno: e6cb q 06oq rou Egprp eivcr, za0cgd urrrlQr_ awxil xat crvtlotorlel orq 06oq tcov Agzd6a;v ],crrprrrttvo u nou 6cpuycv on6 rrlv nargi,6c rouE uor avol"dp6cvov ne_ glqqoqp6veg 6oul,er,6E. Al.l,<i xar, d bev 6r,4yoriwcv yro, ro br6pa rou Oeori rouE or, Aqzdbeg, ap"a xaracptovov vd, yugloouv nioto orr;v nargiEo rouE lrs pr,c qorilra 1guo6! T6rc xat 4 c],q0er,c 6noqve rq yeriorl rou xro,Qop,u0loerlv, 6 o EQpnE,o 6ropq_ tttg trlE euyl,rorriog xdr rou now;gori vou, 6r lqtorioe xav vo r4qouv cuorqgri rqv al,r1Oer,fctor. roug nr,o netulr;p6_ voug tulo6r6meg xuzl.ogogorioov ol.6d.qgor xrixl"or, 0gu_ l,cov.K sr, ngora an' 6La yr,a 6rio o,n' ou.uorigO. 6vcg tlrcv o yroE rou EQpT, o nr,o peydl,og o' 6l.o "ov z6opo nL6,cpv,1xga t ananerhvcgA ur6l.uxog (Aut6-l.uxog, <<o[6 lo9 o hlxop). O'OprlqoE l,del yr,' aut6v: <6l,oug toug cvOprb_ 18
  11. 11. ;roug fen6gaor orlv r61vq va xL66err"c or vo 6ivel rperiu-zoug 6qxouE, roug onoloug rou ouyxoQodoe o EQptlEo, bilcrbrl tou 66rooe pro yl,o nayra qv ti6er,c vcr expetatr-i'. erierary w t,,o;x6ro 6vopti rou oroug 6gnoug.M roporipe govo va uno06rouye't t blqyrpoergx uxl,ogoporioov yt ' ou-rov xcrry r(xr rE crnarerrlv#gt ou. H nogtibooq ptig 6r,6oore provo6 va ilvog nou 6e[1ver6, tr, aur6g rpcv rtorgr.<iqXqg oicov trrlv oq1r,xl,eqr6v xor oro butlzo-eupconaixa xcxl oxa prior,xcrn crqcrpri0r,aA.u r6 ro ilvog eivol q loropia ym, ro xbg an|xrqoe rqv owcfia orlvtqopo rIE EtllrlE rou oro rgooono rqg Mrgotqag (6vo npogavig 6vopo cn6 ro pr75opa6q oqpaolo rou onolou ei,var<, 6funvr1>)r uoud 1[e- Q€ vo lrsrqroqcprrlvetcuo,e 6r,agogc fcila zcr, zcrt' 0ut6v rov rg6no nopel1e p(potc orov nat6pa tqg: petctg6m-rcr o€ crl"oyo,o ncr6gag qv noul"tiel zal cutrl enlorp6qel :riotrl orrlv c},qOr,vrF; oAqq rr;g. Mr,o eoQd q Mrlorqa aou-i. rlOqxe orov Aur6luxo, o onoiog, ewoeircu,, 6yi1xe nto ;rovqg6g an6 tov y6go, ol,l,d xor rov 6xave, oE owopot- 64, ne0ep6 tou. O al"),ogn QraE, euvooripevogto u Egptp,e ivar o no),u-prllcvog O6uoo6c6... Al,l,d our6g r;rav o 6aor,l,rag qg I0dxqE, 0cr)'.crooon6qongo, g0qrrlg tqg Tgoiog - rr, pnogei, vcr Jmr xcveig! Mdl.lora, 6rol rlrav rot oro 6nog rou Oplrl- Qou, o onoiog - ioog riotegc an6 pegr,x6gp etopoqcpcl-oeLg- 661tqxe vo eleuyevi,oerl qv el%6voa, worl rou Jro-i. rot Apx<i6a neqml.crvoripevouK. ol to 6t, o O6uoo6aE rltcv aglr,xd t6touog, ro 0uporiwav nol,ri xal,a or, Aqx,i- 6eg,n ou tov Oecoporlocrl.v6 gutr1q g n6l.qg rou @eveo6o, onoiog yerroveiiel pe ro 6ouv6 Kul,l,Ivq ,ro;; xTl )rupcpol,icr ).ipvr;. Nor,, crur6g rlrov o navdqlcrog euvoodpevog rou apxcbr,noriE qprrlr l nm otoot<i o i6r,ogo EQplrlgr, l yrpvrl unooraorl tou. lr' aut6 nm o EgLlrlST ov JlQoororerieor rqv <<Obuooercry>r,>' ,c ur6 q pqrdgo rou, rl Avtixl,era, l,6yercl t9
  12. 12. T xoQI rou Aur6l.uxou, yr' cut6 xol, qxatalaatlrou orov I(ino K6opo, oriprgcrrvpar rov Atolrll,o, 6l,c6el drgo orrlv rccra660qa qg Xtuprcpol"icgl. [pvqg.f lgo no].],ori r16q6 1oupe crgvqOer[ qv <inorp46 rr, o 'Opqqog rro,Qooroivel trg nro ncrl.r,6gF oQp6Eto v el,l.r;vrxrirvp riOo:v6: rl auroi n6pcoav otov 'Opqgo a,n6 to ltoveurrlqr, tou rovrxorj nol,lrlopori orrE FrlrQootutweg anotxitg, evcb ol aq1lx6g poqq6g toug 6rcqgr10r;xov orqv xupirogE l"l,d6a, 6wag 6ep6v€El, rst lE l"ctgeieg xlou rrE 6oooc,v on6 .rqv l,qopovro y,aL r,ny,[oQo,_ p6gpooq. H nsl.r,a pu0ol,oyr,xrr1a rinor; rou O6uoo6s pe tov Eqprl prig 6oq0derv, a xanaL66oupe6 vc ncqti6o[o nou ngo6].4_ pdn[e t6oo toug ogloloug 6oo xol roug vecirregoupgu 0o_ l,6youg xcrr pdl.lota tr1 yeveol,oyia, xana tqv onoia, o negiqqpog crqxabr,x6grg cy6poggog 0e5g flav lla,gcroral_ vsror trrE yros rou Egpq xar rqg flqvel.6nqg. Arc6pa zcr pe cut6, 6poE, yl ouois tou naqdfevou <georl) 6ev efiyei_ tcu fra vo rqv xata).lafiouyten g6nel vo 6u0lororjp€ orrlv cnl,o'ixrpr galrhqta,:rov ngcor6yovoJvc vl,l,qrpeov, 6.rcv to Ocupriolo |yattxto trov [olov 6xove vc tc Oecogori6v1 l ilcicirtega, al,l.d avtirepc nl,dotrroro o€ aytaq ps Iov crbrivapox al mrqoortireuro dv0groruoO. l Aqrd6eg 6oaxoi, yro rouE onoioug or, xaroLxeg rltcv or tgoqoi ?ror or su€Q_ y6rr,oo6gro ug, govrritovrov ro 0e6 roug rogr g<iyo.N otrli_ (to, pdl,rora, 6rr, outr; iy,av xat q og1r,x,rp1o ap{ rqE crQ_ v"crbwig Ogrloxeiag nou ngoqyrl}rlxe xut tou i6lou tou egprpr,oporl.M e rqv ev0g6vr,oqr ou tel.eurciou t4 pr,ag rrro rrQoxtrlQnp6vqpEoA qrlEO pr;ozelage, pgoviotr;xe q ovd_ y^ n ya ouole.umroriv ?rol ot 6rio 0e6tqreg petc[ri rous ]ror rore r; nm quolx,r; l,rloq rpclv vc yivel o flav yroE rou Eqprl. O nctrrndl,orcg gcrirob6g, orov onoi,ov ogeli,.oupe 6va crn6 tc oglol6tego rexpr;gr,c yro rov fl<ivc, o ouvrc_ rtrrlE rou <Opqgr,xori>rl pvou ngoE nprl tou, lroplg vo rou
  13. 13. Lelnel ro lr,oripog, 6l,uoer o nq66?,,qpt.iu ou:n ol.6 XoQrro-p6vo ncrgouor,d[err o q66o rqg xcqp6vrlg ],e1origp e to nou e[6e ro rgoyon66cgo xor xegcoq6go pog6 qE. Tpd-xrqrll aE guyrl yr,o va yl.ltcboel, ai,.l,ti o EqpriS 6ev e[en],d_ yq, ril',r,[e to 6g6qog oe 66ppcr ]"ayori xatlextvrpe yr,o rov Ol,upno yr,o vo por,g<ioepl e rouE Oeorlgq lcqd rou. Kcr, ngdypctr,, ol Oeoil dqqxov xot ro 6gr6qogr o <<ov6pc,oo,v Ildva" 61616 1e1€ !q_gg1g1*rIt5g gqlgsro v ndwffiW- -6*F o:u. 1o* ny{qe.;- 1sqf"1-1q.{ilffi orcor tr " rf €tul^r,oioyio autrl eivcr, u,noruxqp6v1 (yev. rur. IIav6E olyougcr 6ev pnogei va 61el rinora xorv6 pe rrlv y€v. ,rr. navrdg), autq dylven ol,ri Oqpogr,l.r16gp, o6, or nro sQ€uv1_ tr,zol crr6yovor,6 ev qoav nl,6ov wcvonor,4p6vopr,e rqv ogslq eEnylorf rou Opqgi6q-gorpco6orOi. 0e6g rtr.y loaxrhy xut tov xono6lov, o 0e6g qg aygr,og g6oqg 06l.el, croga)l6g, pr,o 6o0ritego vor;1,tcrr,xrp1,,t a nav$eiixrle qpqvelo.A ut6v rigllocrv va 6),dnouv ag mivileo, oE ovrrlQoodrneuor; qg g6oqg oro orivol,6 TIE.QE anot6i,,eopa o,urt6v tov avc(q_ trloecovb qplougyrlOqxer1 0qr qv eno1r1r lE ndl.qg rou XQr_ orlcvloporl pe rnv er,6ol.ol,crgla o aaolyvooroE Oqri]"og yro ((ro 0tivcro tou Meydl.ou fftivc>>. A).ld xcr, o 0gr,crp_ 6euolv lgr,ormrvlop6E 6ev ncg66oroe otq i,,rp.povujr_rov,.cu- 6ulloLargro <n<iv0eo>>n:r or6g otqv rdoq rou vo l,rrrd,- rqdnel rg vr,xrlp6ve6! e6rqrego e 6ai[6vr,o cvrgyoydiai io (ro6pogqo fldva oe avetpa rou ox6rouE rcn rou .tru4oi). Or oglor6tegeg elx6veg rou bla66l,ou ovopg[6o],a.rr]r1- or,ti(ouvt o tgcyon66cgo xegoocp6qoli qog, orrl 06c rou. onolou q i6r,c rou rl prqtdga dquye rg6lovtoE on6 tqv xltlvq qg y6wag. Autry rpcv 11 noq<ilevq po[go nou negipeve oro p6],],ov trlv negiegyq 0e6tqrc qg Apxa6[cg. 21
  14. 14. KEOAAAIO II H APKAAIKH E>XATOAO|IA OI (IIPO>EAHNOI> APKAAE> (H KO>MO|ONIA TOY >TPA>BOYP|OY) Blaoulxcrpe, 6pog, vcr nape pnpoot<i xcn tcilp,c cg yuqi,ooupe otov Egpq ,LaL xov eqpqrr,op6. Mr,cr egrirqoq tqv ogrivoupe ax6pcr lrrpig mrriwqoq H eqrbtqoq curl eival q e[r1g: 6r,60ete awr; q novtiqlar,c oqxc6r,x{ Oqq-cineia tou Eppry xdnor,a 6t6aoxaLta qg; Eivcr, crncgoiu;- ro vtr te0e[ cutrl q egdrqoq cv i'o6oupe un6rpq 6r, o riotepoge ppqtr,op6gc, zgr,66ge xeivogn ou 6yr,veo vroyovt-or; g tou XQrotlovrolrod, qtov xoT' elolrlv pla 66ooxo- Iia xsl ptil,rcta, 6ncoE 0a 6el xcn o cvayvrirotrlg, no),ri oo6ogrl zar 6a0uor61ooq. No oqper,tilotrol p6oog 6tr,, anawtilwog 0ettxs o' ouTrlv qv egdltrloq, blaqovti pe 6ooug 61ouv aolo)'"q0eip e ro [rpqpo rrQorlyoul,r6vroxga r npotr,poriv vo efdyouv tq petoyevdorsQr€l Qltqrr,xr6l l6a-oral. la o],"62].4qqe ir,eo n6 tov n],.ctrovr,op6e ite crn6 tug crryunrrrx6g fiqy6E.A ocpa)'dlgc, rn' outtl tqv ap1cr,6tegq, r4v apxatxri eppqtr,xry6 r.0aoxalia pdg cn6per,vavp 6vo eldlrora i1vt1, tc onoia 6pog untiglouv ?tot rl 6ncq[rl roug onorel"ei, pugugio y,a exeivo to ofvolo nou ro dqrpe vo undplouv. IG0e 0pqoxeutlxrl br,Sooxol.icnr q6ner,v a 8dloel ona-vrrlorl os 6rio eqcnrlporo, ro onoia crwlperoni,[er xuglog o vouE tou crv0pcbnouJ rou ndqcroea n6 ro xatdlq),r, qg 2 2
  15. 15. oq gul,rl nou 6r;;loriq,yqoe cw6v to plri0o. X' cu.r6 pag nei0el ax6pc nm ao)'t to i6r,o enerc66r.o :rr1g xcrrct6utor,6 rou Obuoo6o orov OpqQo: q 6l^lelr1r1tr ;g cntnl,oylcg fllt oro, fil.clora rrlg exwt;6 btrlyrlorlE ncpctqqrlglxe 46q apo nol.l.ori crn6 roug egeuvrp6E fll0cv6v crwrl q xorr;ir.Aait1 vo 6nqqq0qze (owovq oq l"crlxrpo wei6qor;, on o oor_ 56g 6ev 0ecbgqoe buvat6v vo rqv c9arp6oeu Elvar, a]"r1Oerc6r,p og, 6rl o OpqproEp eraqdger,r qv xano;flaarl rou O6uoo6a n6go cn6 tov flxeav6, orq lrirga talv Kl,ppeqi,orvn ou bev 61,€rrouvr o galE rou r1irr,ouc, l,i<! q eOvol"oyic pdg e[qysi apdotog 6rl curq q 8ofaolo elvar, pera,yev6oteQqft cu,6 1er,q v cltlc tr1g otr; y6wqor; rou e0ipou r4g xorioqg rrov Ovnrdyva vui 116 rug<orup1r,xrr1cgrq qE toug. "Eloupe 6er,e nior;g 6rr, ncpdA},4i,,ao ' currl q poQ_ qn qS ncrgtibooqg unryqle xfi pro rii,,l,q, qv onoia uxo_ l,ouOeio Ar,o1ril.og.'O1nr,d qcro .n6.rov f,)xecv6,a l.l,<io rqv norglxq rou Apxc6ic o Apxdg qqolcE O6uoo6ag xa#6q-xE axoy IQito K6opo. Ol xitolxot rrlE )ruppal.iag l,i_ pvrlE rov per6gegov orqv <i1,i,,4n l.eup<i rqg ,rQoEr rl or,trl-nql" q onql"r,<ip, 6ool rqg onoicg xat xan66r1xeO. l z<irorxor, ouroi, o,norel,odoavr o 1o96 qg cr,o1ui,,er,arpga yrobiog <Vulcryoryol>. Kard trl1q o Apr,otogdvqgp tig 6orrroe6 vo oriyo ano pla lbqo6ia: <<TovE qprl rov ng6yovo rr,porSpe epelg,q gu]"r1n ou xanotxeiuy rigo an6 q i,.[pvq>.2< <Aut6 l.6ve or,A pxd6eg - efuyei o aglaiog o1ol.r,aorrlEn ou ei,1e axopa q Suvcr6qro vo 6r,o6<!oearu ml rq 1op6vq tqc_ yro8lc - xut ya ro yrad: oro 6ouv6 Ku],],r;vq r1g Aanc_ 6[ag ],cqeu6rav o Eqprlg.E[alrictg cut1g rtpg ncvdqlor,ag l,argeicg Oerogeitoo yevdqlqg roug. Auroi tqcyouboriocv Har pLd ytu0oe6( rcrogia.'Ooo yr,a q l,ipvr;, ewoei rr1 Xtuppcl,lcl ].[pvq, erloqg otqv Agxa6ia>. An, auq tr;v rqoyo6la Ocrp nogorioopr€v o p<i0oupen o],]d cr].qOr,vxdc u, ev8lag6qovto yrcr rrlv agrcabr,nrego larol,oyio. |t,, cur6v
