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Overview of agricultural robotics
- Autonomous tractors
developed in Japan -
Dec.11, 2018FIRA.- International Forum of Agr...
Introduction
April, 2016
Vehicle Robotics Laboratory
Research Faculty of Agriculture
Hokkaido University
ICT & Robotics fo...
HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY, SAPPORO, JAPAN
Vehicle Robotics Laboratory (VeBots)
 Unmanned Ground Vehicle
 Unmanned Surface Vehi...
Timeline of launching Agri-robots in Japan
Auto
steering
Robot tractor
associating
with human-
drive tractor
Robot tractor...
Safe security guidelines of robotic
agricultural machinery
The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and
Fisheries, Japan
The ...
Timeline of launching Agri-robots
into Japan agriculture
Auto
steering
Robot tractor
associating
with human-
drive tractor...
Robot management
system
Tillage
Seeding
Weeding
Spraying
Harvesting
Real-time
monitoring &
Automated
documentation
Robot s...
Robot demonstrations (Rice farming)
Tillage Puddling
Planting Harvesting 8
Robot demonstrations (upland farming)
Weeding
Splaying
Fertilizing /seeding
Transfer from barn to field
Safety sensors; laser scanners
Demonstration of safety sensor
11
Robot remote-monitoring system
GIS-base monitor
✓ Status of robot operation
✓ Remote control capability
Live image around ...
Multi-robot tractor
Multiple small farm lands
Farmers borrow a small
robot tractor each other,
and make a flexible and
eff...
Engineering
Current trend for mechanisation to get bigger
Advantages
– Current system very effective
– Reduced labour cost...
Soil compaction !
Soil pan
Professor Simon Blackmore, Harper Adams University, UK 15
Climate change !
Professor Simon Blackmore, Harper Adams University, UK 16
Cooperative work
by two robot tractors with human
Daytime Night
Observation is human’s job
(This system is enable aged peo...
Multi-robot tractor (continued)
Multi robot system can be used from small
farm land to large farm land.
Multiple small lan...
Introduction of multi-robot by Prime Minister
Remarks By Prime Minister Abe at 14th Annual Meeting of the STS Forum
(Octob...
Current GNSS cannot be used in
any time and any places
⚫ Low reliability due to limited
number of SVs.
⚫ Acquisition of co...
Vehicle Robotics Laboratory, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Japan
Demonstrations of “Michibiki”
• Ca...
Vehicle Robotics Laboratory, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Japan
Cassava Planting Experiments in
Th...
Harvesting robot for heavy crops
Robot tractor with a hand-arm
A harvesting robot and
two transporting robots
⚫ Harvesting...
Smart farm robot
GIS/Database
Telematics
データロガー
Internet
Multi-GNSS
Crop status
Weather
Pest & disease
Variable rate
Spot ...
TV program (NTV) - Yo Oizumi
Art by a robot tractor
25
HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY, SAPPORO, JAPAN
Thank you for listening!!!
Summary
✓ Japan govenment has been emphasizing
development ...
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FIRA 2018 - Pr Noboru Noguchi - Hokkaido University

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Overview of agricultural robotics - Autonomous tractors developed in Japan

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FIRA 2018 - Pr Noboru Noguchi - Hokkaido University

