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Isabgol - plantago ovata

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cultivation practices of isabgol (medicinal crop)

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Isabgol - plantago ovata

  1. 1. Package Of Practices- Isabgol
  2. 2. Economic part –Husk &Seed
  3. 3. ISABGOL •BOTANICAL NAME –Plantago ovata •FAMILY- Plantaginacea •NATIVE PLACE- Persia •ECONOMIC PART- Husk , Seed •Chromosome number (2n)- 8 •local Name –Blond Psyllium,spogel seed ,Snigdhabijab
  4. 4. • ACTIVE PRINCIPLE- Mucilage, Xylose and Arbinose • Type of flower- Protogynous • Type of Fruit - Capsule • Medicinal Property –laxative property, used against irritation in gastrointestinal , Constipation dysentery, Cooling and demulcent used to cure inflammation of mucous membrane .
  5. 5. • Isabgol is a stemless annual herb . • Husk (odourless & tasteless) yield a colloidal mucilage consisting of xylose ,arabinose and galacturonic acid . • The husk has the property of absorbing and retaining water and it works as an anti diarrhoeal drug . • It is beneficial in dysenteries of amoebic and bacillary origin
  6. 6. Origin and Distribution - • It is indigenous to the Persia and west asia , extending up to the Sutlej ,sind ,and west Pakistan, Mexico. • it has been introduced in India and cultivated specially in Gujrat and some parts of Rajasthan • Varieties- Gujrat Isabgol-1, Gujrat Isabgol-2 ,Hariyana isabgol-5, Jawahar isabgol-4,Niharika
  7. 7. •SOIL- It is an irrigated crop which grow well on light soil .Isabgol grow in sandy to sandy loam soil having PH range of 7-8 . soil are well drained and rich is organic matter . •CLIMATE –Isabgol is predominantly grown as cold season crop . It is require cool climate and dry weather .the temperature is require for seed germination is 20-30 degree Celsius ,
  8. 8. •Land preparation –Field must be free from weed and clods , have fine tilth for good germination . the land is laid in to flat body of convenient size i.e. 1.0x3.0 meter or 2.5x2.5 meter .
  9. 9. •Propagation - It is propagated by seed . •Seed rate - 4kg/hectare •Time of sowing - November –mid December •Planting distance –Seed should be sown in lines line 30cm apart .
  10. 10. •Manuring – The FYM of 10-15 tonnes per hectare applied during land preparation . Isabgol does not require application of heavy dose of fertilizer . A fertilizer dose consisting of 50kg N, 25kgP2O5 , 30kg k2O/ha gives as a basal dose . the second split of N as a top dressing after one month of sowing.
  11. 11. • Irrigation – After sowing light irrigation is essential . The seed normally germinate 6-7 days . If germination is poor, second irrigation may be given . Last irrigation should be given at the time when maximum number of spike have reached milk stage.
  12. 12. •Weeding- periodical weeding and hoeing is required . The medicinal plant have to be grown without fertilizer and use of pesticides . Organic manure like FYM, vermicompost , green manure , etc. may be used as per requirement of the species . To prevent disease , bio-pesticide ,could be prepared from neem , dhatura etc.
  13. 13. • Pests. White grubs and termite damage the crop by cutting off the root which can be controlled by broad casting phorate 10G @10kg/ha . Aphid also attack the crop and can be controlled by spraying 0.2% Dimethoate. Disease- Downy mildew is the major disease caused by Peronospora plantaginis .It is controlled by Bordeaux mixture or Dithane M-45 or any copper fungicide @2-2.5g/l can be spray.
  14. 14. •Harvesting –The crop mature during March -April .The crop ready for harvesting 110-130 days after sowing . Spike turn brownish ,at the time of harvest ,the atmosphere must be dry and not moisture in plant . Plant should be cut from ground level.
  15. 15. •Processing – The harvest plant are threshed and winnowed and seed repeatedly sifted until clean. Seed are fed to a series of shellers and remove only the husk . It separated by fan and sieve . • The husk:seed ratio -25:75 •Yield – 8-10 q/ha or 1 tonnes/ha
  16. 16. THANKS