2. Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group
of people, encompassing language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music
Culture can be viewed as the customs, arts and social interactions of a
particular nation, people, or other social group. It can also be defined as an
appreciation of the arts and human intellectual achievement. In both views
of culture, examples can provide a good way to get a quick understanding of
4. Culture of Pakistan:
Culture of Pakistan is intertwined with the culture of the
broader Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. Comprises numerous ethnic groups: the
Punjabis,Saraikis,Pothwaris,Kashmiris,Sindhis, Muhajirs, Makrani, in the
south;Baloch, Hazaras and Pashtuns in the west;and
the Dards, Wakhi, Baltis, Shinaki and Burusho communities in the north.
Following are some major cultures of Pakistan:
7. • Introduction:
• The culture of Balochistan, simply Balochi culture is
defined in terms of religious values, brahvi language
literature and traditional values of mutual respect. It has
its roots in the urdu ,balochi, brahvi pashto.
8. • History:
• Baluchistan is also known for its tribes and festivals. Another distinct feature
of Baloch culture is the storytelling tradition. Poets and story tellers are highly
respected in Baloch culture. The tribe has a head known as “sardar”, the sub
divided tribes also have heads known as “Malik” or “Takari” or “Mir”
• Baloch Tradition:
• Balochi embroidery is one of the most popular arts and crafts
which are done by the females. Baluchistan is also known for its
tribes and festivals.
9. • Dressing:
• Baloch culture. ... Females dress consists of a shirt having a big pocket and
embroidery and embedded round mirror work in front. A big Dupatta/
Chaddar is taken to cover the head And shoulders.
• The religious festivals are same as across the country like Eid-ul-Azha and
Eid-ul-Fiter. These religious festivals are celebrated by decorating houses
wearing new dresses cooking special dishes. Baloch culture is full of many
social festivals like Sibi festival which has folk music performance, cultural
dances, handicrafts stalls, cattle and Baloch culture day.
11. • Introduction:
• Hindko-speakers are an Indo-Aryan linguistic-cultural group, which is
native to the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pothohar Plateau and Azad
Kashmir regions of Pakistan.
• They were originally settled in the northern parts of the historical Punjab
region. At present, Hindkowans can be found in the Pakistani cities
of Peshawar, Nowshera, Swabi, Mansehra, Abbottabad, Haripur and Attock.
• Those who reside in urban centers of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of
Pakistan such as Peshawar, Kohat, Nowshera and Swabi are alternatively
termed as "Kharian/Kharay" or city-dweller.
12. • The literal meaning of the word "Hindko" is "Mountains of the
• The word "Hind" is the Persianised reference to the regions
associated with the Indus River immediately to the east of Persia
and "Koh" means mountains.
• The word Hindko has also been interpreted to mean the language
of Ancient India.
13. • Hindko is believed to be closely related to Prakrit.
• It has undergone very little grammatical corruption, but has borrowed
considerable vocabulary from its neighbors, in particular Pashto.
• It shows close affinity to Punjabi and the Lahnda sub-group of Indo-Aryan
tongues and can be sub-divided into a northern and southern dialect (the southern
dialect shows some similarity with Saraiki as opposed to Punjabi).
• On the language is mutually intelligible with other Lahnda dialects such as
Pothwari and western Punjabi.
14. • Hindkowans speak various Hindko
dialects of the Punjabi language, in contrast
• Abbottabad: 98%
Mardan & Kohat: 10%
15. • Hindko cuisine is same as Pashtun style cuisine. Accompanying these staples
are also dairy products (yogurt, whey, cheeses), various nuts, as well as fresh
and dried fruits.
• Below are some of the must-try traditional desi food options of Hindkowans.
22. • Hindko Religions, Tribes & Caste’s:
• Most of Hindkowans are Muslims(Major Sunnis) and others are
hindus and sikhs too.
• The castes or tribes of the District, that were notified as
agricultural under the Punjab Alienation Act, were the Awans,
Bambas, Bibs, Dhunds, Dilazaks, Gakhars, Gujars, Karrals,
Malliars, Mishwanis, Mughals, Pathans, Qureshis, Rajputs,
Sararas, Swathis, Sayeds, Tareens, Tanaolis, and Turks.
• The large non-agriculturalist groups that included Julaha
(Bafinda), Tarkhan, Lohar, Mochi and Nai groups.
24. • Kashmiri culture:
• The culture of Kashmir is a diverse blend and highly influenced by Indian, Persian as
well as Central Asian cultures. Dominant by Hindu-Buddhist culture in the
past, Kashmir was heavily influenced by Islam after Muslim influx in the Valley.
• Background and Cuisines:
• Kashmir has some mouth-watering cuisine in both vegetarian and non-vegetarian
• . The popular dishes of meat are Kashmiri Kebag, Rogan Josh, Yakhni, Pasanda, Syun
Alu and Methi Keema
• India claims the entire erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir based on an
instrument of accession signed in 1947.
• Pakistan claims Jammu and Kashmir based on its majority Muslim population,
whereas China claims the Shaksam Valley and Aksai Chin
• . The popular dishes of meat are Kashmiri Kebag, Rogan Josh, Yakhni, Pasanda, Syun
Alu and Methi Keema
25. •Festival and Handicrafts:
• Eid-ul-fitr, Eid-ul-adha, Eid-e-Melad,Shab-e-barat.,S hab-e-Meraj are there primary festival
• Kashmir is a popular place for their beautiful and unique Handicraft. The Pashmina Shawl is
famous worldwide for its quality and fabric
• . As Kashmir is one of the best attractions for tourist, the handicraft industry is getting
expanded by the government.
