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English Final Presentation

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English Final Presentation

  1. 1. Benefits of Learning a Second Language at an Earlier Age Sierra Musa
  2. 2. Thesis Statement Acquiring another language at an earlier age is more beneficial because it is important for children to be able to communicate with their families, they are more likely to mimic and pronounce the words correctly, and tend to have higher test scores compared to those who do not study a foreign language.
  3. 3. Justification The purpose of this of this research is to show that if kids are taught another language at younger age, they can retain and know more when communicating with others. Knowing and understanding other cultures is a 21st century skill set for American students as they prepare to live and work in a global society. Young learners are naturally curious, more motivated, open and accepting of people who speak another language. Related to my major field of study, Spanish
  4. 4. Research Bilingualism is considered an asset for children who grow up in families who speak two languages. If parents do not speak the native language at home, the children will most likely never learn it, which could then cause problems in communicating with their parents. Research shows that literacy skills transfer between languages if they have the same writing systems. Studying a second language while learning the first is beneficial and the ideal age to start acquiring another language by is 12, because of the many years that lie ahead to continue learning. More opportunities in the elementary grades for relating language studies to subjects that they are already learning.
  5. 5. Research Young children want to copy and mimic the actions that they see. Children build up their language through their experience with objects, by either handling them or pointing to them, and then asking for the names of things and their explanation. “Object performance”- Students learn sooner that an object remains the same even though the object has a different name in another language. Example: English- “book” Spanish- “libro” Young school aged children are more receptive to language learning. They begin to compare and contrast the different sounds and combinations of letters and words between both language Easily mimic words due to the fact that their speech muscles have not fully matured.
  6. 6. ResearchOlder children have not lost all of their ability to mimic others, their behaviors and patterns for pronouncing words have become established habits. Younger learners are less likely to use reasoning to understand how to form words into sentences, whereas those 12 and over study their experiences to classify things in a rational way They then tend to think of words separately and just strung together to form sentences, which is an analytical approach Children who study a foreign language also tend to have higher test scores and achievements in other academic areas. Language immersion is a method of teaching a second language in which the learner’s second language is the medium of classroom instruction. Students learn math, sciences, and social studies through their second language. This method is used to foster bilingualism. Students who do not study a foreign language then have more time to study other subjects, but those who do study a foreign language outperform the students who do not study a second language. Increases critical thinking, creativity, flexibility of the mind.
  7. 7. Top Reasons to Study a Language Graduates often cite foreign language courses as some of the most valuable courses in college because of the communication skills developed in the process. By Auburn University Business skills plus foreign language skills make an employee more valuable in the marketplace. Analytical skills improve when students study a foreign language. Four out of five new jobs in the US are created as a result of foreign trade. As immigration increases we need to prepare for changes in the American society. Foreign language study enhances listening skills and memory. The study of foreign languages teaches and encourages respect for other peoples: it fosters an understanding of the interrelation of language and human nature. One is at a distinct advantage in the global market if one is as bilingual as possible.
  8. 8. Opposing Argument In a 1998 Gallup poll, 63% of the American public was in favor of the idea of the “immersion” of non-English speaking public school students in regular classes, while 33% were not. Proposition 227 of California outlaws bilingual education, making English the primary medium of instruction for language minority students. In 1980, 82% of the public approved of requiring children who cannot speak English to learn the language in special classes before they were enrolled in public schools Another 2013 Gallup poll says that 72% of Americans say that it is essential that immigrants living in the United States learn to speak English, while only 20% believe that it is important for Americans to learn a second language other than English One in three Americans, or 34%, say they know a second language well enough to hold a conversation
  9. 9. Opposing Argument Children may be resistant to learn a second language and may become frustrated with learning two languages. Children go through a number of phases, could also go through a phase in language usage. A problem at the age of 3 may not be a problem at the age of 3 and a half, showing that a child’s developmental phases usually do not last forever. Up to the parent’s discretion as to if they should continue teaching the child a second language. Parents need to be consistent with who speaks what language to the child.
  10. 10. Rebuttal Research shows that foreign language study improves cognitive abilities, positively influences achievement in other disciplines, and results in higher test scores, especially when study begins in elementary school. Students out-score their non-foreign language peers in verbal and math sections of standardized tests. Research shows that learning a third or fourth language becomes easier, students can always switch languages to suit their career path. Increases critical thinking, creativity, flexibility of the mind.
  11. 11. Solution Give children the option of studying a language while in elementary school, some parents may not want their children to learn a second language, but the option would still be there. If funding is limited for a program, limit the number of languages offered to one. This way, students are exposed to a different culture and language. If they chose to continue learning a different language other than the one offered at school, this then makes acquiring a third or fourth language easier.
  12. 12. Conclusion A Pew Research Center study projects that by the year 2065, the United States will have 78 million immigrants, while the current amount of immigrants is around 45 million Between 1965 and 2015, new immigrants, their children, and their grandchildren make up over half, or 55%, of the United States population growth Improved test scores and more opportunities in the job market Younger children are more likely to pronounce the words correctly since their speech muscles have not fully developed yet and they are less self conscious while speaking Students who are immersed in a language perform better on tests than those who only learn in their native language Many believe that it is not essential that Americans learn a second languageYoung children could become frustrated while learning two languages