  16. 16. ro l,oyo l,unoripe0c ax6pu neEoo6rego nou 6ev pcg orir_ Or;xe. IIag' 6l"o nou. xcr, o ,OpqgoE poE l.6er l,enro-1reg6_ arar,a yld rrlv xatafiaoq rou O6uooda, a],].d 6ev r;v rono0erei oqv Aqxc6[o, 0c r;rav oqxetd qr,rpoxiv8uvvoo ouolerlooutrr,qev cgqyqor; rou [r€ rouE Aqxd6eg.f ldwrog, orrictiEx o;Lv o, e(,vcr, to yeyov6E 6rl unrlgle q ogxcrbr,xrg eolorol.oyia pdl,l,ov 6ev pruogs[ vo ro ol,rgro1rpilaet xa_ ve[9. H 6erirep4 crntiwr;or1 ng6ner, vc agogri rnv x,ooptoyo_ vts.'Evav uncu,vlyp6y l, curqv 6gioxoupen tih otov rrQoo_ vogeg0dwc odlo rou Ar,o1ril,ou,o ripgrovcrp e rov onolo 3l*T6:r.l,dtgeuor rgy _E-ga4*ro,lyqvaA1rol ug. Aurrl oogcoro,c pavqy"s 4 neqi,egyq orov aplcio olol,raotri, o ong{og e[qyei rrp rincgfiq "tli lru tnv ngoarovi" l,o"qricr ior Eapri orqv Kul.l.tlv1 rnE Aqxcbicg. Aev e[var ra06],.ou orro*i_ rrlro vd ro e[qyoripe,e vriln o],ri nr,oo lyougo0 o rlnor, f,iqig vo eqeuvoripet6 clrieE, vo egpr;veriooulrrco rexpr;qm tou Ar,olril"oux ugr,ol,exu,xtpi ol.ov6u,e [val no],rj,ruqiuqyo.K o, ngdypotr elvar, neglegyo, apod [dgoupe 6u, oe onorovbq_ nore r6no roug Oeor3tgo ug 0ertgorioavy evdgleg rov 6ld_ oqpov orxoyevel6v, cl,l,d ro JrsQtord,rlx6 pro ol,6xl,qqr; gul,rp, 6nrog orrlv JrQox€r,pdvnqe glnrcoorl, vc Oeo:gei ro 0e6 yevtiqlq rqg cnotel,ei iorog 6vc pova6r,x6 pclrv6pevo. Xuvrl0o4 or xor,vol 0vqtoi ngo6glovtal dpeoa <<on6 m;v yr1>. Agaye q egtrlr1rr,zxrgo opoyovic 6r,ocp6gecrn 6 trlv novel"Irpvlo fi ano ug ril,l,eg el,l.qvrx6g rcu[aparov ols ,rQoE to yeyov6g 6u, o Eqpqg qrav yev<ig1qg tou l,cori rou, brll,obrl tr;g ov0gom6rqrog, ener,6rpo tr,g npor6yovsE xo_ opoyoviego r 6worcg cur6g outrlnlrrrouvp ero[ri "oug.,Oprg e6dr pruogorip€v cl nqoo0dooupex ol dl.),.o6 uc "eq,lrlqrol nou p6l.r,g trrlga pti0apl€ vcr ro xanaLalawoupe ldgq oe plo eurulrl avoxril,u!4. 'H6q ngo nol,i,,orti ltov yvroor6 6n, or,u n6i,.omol,El,l"rl_
  17. 17. veg nelgo[cv rouE Aqzdbeg [r€ rqv rugoorovupic< ngoo6- l,qvou. Xripgrovc l,r€ rov ngoavoqeg06wcr olol"nor; tou Aqr,orocpdvqo, ut6 ro ooteio eile o4 oqoQLrq< <l.tLLdo ro-pia, 6n or, Aqxrlbeg loriocv otr,g dgqpouE rouE qv eno14 rrQl,vr rl y6wqor; rou qsyyoQrcri>.I ldl,r, 6nog 6l,6ruero avcryvcborqgo, olol.notnE paE ngoo.rgdlel or (pro r,oro-qi, a>. Aqaye, prlnoE eivol enltgenr6 vc uno0dooupe 6tl v,al arLE6 rio neqmrtooer,ga ur6g e[1eu n6rirq rou tqv i6lcr <pu0rx1 loroqio>>, nou 6ev rlrov dl,l"o nogd ro clqloio cpxo6lx6 noopoyovlx6 6nog;'Ono6 xor vo, el,vaq 6ev undp- 1el otrrcpr,6oi,6.iraq oripcpcovpos rrlv agxcrblzrl dno{.q trlg xoopoyovlag, ol nq6yovor rov Aqxdbov [orioov r16q ezei-vov rov nor,go, 6tov 6ev un4g1e cx6po orite ro geyydgr,, orire ([oog) o r1]"r,ogX.t oug un6i,.omouE'E],].qvegq 6o[cr-oi, c cutrl gdvqxe ncrqdl,oyrl, xo0rirg, orlppova pe tr,g ol,- l,eg xoopoyovi,egn, g6ra Oqpr,ougyrl0qxoe x6opog l.rr rrl yrf, Tov ougcrv6x ,(xLT ,' dotqa nou xoopotv tov ougcrv6, x,at per,a tr;v 6rorpq r16q or,xia rou xaroixrloe o <iv0go-nog. Kcu ndl,r, q aouvr;Or,oq bolcoio o6ryyrloe orrE rrQo-ondOercgv cl €Qprlvrurebl lacpogenzdn ],dtq <<ngoo6].qvou>: crpoQp4r ou 6r10evp neq66potogo tdOqxe ei,rer ; ovopaoi,a tqg ogxcrbr,xnqEu lnE rolv <<)el.qvutrilv>e>i.,r er o 6vopa rou ncl"rcri 6oor,l,ld rbuE flgooel"rlvou, eite to yeyov6E 6n vi-xnaay xtinorcug el0gorig rouE ,rQrv an6 rrlv cvorol,rl rou geyycrgr,orAi:e v undlpler,c vuyxq vcr br,crrf-reu8ouapuerd ro, telvtiopcro,, q porcr6rrlro ralv onololv elvol o]"ogdveqq: np6opora 6q60qxe pr,c ),oprgr1 6vbef4 nou enr6e6ard)ver qv og0oqtcr tqg xupr,o),txttxilge gprlveicgA. vripeoao toug ncrnugougn ou cy6gcos orrlv Aiyunto xol 6gepr o'ro )rpa-o6oriqyo o Reitzenstein 6g60rye 6va sn6oncopcr rTE xo-opoyovicrEr, o onoio o ernorr;povoEb qpooieuoeo ro cpu)"- ld6rc <Zwei religionsgeschichtliche Fragen> (Xtqao6orlp-yo, 1901). Ilagcrxctto nogcr06rotr q perdlcpgaoqq E oq-
  18. 18. pertirvowag pe nldyr,c ygdppcrc ng 1,6[er,gn ou avoyzri-ar, xa vcr oupnl.rlg6orl e[oltloE rrlE xcttioraoqg rou nu:rrlgou. To on6oruaopd plaE oqli[er pe to ntilg o A[ag y6wqoe rov Egpq. xan roi 6gwe 6vo peg[6r,o qg aro],tpopgr;g brivapqg rou. Ercivog o 6),cor6E sivct o EQpnE, o ap6yov6g pou. I(cr, pc)'rctc rcv 66ro[,e vc dqploupyrporr rov nav6poqqo zoopo. Tori 65orce xor rrl lguor; pd66o, nou enr,6<i),,),er4t v rcr[r1 5. I(ar, eivru ooqri pqt6qa tt]g zd0e toq6l"rpqg rrilvqg. Mcrll tqg nrgye o ytoE xou Aia vq eitre],ei, ulv x<i0e 6ori]rqor1 Tou ruadgo tou, evcil exeivog x<iOt,oeo ta rirprl I(cru 1ar,g6tcv 6),"6novtaE ta 6pycr rou 6v6o[,ou ylori rou. I(ar, ercivog, xolralowcg q 0aqraola tetpd[uyq poQqt, l0.'Exl.srce tc priu,o rou e(arciag tqg unep6ohtxriSfd pqrns. Aqoi av6),a6e orya-orya rqv 6paoq tou, eine ro l,6yo: <Axoriote pe, natui rou au06ga, o i6r.og o A[,aE, o nq,yi-oXUQoEn a'ripag pou, Anrd[er. ra orolleia vu ndEouv u1v no],dtegq 6qr,Odro ug, Ynaxotate, 1',our6v, q 0eic 6rrta^yr], 15.Km. va 61ete speEr1Exa }"rirego otrvandwqpo. @a xavo yr,o ooE apciu6cricq ullc rol enu0uprio fuo va ouvunaqlere peta[t ooE o€ xc],rltegq poipo>. 'Erat" eine xcr ayyfe pe q lguo{ p<i66o rou ra ororyein, Kcr, ap6oo5 ta xan6a6t r; cr<iga1r; ycl,rlvrl. 2O.Tu al,otTeicro ropdqoov rug nolupegeig ovopi[erg rouE, Kcu,r o xq06vo toug ordOr;rc orov ncrr<il.l"q)"o1 dlqo, Eva q oxopnrcpivrl pcrgpoquy{ p,aleirrlxe p6oa o.rov ewaio afi6pa, )uppilrrbOr;rov 6l,c [elvdlwcg tqv ar,<irvr,6cr ,16vor,ato ug. 'EAq[e 11 nawouv4 i70pa, xar, o yLoE r,o 0eorj nou y6wq-oe to n<ivta 27
  19. 19. 25. QE rgdno rov oorQogreg6 cr06ga, u7 1aupuiow xatowia tou gat66 Me rov elcvayxcop6 vc neEorgrigetan uxarunworo p6oc orov crvei,ntoro org66f,.o, Xtgoyyril"erpe rov oupcv6 nou K6opqoe pe entd lrilveg, otug onoieg ortiOr;xav ent<i Hyep6veg tcrlv ciotqov. Ksu auroi yrigr,oav r' riorpc, 30. Bgr,ox6pevoro. 6vog xanla srxo rov rilr,l.ov, nepr,nl,crvoripevol 6in),,a 6irl,a, 'Qocte dvc6sv navrod t' aorga oro euEryapo oreg6a1,ta. )q pr6oqo tegdcooec rut6E pe doerorc 6eopd qv yr1, 'Eorgerfle rrQoE rov nqut6 v6ro xclr rov na1ep6 6oppri To lto[6 6g6po rou o,xivqtou ncl or,conq]"ordi lova. 35. Kor, q 0ogu6ci6r;g Oril,aooq, nou 6(ooe yjpa-yupa qv gepri vn, H par,v6pevr; zal a1c?,"ivcou; nou 66a)"e avapeoa ora lto 1ttod, rou x6opou Eooxeqr,x6 x6)'.tr,o nou aa6 q 66oq p6yE, ra n,para rrlg avatoAqg Ail'dt9nxe xal ldqc[e n],cru,6g oxgoym].r,6g. Ta vegd noi,.unl,cvtirpevov xuprirrrrv 40. Nayl9xav yriqor cn6 qv yr1-o6el.qt1, Evdl or, 6rio i6l,ol ogilyouv tov d[ova. Aev urrpgle cx6pc o xrir)log tou'Hl"lou, orire H )el,qvq d,vole rc qvia trov 6o6riv erou o6pvouv ta n6_ 6uc, roug, 'Egee p6vo r; vrl1ra axaranaua:'o, XtoQiS rlp6Qo, A<ipnowoE pe ),ent6g crxdveg rrov dorqorv. 5. Me r,o,ista xara vou nrlyalve o ESptiE p6oc orov $,otrr6 a6go, I i 28 l _ ) I
  20. 20. All,d 61r p6vog, cqori 6[n],c rou iltuv xan o xq],6( rou yroS, o A6yoE, I(ooprlp6vog pre euxlvrpeE pregodyeg, rrdwo alq0rlg, Me trlv ayvri ruer,0ool rc 1eil,q nou 6ev l,eve rp6parc, Iogy6E ay.Tel,uoq6qorgo u zaOcrqoriv oqporog tou ocr6gc TOU. f0.Mc[i rou xare6u, otjpravroE, wer ortl Yq o EQprlE' o pu1ptorrlg rcu Ma(i rcu ntpvd,et llrt ,rt yq xoltalovras rqv npooeyuxti, lra va 6geu t6no 6nou 0c ltioer, rqv r6i,q lepdq dg1ova 66pa, q owoia peta qv [6guo1 rqg 0a e[vat uwti[,ta _Na 6e7wi to avilpdtntvo y6vog ar,a ),"otr^rngd retxq rnE 15.A ld 6ev xarryjiluve r7v nopeia cou o Epprlg,rQoE u,S iroleg6g AgztouE Vdyvowag q por,gaia yq, cpori exei _to rtEeSe_ Bc0riE arigaE rul.iyer. rn W p€ ro 6ap6 ox|naopd uru, Be6cgqp6vog pe 1l6vla, Trunqp)vog an6 06d,Ieg, 'Hlepe 6n rc x6pa exei eiyat dyovo, oxenaopevo p€ ltaTe-pq naprl 20. Ifur, avixavo va rp1qet to avOgdlnlvo y6vog. Orire npog v6rc I(arry)9uve rqv nopeia r:u, orrE orprol,np*uE dxpeE qg vqE Vriyvovrag yw otpato t6no, aqo6 rfiepe 6rt owgqplvo an6 ra vepd Aev yewdet oirc ra y6gta, o6rc ra (aa rc Ttbpa rou, ^ _ 9n flgoppd oiwega 6ev oulqouv exei ra a6ew ttpq, 25.'On nava q.no rcug 6"ptoug tav 6pti7av, wiva an6 16 lrlpig d7tpouE aoci).eu.rog Ail.civerat o xaurog utpoE fiou 6ev yvcopl(er, 6pooeg6 ioxr"o. <Apa ot b.to rlneqot, ox6Erqxe,rrr,iglori, o"on ,6opo pog_ H pw elvat, yepdq ndyouE, q <il.l,q _ dzgarqg l6oqg H pw yenovet)erp, e w1vA pxto, 11i lJ,rl_ i, ,or"4 gorui, 29
  21. 21. 3}.Kafin an' auulg 6ev eivat mavrl va 6e70ei' rc y6voE no-truripuOpltovo vOgcilnorv, 2q p6oq 6pag undpyet tva vqai nou ubpa to oxinaoav ta 6ouvq IIou, aEot 0' nvoi.louv, 0a 6e740otv n6)'elg zor. X$JQLr r@v 9vqtdtv, @a 6ey0orjv t4dL rLE (ao66rpeg poiE ruv noral.tdv nou e[- van nat6m tou {2xewoi>>. Awd ra 6ouvd 'ra yiprce ou6 wip,geg, nou elouowlouv rtg 6oaxig, 35.Kat, pew ayy$e ro xrlo ttryA6 an' aurd p,e rqv pd65o rou. An6 rc qapdyyt, Eenrlqle o Aa6owaE. Tqv xapnoq6pa Ati rou a1't6oag 11 ApxaSia Trlv 4uputpe ora oil"dyva rnE, rrd,Lp tera, 6rav r1p0e1 1r ipa, XdEoe orov x6oy.ro rqv navtpopqn x6en rTg, rrl Mqvq. fra q oqpaoic crutrpg tqg xoopoyoviog 0c arrl l.[yo cgy6repo, evtil rtbqn anl.rilg ncrga06tol touE otiloug pe roug onoioug ag1[[er, to beritego puo6 tou cnoondopatog. <Aev urqple ax6pc o xrixl"oE tou'Hl.rou oute t4g Xel.{- w19>, 6tcrv bqpr,ougyq0qxe to cv0pdlnwo y6vog. Agaye outo to ydvog rlrcrv nqdypotr, <<nqoo6l.qvo> not rrlv cqlai,a eqcoveia aq6nel vo rIV egpqverioup,e xugloitexttza; T[ vc noripe, 6pog, yr,c 6]'q rqv ]toopoyovlc, trre 'uqv onoia pcrE yvcoqi(et ro ttvocpcQ6pevo on6ofioopo xcrt trlv onoia 0o anoxolotpe, efcrr,ti,crgrr lE dvovuplcrg tou nolq-xn xrl;, ag l{ootrtoyovta rou 2qao6o6pyo4 'Eloupe ebdr ngoypatrxa rrlv agloicr xoopoyovio tou opxcrbtzori egpq-noporl, rr;v lblcr <p,u0r,xtrp,o togio>>tq, v onola cvoq6gel o oplci,oE o1ol.r,ootrlgt ou Aqr,otocptivr;; 'O1r,,6 ri6crr,cAr.u ul q proAqrlr ou 1{,oopoyovtxoipl rlOouf iou poE fu6ooroet o 30