•Dance and Music:
• Kashmir has its own style of dance performance and music that is simple and fabulous.
• One of the popular dance forms is Mask dance that is performed during the Hemis
Festival. The dancers wear colorful costume, wear face mask and brocade robes and do
• Kashmiri people love folk music and tap their feet on the most famous Rabab music. The
common instruments played in this music are Sitar, Dukra and Nagara.
26. • Custom:
• The costume of Kashmiri people is
very colorful and attractive
• women attire themselves with
gorgeous jewelry like nose ring,
bangles, earrings, necklaces and lose
salwar kamiz which make them
comfortable during the hot season.
• men dress themselves in kurta
pajama, shalwars, gurabi and
skullcaps. Pheran is kind of overcoat
wore by Kashmiri people during
winter which is decorated with
colorful patches and embroidery
• Pashtun culture is based on
pashtunwali ,which is an ancient way
of life,as well as speaking of the
pashto language and wearing pashton
29. • Pashtunwali:
• Pashtun believe that their social code produces men who are superior to those
produced under the westren model.
• Dominant language of the province
• It has two main dialect softer /pashto dialect is southwestren , southeastren
• The harsher/pakhto dialect northwestresn , northeastren dialects.
• Pashto is spoken as a first language 15.5% of pakistanis mostly in
pakhtonkhwa ,in balochistan as well
30. • Pashto Culture & Heritage:
• Based on islam and pakhton wali .
• Culture highlighted since the time of Alexander the great in around 330 BC.
• Has come under little outside influence.
• Assembly of tribal elders.
• Take decision on issues based on consensus.
• Disputes between two or more people heard by this concile of elders.
• In tribal religions, jirga is still use as a court for criminal offences.
31. • Dresses:
• Pathan men usually wear shalwar kameez Turban.
• This Turban is a symbol of honour for them.
• Many women wear a embroided kameez which contain alot of glass work on it.
• They also tend to make hand made jewellery which is appreciated all over the
• Famous footwear of pathan is peshawari chapal.
33. • Punjab Pakistan:
• Land of five rivers.
• Popularly known for its culture.
• Has 56% of the total population of the country
• Has a total of 36 districts vast culture diversity.
34. • Culture heritage:
• The ruins of Harappa show a culture that flourished over 8000years
• Taxilla is an historic landmark, it show the achievements in arts and
craft of the area.
35. • Language of Punjab:
• Punjabi is most spoken language ,whereas Urdu is widely spoken as
well,other languages are.
• Shah puri
36. • Punjabi cuisine:
• Dominate throughout the country
• Are widely seen in weddings, birthday
parties , and family reunions etc.
• Biryani ,qourma,makai Ki roti,sarson
ka saag, and other spicy dishes are
• Punjabi dresses:
• Dresses are of various colors and
• Use of embroidery is well known .
• Mean wear dhoti, shalwar kameez,
Kurta and khusa
• Women wear shalwar kameez and
37. • Sports in Punjab:
• Gilli danda
• Some major sports include
• Hours racing and hockey.
38. • Most common instruments used are:
• Punjabi music:
39. • Arts & Crafts:
• Lahore is the center of hand made carpets .
• Hand woven clothes, Multan is famous for hand woven bed covers.
• Sialkot is well known for its spots goods.
41. • The Saraiki regionformed part of the indus valleycivilization more than 40,000 years
When muslim conqueredthe region,islamspread and this regionbecome an important
42. • Nearly99% population in these regionaremuslim and majorityare sunnis whereas
shia sect is also therebut in considerable size.
This region is mainly home to sufius and has the shrines of hazrat
Baha ud Din Zakariaand Hazrat
Shah Rukn eAlam.
43. • Most of the festivals are based on Islam calendar and the events held for the
remembranceof suffering saints and to commemorate the Muslim tradition in the
Sangh Mela is a vaisakhi fair celebratedduring March andApril in sakhi Sadar by
people coming from jhang and Faisalabad.
It is celebratedespecially at the time of wheat harvesting and it is also known as basalt
in some areas.
45. • History:
• The province of Sindh has been named after the famous river Indus (in
• The province was dubbed Sindh meaning an ocean .
• Around 3000 B.C, Dravidian cultures urbanized and gave rise to the Indus
• In the recent history ,Sindh was conquered by the brutish in 1843.
46. • Language:
• Sindhi language evolved over a period of 2400 years.
• The language of the people of Sindh, after coming in contact with the Aryan ,
became indo – Aryan ( prakrit ).
• Sindhi language , therefore , has a solid base of prakrit as well as Sanskrit ,the
language of India , with vocabulary from Arabic, Persian ,and some Dravidian
– descendants from Mediterranean sub – continent .
• Initially , sindhi had close contacts with Arabic – speaking Muslims .therefore
the language adopted many of the Arabic words.
47. • Festivals:
• The people of Sindh love their religion
and the two festivals Eid -Ul- Adha
and Eid - ul -fitr are celebrated with
zeal and enthusiasm .
• Different domestic festivals are
arranged by the local people to provide
people with new things they by on Eid
• On deferent occasions , the folk dance
of bhagat is also performed by
professionals to entertain the visiting
• People of Sindh are more inclined
towards an agricultural based lifestyle
• The fertile Indus plain provide a
valuable source of income for the
local people who practice farming on
these lands .
• Inland fishing is also practiced along
the Indus river in upper Sindh
providing further opportunities for
local people .
48. • Arts & Music:
• Sindhi society is dominated by great Sufis , the mystics and the martyrs.
• It has always been the land of peace ,love, romance, and great culture and
• There were the great theologians of the Naqsh bandi order in Thatta who
translated the fundamental of there religion of Islam into their mother tongue .