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Companion Planting Chart for Vegetables - University of Arkansas
The Dirt CCMG Newsletter Volume 4 April 2012We had a great meeting March 10, with an attendance of 30 with two guests, Maryan Pannell and KristyRice’s precious daughter. Maryan will be attending the October training classes. She asked if she could workwith us until that time and we are delighted. Welcome Maryan!Randy did an excellent job of demonstrating pruning fruit trees and berries. Thank you for giving your timeto help us be better Master Gardeners.We were pleasantly surprised that David Bell joined us and took pictures for a future publication of “TheCurrent” magazine. They will feature an article on Carroll County Master Gardeners. He said that he willstop by the square in Green Forest on Tuesday (March 13) to see what we are doing and take a few morecandid shots.Pam DeGroot and Joan Rutz were responsible for the delicious goodies and oh my, what a spread we had!They had a little help from some of the members, and a big thank-you to them. Suzanne brought a deliciousstrawberry salad/dessert that had people wanting the recipe, and Joan’s oatmeal cookies were a real hit.Lavonna made a mouth-watering soup that was a big hit. If you were not there, you really missed out on agreat time of fellowship and good food.Also, a great big thank-you to the Schells for opening their home to host our meeting. Their place lookedbeautiful, and they must have put in a lot of time and work preparing for us. Again, thank you for yourgracious hospitality. Will was very generous in sharing his many vegetable seeds.The chairman of the projects gave a report on their projects. Jennifer Hudspeth and Randy reported on theJunior Master Gardeners, and the meeting that will be at 3:00 this Monday. Sam Davis will give a soildemonstration explaining the water table for our area. If you have filled out your papers to help with theyouth and they have not been processed by the state, you can still help at the meetings until you are cleared.The meetings with the children are held at the Outdoor Classroom at 3:00.Green Forest Square work day is scheduled for Tuesday at 9:30 a.m. Remember to bring pointed-endshovels, garden rakes, leaf rakes and strong backs.Margaret Wallace informed us that the nursery in Green Forest had a fire that destroyed their greenhouse.You will need to check with them to see what they will have available this season.Jean Ericksen said that work at the fairgrounds and library went really well, and the library looks better. TinaRoss reported that the doggie thrift store is a work in progress but with a promising future when we get abreak in the weather. She will call work days soon. Linda Rogers will notify us when Little Lake Eureka willhave a work day. Marie Swenson reported that the work at the Kingston library is coming along. 1
Richard thanked the people who had turned in their hours, but said there are 10 members who have notreported any hours; he asked that they please record and turn in their hours.Randy told us that the fall training session (October) will be held in Green Forest at the depot. We are doingthis with Boone and Newton counties. The sessions that the county agent hosts will be the day that we areresponsible for the refreshments. This is a great opportunity for teachers and people who cannot attend atraining session during the week to become a Master Gardener, as the classes will be in the evening and on aSaturday. The fee is $65, and the dates are Saturday, October 6, all day; Tuesday, October 9, at 5:30 p.m.;Thursday, October 11, at 5:30 p.m.; Tuesday, October 16, at 5:30 p.m.; Thursday, October 18, at 5:30 p.m.;Tuesday, October 23, at 5:30 p.m.; Thursday, October 25, at 5:30 p.m.; and Saturday, October 27, all day.If you have friends that are interested, they can go online and register, or go by the county extension and getforms there. Please let people know about the upcoming classes.Next month, we will meet at Little Portions. Can you believe the forecast of 79 degree temperatures forTuesday and Wednesday? I think we are going through spring and into summer! Mary Knight, president Because You Are A Good PersonExpecting life to treat you well because you are a good person is like expecting an angry bull not to chargebecause you are a vegetarian. ~Shari R. Barr~ JMGWe had our first Junior Master Gardener (JMG) meeting Monday, February, 27, with Sam and SueDavis, Randy, and me, along with a couple of teachers helping. Although the first meeting wentsmoothly, we wanted to get the first meeting under our belts before sending out the schedule! Ihope everyone will want to be a part of as many meetings as possible; the kids are so much fun,and this is a great teaching opportunity for the MG! This