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Nzcom writing for the journal.pptx with sound

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Publishing research papers
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Nzcom writing for the journal.pptx with sound

  1. 1. Writing for the NZCOM Journal Tips to help with publication
  2. 2. Getting started • What topics are you enthusiastic about? • What is the current literature around this topic? • Can you see where you could bring a new perspective? • Have you been doing some post graduate study and want to share your findings? • Or is this a burning issue and you want to share your knowledge/expertise/ understandings?
  3. 3. Who will you write with? Share the writing We advise that you consider asking your supervisor or lecturer (if studying) if they would co- author with you If not consider writing with somebody who: • Has a good understanding of the issues and/or • Has previously published Why? • Writing your ideas and arguments into a written form can be difficult • The authors need to explain their ideas clearly • So explaining to each other is the first step – do you all understand what has been written? • If not how can it be clarified?
  4. 4. Writing with others How • You need to consider who will write which parts of the paper • This can be done primarily by one author with the other authors adding ideas and clarification • Or different authors can write different parts of the paper (the risk with this is that each person can write quite differently) The process • Feedback is usually done using track changes and comments • You will need to set time lines and work out who is doing what and when • All authors will take responsibility for the finished paper
  5. 5. Getting to first draft Check the NZCOM Journal contributor guidelines you can find them at http://www.midwife.org.nz/resources-events/nzcom-journal • Thoroughly review the research literature around your topic • Put an outline of your paper together first Consider the following: 1. What – explain your topic – define terms, explain what is already known about it 2. Why is this important to the reader and/or why do you think it is important to look at? Give us your rationale 3. How have you looked at the issue – have you done some research or a literature review or is this a case study or academic argument? How have you gone about doing this? 4. So what – did you find and why is it important?
  6. 6. The template for a research paper • Abstract • Introduction & rationale • Methods • Findings • Discussion • Strengths and weaknesses • Conclusion At every stage - write, edit, write, edit Polish and make changes as you write
  7. 7. Template for other papers Literature review • Abstract • Introduction • Rationale for literature review • Method (how, search criteria etc.) • Body of paper • Discussion • Conclusion Case report • Abstract • Introduction • Body of paper/discussion of case • Discussion of issues • Conclusion
  8. 8. The Introduction should • Grab the reader’s attention • Say what the topic is • Say why it is important • State the purpose/or research question of the article • include brief literature overview • Indicate the gap your study will address, but not give the whole game away Remember write, edit, write, edit and polish as you write
  9. 9. Methodology • Set out the why, what, when, where, how and whom of your process; this includes how the data was analysed • Include a clear description and validation of any tools, instruments or apparatus used in the research • Plus any ethics processes undertaken Remember write, edit, write, edit and polish as you write
  10. 10. Findings • The finding section provides the details of the research findings or literature review • Tables and figures help explain numbers • Themes and participants stories explain qualitative data • Each of these elements will need some explanation for the reader – you need to explain what is important within the tables and what is important in the stories of the participants Remember write, edit, write, edit and polish as you write
  11. 11. Discussion and conclusion • Interpretation of the results or text – what is important from your study • Compare to other research findings (from literature review) – what is the same and what is different • Describe any further research or practice implications (if evidence strong) • Conclusion, summary of main points, (keep succinct) 11 Remember write, edit, write, edit and polish as you write
  12. 12. Using tables and figures • These should stand without detailed explanation • Use consistent terms for text and tables/figures • Highlight patterns and trends in the data • Style should conform to the journal requirements
  13. 13. Getting to the finish line • Revise and refine wording and check that each paragraph is complete • Smooth the ‘bumpy’ bits so it flows (imagine taking your reader by the hand) • Have at least one critical friend (or your co-authors) read and provide feedback on the paper • Read the paper out loud and answer the following: 1. Is there a logical flow to the paper 2. Does each sentence or paragraph make sense? 3. Are the arguments or points being made clear? 4. Does it build to a comprehensive position?
  14. 14. Final touches • When choosing the title be specific and concise & choose searchable terms; Go here for tips- • http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/seo.asp • Write the abstract - remember this is the bit that will be most widely read
  15. 15. The abstract • The abstract is the paper in summary – it starts with: • What – define the issue and provide background • Why – a summary of the rationale and aim • Methods – a summary of what you did and how • Findings – summarise your key findings • Conclusion – provide a concluding sentence
  16. 16. Final touches cont. • Check & recheck references • They should conform to the journal’s requirements (APA 6th edition) • Be sure your co-authors are happy with the final version & author order • Write a covering letter. • Submit to practice@nzcom.org.nz subject line – paper for submission to NZCOM journal
  17. 17. The NZCOM Journal editorial process • The paper is read by one or both of the co-editors to determine if it meets the Journal objectives • An email response will be sent to the authors notifying that paper has been received (normally within a week) • Papers are sent to 2 reviewers for review (anonymised so they don’t know the authors) • You will get feedback from the reviewers - generally all papers will require some amendment and changes • A journal editor/subeditor will provide your feedback and work with you to get the paper ready for publication • There may be several iterations • The whole process can take several months • Have a ‘b’ plan in case your paper is not accepted • See a rejection as a free review • Take a few days break before re-engaging with the work
  18. 18. Top reasons manuscripts rejected • Inadequate literature review • Content too basic • Insufficient critical analysis • Inaccurate content • References outdated • Too biased • Lack of clarity in the writing itself– arguments not logical or not clearly explained
  19. 19. References consulted • Belcher, W. L. (2009). Writing your journal article in 12 weeks. Los Angeles: Sage. • Fahey, K. (2008). Writing for publication: the basics. Women & Birth, 21, 86-89. • Fahey, K. (2008). Writing for publication: Argument and evidence. Women & Birth, 21(3), 86- 89 • Huff, A. S. Designing research for publication.. (2009). Los Angeles: Sage. • Likis, F., & Aikins Murphy, P. (2014). Writing for publication. Paper presented at the ICM 30th Triennial Congress. Prague. • Single, P. B. (2010). Demystifying dissertation writing. Sterling, Virginia: Stylus.