  22. 22. a:roonc,opop cg negr,61epr6, ocrr qg tror rq 6l6aoxal,[o yr,c ta o,orleia xol rTV oorgoloyio xaL rny dnorf4 ylcr ro Aoyo, rilore 6ev sivcrl rurc nal,xi an6 tov otror,xr,op6n,o u yra rlqdtq goqd 6vtrloe p6ocr rou autd, ra otolleic, 6r1la- 611 6ev sivcru nro nsl,r,d crn6 rov 3ov n.X. crilva. ,E1eq oporEo, rg 1aaqvy rqv aqlaio agxc8r,xrla otgol.oyi,a,c n6 n1v onoia, n1ge xor r4v r,66at ou Egpq rou oQyo,vtrlrrr;o u xoopou, r4g 8qploupyioE rou cv0goruou ngotori yewq0or3v ra peydl,a tiotpcr, rrlg Aqzcr8[cg c,:g ],[zvou rrlg av0goln6_ rrlroE. H oqpcroic tr;g ouvi,otarclr oro 6tt, pag nc,qouoxi_ ier tqv eqpqrr,xrl0 gqoxeia rc poQp46 otar nro nepi,nl"oxr;, elel.r,yp6vqe [cr.tiog tr;g evocrlprirooqEp 6oa tqg percryev6- oreQcuv gr,l,oooqlxrilv cn6gacrlv, al"lr.c e[e].r,yp6vq orrlv xcrOcrgde l,l,ryr,ltr16 doq 1a4ig zcplia crvcpefq f6vow xor, ouyxexgqrevoc,l yul[Tto%orvo rollelalv. An' cutr; tr;v cino_ rpr;,c rurrl eivor,o ouv6etlx,6gx gixog crvdpeooo tov crplaio crgxcr6rx6 rLaL aro percyev6oreqo el,l,r1vo-cnyunrnx6 eg_ pr;notrr.6x ol p<il,lorcr- vc ro enr,orlpovrrol p6orog- o po-vcrbrz6g xpixog, ener,6q p6vo g,etcl trlv cvczdl.utl1 tng, 6d"abrl an6 to 1901, 6la06roupm rrl 6uvor6rqtc vo, firr,- gcrxol.ouOrlooupaen 6 to [6lo ].ixvo rrlE tqv noqeicr xar qv e[e]"(r1 exelvou rou sQl,rrlrro;rorni ou per6nelto 6yrve crvtcryrrrvrotrlgto u 1gr,<iruovl,opoAri.e v 61er,x ar,aLu6er"u ur,^i1 tq oqpooia tr;E o ngtotoE ex66rqE rIS, o Reitzenstein, o onolog rg0e].ev a q ouv66oelr udoq Ouolcrp s rov e].]"qvo-cnyunnox6 egplqtr,op6E. bcb,6 ptrtg,e ival titono va ztivou-pe nol,epr,xrpl a[i rou 16oo yr,' currl qv dnopq tou, 6oo xat oyenxu pe 6ldgogeg l,enropdqer,eosr nv avo,ncpaorcr_ oI rou nor,rlpotog.A cpori6 1o ez06oel rugor;youp6voErr E ayenx6,go xdrpelgp tou os efer,blxeupdvon eqlo6lx6,, nQo-oxal. dl rov ovcryvrborrlv o naqcxol,ouOrloerp,c r[i pou rrlv e[6],r,[r;r ou cgxablxori egpqtr,oporni q6ta on' 6].c otov el,i,,qvlx6,o v 61r,c rgxablx6,l crlqo. 31
  23. 23. KEOAAAIO III H EEEAIEH TOY APKAAIKOY EPMHTDMOY O EPMH: >TO EAAHNIKO IIAN@EO O VYXOIIOMIIO> EPMH> Ksrd nol6v tg6no 6g60qxe o EqprlS o, cur6v rov efar_ agxc6lx6 lrrrqo gaiveror rv p6gel 46q un, aura nou ncgaqgrgocrps xrQolyoup6vrog(x eg. I). Or, goqelg ourrgg qg l.orgeiag xarayovtat an6 rqv Aqzcr8io, uu, ,l g",i,_ lera ourqE rqg logag rc$g uvayxoor vo unr;prerouvp r,_ o0o969or, o' <il.l.a xgtitrl qg El,)"ti6cg. H tanerv t1 xma_ oroorl aurdlv tcov cpoq6ov ylve.uar uvtr"rpd1cn6 rqv rcnetvrl 0dor; rou Oeori nou lorgeiiouv: pol,ov6rr o EqpriS 6yr,vep 6),ogr ou el,l,r;vlxorjn dvOiou, 6ev qrcv lo6tr,po pd_ l,og, cl,l,d unqgdqg zal cryyelrcp6QoEA il,ron Oeo:v, xu_ glary rou A[a. Nc Oupq0oripee xelvov rov Eqprp fiou orrlv <<Obdooela>o r, 0eo[ tov ori],vouv orTlv Kciurpo vd rTE Sra6l6rioel rr;v an6gcorl touE yro, roy O6uoo6a. Mrlnori elvar elixo],o v' cvoyvcogiou xaveig o, cu.r6 ro ner,eoqlr;l pdvo 6qycvo qg Odl,qo4grr ov dl,l"ov rov Egprl rrlE oQXo_ 6r,xr1Ex ootrroyovicg,r ov oQycvorrl tou xoopou xaL r,o 6qg,r,ougyr6o u ov0gronr,voyu6 voug;E [dl],],ou,^ aat an, uu"ri1 tqv tinorlrq untipler, 6r,acpoprpi era[ri trrrv 66o opqgr,x6v u|^rll xoOorg '6rr, 61el ri6q. nagarr;q10ei ngo nol.l.orl r1 <Il,rd6a> oro rrro nal,rd pr6gq rrlE'6ev yvrDqiter rov Eqpq, '.I1p9rb?at . g! oyyel.r,ocpogorrErl v Oecivo , ourd-epqoviEe"ar,n M6vo q <O6rirooeu> rrlv uwmv;rlorlo€ lrs rov Eppq. 3 2
  24. 24. Aur6 elvcn zota,vorp6: agori eibcpe 6tr o nQotaE aurod tou 6noug rpav nal,r,6gA axdg tlQcoaEO, crx crro},d6oupe erizol,o 6n 'rov oxol,orlOqoer al o 0e6g-ngoorritqEt ou. Enop6vrog o EgpTlS xoOlegrbveral oro el,l,r;vmo nay- 0eo, 0c l"6ycpe, prugooiri otc pdrlc pcg. 'Eorol ^.taLw 6ywe ayewxri peroyev6otegog 6nql,uE orov 'Ol,upno, 6ev 6ylve yl' aur6 to l,6yo orlre l,r,y6reqoy voot6E, orire l,r,y6- rrQo dyon1t6g. H l,crtge[o rou 6r,o660qxe eug6rog orrp El"l"dba, 6nou oe xdOe neqlo1r1 rov nporiocv pr yr,oqr6g xcl oyrrrveg.A fi6 toug Aqzd6rg, rrou drpclvov yrd pro xcl,rlrepq poigc, or,d l,l"or,o 6om6gol dpcOcvv c ngooedlo- rror o€ cur6v yro vo rouE rlQoorclTerieorr oug clpafio:rorig Sg6pougu g 'OtoE (i1 Ev6tog) EgF,rlSO. r, otogol ano nt-rQsEf iou trrd[eucve uoe6eigo bor,n6gocl n66ellvcrvc rur; tr;v nl,euqd rqg brivcprggr ou. 216 nto exnohm,o;,r6verrg€ Qro- 169 crur6 ro ngor6yovo awlxeipevo LcrpelcrE ovrnroro,- ara9rlxe nut ano l"lOlvego q0oy<bvr,eogr; l.eg, rr,g] ,ey6pe-wg eppig, pe to xeqril,r rou 0eori. Tbroleg eppiE 6r,crqgr1- Oqxav ndpno),l,egr ,or,l ,rdQruQorlnvr o gclvegd cn6 o116{- nore til.l.o tr;v eugritegq6 r,cbo1r1rq g )lcrtge[crgto u. A].].<i negroo6teqo cn' 6l"oug tqv avdyxr; yr,a aoqcl,eig 6g6poug eilov 6ool rcflbeucv o' autorig pe q,r,noperipdrox, or o EgpqE 6yr,veo fir,o oyorrrlpr6vogn goortlrlE rrov epn6ptrtv nou ngooerl1ovrcrv os c,ur6v ong 6riozo),eg onyp6g qg (rorgg roug, cgod roug 1dqr,(e x,aL ro zal.6 ro[[6r, ^ aL r,o oupcp6goevp n6glo,y r' crur6 xat 6ywt <0e6gr ou x6pboug>. Or, ayyeLr,ocp6gxool l or,z rlquxeEO errlgoriocvg uolx6 toug ngoorrirq exelvov,o tov onoio o lblog o 6cor,].rdgro lv 0e6v epnroreu6rcv u,g an6xqugeg ewol,6gr ou yt,o,v o, rrE lisro-q6qer. 6ruou 6nqene xal nouOevti ol"l,orl. Xtqv aqoxer,p6vq neql,nraaq o 0e6g :,.lr1ngo vrpmE, o 0e6g rou eeddouEz cr lnlg xLoxilg perargen6rav oe gril,crxa tqg ni,orrlg xoll rrlE ol,rlOer,cngo u oxl.rlgd npolgei 6ooug zatc,lgriomlxcv rrlv
  25. 25. epnr,oroorivl rou. Qg ngog r' ril,l,a, 6p05, eivcl o 0e6g rqg enr,6efr,6rqtogo opau,xrlg xcr, voqtr,xrlE|.L c ro l,6yo aur6 torl oq#gcrtvo,v nal.ai,otgeg, 6nou ol v6or pd0orvov qv na)rq xat rlv nuypoxicL xaodrg x.sl y, oyowifowol na,l ora 6fo c0l,r1porc.T ov Eqprl euloyoriocrvx or yto to 6dlpo tou l"6you: efdl,l,ou, cn' c,ut6v eiuyav aqylttri or, oyyel,n_ q6qor, xcn or, 6pruogorn, egloo6regq cvdyxq c,n' 6rl ol nal,cnordg xcru p6vo pe ro ru6goopo rou 1g6vou q el.l,qvr,_ rrp veol.cria 6pa0e vcr a!rcnor,ei rt1 6or10en nou r;g ng6- opsQso r1v exna[6euor;x aL rlg pet6nel.uob gaorqgr,6qteg o A6yrog EqprlE. Kar, 6po5, an6 q quor; rou aur6 ro ororlei,o ei,vcn nqcoroglr,z6: vd yr.cd orlE Ouoieg 6xo6a,,, tlg yi,,rrlooeEtc lv oupcirrov yr0 v0 u,g npoocp6qouvo rov Eqptr. Meyd),q enop6vtogr ltov q oqpcroicrto u Egp4 orq [cor1 tnv cv0gcbnr.tlHv. l"ctqei,a. rou qr,[trl0rye6 or0w a'6]"q rqv E),l,dba, ra xgdtr; rr;g onoicg rov 66cr(ov oe l.r,y6rego 11 neqroo6rego orev6g aytaetg pe rouE zugiaqloug 0eo6g xol 0e6Er oug. flowori r;rcrv o nlo 6pnlotog 6o1106x9o l cryy€- l"roq6gog rou Aicr, rov onol,ov xul ouv66eue o, 6],a tc rc[i6r,o rou. Nd yr,cd ax6pa xcrl rrlv tnoyil tov anoor6- l.o:v o xoopog orqv Ariorpa <ritv6palov r6v p6v Bapvd_ 6av, Aia'dv 66llai)"ov,'EQpiv, ensdrj a6r6g firo o ap_ Xny6Er cfr A6you.>(>< Ilgri[er,gA noor6],cov>,1 4, I2)..H.uav o xol,riregogp il,og xar, orivtqoqoE rou opond.rqr,ouo bel,_ qof tou An6l"l,ovo, xcrr evdr 6l.6noupe 6ru or, riv0pconor, po66wouocrv xar, l,drgeuov fito nol.rl rov An6l,l,arva, rov Eqtrrr't1o v aycrnorloave ll,lxqlvd osv 6lz6 toug. E!dl.l,ou, c,uroi or 611orp av o1e66vo uvopr;l,lzol,e vtil nol,6 nuo v6og 0o qrov 6vcrgt i)"l,oga bel,cp6gto u Epprl, o Ar6vuooE,t ov onoio ruegmorcltar xaL roy br,ooze6d[elp r,ed vcr r,aapnl oraqrll,r,:o cvcyv6otqg Outrrtitalo vopcpl6ol.a. ro naoiyvrrl-oro <!yal.pa tou flgcrfr,r6l.q. Me t6 0e6g or o16oe6 tou 5+
  26. 26. ; H ouwnop[q rrov ],orper,cilev v6g0 eou ftq onp'Eiri.crba eile cr:gc rno'u6l.eopocu vrp0o4 ro'rE zru ouv tourorg otc 6grcr ev6g xgtitoug 6er'7rvotav, enelbrl audg q o16oq e[egpa- Nm rqrr ".auo roug. "Eroq l,our6v, 6l,6ruoupeo r prcl u* F,qrrqo e 6eop6 p€ rylv Acpgobiq, otqv di'.1.4p e ipm,pr- rrrqv tglq ps rrlv x6gq rqg tqv flegoecp6vq, rEt::m,rq'pflrnt rqv E xanq, oe nol,l,6g pe x<inolo vfpqn. m ml!r.,or.or ltcv vC[t ov ouprpll.lriloouvtr rer q v6pr,pr1 funs tolr mrr€Qrrr ou, r1v'Hgcr, nou pr,oodoero el6yo-qF Mmmmmrr-mr.-mi rwmg rcr brt,r,ytr. 'Opcog xut uutil,6rcrv e[6e pu,cr ln!;r q'r4euzc 6pogcpop op6 Eqprrl,6 ev ouyxgcrrr]oq-n rilE ,ron' 04i.croe xal trl6vo 6tav 6po0e nor,ov 0qldfeq ffiw,n lrl 7{rr aqbla rov n6rafe poxgr.crl rpg.Iletdltq-n m ',':r"s 16 oedg xot ol, nr,toilldg rou blaonognLatq-ru r**rr oqgrv6: 6r,at xan bqpr,ougyrl0rlxeo fcl,a[iog. {l[',4 mtc5 rpov laqp6ouveg, c[ol66of,eg 6o[ao[eg, o}.],a Mmuqrn i"ryotepo6 uvcti; eruibgcor;a axqoe o Egp{g otrl qrrual,ar ro:v El,l,rpvcrtlv,r sr rlv al"l.q, rq <106vt,a>n>l, eug<i Tmn- nrr,c: rou. E6poutrr1e6 q an6 u,g 8ofiooiegr olv Agxd-frn* :rrri mov Egprl rpov nqoolr6g o I(itrrl K6opog. E6dl 'iiiE;,.:r;:n1r1€e iouolcr tcov Oi,,upr,nr,cooevc bvo: rke o qorelv6g .rys,--rij"6i!oo!,u re o lcrgorlpevogA r,ovuoog6ae v enrozdnto-war, rro !r.r.:t,pn.ae bi,ct orv ne0crp6vowO. rlre o [6r,ogo AicE :le-, Ef,€l lrr€r oro 6aoi],elo, nou 660qxe yua ncivro orov nctl"qo rou rov Abq. |Lc pcrga ut6g o 6r,1oop6gtr lg 0eiag :!r',nu; eivat pla [evr,xr1x cr, neqiegyq 6o[ooic xcrr eivcr, :r-rtrlJf,i.voc rr rl ouvq0iooupe,6 plo5 yr,o6 vcrvo qlcrio'El,l,q- 'r 'rurll rpuv ouvq0r,op6vrr1o l guor,xr1,e v6 no)lrl nro ,.lg:{er1 roug gatvorcv q Oq4oxeurr,xra1v d,l,r1rl4 6n, 6vog u,u urovog 0e6g xugtuglei elioou xar, e6rb xar, exei,. Nd ',,i.,-trorr Apxoblzog EQplng,n cp6n nou 6ylve 6ext6g oto u",n"o eil.qvrxo ndvOeo, ngoo6l,cr6et4 v efoqetr,xrl 06o11 35
  27. 27. tou peoofowa perc[{r rov 6rio x6oprov - rov lrrwrcrvdw ltor rcov ne0crp6vrrrv'E. tol rov yvrrlpl(er,r l6q tl te].eurola gaQto6[o tqg <Obriooelog>: Qot6oo tr,gr fq6g tov a6ggcvtovp vqot{lprovo xu},i,,{vlog EpptS ofi' ro nulorl egdrvo[er, crr ro qa66i rou etgdrel oto 16gr,cr o 1puo6,r o ncryxc).oJ, rour tov 0vqtrirvt c pdtr,c yqter3elo, e 6oouE0 6l.erx. ),er,6vroErq , ru a)tiloug[ ,unvcia n' tov urtvo. M' uur6 16 ),"ril,qoex,r "a xol,ori0q[,ctvo upi[,ovrcge reiveg. Ol vulregibegn rig oe c"n6qavrq6, a0rli onqh,d nercbvrag totgilouv 6tav ouvc1"i,"{},.rtorrugg os Fl,oc ppcr0lor potl6vtc,v 6),eg poli or' ro 6qa1o rr. 6tu1e va nrioet q pri toug: 6por,c ror,qi(ovrag xani:6atvov 1i,r out6g: pngoord rpcr6orloe o novqq6gE QpnSv, o qrdoouveo ug porl1l,rg orpcreg xatol. (<ObriooeuoS>,) , 1-10, pet<icpgN.. Ka[owlaxq, I.Koxgdq.) 'Er,at xat 6pelve crut6g ylc 6l,o ro 6uiotr;pcr tqg ritcg- EqE rng el"l"qvlxqg 0q4oneiag. nO EqpqE rov nrlge> - ril,e-yov yro rov riv0go:no, Jlou 6pr1xe o Otivorog. l(ana no,,aa nl0av6rqtcr rov qawtilovrcv vc neqvd,ers lro an,.:,;aue oni,tr, rrrrv crv0qdln<ov{r olvowcrg yr,o 6ooug rpclv yparpt6 v' ol,l,<ilouv to 6ooil,eLo rou qolr6g oe lriqa rou oxoro-br, ori. ft' out6 xal av ovdpeoa os pu,o [tlwavrl xou66yr,s ineqrc [uqvr,xd olconrl,6 ].eycr6v u <<pnilxeo EgplnE>.)toug lglotr,crvorig,6 nlul,ge ivcl,y vcoo'r6r, ov Egprl avrr,xct6otrloe o' our6 to p6l.o <o a06gu6ogt iyyel,og>.T r,vogn qnypcrroE elval aur6g o <iyyel,ogc po,ive'u[cet xdOaqa an6 ra emary6- va. Tu v6r;pc 61el cutrl q ouvobei,o rrlE rfuXTE; Mrlnclg ni,oteuc,v 6rr, lrlgi,g ro ouvo66 I qruxq 6ev 0s xardgeqve vc 6ger, ro 6g6po yrcx rov Iftirc,: K6opo;'H 6tl lolqig tr; 8r,arcryrtl ou, largig rov elcvoyxaop6 tou, lrogig tqv rgo-peqrlq d66o tou EevO crn ogcbel6tov vc eyxarol.elqerr,o ug 36