  1. 1. Overview of agricultural robotics - Autonomous tractors developed in Japan - Dec.11, 2018FIRA.- International Forum of Agricultural Robotics Noboru NOGUCHI Vice dean & Professor of Hokkaido Univ., Japan Program director SIP ”Technologies for Creating Next-Generation Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries” Cabinet Office, Japan government
  2. 2. Introduction April, 2016 Vehicle Robotics Laboratory Research Faculty of Agriculture Hokkaido University ICT & Robotics for Agriculture Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
  3. 3. HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY, SAPPORO, JAPAN Vehicle Robotics Laboratory (VeBots)  Unmanned Ground Vehicle  Unmanned Surface Vehicle  Unmanned Aerial Vehicle  Satellite Vehicle
  4. 4. Timeline of launching Agri-robots in Japan Auto steering Robot tractor associating with human- drive tractor Robot tractor under human observation - Robot system by remote observation - Multi-robot Now 2018 By 2020 Prime Mister Shinzo Abe directed to get robots working in Japanese agriculture by 2018 in “Public-private dialogue towards future” held in March 4.2016. Declining of core persons mainly engaged in farming (1.75 million, 15% decrease in 5 yrs ) Serious labor shortage Aging of core persons mainly engaged in farming (65 yrs-old or older accounts for 65%)
  5. 5. Safe security guidelines of robotic agricultural machinery The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan The purpose of the guideline is to ensure safe operation of an autonomous agricultural vehicle incorporating with a robot technology. The guideline also indicates a basic concept of the safety security including the enforcement of the risk assessment and the role of the person concerned. Effective date: March,2017
  6. 6. Timeline of launching Agri-robots into Japan agriculture Auto steering Robot tractor associating with human- drive tractor Robot tractor under human observation - Robot system by remote observation - Multi-robot 2018 By 2020 GOAL: Implement super labor saving technologies into agriculture sectors.
  7. 7. Robot management system Tillage Seeding Weeding Spraying Harvesting Real-time monitoring & Automated documentation Robot system by remote observation N 90° 0' 0" E 2.750' S5°11'40"E2.761' N 90° 0' 0" E 6.875' S0°0'0"E4.750' N 63° 26' 6" E 3.354'
  8. 8. Robot demonstrations (Rice farming) Tillage Puddling Planting Harvesting 8
  9. 9. Robot demonstrations (upland farming) Weeding Splaying Fertilizing /seeding Transfer from barn to field
  10. 10. Safety sensors; laser scanners
  11. 11. Demonstration of safety sensor 11
  12. 12. Robot remote-monitoring system GIS-base monitor ✓ Status of robot operation ✓ Remote control capability Live image around robot ✓ Left and right ✓ Front and rear 12
  13. 13. Multi-robot tractor Multiple small farm lands Farmers borrow a small robot tractor each other, and make a flexible and efficient work. ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~ Large farm land Benefit Small size machines are good for both safety and soil compaction 13
  14. 14. Engineering Current trend for mechanisation to get bigger Advantages – Current system very effective – Reduced labour cost/ha – High work rates/hour – Good for large farms & fields – Economies of scale Disadvantages – High cost of operator – High capital expense – Reduced flexibility – Subsoil compaction? – Cannot be used on wet soil 14
  15. 15. Soil compaction ! Soil pan Professor Simon Blackmore, Harper Adams University, UK 15
  16. 16. Climate change ! Professor Simon Blackmore, Harper Adams University, UK 16
  17. 17. Cooperative work by two robot tractors with human Daytime Night Observation is human’s job (This system is enable aged people, women, non-skilled people to operate perfectly) 17
  18. 18. Multi-robot tractor (continued) Multi robot system can be used from small farm land to large farm land. Multiple small lands Large land 18
  19. 19. Introduction of multi-robot by Prime Minister Remarks By Prime Minister Abe at 14th Annual Meeting of the STS Forum (October 1, 2017, Kyoto, Japan) 19
  20. 20. Current GNSS cannot be used in any time and any places ⚫ Low reliability due to limited number of SVs. ⚫ Acquisition of correction signal for RTK-GPS has problems. ⚫ QZSS (Michibiki) has been started in Nov. 2018 to develop a satellite positioning service that can be used in a stable way in all locations at all times. This system is compatible with GPS satellites and can be utilized with them in an integrated fashion. In this way, the satellite positioning service environment will be advanced dramatically. ⚫ QZSS can be used even in the Asia-Oceania regions with longitudes close to Japan, so its usage will be expanded to other countries in these regions as well. ”Michibiki” Quasi-zenith satellite system (QZSS) Main area where QZSS is available 20
  21. 21. Vehicle Robotics Laboratory, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Japan Demonstrations of “Michibiki” • Cassava farm in Thailand • Homebush cane farm in Australia • 90% sugar from QLD • 2nd largest export crop Mackay Nakhon Ratchasima Province 21
  22. 22. Vehicle Robotics Laboratory, Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Japan Cassava Planting Experiments in Thailand 22
  23. 23. Harvesting robot for heavy crops Robot tractor with a hand-arm A harvesting robot and two transporting robots ⚫ Harvesting heavy crop is very laborious for farmers. ⚫ The harvesting robot is able to perform “Selective Harvesting” without giving damage. ⚫ Target crops are pumpkin, water melon and cabbage, etc. Multi-robots
  24. 24. Smart farm robot GIS/Database Telematics データロガー Internet Multi-GNSS Crop status Weather Pest & disease Variable rate Spot application of herbicides Weather station UAV Smart robot tractor Earth observation satellite IoT Bigdata/AI IoT Smart equipment
  25. 25. TV program (NTV) - Yo Oizumi Art by a robot tractor 25
  26. 26. HOKKAIDO UNIVERSITY, SAPPORO, JAPAN Thank you for listening!!! Summary ✓ Japan govenment has been emphasizing development of smart agriculture technology to solve the problems of Japan agriculture. ✓ It is expected that agricultural robot solve labor shortage of Japan agriculture. ✓ A robot tractor demonstration using QZSS “Michibiki” was performed in Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand and Mackay, Australia. ✓ Smart robot is essential for next generation's agriculture.

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