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  1. • THE PHILIPPINE Revolution began in 1896 and really ended only in 1901. • At first, it was a war of independence against the Spain. • Later,it turned into a war of independence against the United State • The first part of revolution was a success. • Many of our best heroes were killed during the revolution. 1896
  2. • After the discovery of the Katipunan ,Bonifacio gathered his men in the hills of balintawak. • Balintawak was the place north of Manila which was then a secret meeting place of the katipuneros. • On August 26,1896,the fiery Bonifacio stopped all the talking .”There is no other way,”he told them, ”enough is enough!” He angrily tore his residence certificate(Cedula). • It was the symbol of Spanish oppression of Filipinos. • Also their tore cedulas the called for a revolution. • The katipuneros led by Bonifacio started the Revolution.
  3. • (1) The abuses of Spanish officials and priests; • (2)Persecution of Filipino leaders who defended the rights of their fellow countrymen; • (3)Filipinos 'desire to regain their independence; • (4)Discovery of the Katipunan and Bonifacio’s call for revolution.
  4. The first battle of the revolution took place at the town of San Juan del Monte at dawn of Sunday, August 30 ,1896.  Bonifacio and some 1000 katipuneros attacked the Spanish arsenal at San Juan. It was bloody and awful battle. The Filipinos were armed only with bolos,a few handmade guns (paltics) old rifles,bamboo spears, and amulets (anting-anting).
  5. The superior weapons' of the Spanish Armed forces won the day. The Filipinos lost and retreated. They left 153 dead comrades behind.
  6. The revolution quickly spread like wild fire in Southern Luzon, The Spanish Governor General, Ramon Blanco, declared a state of war in eight provinces; Manila,Bulacan,Pampanga,Nueva Ecija,Tarlac,Laguna,Cavite,and Batangas.
  7. The Spanish officials terrorized the Filipinos and executed many of their famous leaders. Many Filipino patriots were arrested and put in prison at Fort Santiago. About 1,000 Filipinos were exiled to Guam, Africa and other Spanish prisons abroad. The martyrdom of their leaders made the Filipinos more angry at the Spanish officials. The famous martyr of the Philippine revolution 1896 was Dr.Jose Rizal.
  8. Rizal was allowed to leave Dapitan and go to Cuba as a volunteer doctor in the Spain army. He was arrested and taken back to Manila. He was put in prison at fort Snatiago and tried by the military court . He was found guilty of being a traitor to Spain and sentenced to death. At dawn of December 30,1896,Rizal was shot by a firing squad at the Luneta.
  9. Emilio Aguinaldo • Born on March 22, 1869. • Quit his studies at the Letran College in Manila after his father died in 1882. • Gen. Aguinaldo was elected President of the First Revolutionary Government on March 23 and lasted until October 31, 1897. • He beated Bonifacio to the position. • Aguinaldo was elected as the President of the Biak-na-Bato Republic on November 1, 1897.
  10. The Filipinos freedom fighter fought with crude wepons: bolos, clubs , stones, bamboo, spears, old musket, and homomade guns (paltiks). The Filipinos won many battles against the Spanish Government troop. The Greatest victory in the battle of the Filipino was won by Emilio Aguinaldo in the battle of Binakayan, Cavite on November 9 to 11,1896.
  11. Thousands of Filipinos were inspired to join the revolution in the nearby provinces. The Filipino revolutionaries captured, Las Piñas, Parañaque, and other towns around in manila.
  12. • The revolutionaries was divided in two. • The Magdalos- Aguinaldo’s group and the Magdiwangs- Bonifacio’s group. • Aguinaldo win his battles while Bonifacio lost all his battle. • Bonifacio’s supporters refused to help Aguinaldo when they were attacked similarly. • Aguinaldo’s followers, did not help the Magdiwangs when they fought the Spaniard.
  13. • Both rival groups decided to meet at Tejeros, Cavite on March 22, 1897. • They wanted to settle the controversy on Leadership because a revolution must have only one leader. • They decided to elect the officers of a Revolutionary Government. • Bonifacio was over-confident. His followers outnumbered the followers of Aguinaldo. • Aguinaldo wasn’t able to attend the election because he was fighting the Spanish army at Imus.
  14. • Bonifacio was elected as the new leader. • He did not know that the Filipinos no longer wanted him as the leader. Aguinaldo won the majority vote for new President of the First Revolutionary Government.. • Bonifacio lost even the position of Vice- President and the other lower positions. • As a consolation, Bonifacio was elected to the last office of secretary of the interior but even the lowest position was protested by Daniel Tirona.
  15. • At the Battle of Limbon, Bonifacio and his men lost the fight and were taken prisoners. • Andres was wounded and his brother Ciriaco was killed. • His wife Gregoria de Jesus was one of the prisoners. • The Revolutionary Government tried Bonifacio and his brother Procopio by military court martial at Maragondon on May 5, 1897 and they were found guilty they were sentenced to die.
  16. • Aguinaldo reduced their sentence to life imprisonment but was able to cancel that order and execute Bonifacio. • On May 19, 1897 Andres and Procopio were shot by a firing squad of Aguinaldo’s soldiers in near Maragondon. • Under the command of Major Lazaro Makapagal.
  17. The revolution went from bad to worse for the Filipinos. Aguinaldo lost one battle after another. Aguinaldo moved his war camp many times away from Cavite. On november 1, 1897 the filipinos revolutionaries leaders approved a constitution for anew Government. .This became a Biaknabato Republic. On Nov. 1 to Dec. 30, 1897 Aguinaldo was again elected as President of the Biaknabato Republic.
  18. No one side could win the revolution. The Filipinos could not win. The Spanish government could not win . Spanish Governor General Primo de Rivera told the Spanish Cortes (Parliament): “I Can captured their Biaknabato headquarters. So he sent the olive branch of peace to Aguinaldo .He offered to end the fighting on both sides. Aguinaldo decided to accept the peace offer of Governor Primo de Rivera.
  19. Dr. Pedro A. Paterno, a prominent Filipino ,acted as the go-between in the peace negotiations. He succeeded in negotiating the agreement to end the fighting between the Filipinos and the Spaniards. This was historic Pact of BiaknaBato. It was signed by General Aguinaldo and Governor General Primo Rivera on Dec. 14 and 15 1897.
  20. • Peace was proclaimed in the Philippines after the Pact of Biak-na-Bato. • Gen. Aguinaldo and other revolutionary leaders went to exile in Hong Kong as a part of agreement. • Aguinaldo and his companions reached Hong Kong on December 30, 1897.
  21. Women of the Revolution  Melchora Aquino (popularly known as “Tandang Sora”  Gregoria Montoya (joan of Arc of Cavite”)  Agueda Kahabagan (joan of Arc of the Sant Cruz, Laguna”);  Tersa Magbanua (joan of aec of the Visayas”)  Trinidad Tecson (“Mother of Biaknabato”)  Nazarai Lagos (“Florence Nightingale of Panay”)  Patronicia Gamboa (Heroine of jaro”)  Marcela Agoncillo (wife of Filipino doplomat Felipe agoncillo.
  22. Spanish • Both the Filipinos and the Spaniards broke their peace agreement at Biak-na-Bato. • Spain did not pay P1.7 million war indemnity to the Filipinos. • Only P600,000 was paid. • Spanish officials continue to arrest and punish Filipino who Filipino • Aguinaldo spend the money to buy more arms and ammunition. • They did not surrender all their weapons. • They wanted to continue the revolution.