also qualifies as work hours. If you wouldlike to help, 4-H requires a brief questionnaire filled out by adult volunteers. This is not for theschool or the MG, but strictly a 4-H requirement. You can drop by the extension office to fill out theform, or call Sheila at 423-2958, and she will send you one.We have to follow the JMG requirements for classes, along with work in the outdoor classroom.The students will complete these requirements at the following meetings, then Kelly Swofford andDavid Gilmore would like us to continue the program into the summer with warm weathervegetables, and Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Co. has generously donated a large amount ofheirloom seeds.We will meet every other Monday. Meetings start immediately after school (3:10) and end at 5:00.To avoid the after school traffic jam; I suggest you arrive at 3:00. You will need to stop in theschool office to get a JMG leader name tag. Students will have at brief snack provided by LeadraMartin and the SNAP program. This is a great healthy fruit snack; if anyone would like tosupplement with (healthy) cheese, nuts or crackers, please let me know. If you have anyquestions, contact Sam and Sue Davis, Randy, or myself. Thanks, Jennifer Hudspeth.Meeting dates: April 9-13 – BENCHMARK TESTING WEEK April 9 – Junior Master Gardeners meet 3:15-5:00 in cafeteria (landscape horticulture: plant perennials, heirloom garden bed) April 18 – Begin Intermediate Read-a-thon (see Eryn Killingsworth for more info) April 20 – We will have school due to snow day, so PLEASE make sure to add this to your newsletter each week April 23-27 – ELDA Testing for ESL students 2
April 23 – 8:30 Carroll Electric present trees to 4th graders for Arbor Day in cafeteria; Junior Master Gardeners meet in cafeteria 3:15-5:00 (fruits and nuts: plant avocados, plant fruit trees, grind peanuts for peanut butter) April 25 – Fire prevention assembly in cafeteria, 8:30 3rd grade; 9:00 4th grade; 9:30 5th grade April 30 – 4th grade field trip to Lost Valley (Brown and Spears); AG trailer May 1 – Medieval Faire May 2 – 3rd grade field trip to War Eagle (Logan, Morris and Estes); last day for Read-a-thon May 3 – 4th grade field trip to Lost Valley (Tarvin and Logan); 3rd grade field trip to War Eagle (Killingsworth, Farrar, Evans and Hill); 5th grade GT trip to PLT – A Day in the Forest in Fayetteville May 7 – 4th grade field trip to Lost Valley (Cooper and Lovin); Junior Master Gardeners meet in cafeteria 3:15-5:00 (vegetables and herbs: plant veggies and herbs) May 8 – 4th Grade GT environmental presentations for all of 4th grade in cafeteria, beginning at 9:00 a.m.; 5th grade graduation practice in arena 9:00 a.m.; 5th grade graduation in Arena, 6:00 p.m.; last day to return Read-a-thon money May 10 – 5th grade musical: “101 Dalmations” May 11 – Read-a-thon celebration assembly May 15 – Possible last day of school May 21-June 15 – K-5 summer school at Intermediate 8-3 May 21 – Junior Master Gardeners meet (life skills and career explorations: harvest any cool weather crops for Loaves & Fishes Food Bank, JMG graduation) 2012 Master Gardener and Horticulture EventsAPRIL April 14 CCMG Meets at Little Portion – THOSE WISHING TO CARPOOL, please meet at the Grandview Baptist Church on Hwy 143 by 9:30 a.m. Directions enclosed. April 14 – Gardening On or In the Rocks by Marion County Master Gardeners, 8:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., First Presbyterian Church, 2250 Hwy 62/412 East, Yellville, Ark. Cost is $5 for seminar and $5 for lunch (or you can bring your own lunch). Speakers include Dr. John Hopkins, Lucinda Reynolds, Janet Carson and Dr. Elena Garcia. Make check payable to Marion County Master Gardeners. Send registration form (name, phone number, email and check) to Karla Axel, 20 MC 5040, Yellville, Ark. 72687. For more information, call Marion County Extension Office at 870-449-6349 or email email@example.com. April 14 and 15 – Orchid Show (Sponsored by the Arkansas Orchid Society, a member of SWROGA and the American Orchid Society), Second Presbyterian Church, I-430 and Cantrell Road, Little Rock, Ark. Saturday, April 14 – Sales: 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.; show open: noon to 5:00 p.m. April 16-17, 2012 ADVANCED MASTER GARDENER TRAINING “HABITAT FOR BUTTERFLIES” Cost: $55 per person * You must have been a Master Gardener since 2009 to be eligible to take this class. Location: Dardanelle State Park Visitor Center, Russellville, Ark. Directions to center: Take Exit No. 81 (Ark 7) off I-40 at Russellville, turn south, then immediately turn west on Arkansas 326 and follow for four miles. 3