  28. 28. r6nouE nou qrav pdqrugeg rqE Lo1E rqE; ,H, enlr6louE, enedrl qv nqoorrireue ornv nogela rqE ,rQoE r,tg ou,6g ytrl r1v unegdonu(ea n6 roug xlvOrivougp, s rouE oroioug trlv cneilorloov rd, tdgora rou Kdrco K6opou;... No efir_ o4privcl e66 6u, rqv cl,eutaio ovril.ryl4 q 6gloxoupe orrlv oryurlrr,oxr; 0gqoxelc, 6nou orov Eqptl o,vrr,ototlei o Oor nou an6 nol.ri vroqig raudorqze pc[i rou, un<ipr1ouv, 6pog, rezpriQror rou 6ei,1vouv6 n x&nor,eo r"4 ,rqooibiogu xo;L rTl,,t _el,l"qvDcello lcrol"oylc (r6tonu lcqcxrrgqcr qrav xat 11p tt)rtrotwd nou 66lvav orov rQol.rsQ6o xrilo IGg6e_ Qo yrr va qouldoel). Fevr,xrbg6 ev 0a xtivoupe l,d0og av uno06ooupe6 u xat or rQer,Ee[ qyrioer,grp rav bnSe8opriveg xal rtilgcr u,g ouvovr<ipe oe 6r,<igoga pvqpeic qg el,irrlvr,_ xrgg Oqqozeiog. Kar, 6ncog o EqFnS ouvoSeder qv rpulrp orov I(<itto K6opo, pr rov [6r,o4 6ruo oe efcpeuz6g rueqr,nrolo€lr,rElv enr,orq6gel nloo orov xoaqo rorv (ovtc,vcilv. Mcg 6r,aocil_ 04xe 6va opalo oglclo ovtif,uqo ,rou rroQouord(el rov Opgdc lr,ot, rqv Euqubinq. O Opgr6ag yrigr,oe cgel.cilg ro xr'qa?;.r, ou nioro xcr, o Eqprlg ncigvel an6 ro 16qr, qv Eugu0ixrpq, v onoi,a ouv66euey, ro vo rqv ndel nloco.K sL agod eivcr, 6tor, ei,vor xo,rovorp6 6rr, q zd0e enocpr; rou (rrlwcrvod pe to vex,q6 eival 6uvo,rrp p6vo pe ouplperolrl rou Egprg.'Otov orov Ar,olril"o o Oq6orlg xcr, q Hl,rixtgc xrivouv rugooeulrl orov rrigo rou nor6gc, roug, ngdrrc crr, 6Ia xaiioriv tov Eqtrlrl yro vo, petaq6ger, tr,( ngooeul6g rouE orqv rirulq rou.'Orqv orov i6r,o rov Ar,olril.o or, fliq_ oeg xdvouv 6xxl,:rpq orqv rfrulrl rou ovoJro,Uop6vou6 ooi_ l,xi roug Aogelou yr,o,v o axodoouv c,n, cutqv tr; oup6ou_ l.rg qv rirgo qg 6uoru1[cg, nogcxo].odv (rqv frln rov Egprl xo;L ro 6soil,rd tov unol06vrov) vtr rqv cgr]oer, n" Oyu, oro groE. O Ar,olril,og rircv 6o0r,<i OqrlozoE xclr, r6tolor, ocl cur6v, untpqlov exeivoug rouE xar,porig ndgo nol,l,oi. E
  29. 29. H lq rpcv nrlyf xat 04oclugoqul,axto xa9e yvriroqg: n r|uXll nou xan66arvs orrlyq l"ap6cve tq yvorotl qSrLaL pnopori-or, o,vr rlE ro en6Tqenovv,o rT lrolQooreip e roug (rowc-voug. An6 ebdl nqo6glsror I tel.etrl rrlE vrlrQopovrelcg - 6va on6 ro rrro tgopeqd ei6q t4g payelag - xar crn6 eb6 e[qyei,tor, x,aL ' oqpr,aoio rou Egprl trtg xup[oq1ou rTE pcyeicrg.H oqg,croioa uq r;tov nol.ri peytil,q xor rqv srro- 1q tou Ar,o1rll.ou0 a ngdnel vo, aulcv6tov 6l,o xcn rrrQro-o6rego [r€ r1v 6l.o zal peyc].rkegq ouyx6vtgrooq orrlv El,l,<i6o pdyrrlv zcn yqteutcirv on6 rqv Avcrrol,rl, nou np6- 0upo 6rpcrlvcr,rvr lv unootrlgr,fiqr cov fevlxrr:v nqaxrlx6v rouE ol,E yvrloleEe l,l.qvr,x6tEe ler6g xol Sofao(,eg. H lI, 6po4, 6ev eivcr, p6vo nlyn rrlE yvriloqg, ol"ld xo,r rou nl.oritou. O xug[ag16g rqg AbqE elvcn raurolp6- votrlElro r fll,outrov. An6 ro |yxara rqg ynE qrierq, [ony6- voE brivapq nou erc6g1ero,or ro oxap nou olglpri[er,.A n6 exel 6q1etar, xol I puoux"il 1*uytula,4 onoicr yewdel p6oo oro tarslvo perdl.l.eupor ov ou.rocpu1rlq uo6.O ogtog eivcl to 8tirgot qg Arlpqtgag, to lpuodgq 6pcrlge, ival <to 6drpo tou Egprl>, 6no:g to a,noxal"eio, i6r,oEo Ar,o1ril,ogK. or ro lguoricpre, i,vol-, onog pe 6l.ougr oug rq6noug tgoyou8riel 11M orloc qg xor,vrlgo oqicrg- q xol,ondqoorl,r o lguodcpr, eivcr, q qSovr;, ro lguodgr, elvcn q efouo[u,... <to lquodql ei,varo 0<ivcroE>t pr,0uq[(epl lc buooicrrvqg tovl un6 ra oxotelvcr 6d0q rrlg l,c'ixrlg ouvei6r;oqgA. i,vovtcrgr o brrrpcl rouE,'ro, 106vla nveug,crtcn nigvouv ota 16gr,crro uE Tov dv0qono: 6ool to oyyi[ouv nagcbi8ouv rov ecrut6 roug otqv efouo[o,r oug. O Eqptlg ldEoe ro 1quo6p,a],],ox qr,6 oro 6aor,l"ld fl6l,ona xat an6 uewrl tq orryp,rl q xctapa 6ev 6ncnfe vc xg6perol ntivro oro y6vog ro:v flel,onr,6cbv, rgc6cbvtcg ruq6opc orov tccpo ,ior rov Atq6a xaL roy @u6orr1x or rov Aryap6pvovax or rov Aiyr,o0od lonou rlv [en].rgqooeo Og6orqg.O [6r,ogo EqFrlEl cgr,oe d],],o 6vav 38
  30. 30. cii.d roiri nro yvtoot6 oto @g(,lo trlE Bor,o-n pnropa),io 66qcg tou 6ylve por,gai,ot{ trt Ylo Ar1rq pe 6Iq trlv otzoy6v€to rou ltot YtG, rov i Imru r1 Mr1ber,c trou ro ntlqe oqv natoltl ulg tog erurqootbfiqol rqg xatriqag otov el)'r1- hrc qcgvowcrE 6l,e0qo o' 6ooug tiyyr,[e. Ano tov F.qra rporal€rclt xot to <nepr,66go,troY lEA epo-lao w1v z.atolq tou onoiou ot, ru1eqoi, nl,rlgrrwclv qdqrarc zar O<ivato: 6l,cr crutd ei,vcl ta otoryei,cr nry ldqrl oro <6a1tull6r, tclv Nlpnei'orivyzev> eyr,- oi.ou tou rol,tttop6vou tt6opou.'Optrlgn, ag' rdf,i(L o :rerpcop6g rpav nol,ri 6uvot6g xclr, o Egptlg m4rryIoE rov petoll,tov 6yr,ve6 6xtqg noll.rilv rrQootu-ah'm oriczalog nol.l.tirv payerdlv. Tr, 6nqene vo xdvouv fip rm '{'nqfui p6oa oto cpttol6 petdi,"i,,euptcol enr,oupr1- d rmlwq! Auul tpav q ngcbtrl egtirrqoq xut p,ero an' Joorry 6rr' <iqploe va te0ei, xar, q crl.l.q: tl dngene a xcr-mmm" ml/rmom vcm lrmct anrnQ afiei rc qr/0i.y6p etal,Ieupa oto enl0u-pm prurigt;'Otcrv t60qxe aut6 to egcbqpa, 6qpr,oug- TffiF{E 11 o.i'I0r,vrl <eqpqtr,xr;> td1vq. Aut6, 6ptlg, 6ywe m*r ugpteQcr ?tot l.6yog yr,c aut6 0c ylvet ncqaxtitco. 39
  31. 31. KEOAAAIO IV H KO>MO|ONIKH ANTIAHVH _ H KYPHNH 'Eror., Iom6v, 6l"q q El"l"<i6c6r 61qxe q 0gqoxeio rou Eqpr1o toSo uarartx6 p6gogt ryg e0vlxrlg Ogqoxe[crgtq g, o]"i'a cutrl q 6ld6ooq trlg 66[og rou o crgrobrx6g 0e6g tqv nl,rggooep € ro vo laoer rr;v xoo;.loyovr,xrol qpra,oicr ou. flgort6toxoE yroE rou Aia xor oQycvorrlg rou oupnavtog 6per,vep 6vo oqv ncrrpi6c rou xor otr,g xopbl6g rov Ap-xa6o: v ruoup er6cpegcvtq l.argeio rou n6qa on6 ta odvo- Qc rrlE XrilQogta lv Saotilv an6 6el,crv66g xar, rov ogeoi- 6r,ory6 oox6v. Al.l.<i 6oo o'revrl xol va rltov q xoopo0eoqio outori tou ruqtrlt6yovoul ror yvrlor,oue gpqrr,oporjy, lo pag autrl 61er r,6r,cireqro1q pooia, ener,6qo xgl6rirg an' outq efel.i-yrqxe exewoEo eQp,Trrop6ngo u 0a ylvel avtaycrrvlotrlg rou XQl,orro,vr,opofir,i'. au'u6 oE prcrEe rurrqdrpouvn,g orori ngolroqrlooul,r,Jsr rop cxgrd, vc 0epel,ubooupfrisro neta:,;;xa tqv rinorirrl U,oEy l,o aut6v rov rrQoroQlr,x6a gxobrx6 ep-pqnop6, rov onolo yr,o ngorrl q6qa eyxcOrbpfoupe orlv lotogicr rov 0qqoxer,trlvA. n6 fiou rov nr1pcrpeA; n6 to veoeuge06vx oopoyovlx6 6nog. A},i,"<rir FcE 65ttoe dpcye ro 6rxaicrlpa vo, ouvbu<iooul,rrsr l 6uawfi rou avril.ryfq ouyxexgr,p6voU ,sr ov aglo[o agxo6lx6 eqplqtlop6 xan oyl pr rov el,l,r;vo-cu,yunttax6,6nrrlEvo pllel o ex66r4g rou; flgdltcr an' 6l.cr q agloio eqcrrveia yro rouE <ngoo6),,q-voug Aqx<i6eg>.f lqdypcrtl, crur6 to enr,lelqlpcr 6iver w1 40
  32. 32. l.uoq ol,l,a prrlacoEe[ ,vorg, ltlnxlvbuvo vc uno06oouper qv unceEqp lcg 16oo 6a0l<igx oopoyovr,xr;ga vdl"qrprlgo e pro rooo nol.Ld eno11 oroug qpr,aygr,ou6go orofE <qE Xcirpclg rtov Apxori6ow>; Kc06l,ou. flagcrzal.rb rov avcryvdronl vo or"ep0elq v nagaxaro no],t nlo evbr,crq6Qouonoe ginto-ol. Arv fi6goupep e crxgi6er,cn 6te lcirgr,oeo n6 tov Aexo- 0tx6 Egptl o dl.i,.og EQprlE, rrou pr to 6vopcr I(1i|pog 1l Ifu6pi,)"og 6ylve quletr,x6g rlqo:og trov Oq6oiolv xor lru-pioglog ttov i,"ey6pevovI (a6epiclv puotrlgialv, 6g,cog1 1 rcrinoq rou Egprl lrs rov I(i6po naqorqgrlOqxe q6q npo rol,l"orl cn6 roug epeuvqtdg xar 6sv oppr,o6qteitar, ,to06- )"ou.N a Oupq0orlpett bga 6tr, n I6Eq I(i6pog nou erupo}.o-yr, x<ri audleror l.r,sto K6oltog (on6 to l?l6-po) oq;rciver, <<roo ripcav, I rdET>.N a Ouptl0oripee nioqg 6tr oripqowc pret o priOoc ut6g o EqprlE-Kdbpog=K6opoyg[ vercrro, rifu-yoE rTE Aqpovi,crgt,q g x6gqE rou Aqq, rou 0eod rou rro-l, 6pou zar, tqE 6l16vorog. Aev elvar dgaye aur6 ro ibr,o nptilro pr,o6 tqg cvcrgeg6pevnEfi QoTlyouprivoglr ooproyo-vlcgo 6nou q agpovia nou yewrlOqxt, unt6 rTV rrQoroQxt-xq 6109c evd)veral pe rov xoopo; Eivol 66oxol,o va qc-waotoritrle xunoto nlo euxqlv6g t6lvcropa, evol o pri0og tou I(dbpou xor rqE Aqpoviag eivct 16oo oglaiog tirote unod,Oe'ral ruog utrlgle r16q ota 6nq rou l"ey6pevou enr,- xo$ xisxhou. Agcrye uru4q1e on6 r6te 4 egpqtlxrl %ool.ro-yovla xar pti]"r,ora oe pro tooo exqpcarwfi xat newr,txil proQqq,r bore ol aqqgqp6vegc p16g qg -o K6opoE xcr, r.1 Appr,ovia- 6l,s6ov q 0€or1 rov 0ecbv rrou rrE rrQooorro-norotocrv xm perargdrrrllrov oe pu0ol"oyr,x6pEo qq6g;N o-pl[ rrr 6rr, perti cn' aur6 to xuranr1xnx6 enrleigqpc r.1 tlnaq[q rr;g cglalcg apxobr,xrlge gpqtr,xt'lgx oopoyoviaE bev 0o pog qovel orite opcpr,o6r;ulolpqo, rhe avcr]"r;0ogcvr1g. 'Ol"o to ttaxo auyiarcror oro 6u, qv enoyil rnE bq-pr, oupyiagt qg xi'oor,xr1gn olqoqg rov E].].rpvcovq, eiioupq 4 I
  33. 33. Agrcbio 1oaxo't.,areu , xondbra tr;g, 6rgoye 6el,ov[6r,aa no tc 6dor; rrrw 6el.avdr.drvtq g xal 6orel.veo rrlv levr,rrd ro neqlooeupar ou n].l0uopori qg lrogig vcl aroOovOex[ apta uvayxq vc, xdvel 6r,xr;q g elocpoptoi to xolv6 Oqoougocpu-l.< ixlo tqE el,l,qvr.xr1ygq cppcteiaE. fio toug ngurprrlvergq E l"c[xr1go ogicg try ry[eqclvp 6vo el.a1r,otor,.'Evu,ogf i' o,u-torig roug el.dllotoug ipav xut o Xoxgdqg, o erinlotoE po04r1g qg aqxa6rxqg ngocpqtuooagA r,oripqg cn6 tq Mavrivero. Elvcn ncoiyvcoorl q F€rcrcpuorxfrio u 6qoltcr nou 6ti[er,o 'uoo .u6pcc utqg qg bcroxc],ogro u: o'Egotag og yroEt ou ll6gou (<qg egeuperrz6rqtog>>x)c rr,q g fle-vlcrg( <tr;E cptrbler,crg>e)iv or trnoa l,l,qyogio trov puOol,oyr-rrilv poggrilv, nc,q6p,on ps rqv cr),l"1yoqic tr;g egpqtr,xrgg xoopoyovi,a,pgo g. Megr,x6gb ezcerieg Werao lfioq Alodprl dqlr,oe qnoLnr,xil crvoy6wqol qg Apxcrbiag, dplroav vcr evbmcp6povroyr td, u,g l.crtgeiegx aL rLg crglal6qreg qg XtrQcEx o,l epcpcrviornlro,oyr , Aqx<i6eg loroglxoi. O nlo or;pcvnx6g crn' crurorig rlrcv o Aqcr,Oog: rc oco[6peva anoon<iopata an6 ro sgyo rou yto rqv Aqzo6i,o,6 fio,pr, 6l.o nou eivcn elcrlr,orc, 6e[1vouv 6tl cur6g evSlogdq0qze ?rol yto rqv agzcbr.xqx oopoyovio. @o neg<ltoedl ),l.og pl_ o6E crrivog xol o el,l.qvlxog nol,ltr,op6g pe rov o.rpct6 rou Meydl"ou A),e[av6gou 0a xaraLalsr rqv xor,].cr6o rou Ne[],ou, 6nou -o1l yro rIV nqdltq goqti 666or,ao, ,].].dn m otevd an6 nglv- 6q1erm oe encgr; Fr rov oqlaio cryu-fixLayuon ol,lrlop6. O crgxcr6tx6ge gpriu,op6g0 c petocpep- Oei orq yr;, 6nou 0a anoxripsr rrlv nayx6aSs,wo qpcroia TOU. fftoE 6yr,vec ur6; E6ol pnogoripev cr xdvoupe p6vo el-xuoteg. H 6r,x4p ou elxaoicr elvcl r; e[r1g.y rrqqlov or rro-l, r,69 enag6E l,ctgeurrxoi lcpcxrlgc pero[ri rqg Aqxo- 6[ag xcr rrlg orll"rcrvu,]r6reger1],g]. qvr,xr1ag6 ],qgq g B6perrg AqQlzng, qg Kugrlvqg:o gxcrSr,zrlngg o6l,euoqEr; rcrv q zuqio
