Eyjafjallajokull 2010 eruption
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  • 1. 2010 Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull
    As correct 17th April 2010.
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/37/Fimmvorduhals_2010_03_27_dawn.jpg
  • 2. Eyjafjallajökulleruption 21st March
    Volcano webcam
  • 3. Where is Eyjafjallajökull?
    Volcano location
    http://d-maps.com/carte.php?lib=europe_map&num_car=2233&lang=en
  • 4. So... what happened?
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/weather/hi/about/newsid_8625000/8625035.stm
  • 5. So... what happened?
    Iceland is located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
    The North-American and Eurasian plates move apart- called constructive plates.
    This causes magma to rise to the surface and form volcanoes.
    The latest eruption occurred under a glacier.
    The water cooled the lava quickly resulting in glass particles entering the plume.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Fimmvorduhals_second_fissure_2010_04_02.JPG
  • 6. April 15th Ash Plume- Image from NASA
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ash_plume_from_Eyjafjallajokull_Volcano_over_the_North_Atlantic,_April_15,_2010_-_A2010105.1330.250m.jpg
  • 7. European Space Agency Animation
  • 8. Why can’t we fly?- Which are true?
    The particles erode the fans of the engines.
    Glass in the plume melts and coats the internal parts of the engine.
    The aircraft is likely to be hit by lava.
    The particles can sandblast the windscreen making it difficult to land.
    Ash blocks the ventilation system, causing the engines to overheat and shut down.
    Gases from the volcano could cause the pilots to pass out.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Turbofan3_Unlabelled.gif
    Ash can add significant weight to the aircraft and change its balance.
    Ash can cause damage to instruments that measure pressure and airspeed.
    Pilots are unable to navigate due to the poor visibility.
  • 9. Limited Service
    Where can’t we fly?
    United Kingdom
    Austria
    Belgium
    Croatia
    Czech Republic
    Denmark
    Estonia
    Finland
    France
    Germany
    Hungary
    Ireland
    Italy
    Latvia
    Luxembourg
    http://d-maps.com/carte.php?lib=europe_map&num_car=2233&lang=en
    As correct 17th April 2010.
  • 10. Limited Service
    Where can’t we fly?
    Moldova
    Netherlands
    Norway
    Poland
    Romania
    Serbia
    Bosnia
    Montenegro
    Sweden
    Switzerland
    Ukraine
    http://d-maps.com/carte.php?lib=europe_map&num_car=2233&lang=en
    As correct 17th April 2010.
  • 11. Wider impact...
  • 12. What impact on the individual?
    An importer of fruit.
    Produce a similar diagram for one of these individuals.
    No flights
    GCSE student on holiday
    No fruit can be imported.
    A teacher on holiday
    Fruit is left to rot.
    A self-employed builder
    Importer loses money.
    Fruit shortage and price rises?