April 16, 2012 time: noon to 5:00 p.m. April 17, 2012; Time: 8:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. Registration Deadline: April 2, 2012 April 21 – Wicked Plants, by Amy Stewart, a program of the Flower, Garden and Nature Society of Northwest Arkansas. Fayetteville Public Library. 1:30 p.m. There is a fee for the program. Open to the public. Contact: Lynn Rogers, 479-521-9090. April 28 – “WHEN IRIS EYES ARE SMILING”, Central Arkansas Iris Society 47th Annual Iris Show, Hillcrest Street off Kavanaugh, Grace Lutheran Church Family Life Center, FREE ADMISSION, www.centrelarkansasiris.org, rain or shine. April 28 – Botanical Garden of the Ozarks Spring Plant Sale, 4703 N. Crossover Road, Fayetteville plants and plant products from the botanical garden and local vendors. April 27 for BGO members. April 28 for public 9:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m. Happy April Birthday to: 2nd Jerry Swenson 11th Richard Knight 30th Terry Dean Junior Master Gardeners at WorkMonday afternoon, March 12th, These children are such a delightShirley Clark, Anita Engert, and so eager to learn. The littleSuzanne Koblyski and Mary girl (holding the plants) in theKnight joined the team of Jennifer picture with me is a gardener! SheHudspeth, Sam and Sue Davis and knew how to plant and told meRandy Forst for such a rewarding about her garden at home. She isand delightful time with the Junior planting beets and would bringMaster Gardeners. some to share with us!We planted broccoli, cabbage andlettuce. The children will waterand care for the plants and then atharvest time they will learn how toprepare them to eat. 4
Sam Davis presented a demonstration of the Kings River water table. It was awesome, and the children wereso attentive and asked and answered many questions. Sam did an outstanding job, and I hope that in thefuture he can do this for Master Gardeners. Of course he had a great assistant, Sue.Jennifer and Randy are so good with the children, and they make this learning experience FUN for the kids.In fact, we all had fun! I am really looking forward to the next class, and I encourage you to join us. It willreally brighten your day! Again, a big thank-you to Sam and Sue, Jennifer and Randy, Shirley, Anita andSuzanne. Tuesday, March 13thYou would have thought it was St. Patrick’sDay with all the green at Green ForestSquare! Green shirts were everywhere,working...working...working! There was alot of digging and weeding. Randy even gota blister with his gloves on...come on,everybody say “aaaaah”! It was a great turnout, and Margaret and Michael want to say a big thank-you to Pat and Terry Dean, Karen Welch, Sue Davis, Maryan Pannell, Richard and Mary Knight, Karen Reeves, Merrily and Dan Ward, Jennifer Hudspeth, Anita Engert, Lavonna and Will Schell and Randy Forst for their help. There we several city employees that also worked with us.It was a beautiful day, and the work that was required was done. We are now waitingfor the compost, which the city is supplying, and for the sidewalk to be moved. Weare under the impression that it will be done this week or the first of next. The plantshave been ordered from Bear Creek Nursery and should be in next week. They gavean unbelievable discount, which brought it way under the projected cost. When themulch is down and the sidewalk finished, we will be able to plant. Mary Knight, President http://www.arhomeandgarden.org/GardeningCalendars/april.htmKeep in mind, the USDA hardiness zone map only gives you one piece of the puzzle—the averagelow winter temperature. It does not tell you how hot we are in the summer or how much rainfall or 5
humidity, so don’t use it as your Bible; simply a guideline. We all know our winters have beengetting milder, and more plants are overwintering and becoming perennials for us, thus thechange.We didn’t have much of a winter at all this year, with simply a few freak days of freezingtemperatures. Some gardens did get zapped by a late freeze, but for the most part we movedthrough the winter pretty easily. It was one of the best years for winter annuals, including pansies,violas, kale and cabbage. They didn’t stop blooming all winter. Fertilize them one last time andenjoy them until you have to pull them for summer annuals. Violas will last well into summer, butstart interspersing summer color with them.By now, most of our landscape plants should be growing. We can begin to assess how muchdamage last summer really took. If you have plants that are half-dead or totally dead, startremoving and replanting. When you choose new plants, be creative. You don’t have to replace 10dead hollies with 10 more hollies. Try some new plantsApril is always a favorite month for gardeners. By now, we hopefully have seen the last of springfreezes, the days warm up and the nights stay cool. We can garden comfortably and not be overlyconcerned with insects and diseases, but the heat and humidity and insects