  34. 34. xuqqvc'rixt10 e6tqtc, o 0e6gTov 6ooxtilv Aqiotcr,og,e v6 r1 prqr6qo rou, rl KuQrlvn, 6ev tltclv r,inort ol,Io nopd q <<un6otaoq>q>g Aqncr6txtlEA qt6pr.boEO. priOogt ou 696- qoug Eqprl unrlgle xcr, orTv Kuqrlntl xol, )'61trl cuto{, o y6pog nou ng66trloe tq i'qotgtxrl nqdETl rou orov A16l'l'o-vcr nrlge to 6r;porpr,l,6ogt tlv lfuqtlvtl 6vopcr Bdttog' H ouveubqtonoiqoqc uttgg qg ol6oqg 6xove xcn qv Kuqrlvrl oro p6oa tou 6ou n.X. ur. va lqttloer, crn6 tqv Apxobia tov <<pu0ptorrlr>r lg vopoOeoingrq E?r ov onoi,ovx crl 6l'a6s crurtl oto rrg6oono tou Aapcbvcrxtu afio tr1 Movd'ven' Me tq oer,qa qg q Kugqvrl tltcv q peoa(ouoa avdpeoa otov el,l.qvlx6 xcn tov aryunncx6 noitr,tlop6. An6 tqv Kugtlvq qtav q xcrtayoytl tou yevdqlq qg cr)',elcvbgr'vrlg noiqoqg Ka),"i,.tpti1ouc,n 6 tqv Kuqqnn qtov xcru o nto oqpowr,x6g ol"e[avbqr,v6ge ar,otrlpovcrgE gtrtoo06vqg' O releutolog rltcv xal 6qpr,ouqy6ge v6g 6noug pe tov tltl'o 'IotoE uEqptEo. pruoqoripev cr uno06ooupe6 tr, o i6r,ogo Egctoo06vr;gy vtbEoe otoug crlefavbqrvorigt qv agxcrbtxrl eqpqrrxrl xoopoyovi,a. Emr,5t1 to 6nog out6 6ev odlOqxe, eival abrivotov vc e)'6y[oupec rut6 to pl6qogq g elxaoi'crg pcrg,a ),.}.dr a laatxa priQqq g nou aqoqoriv 'uo peoltlx6 q6l,o tqg Kugqntls pnogoriv vcl el"ey10orivO. avcryvdlottlg bev [61aoe oro rrQoovoqeg0rirvo i,qpcre xei,vovto v ruegiep-yo t6noo 6nou o Eqprlg aai,gvero, n6qcroq va lbgrioerp' lt'o r6l.q r,xcvtl va 6e10eit oug nq6toug ovOqtbnougf'i a tqv i6ra nqrrxo-t6irq ylvetcrr,I 6yog 1{ol,o rov tiotego egplqtlz6 6r,oloyo <Aoxirqm,69, nou cnobi8trot orov A,noul"oi'o6, aou auul ltogig c4rgr,6o),,itcaru tiletcn lrs rrlv Kugrlvq (xeq' 27). 'OptoEo gzetd ylo outo: oritclg 11< il,?'tDog cgzobr'x6g eppqtr,op6gp etaqrigOqxso rlv Aiyunto xor, yt' out6 6ev pnoqei va unaqlet xapio crpqr,6ol'i,4E. vbr.aq6govp nopei' va nagouolaler, to nq66)'tlpcr u't6 nor,a pogcprl aut6E pe-
  35. 35. ragdgOqxee xei xat cur6 ro np66l,qpc pag i,,rivero, vroo-vcrxcl, uq06vn olqtrrcr6: nog 61ol q6q ruer,q, or;paolcr tou ouvi,o'uc,tocl,z E6cbgo .ro 6n cut6 elvar ouv6erlx6gx gixog y,ero[ri rou crgxcblxodz al rou e],],qvo-or,yunm,crxeoqr3p q-rr, o;.rorM1.e rqv avdl.uoq tou ngodzutlrovt pla auarantxa, nou ng6ael vo nagcOelrorlpr,e6 n, ncgol0qoav ox ayiarp p€ rrlv ngrrxaglr,xr; 0gr;oxeio rorv Apx<ibrov6 ooxctrvE. i_ vcn: a) 4 6l6aoxoi,"la yla tcr ororleicr, 6) ^rle r,o6ol.tt.q1g aorgol,oylog xar, y) q 0eoqlo rou A6you. Ag ro efertioou-pe pe q oer,pti. 44
  36. 36. KEOAAAIO V (EN APXH HN O AO|O>...ll H EEEAIEH TOY AO|OY flgdrtov, q 6r.6ooxa)rio yrcr ro otollela. Enl0uprilwcrg vo roxroJlolrloeur ov <<x6opo>6>1, ),,c6rlv cr rc,xronolqoel tqv ngoarbvmr ril"q (o' crur6 ouvi,orctcl, rcu, q g(r,xr1 6r,a-goqti petc[ri tqg e],,],qvr,xrxpcgn qg e6go'r,xr1agv ri],qrfqg: o @e6gq g flal.r,dg Ar,a0qxtlgn l,cr0err,o v x6oprou a6 ro rinoro., evdl o el.l.4vr,x6g0 e6g p6vo er,qr;verieral e10gr,zd orolleic rou r16q undqlovrog orlpncvrog) o Epprlg xcte- 6d(er,t o 6l.6ppclr ou oro <<rcrpaluyo>>6,q l,obrl ou'u6n ou anorsl,sl,ral an6 r6ooegcr otoryeicr, <6p6puo> tou z6opou. Avdpleoclo ' ourd tcr otolleia un<ig1erx"o l q cptrxr,cKr.a - Orirg cuul e[vcr, 8lclutq ncrvtori, 6],q q 6Iq xairyerat xo,t o 0e6gp 6l.rga ou pnogel v' aw6fer rqv aneqr,6pr,otq]. cprfq tr;g. Kotd q br,crrcryrrlo u ro orollela anoouv86ovror,r l qcotr,d ouyxevrgrilvrrdr, orov ar,06qc x.dL Ta dl,l,cr otolleic l.crp6ovouvto zcr06vat r; 0rioq tou. O 0e6gn goprpteuel6 tr an6 tclga crurd Ocl ouvcvtlouvral ev ov6pcrn rrlE ayrinqg xut 6yt rrlg 610pag.A rtrl eivor,o e 1aawtg ygcrpp6gq br,- baoxal.ia rou Epne6oxl,rpA. ev 61erv 6qpo v' ovcqoxl6pc-ors [r€ norov rp6no-tov ouv66eoov U.s rov agxabr,x6 eppq-rr, op6:r pav 16oo 6qpopr,?,,r1rigro, rs or, rq6nor, 0o pnoqori-oov v0 elvar ndpno]"],o1. Aei3tegov,q er,o6ol.rt1q g crorqol.oyiag.E [o],],ou outrl 45
  37. 37. 6yrveo e cgxerd pu,xg66 a0p6: ug enr,a[ rirvegt ov n],avq_ ttrrv rr,g yvroqi[er,n 6tl o fl].titrovcg, 4 enibgoorl rouE orl polgc 6yr,ver i6q orc ngcilto 1q6vla g,etc tov M6yav 4],6_ fiovbpo no],ri 6r,abe6op6v6o6 ypa. 866or,o,4 6vrrroqs utdrv rcDvs Jrrorqp,ovlxtilvz cu,6 r10evu lrorll.rovr,xrrlvE e6op6varv [.rsr ov oge],rge qpqtr,op6q E agloicg Aqxo6[og 6ev ngay_ pcronorrl0qxe lcoglE nagd].oycu o EqpTE on6 p6vog tou 8rlpr,ouqyetl6 entd frbvegr rov n].crvrp6v, oupnepr,],ap6d_ vovrclE enop6vrogx ,aLr lg [rilveg tou rp],r,oux ar, tqg oe],r1_ vr1g,e vrbc gy6regcr, 6ray ay"i:nrrror vo 8qpr,ouqyqoerro, v dv0Eono,o rpl,r,oxEc u,q oel,qrnral xo4abev unriglouv.,Opog nq6nel vcr elpuore euyv6poveg orov nolqtr; yKr, rTv ncrgd_ 6)"erpqro u:1dpq o' cutry pnoporipev cl ono6ei!,oupuo nop_ cp[6o],o 6tl to corqo].oyr,x6 auarartx6 rr;g xoopoyovlag nqoot60qxe perayev6oteQoo, rrlv nqortoglr,xrl egprqrr,xrl 6r,5aoxsl.io.'OpcoEq r.[dr0qxeo utrg no],ri ^1egdt:o yOl"qo rr;g nl.atovtxilg xoapoyoviog rpav peyd),o xar" q nu|,rw egpqrlxrl crw[].4pr1y r,o ro <ngoo6l.r;vo>c vOgotr,voy 6vog ay acyyxx,aarr,mLtar alfeyaarqxe. Otrrcorgo nlroo onpo,vl,^toe wat ro tgiro _ q Oetopict ou A6you. Ebcoy i,vetara, r,o0qttyq peyal.rheqqn qoo6yyr,oqo ro Xprotrcrvropo. <<'Ev apyfi firo o A6yog, xai o A|tyog firo napd, r(t @e(t, xat @e6g firo o Aoyog. O6roE firo iv apyfi napd, r(t @etpI.f dwa 6t aircil 6yewav.xa(,T apig ahiotfr 66v tyerlev o6666 v 16 onoiov 6yervev.>>...Ilgriypcrr6,,e v 6qplougyeirol r; ewrinorq 6tr, o ouyygocp6ogfl qg xoopo_ yovlcrgp crgr 10e],ev c ncrgouor,rio€prr o XovrQo,0opp6ver;r ,_ zovoygticpr;o1y rcr ro puorqgr,cb8qx at yqmra 6u0#g 6v_ vorcg l.6yr,o tou Eucyyel"rcdl;'Oyt 6p04.,O1r, o A6yog ttoO, ecur6g, al,)d r; evodgxoror; rou A6you. <<I{ai o A6yog 6yewe oap$ xa(, xau4txrloe pem$j r1p,6tvn, hfipryg yapmog x,ai a),r14eiag>E. i,vcrre xelvo to v6o nou 6[6crozso Iofiwqg. O A6yog i,pav xat nol"r,6regcer pqcrvdgo rolleio tqg el.l.r1vl_
  38. 38. xilg xut" prii'lorc rrpg otrorxrlg x,oopo0eo4iag. Elvcr n€Qrr-t6 vc noripe 6rl o A6yog xoO' ec,ur6g6 yr,ver q vedteqq eno14 o,vrlzei,g,evoro u Jlro 6wovou ev6r,cgdgovrogr ov cpr,l.oo6grovY. nriglouv olt6xl,qpc 6tflLia crcplepop6voo to Eqtlpa qE y6wrloqE xor rrlE e[6fu,[qg qE 6worcrE rou xoopoyovr,xor<i <oupnowr,xoriA>6>y ou. Iir,olrega q go:or,xr1 cpr,l,ooopicr6 r,cr06rerp, rr xotanl.qxrtnf pelrt:uq crn6 rov ouyrexEp6vo rop6c ewocil tq <Arbaoxol,io rou A6you orlv rorogi,cro u) rou nqiyumc X. fI. Tqouprueroz6(rM, 6- o1c, 1900). Eivcrr sutov6qro 6tl 6ev 0dl.or vs uno6l6doo) ro xrigog outori r1r rov naq6por,tov6 r,6l,i,covo,t o onoi,o nqo-aralnwrao qeil,o nol,l,ti, a[l.d 6ev pnogcb vc pr1 6e[[o 6vo el"titto:prd roug, e!,alrioE rou onoiou or ouyyQoqeig roug ncrq<irlo<rv qv i6r,c tr1v ouoia oto (qrrlpcl qg y6wqoqg qg 6woxrg rrou rouE evbr.cg6geTr o ngoo6yyloov ngobla-te0er, p6vorr rrg oriylgovor U,€rcr,euorlroei,v, dl q oxttprl exeL-vrls rqE enop1gn ou 6qpr,ouqy{0qxpo A6yoE rpov pu0o}r6- yTFo oe nol,ri peyol,rhego 6c0p6 oltr' 6,r,1q qr,i,,oooqr,xq 6woro,. H ytwr1oq 6p,rng rou A6you ag ptuilo)uoyrlparcg 6ytve p,e 6aoq rcv epp"r1rr,op- 6v d ro xor,vorigyr,o upw6- Qcropon ou 0c, r1Oel,cvro , ouveloq6Qo orrlv r,otoqia rou A6you. 'Orr o A6yog cog6 cror,nr1 oglq rai[er, onoubcrio g6iro ord €Qprlntr,ltxue ipeva,6ev aruo'uel,exia, v6va puomx6 r16rp an6 nohi ror,96.'Oprrf enerbrl ourd ta xeipevc ei,val cprnerd perayev6oregqgn qodl,euoqgcor ur6 ro fisQl,oronr6 6ev eile peyal,q oqpoolcr: v6pr,(ov 6rr, aurd m1v baveiorqxav eite an6'uo Euoyy6l.r,oe, im a:r6 rouE oroJr,lrorigH. Koopoyo-vi, c rou )rgao6origyou 6ev xl.6vuoe awrl tqv nenoigrlor;, ener,6rol ex66qg rqg nqodpqoe vd rqv roao0errloel lpo-voi,, oyr,zd orrry enoyil tou Amrl.tlrlcvod xal vo, rrtE crro-brboelc lyunu,cxrp ngodl.euoqA. vt[Oera pe crur6gu ,g on6- lrelg ut;r10 eolqrit tov ouv6errx6 xpr,xo perc[ri rou oglcriou 47
  39. 39. agxcrbr,xodz il rou el,l,qvo-aryuntu,xode ppqrr,oporia, IId orlte onoxl"eira,6, 66ana,r o evbelog,evoc utrl vc nrlqe ro Aoyo on6 q ottrxttrl xoopo0etoqia.f ro v' oruo8ei,frotr 1 06or; pou yro rrlv eqprlrrxr1n go6l,euoqt ou A6you 0' crvcr-qeg0tb oro e[r1g neglo'ro,Tlx6. O ovcryvrboqg 6ev liyuat 6,n er,ncil0qxEyL a rov cr,Q-lcrdr, oraror qoyoedrl 0e6 rov Aqxcrbtrrv6 oox<bv,t ov Ap-xobux6 fldva. H axplq tou agxcbrzori eqpr,r;m,opoeriil e efcrvcyxdoerr ouE l"drger,gr ou vo tov 6olouv orrl y€vso-l, oylzrl o16oq trre rov xuqicglo 0e6 xal 'rov 6xovcv yro tou. IIc,g' 6l"a nuta, n poAqn rou trlE ev6g tqcyoer,boug 6crr,pov[o6u1 ern. ogopelvely ra no],u zcr,g6o q ].cr'ixr1a vd- ).qrpr1x cn ecp6oovq crygdrqtti tou ngo6l.r;pdr(e roug ezl,enruop6vouoEr oxcr,or6g-0eol.6youegp,q cviotqxe q avd-yr. t,rvl o rov nepooouvo ,n6 pro urlllrl egpqveia:1 1a ),)"qyo-gi, a uv6l,o6er cr 6r,xcu,rbpatoq g. O eppqtr,opl6g6,n og ei- 6crpe,o ritorg rl dllog eLyet aaq rrQoEx oopoyovr,x6gc l,Iq-yogleg (vo Oupq0oripeo ,n er,ndr0qxyer r rov Eqprl-K6opo xor rrl ou[uy6 rou rrlv Aqpovio) xcl ouvendrg 6ev eile crvcyxq vcr Qd[er yr,o tg6noug o].].qyopr,xrlge ppqveiog.O Egptg, 6ncog elnope nbq, lopr,oe otoug ov0prrrwougtr 1 yl.droocrA. v lgqor,ponorrlooupexc tqyogieg qg prOol,oyicrg, o EpptE unrlgle o4 ncrr6gaE rqE /.6ooaE. A).}"d o Eepqg r';tcrv xal o ncr6gcrg rou flcrvu. Aqcye, o fldvcg eivor r; ykbooa, eivcno A6yoE;< fkrrg! - 0c pag rporvo[erx,a veig - H 14,drooccr,r utrl q xaOogr,otr,xarlv 0gtirnr,vql8 lcnregorqto elle org orip6ol,6 rrlE rov rgoyoer,bq 0e6;> Ti, vo xrivoupe; 'Erol eivau H l.oyr.xr1 6ev 6r;pr,ougyloe crur6 ro orip6ol"o nou e[e],i1Oqxs roroQrlrd 6wcrg anot6].eopa trlg orabla-xrlg perarqonqg tou pu0ol.oyrlparoEo r gr,Loo6cpqpcK. cl yro vo or,yougeureyi l' cru'r6o crvcryv6otqg,0 ' crvag6gol rTV filo ruchd pagmglc yrcrr ov A6yo, nou ypticpOqxneo l,rl 1g6vo ngr,v yiver, 1 orror,xq 6r,6aoxal.io yro out6v. Eivcu, q 48
