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Delivery of in the ASAL areas - private sector incentives

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Presented by Ombaka Vincent at the Follow-up Meeting to Discuss Private sector Participation in Animal Health Services, ILRI, Nairobi, 7 November 2019

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Delivery of in the ASAL areas - private sector incentives

  1. 1. Delivery of in the ASAL areas - private sector incentives Ombaka Vincent Follow-up Meeting to Discuss Private Sector Participation in Animal Health Services ILRI, Nairobi, 7 November 2019
  2. 2. Methodology • Desk research on existing Animal Health Services (AHS) relevant policy and laws - ASAL relevance • Stakeholder workshop to review findings • Recommendations
  3. 3. List of Laws • Colonial Era Laws • Crop Production and Livestock Act (1926) - Repealed by the Crops Act 2013 • Rabies Act (1932) • Cattle Cleansing Act (1937) • Penal Code (1948) amendment to criminalise injury to animals (1952) • Independence Era Laws • Animal Diseases Act (1965) • Food, Drugs and Chemical Substances Act (1965) • Fertilizers and Animal Foodstuffs Act (1967) • Meat Control Act (1972) • New Constitution Dispensation • Constitution of Kenya 2010 • Animal Technicians Act (2010) • Veterinary Surgeons and Veterinary Paraprofessionals Act, 2011 • Transition to Devolved Government Act 2012
  4. 4. List of Policy Documents • Independence Era • Sessional Paper No. 10 of 1965 on African Socialism and its Application to Development • Structural Adjustments Program 1980-1991 • Sessional Paper No. 2 of 2008 on National Livestock Policy (updated in 2015) • New Constitution Dispensation • Sessional Paper No. 10 of 2012 on the Vision 2030 • National Veterinary Policy 2015
  5. 5. Policy Incentives for Private Sector • Sessional Paper No. 2 of 2008 on National Livestock Policy • Provision of distribution networks for provision of animal health drugs and services • Kenya Agriculture Sector Development Strategy 2010 - 2020 • Engaging the government in policy development as a sector • Participation in all livestock services: e.g. extension management; and training services • Holding the government accountable on the policy of divesting commercial operations to the private sector • Sessional Paper No. 10 of 2012 on Vision 2030 • Mobilising capital to facilitate [Vision 2030] objectives • Vision 2030 Development Strategy for Northern Kenya and Arid Areas • Cooperate with the government to establish entry points for the private sector • Kenya Veterinary Policy 2015 • The promotion of complementarity in the supply of animal health services to allow a healthy balance between public and private animal health services provision
  6. 6. Observations • Animal Health Laws and Private Sector Involvement • Private sector participation is not prohibited, maybe not incentivised • e.g. Section 16 of the Animal Diseases Act : power to prohibit use of a vaccine or drug • Conflicting and overlapping mandates - create uncertainty
  7. 7. AHS Regulatory Objectives • Access to AHS inputs and services • Quality of AHS inputs and services • Disease Outbreak Surveillance and Control
  8. 8. Access to AHS inputs and services • Subsidy programs for inputs and services • Public Private Partnerships • Government Institution for Supply of Veterinary Medicine • Procurement from local suppliers • Transitional Provisions for CBAHWs • Procurement of Private Practitioners • Need Based Training
  9. 9. Quality of Inputs and Services • County Government Quality Control Mandate • Supervision of Professionals
  10. 10. Disease Outbreak Surveillance and Control • Information as a Regulatory Tool • Better Use of Technology • Transboundary Coordination • Passive Surveillance

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