Notes de l'éditeur

  • Welcome to this series of slides which offer some tips for authors.
  • When starting out it is important choose a topic that catches your interest.
    Getting from the idea to publication takes time and persistence so you need to have a topic that you are enthusiastic about.
    Consider how you might bring a new perspective to this topic.
    This may be a finding from some postgraduate study or research you have done and is an excellent way to share these insights with your midwifery colleagues.
    It may also be a topic that arises from your practice and one you wish to know more about. In fact that is how most great topics emerge.
  • If you are a beginning writer consider who might help you with this project.
    Choosing someone with a history of publication is a good idea as they will be able to encourage and help you shape your work.

  • Writing with others though having many benefits is not always easy.
    So clear conversations are needed.
    These should cover any particular parts of the article, timeframes for the exchanging or meeting to discuss drafts.
    Be open to hearing a different point of view or way of structuring your work.
    In fact you may need to try several different lines of argument until you achieve a cohesive article..
    All authors must take responsibility for the finished article. So make sure that this final step is done before the work is signed off.
  • To make sure your article fits the requirements of the journal it is important to download and become familiar with the requirements of the editors.
    This will include reading some articles with a similar style to what you aspire to write.
    In your first draft try to get your topic and terms clear.
    Be consistent with your terms so as not to confuse your reader.
    Demonstrate by including reference to similar studies that you are familiar with the literature on your topic.
    Write clearly why the topic is of interest for midwives .
    It may be an article from a research project you have completed, a case study, or an academic argument.
    Each type of article will of course be slightly different in style.
  • A research paper for instance has a formal linear structure. This is so for both quantitative and qualitative research studies.
    So starting with these subheadings will help you keep on track.
    Whatever your findings and conclusions, they will not be the last word on your topic so show how your have considered the limitations of your paper and point the way for how it might otherwise be explored in the future.

  • A literature review has a similar framework to a research paper whereas a case report differs slightly.
  • Take time to write a good introduction.
    this is what is read first and should tell the reader about the topic, why it is important to write about and the purpose of your article.
    To position your paper include a relevant and up to date review of the literature. This enables you to identify the gap that your article will address.
  • Next you will write about the way in which you went about exploring your topic.
    This should be clear and concise.
    Anticipate questions that the reader may have and ensure that you answer them all.
    Of particular importance is exploring any ethical issues inherent in your work and how you negotiated these in an ethical way.
    Also include the name of the ethics committee that approved your study.
  • How you set out your results/findings will of course depend on the type of study you have completed.
    Some brief notes are also needed to help the reader see the key points you wish to highlight from your results.
    If you are new to writing for publication it is a good idea to study how studies that are similar to yours are presented in other articles. This will help you find the best way to showcase your data and results.
    Always double check your figures and any calculations.
  • The discussion segment is where you pull the work together. This includes showing how your findings agrees or contrasts with findings in other similar studies.
    It is also where you pull any argument together about your topic, signal any limitations of your study and point to future research opportunities.

    Keep your conclusion succinct but ensure that you restate your argument and key findings.
  • Where you use tables and figures these should be consistent in wording and style and consistent with the Journal's requirements.
  • Before you rush to push the send button ensure that you and your co-authors are happy with each aspect of the work.
    Set it aside for a couple of days before doing the final read as this gives you a fresh perspective for any pesky typos or awkward sentences. Reading it aloud to yourself or a good friend or colleague is also a good plan.
    If at any stage you stumble over a word or sentence it is possible that your reader will also.
    Check you have made all the key points clearly and that you have established a sound argument supported by the findings and the literature.

  • Your abstract is written last because now it will be clear what you want to say.
    Ensure the title reflects the content and contains terms that are searchable.
  • Follow the format for the abstract to ensure you have captured your findings, conclusions and any recommendations for practice that arise from your study.
  • Finally the dreaded reference list needs to be checked carefully.
    And you are ready to send.
  • This slide explains the NZCOM editorial process.
  • In this slide we indicate some of the more common reasons that manuscripts are rejected.
    They stress the importance of an up to date and appropriate literature review using primary sources wherever possible.
    Watch your wording for biases. These can creep in when we feel passionate about a topic. This also includes avoiding categorical statements that make unsubstantiated claims for a whole population or group or the use of emotive words that reveal more about the writer’s feelings than they do about the topic.

    Best wishes with your writing from the editorial team.

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