  40. 40. paqmpi,a rou fll.<itcrrvcr oro 6r,til,oyo <Kgarril,op (xeg. 14). O Xolxgctqg ouvopr,i,,tivraEU ,sr ov Egpoy6vq eficyel p6oa an6 brdcpogegn ol,ri opgi6o)'eg erupol,oyiegt qv ou-oi, c rrov e),.l,qvrxcil0ve 6v dfi6 rc ov6potc roug. ftc rov fldva l,6err, o e[rpg: dQKPATH): I(al ro 6r, o flu,v, o yroE tou Eqprl, ewat 6ryur1Eo gei,l.eral oe e6lx6 l.6yo, cpil.tct6 pou. EPMO|ENH* Kar, oe noro l,6yo; >QKPATH>: E6pe6 rrog o A6yog exqgdler, ro no,v, ouvel6g negr,orq6ger%, ol rreQrorQdqeto(ra ei nd'efl xat" eivcrr6, rio er,6drv- al,q0r,v6Ez ar, rirerirr,xog; EPMOfENH): Kctplo cprpr,6o],icr. >QKPATH>: To oi,"rpr,v6l,' .orn6v, p6pogr ou ewat Leiov xa[ Qeiov t4,alx oir,ow.,'rai urori rutivco,a vtipeoo oroug Oeorig, ev6 ro $erhlzo pdverx tlrrr.ox ol ei,vu,tl,p aTri ttai rpaym6v (cn6 to qdyog). Enelbq ylgro an6 cut6v, rov rgayr,x6 6io, 6qlabrl, 6giozowcn or rr€Qroo6tepol priOor, xor, rc rp6paro. EPMO|ENH): Md)'r,ota. >AKPATH>:'f2ote orrlotri o A6yog, nou pavep6ver ro fiav xaL ouveltbgn egr,q6geta(l aei ndrdtv) rar, ovopc(ettn IIdv ain6hog (y6o6oox6g) eivar, tEurTE (pe 6m)'r1 q6ort) yroE rou Eqprg, 6wcg an6 ndvol )"eiog (aqqog) xal an6 xarco rpa76g (tE1or6g) xar, 6porcg pe rpdyo. Kcr cv or' al.{Oer,c o flcrv eivor yrog rou Egtrlr;, eivcr, A6yog 11 oEe}'- q6g tou A6you. KoL xa06l.ou nagrifevo 6ev eival 6tl r' cbriilqtcr por,dfouv peralri rouE.)) (Merdggaoq fidwrl I(oultooftou. Aerlcq Erar,gi,cEr i,,l"qvlrubvE x66oetov,a e)rl4- 15 sic!) Aqori 6r,o6<ioou[rrsr Qool1l'Lxac uttp trl pagtugi,a 6ev 0a 61oupe nl,6ov cpgr6ol.io 6u, q rarirrr,oq llav=A6yog yewrlOqxe orq 6aorl rou eQpqrroporoi g ou1,rcpr,)'irorovq 6rio pu0ol.oytlpdrow <o Egpng = o ncr6pcrg rou flavcr>
  41. 41. xor (o EqF IE = o no.r6qcg rou A6you>. Enr,otg6qovroE ndl.l otr;v Koopoyovlo rou )tqco6oriqyou 0c boripe no],ri erixol.c oq yepdtrl ev0ouor,cop6n eqrygacprrl ou A6you pla el,ccpgr,ndo l.epr,xr[p. r€r ov fl],otovo. )ripcprrtvoF e rov tel.eutai,o, o A6yog-fldvcrg eivcr. 8ipogcpog,e ne6r1 eivcl xol al,qOrlg xol rlrerit4g, ev6, oripqolvo pm rov avrrlvup6 lr0S, o A6yog elvcn ncwa o],qOr1g, U,er qv cyvrl ruelOroilr a leiirq nou 6ev l"6ver p6para, yQrlyoQocEy yel,r,oq6gorgo u xcrOcgorvi o1pcrog rou ncr6qc TOU. Km ov elvar 6tor, norr eival <igcryeq crrd,ar qg br,trl,op-gicrg tou; Ol egprlrlortg n"aarrlxav an6 rov ogr,op6 .uou fll,drclva 6tl o A6yog ocpev6gp ev neEorg6qerar,c vcop a(i ps rouE Oeodgo, qet6pou 6e zrirro cvo;,r,eoco rouE cv0gril-noug. E [val a].r1Oero,otr , oqv Koopoyovicrr ou )rpao6orip-you ro ayenx6lopio 6ev odrOlxe, 6pcog to 6gloxoupe orcr nto naLtoqa x(,or ,a percryev6otepoe ppqtrxri zei,peva- orov <flor,pdvbq4>( xeq. 10). <Kcu,o p6oc,lg( pera q ryptoup-y(, a uov thavryuitv - @. Ze)"ivoxl) [enr16qoe o 0eix6g A6- yoE orlv nepr,olrpq g xcrOcrgqgu or,xrlg8 qpr,oupyiagz cr, evdrOrlxep e to pr,ougy6 Nou, ener,bqr pov opoorior,og rqoE outov>. O ovoyvrborqg 6l,6aer nolg oryd-or,yd q ngoxcrplr,xrl puOol.oyr,xcrglv ti)"ryl.rqp 6ocra ru6p eqrx6ga cpop6oer,zga Oo-g[[ etor. an6 rqv tgclr.ti otigxcr rE x,aL perctrroqgtoverar, xcn crutrl os l,rroo grlqqp6vrl perocpuolxr6l worcr.O flavcg tou cgxoSrxori eqpr;tr,oporio, fldvag-A6yog rou fll.sro-vo, o (prsQor6g A6yog tqg KoopoyoviaE rou )rgco6orip-you, o Aoyog rou flolpavbgr; xar, r,tlxu o crn6l,utoE A6- yoE rou X6yxel, - vs, or encx6l,ou0eE6 o0pi,6egc runlg trlE cqci,qeoqg. 50
  42. 42. <<I(ar o kodwqg;> 0o gcorloer, naveig. Arr6g 6gloxeral r6gov cn6 tt;v svr,orioo currlE rqg e[6].,r,lng. <<I(a(o, A6yoS |yetve oapg xa(, xar(txrloe peml6 fipdv, n),ipqg ydpttog xai aLryQei,ag>M. e aurd ro l.6yr,o o XQr-ou, avlop6E ri6elle orov ovrcyrovlod; rou ro 6g6po ulg enr,orgoqrlgA. w6g rrou rcr exqcbvqoen, qozrpqu[er o 0d-vu, ro rou Meyd)lou fltiva. 51
  43. 43. KEOAAAIO VI H NPOEAEY>H TOY AN@POTOY flqorori eferaooupe q petap6qgororl rou eppqrr,opori pe 6doq t4v flrol.epuixil Nyunro, vcro upnl,qgriroouppel c an6 ng oqpcrvux6gr ou al,euq6gO. AioE yewdel tov Egprl, o EqFnS yewoel tov A6yo xar, pc[i rou n].ct0el rov x6- opo, oprtg 1 6qpr,ougy[o rou z6opou 6ev pnoqei vo o].o-xi,, qqafei logig rrlv n6rga-xl,el6[ tou - rov dv0gono. flcirg 6pog bqplougyelrcl o <iv0gornogX; ' cutr; tr;v egcbqoq otre ro 16l,o9 tqg Koopoyovicrg rou )rgcro6oripyou 6iver, andv'ur1oqo, l,l,d xol our6 ro 16l,og,6 no6 iorog6 1ern, ogc_ rqgrloer, pe anoqia o crvu,yvrilotr;gc, norel,eircl o1e66v e[o],ox].r1gouo ;n6r a oupn]"qq6pctti pou. Endrgerirco tov eaut6 pou vo ngoo06ool orrlv xoopoyovio, nou crvaxcl,ri_ gOqxe ng6ocpo'rc, 6vav no)'.16 agxo6lx6 0pril,o, oripcprovc p€ rov onoio to nq6ro crvOgrbnlvon )dopc rpov q &icp-vr;, q x6gq rou olpovrrx6reqou norapod qg Agzc8icrg, rou At!6alvc, xaL r,nE lciag. Ener,6r;, 6pog, orippovo l,t€ til,l,o aqxoblz6 p60o, nou ncrqcr6l6el o Kcl.],ipc1og, 11 Apxc6[a rlrov orlv og1r1 tllvubgog, 61ol uno06oel 6rl o Ad6rrwag xkil9rlne an6 ra iyxura rTE yrlE pe q pcylxrp 9o66o rou Egprl. El,n[(ro 6u, pdwepa 6ror q oz6Eq rou ouyygc96c rqg Koopoyoviag. O pe.rcryev6oreQo€EQ p1tl-op6g 6ev pcg 6or;0del e6dr oe rinotu, enel6r; 6o6qoe 6oo rpov 6uvct6 to xa0e pu0ol,oyr,x6 orolleio. )e l"iyo 0c negdooupe o' crut6 ro Frrclquowo Galpo tou egpqtlopori L. 52
  44. 44. rrou noQouor,dlero,o rlyxgr,ta peyahiteqo ev6lcrq6gova n6 q qr,l,oooqr,xrl rino!4. A)titd rqog to naq6v noqoza)''til tov ovcyvtilorrl vo 61et uaopovtl, crqot tdlqcr 0c 6o0ei plc oriwopq cvoox6ruqoq tov priOov Ytcl rov rg6to cv0qto-no, ltol vc Oupdtor,6 t e8tbt o pu0o)',6yqpo6 yuvep qtriqct tou qlloooqtlplotog. H Aaqvq, 1rom6v. Qg Apxdblooa cvilx,el e[oi'ox]'r1gou orov tQl.ttlrtop6oo onoi,og,6 ptog, rqv 61el onoouonqoel novtei,.tilg.E 6qoupe,e [diri'ou, tov 6pogqo p60o nou ]''6er' rro(l)oE An6),,irovagt qv eqolteri0rr' u.aLq v xuvrlyrloe, troJE autr1, oqoti 6ev r10ei,,evc ncga6o0ei, pletctgcnqul aao 66vtpo Eclqvq ltot rr(l)E o An6)')'trlvcrg, oqor! 61coe t6 elnibeg tou, 6xcrve q 6dqvq to oyanqp6vo rou b6vtgo' 'Eloupe br,r,tairopvc' avcyvtrrgi,ooupee6 6 unol'eippctcrt ou i6r,ou crwayovtol.torl ttov 0gqoxet6v tou A,n6l'l'trlva xal rou Epprl nou f6goupe r16qu n6'uov tttitntoglg ovtgoltol'lp6- vo prioo Y[o rrlv x],,ont1 tou xonc8loti tou An6it]ttova an6 tov Eppt'1K. cruo qori ei,vcn6 tol, 6r,xar,oi'.oyoripcrovtoe 06- ooupe ro eprbrlpcr,Y to rroto l,6yo o eppqu,op6go g nqrilto avOgcilnr,yon l,<iopa rugo6clirer,p lcr yuvc[xcr; Ncr 0upqOot-pr rov ngoovaqeg06wei, t6oo oqpovtr,x6 yltr pcg, oti'1o on6 toug <Vuloytoyorig> tou Ar,oXui'ou: <Tov Egpq tov ng6yovo ntrr,oripee peig,q qul,q nou xanotxei yrlgol cm6 tq i,,ipvtp>.'Eloupe {16q nogottlgqoer, 6u q awi}'qrpq aurl ei,vcno pxeta nagc[evq. Nopl[rrl ]tol, ro 6rlo outd nopdfe-vcr pcrw6pevo e[qyoriwcu to tivo pe to di']''o: to ng6to crv0gcbnr,vno) '.<iopcrrp ov yuvaixcl enelbrl yevrigltlE unod'- 0etal noE rpov o 0e6g EqPrlg. A)r)rd, 6noE ?tol, vo 'vol,o r1 Atiqvtl 6ev rpcrv nagd 11 Ericr tou aqxabr,xorle ppqtr,opo6f.l otog {tcv ogcryeo Abap qg; Mag avaq6qouv tov <<ngoo6)'rpofle i'"coy6>>t,o yt'o rqE fqE t1 ail)'r,tirgtq g Nr,66qgO. <ngoo6i'qvop fle)''ooy6g prog6 o)rerlenr,o )'.ri:e 6dl 6qtox6poore oto lcilgo rou sQFYlrt-
  45. 45. opor3.'Ooov cqopd rq Nr,66q, aurl1 6ev eivar, 6nog 6)"6net" o cvayvdlorqg, rcq<i <<un6orcroqr>q>E fqE - qg ogewqg yrlE rqE Aqzo6[ag. O yrog tou flel.aoyor] elval o Auxticl-voE, o rivrgog tqg Ku),l,r1vqE(6 ql,abn ev6g 6ouvori r4E Aqxc6[ag) xor no,r6qcrgn olt],riv yuDv r,or 0uyct6pov xor ouvenalg ngayparlx6g yevtiql4E rou cvOgotlvou y6voug. Tqv [6r,ur q Nr,66r1tq ouvcrwdpeo rq @r16at,r ;v n6],r1t ou I(cbpou-Egpf xat" l..rlgA qpoviog xol enopdvog trlv dl,l,r1 narg[6c rou rQprlrropori. Ebtil crutrl eival q pqt6gcr enrd yl,ov ?(,otlo dqlOprrtv0 uyar6qc,rvy, evtiqllg, 6pog, 6ev 6yr,- ve, enedt,6trog, nal6ld rqE ro ax6taae ple to 661,qr ou o Anol,l,ovag. 'Onog 6ranrcr6ver o avcyvcbo'rr;ga, ur6g o cogai,ogx al auy^trwTltlx6pgr i0ogy r,o rrl pqr6qo Nr66r16 1el orrl6aaq rou ndl,l rov i,6rc ovroyovrcF6 tr;g onol"l,rivlcg Ogqoxeiagx ol rou egpqrrcpori.O r buorullopdvol Nlo6[6eg 6,neauyv exgol y"aLa rn Nr66q-6ouv66 per,vep 6vo vo 0qr;vei tov ol,e0go rrrw nadrcirv rIE. Ag yuplooupe 6po:E otov Ilel,coy6. Erupol.oyrxd (6nog to 6ber,[eo Wilamowitz) ro 6vopo rou oupninr€l l.rs to 6vopa rou Aoxlqnlori, .uov onoi,ov ngnypcrr, ouvav.rtipe cvdproa oroug crn6yovoriE rou trlE yro rou Aqxd6cl'Io1u, o.uo 6vopa tou onoi,ou (=Ax-vapq) 6r,xar,ol.oyqp6vpc noporlpe vo ovoyvoQioouper qv <<un6orooq>ro>u cpxo,Srxor0! eo6,6ql"obrlt ou Eppry.A l.),ti - rl 6uotu1[o! - oute aur6v 6ev ],unrl0qze o An6],].atvag: tov'Io1u rov ox6toror xor rov Aoxl,qnd rov 6xave blx6 rou ylo. flgdypcrrl, oe brioxol"ougx aporlg 6[qoe o ep4rr-op6g, 6rav cpogeigro u rlrav or Aqxdbeg- 6vog l,c6g a6i-voprog, 6 r,1crop6voogn 6 eototepr,xorlrgu ol,{,louEx crr nm[6- pevogc n6 toug yei,toveEr,[ ou 6ev pnoporioev ' cvrrotcr0ei odre orq Oqrlozeurlxrl xatolxr,qarl cn6 pr,o 16oo peydl,q nol,ltr.orlxr; 6rivo6r,qn ou r]ruv o An6l"l,clvag. An' 6l.o crur6 ro xou6dpr, rorv pri0tov to p6vo nou oupneqolvetcrer ivcl ro e[rgg1: 1o pxcrbrxrxl oopoyovic lpdy- 54
  46. 46. uan, teireiooe Ft rrl bqpr'ouqyia rou JlQoroclv0g6nou' tou ;il;;-;;, onoq.i,t"t'ov' 6voug' aut3s 1 nsotocrvoqor nogy 6wqoep et q oer'qrdo u -Yto vcr6 1oup6ey i:9::: "qro[ urr"o yroug xat enra x6geg' an6 toug osrotouE *i, ,orAy*rcrt ol, }"ooi' Kcrl rlotega (o ovcyvdrotqg lr6qeu "* i"t -t'nqxcil,o 6ots)'ve to acnbla trou rrlE negiooeucrv Ji, ""0'"" orivoga qg) cutoi' oxqr'6dlg 6ooepcrv naworl touE ot6gouE tou tQpYp'opori' Tqv nn-nirotlota ouyttopl-a,| ou"oi-or, oo69or,t qv 66toocv gtnv t^<ug{rvq tqg Acpql- ;r;'; 6),46et o 6vo1'to tqg cr6 t,'t'9t: qg Apxa6[aE' .ltO "qu lfuq{vq o eqprltrop6g pe-rcq6g0lxe otqv Ailu- ,r"o. no.i, 6qrlxe nol"t ;g6oqogo 66ocpoE, 6rrou peya)'ooe, i"r"lr,iroq*t xal 6ylve r'o1ug6go vroYo)'rorqg tou xQtortcr-vtopou. Kcu,6 ylve out6 erer'6r1e btbo eqprltlop6g ouvowrl0qxe pe 6rio 0gtloxeleg, pe rtE onoieg po{1xe "''6:T :lt:^.:l: in"onrs eiaq6g. o l'61og yivetou' nqdttov' Yt,<r rqv crQxdttr **""r"*tf itqio,uto nor', beriteqov' Ytcr tq Oqrpxeicr tou Ie1o6d tqg flc)lar'ag Ar'a0r1xt1g' f f
