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Epistemology and Metaphysicsofsankhyaphilosophy.pptx

  1. Presented by SAEED ANOWAR ROLL NO : MF21 SEMESTER : 1ST SESSION : 2022-202 Topic : Metaphysics and Epistemology Of Sankhya philosophy RAMAKRISHNA MISSION SIKSHANA MANDIRA COURSE-(213) Philosophy of Education M.Ed 1st Sem(2022-24)
  2. SAEED ANOWAR is a Student of Ramakrishna Mission S ikshanamandira Belur Math howrah, Distinguished author in the field of Women Education, Phil osophical Education, History of EducationTeacher Educati on,and Educational Technology also.Saeed Anowar Obtain ed B.A Honors in Education, M.A in Education(Regular M ode) From University of Kalyani Nadia West Bengal and B.Ed From WBUTTEPA, West Bengal, M.Ed from Rama krishna Mission Sikshanamandira Belur Math, howrah und er the university of Calcutta. He Passed WBTET , NET with Jrf(Education), SET (Education).
  3. Basic tenets of sankhaya philosophy • The founder of sankhya philosophy is kapila. • This is an oldest school of Hindu philosophy. • Sankhya is the Sanskrit word which means • number. • Sankhya philosophy combines the basic • doctrines of sankhya and yoga. • Sankhya Denies the existence of God or any • other exterior influence . • Sankhya philosophy consisting of two realities • that is Purusha and prakriti . • It is a dualistic realism.
  4. Metaphysics of Sankhya philosophy Sankhya is dualistic realism. It is dualistic because of its doctrine of two ultimate reality's . That is prakriti (matter )and another Purusha (self-spirit). Purusha Prakriti
  5. Metaphysics of Sankhya philosophy Purusha • It is transactional self or pure consci ousness. • It is absolute independent , free, • imperceptible, and unknowable puru sh is • neither cause or not effect.
  6. Metaphysics of Samkhaya philosophy Prakriti Prakriti is the first cause o f the manifest material uni verse of everything except the puru sha Three essential characteristic : Sattva - pose ,fineness, lightness, illumination and joy . Rajas - dynamism ,activity, excitation and pain. Tamas- heaviness, obstruction and inertia.
  7. Epistemology of Sankhya philosophy Three sourceso f knowledge Perception (pratyaksa) Inference (Anumana) Verbal Testimony
  8. 1. Aloukik (Perception through the Mind) 2. Loukik (Perception through the External Fiv e Senses) a. Nirvikalpaka (Indeterminate) - First phas e of Perception-Incomplete Perception b. Savikalpaka (Determinate)- Second phas e of Perception-Complete Perception
  9. • Sabda (Testimony) • • 1. Laukika-Sabda: trustable testimony of tru stableor knowledgeable person. • • 2. Vaidik-Sabda: words of Vedas. • Anumana (Inferences) • 1. Abito Anuman - based upon last opportunity • 2. Bito Anuman - Positive inferences based upon • knowledgeable person • Purbabot Anuman- based on old experience • Samanyoto-Drishto Anuman- based on similarities

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