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Leadership

  1. 1. WHO IS A LEADER ? A Person who influences a group of people towards achievement of a goal
  2. 2. WHAT IS LEADERSHIP ? Leadership is the PROCESS by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent.
  3. 3. QUALITIES OF A LEADER Confidence Values Vision Empower Others Role Model
  4. 4. A leadership style is a leader's style of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people. There are many different leadership styles that can be exhibited by leaders in the political, business or other fields.
  5. 5. Leadership style Autocratic Democratic Laissez - Faire
  6. 6. AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE FEATURES • Retains all power and authority. • Closely supervise subordinates. • Involve himself into day-to-day activities. • Adopts one way communication. • Take full responsibility and full credit of the work.
  7. 7. HITLER STEVE JOBS KIM JONG UN
  8. 8. ADVANTAGES AND DRAWBACKS • Getting things done quickly • Getting things done innovatively. • Better and quick communication. • Better response to changes in environment. • Putting forward a more coordinated approach towards realization of goals. • It is socially undesirable. • Mental and physical stress in the organization. • Low morale , lack of commitment. • Kills ethics / Contrary to ethical leadership. • May have the opposite effect as wanted. ADVANTAGES DRAWBACKS
  9. 9. DEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE • The democratic leadership style is a very open and collegial style of running a team. Ideas move freely amongst the group and are discussed openly. Everyone is given a seat at the table, and discussion is relatively free- flowing.
  10. 10. Abraham Lincoln Mahendra Singh Dhoni
  11. 11. ADVANTAGES AND DRAWBACKS • Highly desirable and motivates co- team members. • Room for creativity and innovation. • Job satisfaction. • High productivity and performance. • Low dropout ration • All idea making and no action. • Undesirable when co-team members are less learned. • Time consuming. • Not everyone likes to involve in decision making.
  12. 12. LAISSEZ –FAIRE LEADERSHIP STYLE Allows employees / fellow team workers to do what they want to do without any interference .
  13. 13. HE WHO LEADS LEAST LEADS “BEST”
  14. 14. ADVANTAGES AND DRAWBACKS ADVANTAGES • Subordinates have freedom to achieve organizational goals with their creative way. • Successful when team members are equally skilled. DRAWBACKS • Poor result. • May fail the purpose. • Team members may get discouraged.
  15. 15. A Bureaucratic leader is impersonal and works by the book.
  16. 16. PATERNALISTIC LEADERSHIP • Softer form of autocratic leadership • Acts as father figure and puts organizational interest first
  17. 17. Democratic, 56%, 56% Bureaucratic 12% Autocratic 15% Laissez-Faire 10% Paternalistic 7% Desirable percentage of leadership style Democratic Bureaucratic Autocratic Laissez-Faire Paternalistic
  18. 18. ETHICAL LEADERSHIP
  19. 19. CASE STUDY #1.Southwest Airlines • How can an airline survive a government order to ground its entire fleet and shut down for days? After 9/11, all U.S. airlines were faced with this same crisis. • One that succeeded through the difficulty was Southwest Airlines, already known for its outstanding customer service. Southwest’s passengers, flight attendants, pilots and ground crews were stranded all across the country after the terrorist attacks. • But unlike their competition, Southwest’s leadership did more than just sit and wait. They encouraged employees to leverage their trademark fun approach to business and to help stranded customers enjoy themselves at the movies or the local bowling alley.
  20. 20. • And when the ramifications of the shutdown forced other airlines to cut staff, Southwest’s then-CEO, James Parker, announced just three days after 9/11 that the company would be keeping all of its employees, as well as issuing a profit-sharing payment. *Leadership Characteristics • Crisis management • Paternalistic leadership • Creative problem solving • A strong belief in the company’s vision. • Emotional Attachment towards the employees • Acting decisively
  21. 21. #2. Here we can look at another case study which focuses on the leadership style of the manager: Case Facts Cool Products, company dealing in production & distribution of packed condiments in the state of M.P. Company is a Market Leader in the state of M.P Company decided to expand the business in the state of Rajasthan They have identified Kota as a place for establishing production unit for which they have two tenable post by marketing or production manager since the job involves the skill of both. There are two profiles of managers for the post of GM of the unit:- 1. MR. X(Production Manager) 2. Mr. Y(Marketing Manager) As the consultant, we have to choose one of them for the post of GM.
  22. 22. Case Highlights Mr. X is a mechanical engineer He has 10 years work experience in Food Preservation Industry Qualities- hardworking, sincere, honest, dependable manager, foresighted, technically sound, pleasant personality, can handle employee grievances, provides employees satisfaction, goes by rule of law when in difficulty, good reputation in industry. Mr. Y has done MBA from IMS(Nagpur) His performance in academics were excellent Qualities- Calculative (as thinks ten times before taking any decisions), evaluates the pros & cons of the issue at hand before proceeding further, hard task master, obedient, maintains distance from workers, Task oriented leader, good communication skills, considered to be a Management Man.
  23. 23. Leadership Style refers to the behaviour pattern adopted by a leader to influence the behaviour of his subordinates for attaining the organisational goals. As per the above case abstract, in the light of various theories of leadership Mr. X possesses Consultative Participative Leadership Style. Leadership Style of Mr. Y:-Mr. Y is carrying Task Management Leadership Style as he is considered as Task Oriented Leader. Strength of Mr. Y Personality:- Adaptable to Situations Ambitious & Achievement Oriented Good Communication Skills Decisive Intellectual Ability & Excellence in Academics Self confident & Energetic Case Analysis
  24. 24. As a consultant, I would choose Mr. X as the GM of Cool Products, Kota due to following reasons:- Good Experience Relevant Knowledge about the task Foresighted & have basic skills Presence of sense of empathy & Objectivity Supportive & Helpful behaviour traits
  25. 25. SOURCE • 9GAG • Imgur.com • Brainyquote.com • Study.com • Indiatoday.in • Slideshare.net • Wikipedia.com • http://www.notredameonline.com/resources/leadership-and-management/how-leaders- emerge-during-challenging-times/#.VtWDWTZunIU • Essentials of Organizational Behavior-textbook

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