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Term Paper on
Reasons of Expatriate Failure
from the Perspective of BD Army Soldiers
Sent to UN Peace Keeping Missions
Cou...
Acknowledgement
First of all, we are grateful to almighty Allah who gave us life what we live
on & gave us ability to do w...
Table of Contents
Topic Page
Introduction ↓
About Expatriate
Organization Overview
Main Part ↓
Literature Review
Analysis ...
Introduction
Clarification of Expatriate in this Report:
An expatriate is an employee who is sent to a foreign country by ...
However, the roles of Bangladesh Army are: to defend sovereignty and
territorial integrity, to plan and develop the mobili...
Literature Review
Main Discussion:
Analysis with & Comparisons between
Theoretical & Substantive Perspective
From the previous part of liter...
In the interviews, the first question in the questionnaire (attached at the
end of this report) was about these objectives...
When UN requires soldiers for a peace keeping mission, they request for
soldiers to the militaries like BD Army. In here, ...
Not to mention, soldiers risk their life by joining to the UN peacekeeping
missions not only for serving humanity, but als...
Recommendation
Since 1988, only from BD Army, 119425 soldiers are sent to UN peace
keeping missions. That means, for inter...
Conclusion
The existence of international assignments like foreign peace keeping
missions is not good. It means there is d...
Reasons of Expatriate Failure: From the Perspective of Bangladesh Army Soldiers @ UN Peacekeeping Missions
Reasons of Expatriate Failure: From the Perspective of Bangladesh Army Soldiers @ UN Peacekeeping Missions
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BBA
Fall 2016

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Reasons of Expatriate Failure: From the Perspective of Bangladesh Army Soldiers @ UN Peacekeeping Missions