  47. 47. KEOAAAIO WI o @Eo> @oT To enr,66[r,zoo l rrlqci,o,n cg' 6].c ra e],ctr6por<i rou, orioqpc rqg sl.l.qvr,xr1Og eol,oyiaEr rou 6l,a6e qv rel.eu-ra| a xan rqv firo rpr;}"r1e ul.oyicrr nE orouE Ael,gorig orrorr-l. orioe crqxera xa6 otrlgr,ypr,cyr ,o rov nlot6 6oo crut6g 6Eox6tcv ew6g rov ouv6qrrlvr ou el.l"qvlnorxi 6opou, bmr-xtvSfveue, 6po6, xd0e gogc nou cut6g eql6rcrv oe encrqrl [.r,sr ouE norolxoug a],],rrrv, pq-e]',].qvlrrbv,l trlp6v nou ird-rQ€ uovd l.l,oug OeorigH. ex yevem;gt aoq rrQoEr o oul,l.o-yr, op6x ol rq ouvew6qor;6 ev en6rgeneo rov cglcrio'El.l,4vo vcr onoxol,ei tpeubelg rr,g pogqr6g traL r,a or]p6ol,c <i],],orv l,atilv: yr,' aur6v tlrov cpcrveg6u , xal or,t iltltor,l "aoi,x sr6- Xouv ro i,6ro unoxelpeywo. laana yr,LrLelqlyLrr0de pdll,a rrov bofoor,trlvr oug, 6nrlg zcl aur6g o [6r,ogK. ar crvr pcv dtol, 6ngene onoqaiu;rc va ncgabeltsi 6fl or, f6vor, 0eoi rau-r[[, ovrcr, lrs rouE e],,i,,qvr,xo6urg,o g6govrcrgcr n' autofg orc, ov6para. To nq66l,qpcr ouviotoro p6vo oro vc xcOoploel ps fioro el,l,r1vr,z0r;e 6qrcr toutifercn q Lriar l rl <il"l,I [6vrl 0eoqtc. Awo ro nq66),qpa r60qxe oro oulr,l,oyrop6tr ov E,Urq-vtov trlE r,6r,cirepae nixar,go orr1 bldgxer,or qE yvtopr,piclg rouE U,s rov o,ryuJlrrax6 nol,ru,op6. )rr1v Alyunto ro ou-oulpara rrrlv eylrrrglotv 0e6v evrb0qxcv petc[ri toug no],ri voplg - nlo vogig ax6pc xt an6 t6re nou q elbryq yr,c tqv uncgfiq cuulg qg XolQcg plnogorioe vcr grdoel oulv L
  48. 48. El,l.aba. Km 6pog, q enr,6lrooqt ov npdrlv <<ncvOeou) ouv6lloe va un<ig1el oq ouveibqoq rov Alyuntitov nal cpy6reqcr, 6tcrv 6l,or, autoi, or ndv0eol avayv,aartrov vo neEogi,oouv rqv enibqcorl roug xor vo, cvcyvogi,oouv crpor,6aiclrgc r v6pu,pc6rr ,xcn6pcrcrr oug.'Evag crn' cruroug r;tcrv o @olr, o xugi,cglog qg n6l"qg Xporiv xor o oQxrl-y6g qE eylrirqr,crogy 6oo6og..O. qei,)'rov o oqpeudlocoot r, or, yvdroer,ygr ,' crutrlv rqv firlvqy r,crp 6va neqr,olr'n1g o6glovtcll on6 to 6pyo tou brdoqtrr,oaur ,yunrr,o?t6yol,ur oE,x oO. Mn. A. Toupayr,eq( (O 0e6g@ ox>, orr,E< )qpleucooeqr,gg Ioro-gr, xrlgx or,@ r,i,.ol,oyr,xA4ogl rlg tou llcvernotqpiou qg Aryi,u6 fletgounol.rlg>, 1898). Nopl[co 6rr av o Reitzenstein pnogofoe vo XQrlorl,r,ofior,rlaouerrr,l tt;v efi,ar,gerlxdri yxugrl xcr, l"oyrxr; pel.6tr;, 0a ei,1ea nocpriyern, ol,l,6g uneg6ol.6g rou 'ror 6ev 0a e[1e napdnovo yro rrlv oryunropavic. O 0e'rix6gi6 r,g@ cor,l .om6v, eEo eXrlgi ,.otpeu6tcrvo to Xg,ouv o4 0e6g nou 8r,ogyrivoo€ rov x6opro pe to l6yo rou. Nti yr,od out6E og pril.og rou fiovoryunlno,xst ouorlpcrog 6yuve <xrlpr,ogrr ov l6yov rou 0eori>.H Aiyuarog, 6prrrE6, ev eivcn, El,ltdba. O <xugr,oErr rw l,6yrlu> 6ev yrv6tav cwr.i,.qnt6go rg exelvoEn ou epnv6er o ],6yo,r rlbqpr,oupyrnnrtpq rou, rrl l,oyr,xrpo uv6nen rou, rrlv mlvqtq opoprprcr ou, - 61r! - ol.l,o p6vo clg yvciroqg poyr,n6v exqgdoeorv nou 66vouv xax6g 6uvc1.le6o ' aur6v )t,crro rov dl,l,o x6oplo.I 6r,ai,tega orov d),},o. Eivar, naoiyvooroE o cp66og ttrw Alyunticov yro m,E nileg rrov gulrbv rouE orov I(ito K6opo. fl6ooug xr,vbrivoug6 r,6rge1eq lruxrl otr1 peta0ovdtr,crn oqeio qg cn,5 toug puotr,xorigx or rQol,r,sQouegl0 goig rrlE r[ou rrlv xapteporioav yro vo rq 6coovioouv lrol, vo rIE ndgouv xo;t exewqa x6pc qv nltoopotr,xrp6 ncp[r1 xrour rlg ricpqoe o Oavorog!N o l6pouv cpaye or, e10qrr6gb uvdtrrer,6gr r o @rrlt nqoototeiier tqv tpuXnr l, ox6pa xcxl.rireguo, tr tau- "r,Larrlxep s rrlv rfuXrl; O Oavtirvc rcpoporbvetorI,o m6v, pe 57
  49. 49. rov @cot: <Kov6vag 0e6g bev .rov lrunrier, nu,v6vag petc_ qog6cg 6ev rou cv.rrcr6xe.ucor,r o 6g6po rou, ccporie ival o @or, o nrc rolug6E an6 rouE 0eorig>.A l.l.c vd, o 6q6trrog rou tq6pou 6per,ven ioor, o ne0ap6vog6 q60qnep nqoord oro 6lzoo11, xol e66 o xrlpr,ogto v ),6yarvp nogei vcl rov 6oq0r1oe<r,<. e)@, corb, rxaioroet ov ne0c,p6voX 6vov.no .uoug el0gorig tou, 6ncr:E6 r,xa[o:oegr ov 'Oorpl 6vovrr oroug el0qorigr ou>>E. ivcn, oopcl,rog,n ol,ri ouyxr,vrlrtx6a rotyeio, a)"),,do pel,erprlg pag ng6oe[e xcrLr ,ny cvtiOerq ru],eugd currlg tqg nior;g. <O 0e6g tqg oogiog xor rqE a)"q0er,crg>, yg<iqero, x. Tougriyr,ep( oe1,.52)<, <,Nuvdtro xqpq e[unr1p6_ rToq orov nol.lnop6 xol Tn Slzaloorlvq rqg Ar,yrintou: q enfig6uafi tou o1e66v expr;bevi[er ro q0rx6 orolleio tr;E Kgloqg. Ar,6rioxero, rov ne0cp6vo tlg cp6gpouiregn ou xa-vouv ov4pnoQouEro us 5r,xoot6gr ou. H yv6or; cutrbv tolv cp6gpoul,rrl,vL ot roJv ovop<irrovr rov blxaorcilv xdvel r4v r;Or,xro; yv6rqrc neqr,rtrl.) t1v r,eqrr1u 6i,qt ou 6g601zex cr, q p6gtrroul,ox ara :,.lr1xgq drtqor;Et r;g xcq6r,dgo rov d6q, tr;v onoi,o o ne0opl6voge xcpovelq v cirgor rou rl zopOui rou r[0e'uor, otq (uycgui. H yvciroq ourrlg qg payr,xrlg cpogpoul.crzgc 0oql[er ro tu1eg6 cnot6].eopa rqg (riyr,o4g, avelcgrlrolg an6 tr,g nqayponx6g nodtqreg rqg xog6r,dg. O [6r,og,n g 0e6g rqE yQopproreiagx, avet ro nqor6xo],.]"o rr;g 6[xqg, rog ecpeug6tqgro rv orcrOprbyx at aqr,0p6v enr,_ 6Ltntr" q (uycpui, evdr o 96l.o9 rou rrlE euvo'ixori npootri-rrl rou ne0ap6voup eqr,x6cgp op6Eun eqr,oxrietol u q6l.ou rorl bixalou nqorrorrinou rou Aryundou 6qp6onu undl,l.r;l.ou xcri rou ruqoorrir4t cov cpuolxrive nrcm;prbve: nrrpdnero rov eaut6 rou vo xl,ivel q [uycrgr,tni qog 6gel.ogr ou neOapd-vou). 'Erot eival our6g o ngor6runog 0e6g tqg Aryrinrou orrg nro xcrravoqr6g y[rr, rov o.yr,LxlL4lyurtn6a qotqq4rll yQopp6E.'Otcrovl 'El,l,r;vegt ov yvdrqloo,-vu or ou.r6o uv6_ 58
  50. 50. 611 nol,ri vtogi,g-q anovtlol oqv egtbtqotl:< <floroEe ivar o @cot;> toriE .pdvtlxe o)'oqaveqq: pt rtl' ngdltl patr'a otov nivcrzcr J[oU 'toQtoTavel to peta0ovotr,o 6g6po tou ne0ap6voup e ouvobeicrto u ttpqto0 r'6uox6cpa)'ou q xuvo- *egol"ou 0eori (ei,vary, vrr:otoi liot ot 6to mlaot) 6nqene vc nouv: <Ei,var o 6ux6E pag Vulonopn6g Eqptrlgn'Kar' 6po:g o el,irqvo-clr,yuntnx6ge gpqtr'opt6gt6 te 6w eile yewqoei ox6pa. 'Eloupe 6u, 6t'-o nave)'")'qvrngE qptg e[1e no]"ri .6oqbqtr,xr10 6oq yur va anote}'tioel eninevtgo pr'ag 0qr1- o*ti,tE. luo va yi,vera, ut6 lger'aotqrc vcr 6ge0ei o{o otYU-n" ro*6 66oqog 61t o navei')'r1vr'ogcr, l'l"ao eEo qXrlg cQlt(x- 6r,x6gx oopoyovr,z6g'Eqp{Sx ar cut6 6yr've4 'e to peocrlo-r"" qOl. "tlg KuqtlvYlg6, ruo4e i6ape- p6vo qv eruo1t1 aou nl.loicrEer dpeoa tov xoq6 qg i6guoqg qg Al.e[dv6gerog, arri"atl otlg ap16g "ou io' n'X' ot" Tqv awiotcrol ebrb aun "tl'Oqtl*r, ,oO,i,g o Eqprlg toutiotqrc ngo no)ll'ori pe rov to1ug6@ ot xn 11n atgr'xq n6)'r; tou teieutcri'ou' Xpouv' onotroiO"one niorlpc oto e)'"}'qvr'xEng ptotaoi'q' Tcilqo' uno ,o orllro tou Eqpq-@olt q ell'qvlxtl Ogtloxelcl evdlOlxe pe "r1n oryurr"roxtl. Aruot6l'eopcr auulE ttlg 6vtootlg 6y've o xoQlopoEr ou eQPqrLoltoorie avbrcQo t4dl oe xauhrepo' N" ""tifrt crp6orrlgo e tr ouviotuto q brrcpoqc oto XoQo-ltttlgo tqg el.l.1vo-ar'yuntucrxrolEu v0eoqEe 66 xat exel O on,iriuqog-rqpqtlop6Eo g ouoqpa tqg 0gqoxeutxtlg 6r'6o-oxcl. iog 6per.vee l.l'qvr,n6go tqv !ru1r1 rou ltot p6vo eloxe-qffid 61tLo uppetdoler,o ro crtYuJtrlcrxl6a vOeov' evcb' ovti-dr" o, o xatdrtegog eppltt'op6g og oriotqpr'c payr'xtilv nga-v" r,wtbtt6 pelveo tqv ouoicr rou otYuttrtcx6g po?tov6tr' 66- 1t1xe p6oa rou ?tot el')'qvr'x6g xcr' d)ll'eg [r6veg cg16E xal pAito"o qv el,)rqvr,xyt1l' 6oocl' Avtc4rtrlvtotrlgt ou XQtorto-vr, opor36 ylve, ewoei,tct', pt6voo ovtirtegoge gpqtr'op6g' 59
  51. 51. KEOAAAIO VIII O EPMHTDMO> KAI OI EBPAIOI O EPMHTDMO> >THN AI|YTITO H cryuntcxrl unrlg[e p6vo plo cn6 rr,g 6r.io 0gqoxeieg ps uE onoi,eEo el,l,qvr,x6ge qpqrlop6g ouvovt4Oqxe oto 66opog qg Al.e[dvbgercrge, vrirq 6erireg4u nrlq[e 4 e6go'd_ ,rn >' cur6 ro oqpreion q6nel vcr unev0upi,orDor ov avd,_ yvrilorrl p6vo trregr,xtni go nol.l.ori yvrlorti yeyov6ra. H Al.e[dv6ger,an o],rl yqqyoqu 6yety iver,r o xrigr.ox 6vrqo rr;g e6qc'ix4E6 r,aonoqrigb: rio sfi6 ng n6vrr ouvor,xiegq g rlrcv e6go'ix6gA. l"i,.<io r, E6qoior,,a gori pnrpxav oro ldrqo tqg el,l,qvr,nqnEo deiag, oriwopa 6ylvcv xcn u,uroi.El"l,qvegH. atayxr,l vo x[QoooQp6oouvro v e],],r;vlx6 no],ltr,op6 ral ngolto on' 6l.o ro egyal,eio rou -rrlv el,l,qvlxrgy l,cbooo_ otqv e6gcixn nlar,q o8rjyqoe orrlv ei,.l.1vr,xrp1e rdcpgcori qg flal.ordg Ala0rgxqg, nou tiqlloe vo ,rQoylr,oronorciror r16q tov 3ov n.X. arrtvc. Xdg4 o, curl rr; per<iggaorp 61ery, iver 6uvarl 4 enibgcoq qg e6qcTxrlEO qqoxe[oEe n<ivar oqv el,l.r;vlx,fi xat r,6laireqcr orov sQprlaop6. )r4 lclqc tou zcrrilreQou rQprlrroporl 6)"eg ol ru6qteg rpav crvor,ltdg xat q erciol"rp 6yr,ve yQtyoQcr xat un6to1tcr: q e6gc.r,rrl xa66aa, rr;v onoi,c anl,o4a ngrv an6 r4v flegoozgctio eveqyrigc v6nrufcrv ol go6i,vor,n g6ocpepe6 l.o to rvruno_ ors,x6 navbaup6vr,otr ;E, 6l,ov tov neginl,oxo puou,xr,opr6 trrrv ygctrrpdr,@ry( dl rrov crqlOpdrvo rq 6r.<i0eorrlq E sQprl_ nxilg puyeiag.M e tov crvdrtepoe qtrrrpr,opr6o ngdypota L-
  52. 52. tlrav nm 6rlozol.o: q e6goizq 0grloxei,o avayvdlqr,le p6vo 6vo @e6-Aqpmugy6 rou ouQovori xcr, tqg yqg nou 6ev pnopotoe vo rdurtorti, pe tov EQprl,z oOtirg,o ripcptovcple to xripro 66ypcrt qE OqqoxeioEro u, o i,6r,ogo EgprlEr ltcv bqpr,ougyqp6vo0ge 6E.A ),.}.<6i tu1e ol bdaonaf i,egt tov eg-pqtr, orrirv va ouvowrloouv al.)to 6vo, nol6 ev6r,op6gov qeripa. H elii,"rpr,ou,zO{ qqoxei,oy evr,xcir6gq iorctcr, xcrtto an6 tqv r,olug6rotr; enlbqooq lon EuryrcQtoltot-i autqg qE rrQot6runrlE xal axn 6doq tqg o0eiotr,xtlg 6r,6aozcr)'iag, orlpqo:va p€ rrlv orola or, 0eoi, tov l,aixcitv 6ofaor,6v 6ev eivcr tlnore d],.]"on ap<i ot ano0eopdvold v0gonor,.O rlte q cnyuntnxrl, orite 11 egpqtr,xrl 0gtloxeia 6ev rpcv, 666uw, c0eiom,x6gx, r, 6po4 o sunp€Qrol.r6ogu v6gegex ar, ng 6u6 rouE 1{or vti to ytcti,. )ripqolva ps rqv ar,yuntlaxrl 6r,6cr-axaLtao q ngtixq 8uvaoteia torv Alyuntltrlv 6codt6ow tpav buvooteia tcov 0etbv, enop6vog or, Oeoi {tav xonote tiv- Oqconor.'Ooovo cpogtit ov eqpqtr,op6,6 1oupe6 el q6q 6u, an6 wlv aq1r1 eile qv tdorl Yto rrlv a)ll.t1yoglc trov Oei-xrilv trinolv rou: o EqprlE eivcrrK, 6opog, o flcv ei,vcrAr,6 - yog. Aorgo)lcbgc utti tc o)'l.qyogtx<io v6patc rltov nol,ri nr,o oupqdpovro yr,crp r,o Ogrloxeio nou r1Oel.ev cr ylver, urueqeOvr,xerigv:c u,e [d].].ou yvtoot6 to n6oo ouv66c],eo r; br,eriquvoqq g e6gcixtlg Ogqoxeiags xsivo to neqtoro'rtx6 xo,ra ro onoio or, ora6oi, tqg cn6 cp66o ov6pcoav to @e6 roug an),,6gK rigr,o( A6ovrir,)x an 6yt Ie1o6d. Xuvenrbgt,a td ro napdber,yiror ou flcv6g-A6you ol,6xl"qgqe ppqtr,zrlx o-opoyovio yevr,xei!0r1xOe. Aiog 6yr.veN oug ncrgp6vogc n6 trl cpr,i',oooqitao u Avafcy6qc. O EqprlE...c x6pa xal nohi ncl.lcr, 6nog [r6goupe, fltav o K6opoE, tcbgcr, 6po4, 6ev nagob6lovtal 6l.or,c uulv qv egpqveicrc: wrl elle p6oa rrlE ro apaqqpo tou aavOsioporl, evdl r; nowobrivcptl enibpcloqt ou fllatova 6pa0e otoug ov0griltrouEv o ovcr- 6 l
