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Module 4 : Plan of action
Construction of POA
Reviewing and analyzing the
What is Plan of Action?
An action plan is a document that lists what steps must be
taken in order to achieve a specific goal. The purpose of an
action plan is to clarify what resources are required to reach
the goal, formulate a timeline for when specific tasks need to
be completed and determine what resources are required.
Elements of the Action Plan
In developing an action plan, keep in mind these important points:
• Identify clear responsibilities for learners, supervisors, co-workers and
• Develop a specific time schedule for completing activities.
• Identify resources necessary to complete the activities, including plans for
acquiring those resources.
• Instruct learners to use a learning journal to help facilitate the development
of an action plan. A learning journal is a notebook in which learners document
issues, problems, additional needs for skills development and questions that
arise as new knowledge and skills are applied on the job.
Effective steps to create a Plan of
Specify the Goal
Outline the HOW?
Define the Resources – Use S.C.H.E.M.E.S
Create the Timetable
Determine the Who
Track the progress
Use a template
Monitoring the plan helps to ensure that the solution is being
implemented as expected. Evaluating the solution occurs after the
plan has been implemented and provides an indication of whether
the solution has rectified the problem.
In order to monitor the plan the following questions should be
Has each step been implemented correctly?
Has each step been implemented on time?
Has the expected outcome materialized
from the completion of each step?
Reviewing each action
The final step is to develop a process to evaluate
the success of your Action Plan. This is the start of
an ongoing, long-term process which needs to be
both rigorous and well-planned.
Some important questions to
Did the action reach the people it was meant to? If not, why?
Did the action or activity have a positive impact on your
employees’ mental health? If so, to what extent? (Examples
might include more employees talking openly about mental
health or more employees seeking support in or outside the
How effective has the action been at producing intended
changes in the workplace?
Are there any factors outside of the action that have
contributed to (or prevented) the desired change?
Has the action resulted in any unintended change?
What progress has been made toward achieving the overall
Ganga Action Plan
A detailed plan of activities with milestones to be achieved will
be formulated for approval of the Authority. This would
include timelines and budgetary resources. Essential
preliminary activities in this regard have been initiated. These
Preparation of a River Basin Management Plan for the Ganga Basin
Preparation of a Status paper on Ganga
Preparation for the action plans for the hotspots like Haridwar, Kanpur,
Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, etc. in consultation with the State
Discussion of modalities of setting up of Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs )
at appropriate locations as a means of mobilizing private sector resources
and achieving efficiencies.
Mapping of the Ganga Basin
Preparation of a Compendium of sewage treatment technologies
Preparation of memorandum of agreement to be signed between the Central
Government, State Governments linking flow of funds to achievement of