  1. 1. Term Paper on Reasons of Expatriate Failure from the Perspective of BD Army Soldiers Sent to UN Peace Keeping Missions Course International HRM (HRM421) Submitted to Silvia Akter Senior Lecturer Department of BA East West University Submitted by Md Rezaul Kabir 2011-3-10-086 Submission Date 11 December 2016
  2. 2. Acknowledgement First of all, we are grateful to almighty Allah who gave us life what we live on & gave us ability to do what we do. Without his grace, we are unable to do anything. We are also thankful to our course instructor who made us preparing this report & also provided us necessary guidelines. Finally we would like to express our gratitude to two persons i.e. Senior Warrant Officer (Retired) Abdus Sattar & Senior Warrant Officer (Retired) Mokkarrom Hossain who had been sent to UN peace keeping missions as a member of BD army. Both of them answered our questions & filled up our questionnaires with patience. And also shared their experiences of the time when they were in missions. This information let us to complete our report on expatriate failure.
  3. 3. Table of Contents Topic Page Introduction ↓ About Expatriate Organization Overview Main Part ↓ Literature Review Analysis & Comparisons Recommendation Conclusion ↔ Reference ↔ Attachment: Questionnaire ↓
  4. 4. Introduction Clarification of Expatriate in this Report: An expatriate is an employee who is sent to a foreign country by his organization in order to accomplish a particular goal within a given time period. One thing is needed to be clear that, in this report, here an expatriate is not an employee of a corporation but a soldier of BD Army. And here the organization is not a multinational company but BD Army as well as UN. Technically, when a soldier of BD Army is sent to a foreign country at one of the peace keeping missions of UN, that member of BD Army who happens to be a soldier instead of a corporate employee, he/she is indeed an expatriate. It is because it matches the definition of expatriate. Here in this report, UN peace keeping mission means international assignment & the participating soldier means expatriate, according to the terms of international HRM. Organizational Overview: In this report, in terms of foreign peace keeping missions AKA international assignment, we got two organizations i.e. BD Army & UN. Bangladesh Army: BD Army emerged during the Liberation War of Bangladesh in 1971. Bangladesh Army intends to build a well trained and well-equipped deterrent land force to meet the traditional and non-traditional threats and challenges of 21st century.
  5. 5. However, the roles of Bangladesh Army are: to defend sovereignty and territorial integrity, to plan and develop the mobilization of civil resources in support of land operations, to aid the civil administrations in maintenance of internal security and law and order situation, when assigned, to assist the civil administration in managing the disasters and natural calamities, when requested, to take part in nation development activities as and when asked for, to support United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, to take part in coalition operations with other nations if authorized by the parliament. United Nations (UN): The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945. It is currently made up of 193 Member States. The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter. The United Nations came into being in 1945, following the devastation of the Second World War, with one central mission: the maintenance of international peace and security. The UN does this by working to prevent conflict; helping parties in conflict make peace; peacekeeping; and creating the conditions to allow peace to hold and flourish. These activities often overlap and should reinforce one another, to be effective. The UN Security Council has the primary responsibility for international peace and security. The General Assembly and the Secretary-General play major, important, and complementary roles, along with other UN offices and bodies. In general sense, we are very much indeed familiar with Military & UN, but we are not used to think them as an organization. Organization means, a unit of people that is structured & managed to pursue collective goals. So both BD Army & UN matches the definition of organization.
  6. 6. Literature Review
  7. 7. Main Discussion: Analysis with & Comparisons between Theoretical & Substantive Perspective From the previous part of literature review, we got some idea about the reasons of expatriate failures, which are mainly error & lack in policy, planning, selection, training, adjustment, inability, compensation, misdoing & so on. Like international assignment, UN missions have some objectives i.e. maintain peace in the operation area, provide protection to the civilians, prevent violence & so on. These are the reasons why UN arranges peace keeping missions in the unstable & hostile countries in the first place. And unable to fulfill these objectives causes an entire mission failure.
  8. 8. In the interviews, the first question in the questionnaire (attached at the end of this report) was about these objectives. When a soldier is unable to perform the duties related to the above objectives & goals in the time period of his mission that is an expatriate failure. It is found from the QA 9. In the QA 4, we came to know that, there are some special trainings that are provided to the BD Army soldiers before sending to a foreign mission. APT, MT6 Special, EOD, Signals, Artillery etc are the main. Some other additional trainings are also included based on mission type, place & unit. An expatriate soldier may fail to perform his duties due to lack of the necessary trainings. But it is well checked & there is a little chance of missing these trainings in BD Army.
  9. 9. When UN requires soldiers for a peace keeping mission, they request for soldiers to the militaries like BD Army. In here, the relevant commanding officers accept & assess the requirements. Then interested soldiers apply to be enlisted for mission. Based on seniority & skills, the candidate BD Army soldiers get selected. It is mentioned in the QA 5. Here, if the selection process has any error & flaw, and not fully eligible candidate got selected, there is possibility to occur expatriate failure. Department of Peacekeeping Operation of UN sets the policy of the missions. Some policy & principles are fixed. And some varies by the mission locations. Mentioning in the QA 3; dynamic planning, political assessment, consideration of recent information etc are essential to modify policy. If any of the policies are not updated with the changing situations, peacekeeping missions may not succeed. And expatriate soldiers may not be able to follow the principles & perform his duties which may also cause expatriate failure.
  10. 10. Not to mention, soldiers risk their life by joining to the UN peacekeeping missions not only for serving humanity, but also for a financial reward which is a large lump sum money. The amount of the money & the process of compensation delivery are also significant in terms of motivation. Later on, during mission, if the expatriate soldier somehow assess that the money is not well sufficient, it is possible to occur negligence in duties due to dissatisfaction. Then it is not impossible of expatriate failure. Adjustment is another reason for expatriate failure which does not apply in this case that much. BD Army soldiers are sent to a UN peace keeping mission with a batch rather than individually like other countries with military. Soldiers from the same country stay & perform together which helps a lot to get adjusted in a foreign even a hostile environment. One sensitive issue to be mentioned that often many expatriate soldiers in the UN missions get involved at prostitution in the host country. This rate may be low for Bangladeshi expatriate soldiers but it happens. It is highly & strictly prohibited by UN. If any soldier gets involved in prostitution, they are immediately sent back to their home country. So prostitution is the worst reason of expatriate failure in this case. The international assignments which are here peace keeping missions are stationed in the hostile countries. So tragedy happens. Expatriate soldiers often die & get injured. BD Army has participated in 56 missions in 40 countries. So far, we lost 84 BD Army soldiers who got killed in the line of duty by hostile enemies. Death is the most tragic reason of expatriate failure.
  11. 11. Recommendation Since 1988, only from BD Army, 119425 soldiers are sent to UN peace keeping missions. That means, for international assignment, a large number of expatriates are sent from BD Army. Currently, UN is conducting their peacekeeping missions in 16 countries meaning expatriate soldiers of BD Army now exists in 16 different countries. So our recommendation is, though the expatriate failure is significantly low in this case, the high officials who are responsible for selection & training for these expatriate soldiers, should be more focused & careful. In this process they can add some relevant features (apart from technical & military training programs) which are used in corporate organizations (like psychological, linguistic, cultural trainings & so on) which can also be useful for expatriate soldiers. And for UN, they should regularly modify & update their peace keeping mission related principles & policies to reduce any failures.
  12. 12. Conclusion The existence of international assignments like foreign peace keeping missions is not good. It means there is domestic disturbance in some countries of the world. But there will be always violence, disturbance & hostility in one country or another. This is why organization like UN exists, so are the peace keeping missions. Like the famous actor George Clooney said about such missions, “Peace is a full time job”. We can be very proud that, Bangladesh is the second top country who contributed with manpower in the peacekeeping missions of UN. Most of them are from BD Army. The below map shows where had been BD Army ever been so far. Ultimately we can realize that, the expatriates of Bangladesh Army are playing a significant role to maintain peace of the world by participating in the international assignments which are Peacekeeping Missions by UN.

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