  53. 53. yvtogi[ouv rov evegy6A qpr,ougy6to u xootrrou.'f,)oreo Eqprlg 6yrve beriteqog Oeog, <Noug-prouqy6p. Exr6g o,n, o,u-r6v o Noug bqpr,oriqyqoea qev6E to A6yo (cur1 q 6o[a-oia 6r,arqgr10qxet)o, v 6oq06 rou orq bqpr,oupylot ou z6opou, aperdgou rov Av0garno. Me 6l.a c,urri, tc puOo- Loyma ov6pcrcr -o Aiag, o EQprlE, o Aoxl.qnr,6g- 6yr,vav el,e60egcs, vd oL qoqeiEr ouE an6 tug xoopoyovlx6go p16g 61ouvy lver,n o,vdqlcnol tivOgroruonro, u 6blvo,vr ; 661ovrov, rog nqcbtoq eqpqrr.x6Ec noxo),.6r!elgT. c olyunr,wy,a uyti-ororxo, yl' autorlg 6g60qxav ngo nol,l,orl: oro Aiu, crv.ur,- oror,lofoe o Ap;lrov, orov Egptl o @crrt (n @ar 11 Tcrt rov egpqrr,orcbv)o, rov Aoxl"qnr,6o Ip1or6n. AM,d q oriv0eo4 crurrl 6yr,vep e oup6r,6aop6:o Aicrg uyrLlr.arc,lata0qxec n6 tov Appovcr, o Aoxl.qndg, 6pog, unegvirqoe rov Iplo-t6n.' Ooov oqog<i tov Egprl xor rov @or, Dla.rqgrl0rlxav x,or ol, 6uo roug xol p<il,lora o @ar 6ylve yr,og tou Egprp xar, 66lcole tov Aoxi,,qnl6 nou cqx6orrlx€ vcr ncifer, ro oepv6 96l.o rou paOryr1.H nnyn tt;g anoxol,ugtlg rpcv, ewos(,- rar,, o Egpr;g:o g ngogrlrrlE rrlE egpqrr,xrlg0 grloxeiog6 i,,cl- 6e to enl0ero TEopdytorog nou x],qgov6pqoe cn6 tov atyunn"uxo@ or (61..T ouqdyrccpo, el..87).'Eywen gogrpqg tou 6ooll*d Atrlprova rtffi ouE cnozol,rigelg rou o,neu06ve-rol 11 o' out6v 11 oro yr,o rou, Tov @or, r; oro po0qtrl tou, rov Aoxl,qnr.6. Me qv e[6],r,[q rqE sQprln]rrlg 0pqoxe[cg ltor or <il,),eg0 e6tqr€E oup,Lrsrriyava ' crutrl rq pua:,;.xil tetgriba: or, ldrger,g qg'Ior,6og ene0ripqocr va cvoifouv 6g6po cn6 tov egpqtlopr,6o tqv aol,udlvupq0 e<i roug...1 1 pnopei,? ,(,ov,or, rov rivolf,av or,e ppqmot6Ey lo vo e4,lercr],- l.eutouv q peydl"q 66[c qg. 'Ono6 xaL a r1rav, r; 'Ior,g tog K6gq rou K6opou, 6ywe pcOrpgr"c rou Eqp{ tou Tpr-op6ylotou nor cvoxolvctJor ro l,luomlgrd rou oro yro rrlE, rov'89o. Aur6g rpcv ol elcoteqln6g ruegrcrdosq rou el.l.qvo-cu,-
  54. 54. yuntnxori eqpqtr,oporiE. naval.op6rivol 6tu ext6g an' awtg u,g neqr,otcostEo av6teqoE egpqtr,otrr66ge v e[1e o1e6ov tinotcr ro crtYuJrrtox6.'Ioo4 ol egpqtr,ot6gv o tlOei'ctvv o ngooaqp6oouvo t1 Og1ozei,oro uE rqv aglala atyultr,ozr; <puotwrl ooqicn>c, ),,)'db uonlrbE q ooqi,cra urlr;tav t6oo puorxq, nou 6ev tqv natc)ttr6alve xavrivog, orite ot i,6r'or' ol r,epeigA. ,fiots,[eito on6 ovcgi0pqrtE o]torol,vtigx cn aoo-qeig q6gpouleg nou pcr0ar,vava n' 6!o loqlg va pfiouv oro v6qpc toug. Aut6g or, q6gpou)'eg dqeoov otov ncttb-reQo eQpqrrop6, ylo tov cvtixego, 6pclg, onobei'10r;xav alqqoteg. O crvdxeqog egpqtr,op6g awlorioe dq0ovo to u)r,m6 tou crn6 tqv el,i'qvtxtl cptitoooqic, xugirog an6 tov fl),.<ittovo,a n6 toug el,l,qvr,zoripgr i0ougo tq otolr,xtle qpq-vei, a touE xst orn6 qv flai'ord Ala0{xr1: to ts}.eutaio 6ev rgtov xcr06)',ou6 rioxo),,ox, o0tilg to avti,ototlo rou av0par nonoqp,ivou Eqpq 6p60qr<o,ew lv flaloro Ar,o0tlxrl.'Htav o [6rog o E6qaiog vopo06tqg McouorlE, o orip6ou].og tou Ar,yurutiou @agadl, q 0aup.ctougyr,z{ gtl66og tou oaoi'ou anlxrqae arcug xor66au,ot6Eq oqpaoicr nou liyo uote-qorioe crn6 exelvq tqg lquoqg gd66ou tou'E]'.i'qva zuqiag- Xou rrlE poyelcrE.
  55. 55. KEOAAAIO IX H KOPH TOY KO>MOY H (MAYPH EIIDTHMH> Aut6 nou ovopd[oupe zartilreqo egpqnop6 pag obqyel ngdrro on' 6lc oto ltirgo l*1g paye[,ag.'O],oE o x6opog xana un6 to qeyydgr, ei,val yepdrog 6cnp6vn. @c ouva-vtrpooupec uul tqv crvdl,qrpqx crr orov o,vcbregoo Qp,qrl,- ap6, exei 6pcoEn oqpooio rlg eivcr 8r,cqogetrxrl.E xeLr ,a 6cnp6vr,c ta go6odwar o4 6i'c6eEl ylo tr;v rfulq 6wa, evdle 66, o,vu,06tcongg, ooncOorivv c 6q0ouvo e enaqrl poli rouE yro va anoxrilaouv rucrw6g elboug eniyerc cycOti. )to 6cq6vr,c xuEoglei to Oeyydgr, fiou ord, el"l,rpr,xti eivar, 11E xdtq, evciro ta alyunncxd, ei,vo,ro, @ror, o <Krigr,og rcov l,6ycw>.'Ooor [r6gouv aurd tc ].6yla, 16 g6ppou]"eg, ta [,6gxr,a,p nogotv vo unortifouv rcr 6aq;,6vLoM. la L66o ylo ro nrilg rpav aurd pnoqei va pcrg 66oer, q ncpaxdrcl ngooeulr; nou 6q60qxe ypol.lp6vi1 o' 6vov n<inugo xcr, ano6l6eral otov tanouor6 pdyo Aorgtiprfulo (6]". Reitzen-stein, <<flolp<ivbpqp, 620 x.el.): (e^^. MGCA. MOY, KYPte ePMH, On(DC -rA Bpe<PH C-rtC KOIAIEC -TO)N TYNAIK(DN. eAA. MecA MoY, KYPIe ePMH, noY M^zeYelc -rPoQH -ro)N ee(DN KN -r(DN A.NepCD-n( DN. eAA MeCA MoY, KYPIe ePMH, KAJ A(Dce MoY .rH XAPH, -rHN -rPO(PH, -I-H NrKH. -rHN eYHMePtA., -rHN eAKY-c- rrKo-rH-rA -roY nPoc(DnoY, 'r-HN oMop(Pa, -rH -y- NAMH ENI ]-(DN T|A.N'T.(I)N KAI -T(DN A.NA.P(DN KN 'TO)N 6 4
  56. 56. I-YNATK(DN. rN(DptZc) -ro ONoMA co. noy ^A.Mnet c-foN OYPANO - OY(DEI OY,I.CECNOYCDEI OA.MCNCDE ENEOMOYX. AY-rA etN^t -rA oNoMA-FA CO/ C-rtC t-ecceptc ro)Ntec -foY oYP^NoY. rNOptz(D K.r.r -rtc MopQec cor noy errurr Or e'-HC C-rHN A.N,-rOAH erc^t tBtC, C-rH A"cH ercAr KYNoKe<PA oc, c-ro Bopp^ elc^t (pt.a.t, c-t-o No-ro EICAI AYKOC. J-NCDPIZC'DI- O BO-rANO COY - EINAI HAO^- A. e-reBe Ne(DH-f. rNoptZ(D -ro 1.^o coy _ etN^t eBe_ NrNo. ce rNo)Ptz(D, epMH - notoc etcN, Ano rro, etc^l KA.r not^ etN^t H no^H co", etN^t H epMoyno^H. rNCDpt_ Z(l) KA.t -rA. BA.PRAPTKAG.O Y ONOMA-rA... (f[,0crv6v ro ovo,- rpeqo;revc o ouyygcrq6trg 6ev to 0ecoqotoe ozotrra crqxetd 6ag6opr,xd xcl yl' ou'u6 6<i[el totg veorpritoug rorl vo onti(olv "rq y],riooa tolg ngoqepowaE to napoxrirco ov6pora)... (PApNl.ea.x B,r.pa.xH^ xel. AY-T.A. EINAI -FA BA.PBAPIK^C. OY ONOMA-rA, CNO) -rO A,H-EINO COY ONOMA EINA.I XA.P^TMENO C-rHN IEPH C-rH^H c-ro ^aY-ro -r-Hc epMo,no^Hc OnOy etN^r KA.I H nA_ .I-PIA'A. COY. 'TO A,HEINO COY ONOM^ EINAI OCEPTAPTAX NoM,(Pt. A,-ro etNN -ro AeKAreN-rArpAMMA-ro oNo_ MA. COY nOY exet -roc^ TpAMMA-rA., oCeC etN^t Ol MePec -rHc A.NA-I-o^HC -foZ Qerr^ptoy, eNcD -l-o Ae"- -rePo oNoMA. coY etNAt ent-ATpAMMA-ro KA.t AN-rtC-rOt_ xef c-foN ApfeMo -ro)N K,ptA.px(DN -t-o, rocuov (dra-vrptbv - ZeTtvoxt) KN AN-rtc.r-otxer A HecDc c-roN r.ple- MO -T(DN HMEP(DN - ,r.EPA.CA.:] CE rNO)PIZCD, CPMH, K.|.I ecY Me rN(DPtzetc eTo) etM^t ecy. eNo) ec/ etc^r er(D. EA, MeC^ MoY KA.I RoHeHce Me MA.ZI Me -rHN A.FA.eH -I-YXH KN -TON AFA.EO .A',A.IMONA). Aurn rl ngooeul4 bev negr,61eol dte g,uco xriq4 nou 6ev Ocre [1eo vd,o'rol1oo rrE oQxcx,rocruyunrloxg66gp trrou],eEH. 6uamfi brivupq rqg enr,6ol.r1ogu viotorcrr oto 6rl o fogxr,- orqg [6ger tc cr]"qOlvdo voporo exeivov orouE onoloug I 65
  57. 57. o,neu0rivercnA. l.l.ote o Vulonopn6g @ot pdOclve otouE ngoo'uo,'ueuopevorrioEu vo yvcogi[ouv rc ov6po'ucrrov teptirrov rou trkitro K6opou '4or rov 6lxoot6v qg Kqi-oqg, evcir cilqa q i6la yvtrroqo rq6cpetare vcrvd,ovto u 6[ou. &rlolttl elvcnz cr q yvriroq tov <6crg6crguxtbuo>vo pd'rcov rou: ewoorlvrol rd, e6qaixti, 6nog 8eilvet n poQqq Bcrgo- 1r1lt (Barachel) nou ntigOrlne an6 tr;v nl.o6ora 6ar,povolo-yla try e6ga[xr1gx o:66uLagM. e ]'iyc l6yr,a, 61oupep ngo-or< i pag 6va belypo sxelvou rou 6]l].qvo-oly6ntlo-e6pc't-xou pi,ypcrogn ou drgecpetr E 8erorbalpoviegq g el.l.r;vr,ott-xf6 enoyilg. H K6fl rou K6opou,q peydl"q'Ior,g,l,ap6aveqr , yvdl-oq rrlE an6 tov Eqpq, ro 5doral.6 rrlE, Tl xata tqv til.l.r1 napoi,,l,oyr1c, n6 tov Kspqqr,. <flp6oe1e, nal6[ pou'S)qe, yr,oti oxorig an6xqupq 0errlgi,cr, lv onoia o rgonatogag KoFrlqq 6ru1e v' axorioel crn6 rov Egprl, rou unopvqpct-roypdgou 6lrrlv rcov 6qyov, [xar, eydl] an6 tov nqoyev6- omqo 6ltrrv, rov Kaprlql, 6tov pe ti,pqoe pe to tdlen pcriqo (ra reLeia pe)"avt)>.T o tel.eutaic i,,6yr,o6 ev tcr xans.Laiswer zoveig, vopilo, 6ptrrg,6 'rr,p noqorv o tcr efq-yrloto. Ilgdrra ai(' 6l,a va branmtcbotrl to yeyov6g 6u, exelvogo Kaprlqlg nou 11o uy,6l6uawci10eoi,.oyi,qog K6gg rou K6opou anoxai'.el pcrOqttlt ou Egpttl 6ev e[vcu,d ].i'og ncpd o i6r,ogo EOtrqSx cu,p clrora sur6 elvcl 6va ano tc <o)',q0wc>r ou ov6pota: aut6 crnobelxvriegl crvegdI fiQo-oeultp (61..R eitzenstein, aeL.29),6nou o Eqpllg oto t6l,og ovopdoqxe <xriqr,ogK pltlg>. Nc avcrcp6gon agcxtitcrl 1.trr evbraq6pouoa aqrlyqorp trlg 'IolboE otov'elqo yrr r"E ns- En6teu6gr qE orrlv r,eqr1n 6l.q Ogpovori0 (Berthelot, Col-lection des anciens alchimistes grecs, 29). <Krn ritule 6vcg on6 toug oyy6l.ouE nou xsrotxo"bv oto nq6to ougti-vr, oo reg6tr:pae nrOripr;oev o ouvouordotei pcr[i,p ou. Eyrrr, 6pag, 6ev oupqovorioo [qt6wag vcr ;r<i0o rc nag ftaQa-
  58. 58. oxeua(erat ypuo6 xat aor1p'tT. 6te aut6g ei'ne6 tr' 6ev 61el 6r,xcri,trlpvco l.tt to paOet xoOcbgt o ngtiypc aut6 elval nol,u puottlgr,o, al,ira qv en6pevq FriQo 0o egl6tcv o agldyye)rog Apvcr{l. nou dlel efouoi,o vct Fou cncrwrloet otqv egdrtqotlt our.H'Ior,6o en6pelvex cn xardqege crut6 'Erat rou r10ei',e. ufi6 tov Apvor1l,.n qorll"Oeq ertoulg'q tqg ncrgooxeurlgr ou XQuooqlorix cn tou croqplori' Mruogorlpteva uno06ooupte6 n o ortYptortrt69 Apvatll' 6ev ei,vctn cgc to <6og6crqr,x66>v opa tou Eqpt1,t o <<o}'q- 0rv6> 6vopa tou onoiou {tclv Kpqq. <Or' Ieq6g Avaygc-rp6g, 1 r6ero, Zrhotstog( Berthelot, Collection des anciens alchimistes grecs, 9) pog nl,qgoqogoriv 6tl undqlel 6va eiboE6 ar,p6voJvrr ou 61ouv enoq6g pe yuvoixeg: o EptrtrTE ),6et ym aurorjg ora 6t6)"ta rou yld, q q6oq' Ta oglaicr xor wgd ypdppata l.6vs 6tl pegr,xoic, rn6 toug cryy6i'oug, nou egtrrterirrl)4ov tug yuvcri,xeg, xattarlxav orrl Yrl xclt 6pro0cv o' out6g ta pruonxo tqE grioqg: yt" crut6 to )toyo br,tilltrp,tov an6 tov ouErv6 nm rcrtcrbtxtiottlxov oe arir-vwg neEn)ravt1oer,gA.n ' cru'u6su ,g oldoetg ngo6qletar' 1 qul,r1t ctlv ytycrwtov. To 6r,6i'i,op e to onolo awoi' 6i'64- o?ro,v m,E t61veg ovoptiotqxe Xrlpta xat" olt6 ebdl n I6Ert yry,ta aq*ainer, xugi,tog trlv t61vt1>>l,t ot ouyntltQlp6vc 11 lqpleia. Na 0uptl0oripe 6tr, q i'6En fipc eivar, crr'yuan'crxt1 xcn oqpcriver<, <paug[fco>T>ti.l ga, vopi(co, ylvowal l,Lo.r'a-vorltc tc )r6yrr qg K6gqg tou K6opou 6n' o Eqpt'1g-Ka-pqrp6 <tqv d4.tqoe pe to pariEoplo rrlE telet6tqtog> - crut6 oqpaivet <<6plo0oe' out{ tq lqpeia> o4 cpot6q ylc rrlv aydnq tqg. flg<iypatt, q 1r1peicr6, no4 tqv pdqr,[e q Aiyuntog, rlrcv q t61vq qg nogaoneutlg rou XQuooqlou xcrt tou aoqpr,oriT. q I6Eq <<ncrgaoneutl6>p>c, oEb, ev ng6nel vo rrlv xctal,a6oivoupe ewe}tilg xuEo),,exttxa: ro ag66)"qpc )''u-v6rclv o,v xatcqegvcrv va ira6ouv pl6tcri'Io aou elotegr'zo 67

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