and diseases are onthe horizon, so keep a close vigil on your garden, and let’s all hope for a better growing season thisyear! A CONTRADICTION IN PREDICTIONSOn Sunday afternoon, March 18, I received two weather alerts – one from Weatherbug, the otherfrom The Weather Channel; however, no alert from the weather radio! The flash flood watch hasturned into a flood watch. The interesting thing is – on Saturday I had read an article on page 8B ofthe Harrison Daily Times, which stated “U.S. Forecasters: No spring flooding this year”. “No placein the contiguous United States is forecast to be wetter than normal this spring. The seeminglysnowless winter – the third LEAST amount of snow in the U.S. in 46 years – means there is lesssnow melting and flooding rivers.” Hmmmm – seems that they forgot to consult Mother Nature –this could be an interesting last two weeks of March – it may go out like a lion!“Spring has started so early that weather forecasters are working with the Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention in Atlanta to see if there is a way to monitor diseases that come from peststhat would arrive earlier and stay longer because of warmer weather.” 6
Curled Dock (Rumex crispus) You can find curled dock in Europe, North America, South America and Australia. It’s distinguished by a long, bright-red stalk that can reach heights of three feet. You can eat the stalk raw or boiled. Just peel off the outer layers first. It’s recommend that you boil the leaves with several changes of water in order to remove its naturally bitter taste. (The early spring leaves from this plant are also great in a “mess of greens” – my definition of this delightful dish is: tender leaves of polk, dandelion, curly dock and lambs quarter. Rinse leaves well – I usually soak in salt water to help get rid of insects – then cover with water and cook. Some say to pour off liquid and add fresh water and cook more. The Arkie way is to add bacon grease – however, butter or margarine works just as well – and salt to taste. Serve with cornbread and onion, and enjoy! Companion planting means putting plants together in the garden that like each other, or help each other out. Companion planting can have a real impact on the health and yield of your plants. Organic gardeners strive to achieve a balance in their gardens so that they don’t require chemicals for pest or disease control.Companion planting can play a significant role in assisting with pest control. Some combinations workbecause of scents they use to repel insects, others work because they attract good bugs. Companion Planting Chart for VegetablesVegetable Really likes to be with… Really dislikes to be with…Asparagus Basil, Tomato, Nasturtium, Parsley Onion, Garlic, PotatoBeans Carrot, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Cucumber, Chives, Leek, Garlic MarigoldBroad Beans Brassicas, Carrot, Celery, Corn, Lettuce, Fennel PotatoBeets Brassicas, Lettuce, Onion, Sage Bean (pole)Broccoli Celery, Chamomile, Dill, Rosemary Oregano, StrawberryBrussel Sprouts Potato, Thyme StrawberryCabbage Beetroot, Potato, Oregano, Sage Strawberry, Tomato 7
Directions to Little Portion From Eureka Springs and Berryville:Travel route 62 to 143 (across from the Outpost Citgo gas station). Go about 4 miles, over theKings River Bridge and into Grandview. Make a left onto CR 219. The road jogs right, left, rightthen make a left uphill onto CR 246 (turns into dirt road) two miles on left is our sign, “The Brothersand Sisters of Charity”, at Little Portion. The Grandview Baptist Church is approximately 1 mile north of the Hwy 62/AR 143 intersection – you can’t possibly miss it (or rather hopefully you will, since it is on a curve and if you don’t turn left and stay on the Hwy 143, you will run into it!) This map is from the LP website and starts after you have crossed Kings River.As requested from Joan Rutz at the March 10 CCMG meeting: Joan told me that she received the followingrecipe from Marie Swenson. Oatmeal Coconut Cookies Cream 6 TBSP butter Mix well and add: Add ¼ C sugar ¾ C flour ¾ C brown sugar ½ tsp. baking powder Mix well and add: 1 tsp. baking soda 1 egg ½ tsp. salt ½ tsp. vanilla 1 ¼ C old-fashioned oatmeal THEN → → ½ C coconutMix well and drop by spoonful on ungreased cookie sheet. Bake at 375 degrees for 6-7 minutes (depends onsize of spoonful) Watch carefully – cookies burn easily. Neta Stamps, EditorUniversity of Arkansas, United States Department of Agriculture and County Governments Cooperating. The Arkansas Cooperative ExtensionService offers its programs to all eligible persons regardless of race, color, national origin, religion, gender, age, disability, marital or veteranstatus, or any other legally protected status, and is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer. 9